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Pittsburg, New Hampshire
—  Town  —
Location in Coos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 45°03′04″N 71°23′29″W / 45.05111°N 71.39139°W / 45.05111; -71.39139
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Coos
Incorporated 1840
Government
 - Board of Selectmen Brendon K. McKeage
Merrill M. Dalton
James D. Shallow
Area
 - Total 291.4 sq mi (754.6 km2)
 - Land 282.3 sq mi (731.2 km2)
 - Water 9.1 sq mi (23.4 km2)  3.11%
Elevation 1,322 ft (403 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 867
 - Density 3.1/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03592
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-61780
GNIS feature ID 0871099
Website http://www.pittsburg-nh.com/

Pittsburg is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 867 at the 2000 census. It is the northernmost town in New Hampshire and the largest town by area in the state, more than twice the size of the next largest town, Lincoln. U.S. Route 3 is the only major highway in the town, although the northern terminus of New Hampshire Route 145 also lies within Pittsburg.

Pittsburg is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Pittsburg derives its name from William Pitt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Prior to its incorporation in 1840, the area was settled ca 1810 and known as the Territory of Indian Stream. It had the unique distinction of having been its own microstate briefly during the 1830s, called the Republic of Indian Stream.

Geography

Pittsburg is the northernmost New Hampshire municipality. It shares an international border with Québec province, Canada to its west and north, and borders the states of Maine (to the east) and Vermont (a very small portion to the southwest). Directly to the south is Clarksville. Pittsburg is the only New Hampshire municipality to border Canada, the only one that borders both Maine and Vermont, and the only one to share a land border with Vermont, as the Connecticut River defines the state line from Clarksville southward. New Hampshire's only Canadian border crossing is located at the northern end of town at the terminus of U.S. Route 3. The western edge of Pittsburg is defined by Halls Stream, being the "northwesternmost headwaters of the Connecticut River", which defined (ambiguously) the border in the Treaty of Paris of 1783.

Contained within the boundaries of Pittsburg are the Connecticut Lakes, which form the beginning of the Connecticut River. Pittsburg also contains the communities of Happy Corner, Idlewilde, and The Glen. Early maps (e.g. 1854) also show several grants that were incorporated into the eastern edge of Pittsburg, including Carlisle No. 1, Webster/Carlisle No. 2 and Hubbards No. 3, all north of Atkinson and Gilmanton Academy Grant.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 291.4 square miles (755 km2). 282.3 sq mi (731 km2) of it is land and 9.1 sq mi (24 km2) of it is water, comprising 3.11% of the town.

The highest point in Pittsburg is the summit of Stub Hill, at 3,627 feet (1,106 m) above sea level. Magalloway Mountain, 3,383 feet (1,031 m) above sea level, is a prominent summit reachable by hiking trail.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 867 people, 386 households, and 264 families residing in the town. The population density was 3.1 people per square mile (1.2/km²). There were 1,281 housing units at an average density of 4.5/sq mi (1.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.27% White, 0.12% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.23% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population.

There were 386 households out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.67.

In the town the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,516, and the median income for a family was $42,500. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $25,455 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,703. About 5.0% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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