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Pistoia
—  Comune  —
Comune di Pistoia
The Bell Tower of the Cathedral in Piazza Duomo.

Coat of arms
Pistoia is located in Italy
Pistoia
Location of Pistoia in Italy
Coordinates: 43°56′N 10°55′E / 43.933°N 10.917°E / 43.933; 10.917Coordinates: 43°56′N 10°55′E / 43.933°N 10.917°E / 43.933; 10.917
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Pistoia (PT)
Frazioni see list
Government
 - Mayor Renzo Berti (from May 2002)
Area
 - Total 236 km2 (91.1 sq mi)
Elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Population (30 September 2008)
 - Total 90,072
 - Density 381.7/km2 (988.5/sq mi)
 - Demonym Pistoiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 51100
Dialing code 0573
Patron saint St. Jacopo
Saint day July 25
Website Official website
The Ospedale del Ceppo.
The octagonal baptistery.
The Duomo

Pistoia About this sound listen is a city and comune in the Tuscany region of Italy, the capital of a province of the same name, located about 30 km west and north of Florence.

Contents

History

Pistoria (in Latin other possible spellings are Pistorium or Pistoriae) was centre of Gallic, Ligurian and Etruscan settlements before becoming a Roman colony in the 6th century BC, along the important road Via Cassia: in 62 BC the demagogue Catiline and his fellow conspirators were slain nearby. From the 5th century the city was a bishopric, and during the Lombardic kingdom it was a royal city and had several privileges. Pistoia's most splendid age began in 1177 when it proclaimed itself a free commune: in the following years it became an important political centre, erecting walls and several public and religious buildings.

In 1254 the Ghibelline Pistoia was taken over by Guelph Florence, but supposedly resulted in the division of the Guelphs into "Black" and "White" factions. Pistoia remained a Florentine holding except for a brief period in the 14th century, when Castruccio Castracani captured it for Lucca, and was officially annexed to Florence in 1530. During the 14th century Ormanno Tedici was one of the Lords of the city.

In 1786 a famous Jansenist episcopal synod was convened in Pistoia.

Dante mentioned in his Divina Commedia the free town of Pistoia as the home town of Vanni Fucci, who is encountered in Inferno tangled up in a knot of snakes while cursing God, and Michelangelo called the Pistoiesi the "enemies of heaven".

Pistoia lent its name to the pistol[1], which it started manufacturing in the 16th century. But today it is also notable for the extensive garden nurseries spreading around it. Consequently, Pistoia is also famous for its flower markets, as is the nearby Pescia.

Main sights

Although not as visited as other towns in Tuscany, mostly due to the industrial environs, Pistoia presents a well-preserved and charming medieval city inside the old walls.

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Piazza del Duomo

The large Piazza del Duomo is lined with attractive original buildings as the Palazzo del Comune and the Palazzo del Podestà: it is the setting (in July) of the Giostra dell'Orso ("Bear Joust"), when the best horsemen of the districts of the town tilt with lances at a target held up by a dummy shaped like a bear.

The original Cathedral of San Zeno (5th century) burned down in 1108, but was rebuilt during the following century, and received incremental improvements until the 17th century. The façade has a prominent Romanesque style, while the interior received heavy Baroque additions which were removed during the 1960s. Its outstanding feature is the Altar of St James, an exemplar of the silversmith's craft begun in 1287 but not finished until the 15th century. Its various sections contain 628 figures, the total weighing nearly a ton. The Romanesque belfry, standing at some 67 m, was erected over an ancient Lombard tower.

In the square is also the 14th century Baptistry, in Gothic style, with white-green marble decorations.

The Palazzo dei Vescovi ("Bishops' Palace") is characterized by a Gothic loggiato at the first floor. The Tower of Catilina is from the High Middle Ages, and stands 30 m high.

