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Coordinates: 51°35′36″N 0°23′22″W / 51.5932°N 0.3894°W / 51.5932; -0.3894

Pinner
Pinner - High Street - geograph.org.uk - 81890.jpg
Pinner High Street
Pinner is located in Greater London
Pinner

 Pinner shown within Greater London
Population 19,156 [1]
OS grid reference TQ115895
    - Charing Cross  12.5 miles (20.1 km) SE
London borough Harrow
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PINNER
Postcode district HA5
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Harrow West
London Assembly Brent and Harrow
List of places: UK • England • London
Pinner's Town sign, Near Eastcote

Pinner is a suburb in the London Borough of Harrow in Greater London, England, 12.5 miles (20.1 km) north west of Charing Cross. The area was in the county of Middlesex until 1965, when it was absorbed by the London Government Act 1963 into Greater London.

The nearest London Underground station is Pinner on the Metropolitan Line.

The nearest London Overground station is Hatch End

Contents

History

Pinner was originally a hamlet, first recorded in 1231 as Pinnora,[2] although the already archaic -ora (meaning 'hill') suggests its origins lie no later than c.900.[3] The oldest part of the village lies around the fourteenth-century parish church of St John the Baptist,[4] at the junction of the present day Paines Lane, High Street and Church Lane. The earliest surviving private dwelling, East End Farm Cottage, dates from the late fifteenth-century.[5]

Pinner has had an annual street fair since 1336 when it was granted by Royal Charter by Edward III;[6] it remains popular today, being the last of its kind in Middlesex, and featured in Sir John Betjeman's BBC TV documentary Metro-land (1973). The village expanded rapidly between 1923 and 1939 when a series of garden estates – encouraged by the Metropolitan Railway – grew around its historic core,[7] and at this time assumed much of its present day suburban character. It is now continuous with the neighbouring suburban districts, including Rayners Lane, Hatch End, and Eastcote.

The majority of the older houses in Pinner were built by the Ellement family who were the local company of builders and joiners. Their last company is still operating in the area and it is the funeral directors on Pinner High Street. The company is still called TA Ellement & Son, this business and its sister company E.Spark Limited of Northwood are not owned by a corporation like many family chains of funeral directors are now days but are still an independant family business, both of which are owned by a family who live locally in the area. "Ellements" as the business is known by local residents, has been operating at the same address on the high street since 1891. The company has recently expanded during the 2009 / 2010 recession by opening a new branch of the business in neighboring Ruislip on its high street.

Governance

Pinner has four tiers of government: Harrow Council ("local") and the London Assembly ("regional"), the United Kingdom parliament ("national"), and the European Parliament ("European").

Harrow Council has been governed since 2006 by the Conservatives, led by David Ashton. The mayor – a ceremonial post which rotates annually – is Eric Silver (Conservative). Pinner is represented by two wards, Pinner and Pinner South, each of which currently returns three Conservative councillors.

Pinner forms the north west corner of the Brent and Harrow constituency in the London Assembly, which has been represented since 2008 by Navin Shah (Labour), and the Harrow West constituency in the United Kingdom parliament, represented since 1995 by Gareth Thomas (Labour). Following a Boundary Commission review, it will form part of a new parliamentary constituency, Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner, at the next general election.[8]

Pinner lies within the London European Parliament constituency, which elects nine MEPs by proportional representation – currently three Conservative, three Labour, one Liberal Democrat, one Green and one UKIP member.[9]

Transport

Pinner is served by London Underground's Metropolitan Line, and by five London Buses bus routes:183 (towards Golders Green), H11 (towards Harrow and Mount Vernon Hospital), H12 (towards South Harrow and Stanmore), H13 (towards Ruislip Lido and St Vincent's Hospital), and H14 (towards Northwick Park Hospital).

Crime

Pinner is commuter town within the London Borough of Harrow, that has the lowest crime statistics in Greater London.[citation needed] However there was a single murder in Pinner in October, 2000.[citation needed]

Geography

Climate

Pinner's geographical position on the far western side of North West London makes it the furthest London suburb from any UK coastline. Hence the lower prevalence of moderating maritime influences make Pinner noticeably warmer in the spring and the summer compared to the rest of the capital.[10] Pinner's western position within London means it is slightly closer to the Atlantic warm water gulfstream current, meaning that on some winter nights the suburb suffers less heat loss than other suburbs to the north and east of London.[10]

Notable people (past & present)

