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Pinerolo
—  Comune  —
Comune di Pinerolo
Piazza San Donato

Coat of arms
Pinerolo is located in Italy
Pinerolo
Location of Pinerolo in Italy
Coordinates: 44°53′N 07°20′E / 44.883°N 7.333°E / 44.883; 7.333Coordinates: 44°53′N 07°20′E / 44.883°N 7.333°E / 44.883; 7.333
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Turin (TO)
Frazioni Abbadia Alpina, Baudenasca, Riva di Pinerolo, Talucco
Government
 - Mayor Paolo Covato
Area
 - Total 50 km2 (19.3 sq mi)
Elevation 376 m (1,234 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 - Total 35,683
 - Density 713.7/km2 (1,848.4/sq mi)
 - Demonym Pinerolesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 10064
Dialing code 0121
Patron saint San Donato
Saint day Monday after last Sunday of August
Website Official website

Pinerolo is a town and comune in north-western Italy, 40 kilometres southwest of Turin on the river Chisone.

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages, the town of Pinerolo was one of the main crossroads in Italy, and was therefore one of the principal fortresses of the dukes of Savoy. Its military importance was the origin of the well-known military school that still exists today. The fortress of Fenestrelle is nearby.

The earliest mention of Pinerolo is in the tenth century, when it belonged to the March of Turin and was governed by the abbot nullius of Pinerolo who ran the abbey of Abbadia Alpina , even after the city had established itself as a municipality (1247) under the government of Thomas Savoy.

From 1235, Amadeus IV of Savoy exercised over the town a kind of protectorate which became absolute in 1243, and was continued thereafter either by the house of Savoy, or of Savoy-Acaia.

When French troops invaded Piedmont (1536), Pinerolo was conquered and it remained under their control until 1574.

With the treaty of Cherasco it again fell to France (1631), and it remained under French rule until restored to the house of Savoy by the treaty of Turin, at the same time withdrawing from the league against Louis XIV.

Main sights

  • the Cathedral dates from the 9th century, and has an attractive bell tower
  • church of San Maurizio, in Gothic style.

Notable Pinerolesi

People born in Pinerolo include:

  • Lidia Poët (born 1855), the first Italian female lawyer and an important figure in female emancipation
  • Luigi Facta (1861 – 1930), politician, journalist and last Prime Minister of Italy before the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini
  • Ferruccio Parri (1890 – 1981), partisan and politician who served as Prime Minister of Italy for several months in 1945

Trivia

Twin cities

See also

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


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