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Inger Nilsson as Pippi Longstocking in the 1969 TV series depicted in this German stamp.

Pippi Longstocking (Swedish Pippi Långstrump) is a fictional character in a series of children's books by Swedish author Astrid Lindgren, and adapted into multiple films and television series. Pippi was named by Lindgren's then nine-year-old daughter, Karin, who requested a get-well story from her mother one day when she was home sick from school.

Nine-year-old Pippi is unconventional, assertive, and has superhuman strength, being able to lift her horse one-handed without difficulty. She frequently mocks and dupes adults she encounters, an attitude likely to appeal to young readers; however, Pippi usually reserves her worst behavior for the most pompous and condescending of adults.

After an initial rejection from Bonnier Publishers in 1944, Lindgren's manuscript was accepted for publication by the Swedish publisher Rabén and Sjögren. The first three Pippi chapter books were published from 1945 to 1948, with an additional series of six books published in 1969–1975. Two final stories were printed in 1979 and 2000. The books have been translated into more than 50 languages.[1]

Contents

Pippi and her world

Villa Villekulla, the house used for the film and series, located on Gotland in the town of Vibble


Pippi claims her full name is Pippilotta Delicatessa Windowshade Mackrelmint Ephraim's Daughter Longstocking (Swedish: Pippilotta Viktualia Rullgardina Krusmynta Efraimsdotter Långstrump). Her fiery red hair is worn in braids that are so tightly wound that they stick out sideways from her head.

Pippi lives in a small Swedish village, sharing the house she styles "Villa Villekulla" with her monkey, Mr. Nilsson, and her horse, Old Man, but no adults or relatives. She befriends the two children living next-door: Tommy and Annika Settergren. The three have many adventures. Mrs. Settergren often disapproves of Pippi's sometimes coarse manners and lack of education, but Mr. Settergren feels that Pippi would never put Tommy and Annika in danger, and that Pippi values her friendship with the pair above almost anything in her life. Pippi's two main possessions are a suitcase full of gold coins (which she used to buy her horse) and a large chest of drawers containing various small treasures.

Though lacking much formal education, Pippi is very intelligent in a common-sense fashion, has a well-honed sense of justice and fair play, and has learned from a wide variety of experiences. She will show respect (though still in her own unique style) for adults who treat her and other children fairly. Her attitude towards the worst of adults (from a child's viewpoint) is often that of a vapid, foolish and chatterbox of a child, with most of her targets not realizing just how sharp and crafty Pippi is until she's made fools of them. Pippi has an amazing talent for spinning tall tales, although she normally does not lie with malicious intent; rather, she tells truth in the form of humorously strange stories.

In several of the movies Pippi is shown to be a superb swimmer. She'll think nothing of taking a plunge while fully clothed in her short patchwork dress with oversized shoes and mismatched thigh-high stockings.

Pippi is the daughter of seafarer Ephraim Longstocking, captain of the sailing ship Hoptoad (Hoppetossa in Swedish), from whom Pippi inherited her common sense and incredible strength. Captain Longstocking is the only person known who can match Pippi in physical ability. He originally bought Villa Villekulla to give his daughter a more stable home life than that onboard the ship, although Pippi loves the seafaring life and is a better sailor and helmsman than most of her father's crew. Pippi retired to the Villa Villekulla after her father was believed lost at sea, determined in her belief that her father was still alive, had been made an island king, and would come to look for her there.

As it turned out, Captain Longstocking was washed ashore upon a South Sea island known as Kurrekurredutt Isle, where he was made the "fat white chief" by its native people. The Captain returned to Sweden to bring Pippi to his new home in the South Seas, but Pippi found herself attached to the Villa and her new friends Tommy and Annika, and decided to stay where she was, though she and the children sometimes took trips with her father aboard the Hoptoad, including a trip to Kurrekurredutt where she was confirmed as the "fat white chief's" daughter, Princess Pippilotta.

