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Pio Pico State Historic Park: Wikis


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Pio Pico Casa
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
California Historical Landmark #127
The adobe and grounds after the 2000-2003 restoration
Location: 6003 Pioneer Blvd
Whittier, California
Added to NRHP: June 19, 1973
NRHP Reference#: 73000408
CHL #: 127
Pio Pico Adobe in 1910

Pio Pico State Historic Park is the site of "El Ranchito," also known as the Pio Pico Adobe or Pio Pico Mansion, the final home of Pío Pico, the last Governor of Alta California under Mexican Rule and a pivotal figure in early California history. Located in Whittier, California, on 6003 Pioneer Blvd off of Whittier Blvd. and Interstate 605, it is a California Historical Landmark No. 127, listed as "Casa de Governor Pío Pico". Just west of the park is the San Gabriel River and the city that bears his name Pico Rivera. The park consists of the land that surrounds the adobe.

After the Mexican-American War and starting in 1848, Pío Pico began acquired the 9,000-acre (36 km²) Rancho Paso de Bartolo, building an home in 1853. The home was damaged by the flooding of 1867, which set the San Gabriel River to its present course, and was nearly destroyed in 1882 by flooding. The structure was completely redone into its current form, adding American-style elements into the traditional Californio design. In 1892, Pio Pico was evicted from the property by Bernard Cohn, an American lawyer. When taking what he thought was a loan from Cohn in 1883, Pico, who could not read or write English, had conveyed the deed for the property, and courts ruled with Cohn. Pico died a pauper two years later at his daughter's home.

By 1898 the city of Whittier began buying up parts of the property to construct a water pumping facility. In 1907, local Whitter citizens, led by Harriet Williams Russell Strong, were able to have the site made a historic monument. Strong, who had known Pico since 1867, purchased the property and had it restored it in 1909. The property was conveyed to the State of California in 1917 and designated one of its first State Historic Parks in 1927. The State of California did further renovations in 1944. The Adobe was seriously damaged in the 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake, forcing it to close. While funds were being raised for restoration, the situation was further complicated by additional damage caused by the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Finally, in 1996 a Los Angeles County Proposition was passed that earmarked $2.5 million for the restoration of the Park. As a result, restoration of the structure began in 2000, the historic landscape in 2002, with the park finally reopening on September 20, 2003.

At the opening day ceremonies they re-enacted the Battle of Rio San Gabriel that occurred during the Mexican-American War.

Proposed for closure

Pico Pico State Historic Park is one of the 48 California state parks proposed for closure in January 2008 by California's Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger as part of a deficit reduction program.[1]


External links

Coordinates: 33°59′37″N 118°04′16″W / 33.993636°N 118.071075°W / 33.993636; -118.071075

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