The lake at Pinner Memorial Park

A number of notable literary figures have an association with Pinner. The poet laureate Henry James Pye retired to East End House at the end of his career in 1811,[2] the novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton wrote Eugene Aram at Pinner Wood House in 1832,[11] and Samuel and Isabella Beeton lived on the Woodridings estate between 1856 and 1862, during which Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management was published.[12] The novelist Ivy Compton-Burnett was born in the village in 1884,[13] and the playwright W. S. Gilbert, although he did not live in Pinner, was a magistrate there from 1893 onwards.[14] Twentieth-century figures include the cartoonist William Heath Robinson, who lived in Moss Lane between 1913 and 1918,[15] and now has a museum dedicated to him at West House in Pinner Memorial Park, and the former children's laureate Michael Rosen, who writes children's books like "We're going on a bear hunt" lived in Pinner from the time he was born in 1946, until 1962.[16] Derek Bell motor racing driver was born in Pinner. Figures in the world of entertainment associated with Pinner include the musicians Sir Elton John and Simon LeBon, who both grew up there and attended the local Pinner County Grammar School before moving away,[17][18] actor David Suchet and comedian Ronnie Barker, both one time owners of 17th century Elmdene in Church Lane,[19] actress Jane March, who grew up there before moving to the United States,[20] actress Molly Weir, who lived there until her death in 2004,[21] and broadcaster Bob Holness, who still lives there.[22] The Monster Raving Loony Party leader Screaming Lord Sutch, who lived in nearby South Harrow, is buried in Pinner New Cemetery.[23]

Other notable figures include Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Lord Nelson and Lady Emma Hamilton, who lived there from 1860 until her death in 1881,[12] the eccentric astronomer Sir Patrick Moore, born there in 1923,[24] the documentary film-maker Jo Durden-Smith, born there in 1941,[25] and the Iraq hostage Norman Kember, a long time resident of the town, resident of Cuckoo Hill Road.[26] Kate Nash is also a resident.

Filmography

The BBC sitcom One Foot in the Grave, although filmed elsewhere, was set in Pinner,[27] as was the sitcom May to December, which filmed its exterior shots in the High Street.[citation needed] Location shots in the sitcom My Hero were filmed near the flats in Capel Gardens.[citation needed] During the 1990s the children's TV series of Aquila was filmed in and around Pinner, particularly at the local Cannon Lane School. Chucklevision, the Children's TV series based on the Chuckle Brothers also filmed in Pinner. The film Nowhere Boy had a number of scenes taken in Pinner, including outside the Queens Head Pub on Pinner High street.

Notes

  1. ^ Combined total for the Pinner and Pinner South wards at the 2001 census.
  2. ^ a b Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.11
  3. ^ Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.1
  4. ^ Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.34. The church was originally a chapel of ease to St Mary's Church in Harrow, and was first mentioned in 1234. It was rebuilt in the early fourteenth-century, and rededicated in 1321. The parish became independent of St Mary's in 1766, when the first perpetual curate was appointed; not until the Wilberforce Act of 1868 did it appoint its first vicar, one William Hind.
  5. ^ Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.18
  6. ^ Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.25
  7. ^ Clarke, A History of Pinner, pp.176-184
  8. ^ www.statistics.gov.uk. Accessed 14 August 2008.
  9. ^ European Parliament official site. Accessed 14 August 2008.
  10. ^ a b [1]
  11. ^ Pinner Local History Society. Accessed 13 August 2008.
  12. ^ a b Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.155
  13. ^ Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Accessed 12 August 2008.
  14. ^ Views of W. S. Gilbert. Accessed 12 August 2008.
  15. ^ Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.192
  16. ^ Michael Rosen: The Website
  17. ^ Elton John official website. Accessed 12 August 2008.
  18. ^ www.yuddy.com. Accessed 12 August 2008.
  19. ^ Pinner Local History. Accessed 12 August 2008
  20. ^ www.tv.com. Accessed 13 August 2008.
  21. ^ The Gazetteer for Scotland. Accessed 7 August 2008.
  22. ^ BBC Kent: Profile of Bob Holness. Accessed 13 August 2008.
  23. ^ www.bbc.co.uk. Accessed 13 August 2008.
  24. ^ www.bbc.co.uk. Accessed 13 August 2008.
  25. ^ Obituary of Jo Durden-Smith, The Independent, 5 June 2007. Accessed 14 August 2008.
  26. ^ 'No word on fate of Iraq peace hostages', The Independent, 12 December 2005. Accessed 14 August 2005.
  27. ^ Harrow Council. Accessed 12 August 2008.

References

  • Patricia A. Clarke, A History of Pinner, Phillimore, 2004 ISBN 1-86077-287-0

External links

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