Cover for Puffin Books' 1997 edition of the original book

Pippi's unusual strength

Pippi's strength has been described in various ways:

  • "The strongest human being in the world."
  • "She is so strong you won't believe it!"
  • In one of the books, she is described as having "The strength of ten policemen."
  • On a VHS cover she is described as "The Girl With The Strength Of Superman"

She is also seen in the various movies picking up a horse (the books often mention Pippi moving her horse Old Man by carrying him from one place to another), a car, weights/barbells weighing over 1,000 pounds, a weightlifter carrying weights/barbells weighing over 1,000 pounds; she also pulls bars out of a jail window and throws pirates across a room.

Books

There are three full length Pippi Longstocking books:[2]

There were three original picture books that were translated into English:[3]

  • 1971: Pippi on the Run
  • 1950: Pippi's After Christmas Party
  • 2001: Pippi Longstocking in the Park

There are many picture books and short books based on chapter excerpts from the original three including:

  • Pippi Goes to School (1999)
  • Pippi Goes to the Circus (1999)
  • Pippi's Extraordinarily Ordinary Day (1999)

Adaptations

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The 1949 movie

The first movie adaptation of Pippi Longstocking was filmed in 1949. The film was based on three of the books, but several storylines were changed and characters were removed and added. Pippi's character was played by Viveca Serlachius, who made 10 other movies between 1944 and 1954. It was directed by Per Gunvall and released on October 20, 1950.

Pippi Longstocking -The TV Series (1969)

The 1969 version

A Swedish Pippi Longstocking television series was created based on the books in 1969. The first episode was broadcast on Sveriges Radio TV in February 1969. The production was a Swedish-West German co-production and several German actors had roles in the series.

As Astrid Lindgren was unhappy with the 1949 adaptation, she wrote the script herself for this version. The series was directed by Olle Hellbom who also directed several other Astrid Lindgren adaptations. Inger Nilsson gave a confident oddball performance that was uncommonly consistent and eccentric for a child actress.[citation needed]

This version is the most well known version in Sweden and has been repeated numerous times by SR/SVT. In other European countries this is the most favored version of Pippi Longstocking.

The Swedish series was re-edited as four dubbed feature films for U.S. distribution:

They became weekend television staples in several cities in the United States throughout the 1970s and 1980s. The original TV series, newly dubbed using British actors, became available on DVD in 2002.

Pippi Longstocking - Mosfilm, USSR (1982)

The Soviet television film

A Mosfilm television film version was released in 1982 produced by Margaret Mikalan, starring Mikhail Boyarsky, Lev Durov and Tatiana Vasilieva.

The American feature film

An American feature film version from Columbia Pictures was released in 1988, directed by British veteran director Ken Annakin, starring Tami Erin as Pippi with Eileen Brennan, Dennis Dugan, John Schuck and Dick Van Patten in supporting roles. Ironically titled The New Adventures of Pippi Longstocking (while the title suggests a continuation, it is in fact, just a retelling of the original story).

The Animated Pippi

An animated film adaptation by Nelvana, Pippi Longstocking, was released in 1997 and was adapted into an animated television series, Pippi Longstocking by Nelvana, which aired for two seasons (1997–1999) on HBO in the United States and Canada's Teletoon channel. A Sequel to the first animated film, Pippi Longstocking: Pippi's Adventures On The South Seas followed in 2000. Reruns are shown on the qubo digital subchannel.