Religious buildings

  • Madonna dell'Umiltà (1509), finished by Giorgio Vasari with a 59 m-high cupola. The original project was by Giuliano da Sangallo, but works were begun in 1495 by Ventura Vitoni. The dome was commissioned by Cosimo I de' Medici to Vasari, the lantern begin completed in 1568 and the church consecrated in 1582. In the apse is a painting by Bernardino del Signoraccio (1493).
  • the Baroque Santissima Annunziata, famous for its Chiostro dei Morti ("Dead's Cloister").
  • the Baroque Santissima Annunziata, famous for its Chiostro dei Morti ("Dead's Cloister").
  • San Bartolomeo in Pantano (12th century).
  • San Giovanni Battista (15th century). Damaged during World War II bombardments, it is now used as an exhibition center.
  • San Giovanni Battista al Tempio (11th century), owned for a while by the Templar and then by the Hospitaller Knights.
  • San Benedetto (14th century, restored in 1630). It houses a 1390 Annunciation by Giovanni Bartolomeo Cristiani, a 16th century Forentine school St. Benedict with the Redeemer and, in the cloister, Histories of the Order of the Knights of St. Benedict by Giovan Battista Vanni (1660).
  • San Domenico.
  • Franciscan church of San Francesco (begun in 1289). It has an unfinished façade with bichrome marble decoration. It has frescoes with 'Histories of St. Francis in the main chapel and other 14th–15th centuries frescoes.
  • The Romanesque San Giovanni Fuoricivitas (12th–14th century).
  • San Leone, built in the 14th century but enlarged in the 16th–18th centuries. Its Baroque-Roccoco interior houses some notable canvasses by artists such as Giovanni Lanfranco, Stefano Marucelli and Vincenzo Meucci.
  • Santa Maria delle Grazie.
  • Santa Maria in Ripalta, mentioned from the 11th century. It houses a large Ascention fresco in the apse, attributed to Manfredino d'Alberto (1274).
  • San Paolo.
  • San Pier Maggiore.
  • Pieve di Sant'Andrea, housing Giovanni Pisano's Pulpit of St. Andrew.
  • The ancient Pieve of San Michele in Groppoli, in the neighbourhood of the city.
  • La Vergine.

Others

  • The 14th century walls. These had originally four gates, Porta al Borgo, Porta San Marco, Porta Carratica and Porta Lucchese, all demolished at the beginning of the 20th century.
  • Ospedale del Ceppo (13th century).
  • Palazzo del Balì
  • The Monument in Honour of Brazilians (Soldiers and Pilots) killed in action on Italian Campaign (World War II)
  • The Medici Fortress of Santa Barbara, built a first time in 1331 century by the Florentines, but destroyed by the Pistoiese citizens in 1343. It was rebuilt by order of Cosimo I de' Medici from 1539, and later enlarged by Bernardo Buontalenti. It sustained one single siege by the Barberini troops in 1643, before being disarmed by Grand Duke Peter Leopold in 1734. Later it was used as barracks and military jail, while now houses cinema shows in summer.

Transportation

Its station is on the Maria Antonia railway, connecting Florence, Lucca and Viareggio and it is at the southern end of the Porrettana railway, the origiinal line between Florence and Bologna.

Notable people

Frazioni

Badia a Pacciana, Baggio, Bargi, Barile, Bonelle, Bottegone, Campiglio Germinaia, Canapale, Candeglia, Capostrada, Case Nuove di Masiano, Castagno di Piteccio, Chiazzano, Chiesina Montalese, Chiodo, Cignano, Cireglio, Collina, Corsini Bianchi, Corsini Neri, Fabbrica, Gello, Iano, Le Fornaci, Le Grazie, Le Piastre, Le Pozze, Le Querci, Lupicciano, Masiano, Masotti, Nespolo, Orsigna, Piazza, Piestro, Piteccio, Piuvica, Pontelungo, Pontenuovo, Pracchia, Pupigliana, Ramini, Sammommè, San Biagio, San Felice, San Rocco, Sant'Agostino, Sant'Alessio in Bigiano, Santomato, Saturnana, Spazzavento, Stazzana, Torbecchia, Valdibrana, Vicofaro, Villa di Baggio, Villanova di Valdibrana.