Pippi Longstocking in popular culture

  • The Simpsons episode Summer of 4 Ft. 2, Lisa saw a hallucination of Pippi Longstocking recommending the book Pippi in the South Seas. In Smart and Smarter, the Judge of a Pre-school said to Maggie on her return "Well, Well. If it isn't Pippi Non-talking!" In 22 Short Films About Springfield, Lisa went to a barber's shop called "Snippy Longstocking" to get gum that Bart had thrown in her hair cut out. Also that one of Cletus' children has her hair up like Pippi's.
  • Dot Warner, a cartoon character in the animated series Animaniacs, has a long full name in a reference to Pippi's.
  • Pippi appears as a side character in the Japanese RPG game Mother.
  • In Amy Heckerling's teen film Clueless, Josh says to Cher "You look like Pippi Longstocking". She replies "You look like Forrest Gump. Who's Pippi Longstocking?"
  • Contemporary video artist Pipilotti Rist has been nicknamed "Pipiloti" since childhood.
  • In an episode of 3rd Rock from the Sun, Sally wanted a child. So Tommy put his hair in pigtails and said "Oh my god! I look like Tommy Longstocking!"
  • In Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, Dr. Evil "shushes" his son, Scott (with puns on "zip it"), commenting "Look, I'm Zippi Longstockings!!"
  • In the second season finale of Lost, Sawyer refers to Hurley and Kate as "Magilla Gorilla and Pippi Longstocking". Probably a reference to the fact that he often calls Kate "Freckles".
  • An episode of Gilmore Girls Season Five was titled "We Got Us a Pippi Virgin!" and Pippi Longstocking was featured prominently in this episode.
  • In one episode of Pinky and the Brain, when Brain asks Pinky if he is pondering what Brain's pondering, Pinky replies with "I think so Brain, but me and Pippi Longstocking... I mean, what would the children look like?"
  • In an SCTV sketch, John Candy played "Pepi Longsocks", an unusually large redheaded boy who possessed super strength. The sketch was a parody of the poorly-dubbed TV series, presented as "The SCTV Kids' After-School Movie".
  • In the Seinfeld episode The Cadillac, Elaine asks her friend Kathy, while they are sitting at the diner: "Who was Pippi Longstocking?" She then asks if she had anything to do with Hitler.
  • In the Metalocalypse episode "Dethcomedy", the drummer Pickles who has long red hair worn in dreadlocks, tries his luck telling jokes at a comedy club, when the audience starts booing, a heckler then shouts "Hey, Pippi Longboring, you suck!"
  • Edward from Cowboy Bebop is inspired by Pippi Longstocking.
  • Eliza Thornberry's physical appearance is loosely modelled on Pippi Longstocking.
  • In the Adam Sandler movie Click, when he first discovers the powers of his remote, he calls his dog "Pippi Longdroppings".
  • In an episode of The Nanny, Niles the Butler was forced to dye his hair red. He sarcastically tells his boss "I was rehearsing for the musical of Pippi Longstocking".
  • The fast-food chain restaurant Wendy's, have their girl mascot based loosely on Pippi Longstocking.
  • Little Miss Trouble seems to be loosely modelled on Pippi Longstocking.
  • Judy Abott from My Daddy Long Legs also seems to be loosely modelled on Pippi Longstocking.
  • The Crushinator from Futurama seem to have two deadlocks sticking out similar to Pippi's hairstyle.
  • In the South Park episode Pinkeye, Eric mentions that Stan looks like Pippi Longstocking in his halloween costume.
  • In the SEGA Dreamcast RPG Skies of Arcadia, Aika, Vyse's best friend, wears her red hair in the same style as Pippi Longstocking.
  • In the beginning of the 2010 film, Valentine's Day when the weather forecast girl was dancing around like an idiot. Jamie Foxx's character, Kelvin mentions that she was like Pippi Longstocking and didn't want her.
  • In Stieg Larsson's trilogy of novels, generally called the Millennium Trilogy, Lisbeth Salander, a socially maladjusted young woman, was intended as "gone wrong version" of Pippi Longstocking. Stieg Larsson himself mentioned this fact as one of the starting elements for the first book. Lisbeth is unconventional, can bestow terrible damage to whoever mistreats her (or women in general) and, just like Pippi, is very frail and, from the end of the first book, is mentioned to have become insanely rich (a reference to Pippi's suitcase of gold coins). She also toys easily with people older than her and who believe they can outsmart her, when it truly is her who has the upper hand all along. Also, like Pippi, she demonstrates an indestructible moral sense that functions only under her own personal terms.