Twin towns — Sister cities

Pistoia is twinned with:

Footnotes

Bibliography

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Pistoia is in the Tuscany region of Italy with a population of about 100k that gives it a city feel, but it is tightly constructed and easy to get around and through by foot, however the city is rarely visited by tourists. The cities strategic location makes it easy to visit all of Tuscany including Florence (35 km), Lucca (42 km) and Pisa (67 km

Get in

The city is located only 35km from Florence.

  • The main East - West train stops here.

Do

There is a great flea market on Wednesdays and Saturdays in Pistoia. It starts about 7:30 in the morning but is finished by 13:00. Great bargains to be had in clothes and shoes and household items.

  • Residence Arte Mura, Viale Adua 159, 51100, Pistoia, Italy, Tel: 0039 0573 50181 Fax: 0039 0573 975219, info@artemura.com, [2].

Get out

The town can serve as a handy base camp for exploring the surrounding area.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Pistoia

  1. Province of Tuscany, Italy.
  2. Capital of the province of Pistoia.

Translations


French

Proper noun

Pistoia

  1. Pistoia (province)
  2. Pistoia (town)

Italian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Pistoia

Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Pistoia f.

  1. Pistoia (province)
  2. Pistoia (town)

Derived terms

Anagrams


Simple English

File:070503 pistoia baptistry
The octagonal Baptistery in Pistoia

Pistoia is a city in the Tuscany region of Italy. It is the capital of the province of Pistoia. The city is located about 30 km west and north of Florence.

Contents

History

Pistoria, the old Latin name of Pistoia, was a Gallic, Ligurian and Etruscan city. After the city became a Roman colony in the 6th century BC, it was a place for activities or trades. Near the end of the 6th century, the city was captured by troops of the Lombardic king. The city did very well under the control of the Lombards. In 1177, Pistoia chose to become a free commune. In the following years, it became an important political centre. It built walls and several public and religious buildings.

In 1254 Pistoia was captured by troops from Florentine. Pistoia stayed a Florentine city except for few years in the 14th century, when Castruccio Castracani captured it for Lucca. It was annexed to (made a part of) Florence in 1530. During the 14th century Ormanno Tedici was one of the Lords of the city.

Dante mentioned the town in his Divina Commedia. Michelangelo called the people of Pistoia the "enemies of heaven".

Notable features

Duomo Square and Bishops' Palace

[[File:|thumb|The Bell Tower of the Cathedral in Piazza Duomo.]] [[File:|thumb|The Ospedale del Ceppo.]] The large Piazza del Duomo is connected near to other famous buildings, for example the Palazzo del Comune and the Palazzo del Podestà. In July, the Giostra dell'Orso ("Bear Joust") takes place in the square. At the joust, horsemen try to strike a target held by a dummy shaped like a bear. The 14th century Baptistry, in Gothic style is also located in the square.

The Palazzo dei Vescovi ("Bishops' Palace") includes a loggia in gothic style. .

Other important buildings

  • Church of the Madonna dell'Umiltà (1509), finished by Giovanni Vasari with a high cupola.
  • Church of San Bartolomeo in Pantano (12th century).
  • The Romanesque church of San Giovanni Fuoricivitas (12th-14th century).
  • The Monument in Honour of Brazilians (Soldiers and Pilots) killed in action on Italian Campaign (World War II)
  • Church of San Domenico
  • Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie
  • Church of San Pietro Maggiore
  • Church of San Paolo
  • Church of 'La Vergine"
  • the Baroque church of Santissima Annunziata, famous for its Chiostro dei Morti ("Dead's Cloister").
  • "Ospedale del Ceppo" ("del Ceppo Hospital") '(13th century).
  • The 14th century walls. These had originally four gates: Porta al Borgo, Porta San Marco, Porta Carratica and Porta Lucchese. All were destroyed at the beginning of the 20th century.
  • The Medici Fortress of Santa Barbara, built in the 16th century by the Florentines.
  • The ancient Pieve San Michele in Groppoli, in the neighbourhood of the city.

Famous people born in Pistoia

  • Enrico Betti
  • Mauro Bolognini
  • Licio Gelli
  • Cino da Pistoia
  • Ippolito Desideri
  • Pope Clement IX
  • Marino Marini
  • Filippo Pacini

Sisters towns

Pistoia is twinned with:

Others websites


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