Name in other languages

The book of Astrid Lindgren was translated in over 70 languages. This section lists the character's names in languages other than English.

  • In Afrikaans "Pippi Langkous"
  • In Albanian "Pipi Çorapegjata"
  • In Belarusian "Піпі Доўгаяпанчоха"
  • In Bosnian "Pipi Duga Čarapa"
  • In Bulgarian "Пипи Дългото Чорапче"
  • In Catalan "Pippi Mitgesllargues"
  • In Chinese "长袜子皮皮"("Changwazi Pipi")
  • In Croatian "Pipi Duga Čarapa"
  • In Czech "Pipi Dlouhá Punčocha"
  • In Danish "Pippi Langstrømpe"
  • In Dutch "Pippi Langkous"
  • In Esperanto "Pipi Ŝtrumpolonga"
  • In Estonian "Pipi Pikksukk"
  • In Finnish "Peppi Pitkätossu"
  • In French "Fifi Brindacier"
  • In Georgian "Pepi Magalitsinda"
  • In German "Pippi Langstrumpf"
  • In Greek "Πίπη Φακιδομύτη" ("Pipe Phakidomyte")
  • In Hebrew "בילבי בת-גרב" ("Bilbi Bat-Gerev"), "גילגי" ("Gilgi") in old translations
  • In Hindi "Pippi Lambemoze"
  • In Hungarian "Harisnyás Pippi"
  • In Icelandic "Lína Langsokkur"
  • In Indonesian "Pippi Si Kaus Panjang"
  • In Italian "Pippi Calzelunghe"
  • In Japanese "長靴下のピッピ" ("Nagakutsushita no Pippi")
  • In Korean "말괄량이 소녀 삐삐" ("Malgwallyang'i Sonyŏ Ppippi")
  • In Kurdish "Pippi-Ya Goredirey"
  • In Latvian "Pepija Garzeķe"
  • In Lithuanian "Pepė Ilgakojinė"
  • In Macedonian "Пипи долгиот чорап"
  • In Norwegian "Pippi Langstrømpe"
  • In Persian "پی‌پی جوراب‌بلنده" ("Pipi Joorab-Bolandeh")
  • In Polish "Pippi Pończoszanka" or "Fizia Pończoszanka"
  • In Portuguese "Píppi Meialonga" (Brazil), "Pipi das Meias Altas" (Portugal)
  • In Romanian "Pippi Şoseţica"
  • In Russian "Пеппи Длинный Чулок" ("Peppi Dlinn'iy Chulok)" or "Пеппи Длинныйчулок" ("Peppi Dlinn'iychulok")
  • In Serbian "Pipi Duga Čarapa"
  • In Slovak "Pipi Dlhá Pančucha"
  • In Slovenian "Pika Nogavička"
  • In Spanish "Pipi Calzaslargas" (Spain) or "Pippi Mediaslargas" (Latin America)
  • In Sinhalese "Pippi Digamase"
  • In Swedish "Pippi Långstrump" (Original)
  • In Thai ("Pippi Thung-Taow Yaow")
  • In Turkish "Pippi Uzunçorap"
  • In Ukrainian "Пеппі Довгапанчоха"
  • In Vietnamese "Pippi Tat Dai"
  • In Welsh "Pippi Hosan-hir"

References

  1. ^ http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0318/p18s04-hfks.html
  2. ^ "Astrid (Ericsson) Lindgren." Major Authors and Illustrators for Children and Young Adults, 2nd ed., 8 vols. Gale Group, 2002. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2008. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC (requires login)
  3. ^ "Astrid (Ericsson) Lindgren." Major Authors and Illustrators for Children and Young Adults, 2nd ed., 8 vols. Gale Group, 2002. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2008. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC (requires login)

External links


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