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Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review front page.jpg
The July 27, 2005 front page of the
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner Tribune-Review Publishing Company
Publisher Richard Mellon Scaife
Founded 1889 (In 1992 became metro-wide)
Headquarters 503 Martindale St.
3rd Floor
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15212 United States
Circulation 150,253 Daily
185,331 Sunday[1]
Official website http://www.tribtotalmedia.com

The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, also known as "the Trib," is the second largest daily newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States. Although founded in 1889,[2] it existed only in Westmoreland County until 1992 when, as an offshoot of the Greensburg Tribune-Review, it started serving all of Pittsburgh after a strike at the two previously dominant Pittsburgh dailies, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette and Pittsburgh Press, deprived the city of a newspaper for several months.

The Tribune-Review Publishing Company is owned by an heir to the Mellon banking, oil, and aluminum fortune, Richard Mellon Scaife. The company publishes seven daily papers, one afternoon paper, 10 weekly papers, the Pittsburgh Pennysaver, five magazines, and a plethora of Websites.

The Trib has a conservative editorial page, contrasting with their competitor, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, which has a moderate to liberal viewpoint.

Contents

History

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Origin

The paper first began reporting under the name Greensburg Daily Tribune in 1889. In 1902, the Greensburg Morning Review also was published before combining the editions in 1955.[2] The Greensburg Tribune-Review was purchased in 1970 by heir to the Mellon banking, oil, and aluminum fortune, Richard Mellon Scaife. Scaife was a decade early in trying to unarm the Post-Gazette. In 1981–82, he started a short-lived eastern suburbs paper, The Daily-Sunday Tribune.[3]

Kent State and the Pulitzer

The Tribune-Review owns several "satellite" papers that insert or surround the regional publication with neighborhood specific stories. The Valley Daily News and Daily Dispatch, of Pittsburgh suburbs Tarentum and New Kensington, Pennsylvania is one such satellite. Local journalism student John Filo worked for the publication while attending nearby Kent State University and served as the Tribune-Review's correspondent of the event. His photography that day has ascended to iconic status and won the paper its only Pulitzer Prize.

1990s expansion, and North Hills News Record

During a newspaper strike that temporarily ceased the Post-Gazette and ultimately closed the Pittsburgh Press, Scaife expanded the Greensburg Trib, based in Westmoreland County, to include coverage of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh. He named the paper, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.[3] In 1997, Scaife added to his small collection of newspapers by purchasing The Daily Courier of Connellsville, the Leader Times of Kittanning and The Valley Independent of Monessen from Thomson Newspapers.[4]

In late 1997, Scaife's NewsWorks facility opened in the North Hills.[5] In December 1997, the Tribune-Review company purchased the North Hills News Record, even though four months earlier, then-Trib president Ed Harrell told the Pittsburgh Business Times that the company was not interested in the News Record.[5] Nine months after purchasing the North Hills News Record from Gannett Company, Tribune-Review Publishing Co. announced the paper would be merged with the Pittsburgh Trib. The News Record was most successful during the newspaper strike of the early 1990s.[6][7] At its demise, the North Hills News Record had a daily circulation of more than 16,000, nearly 1,000 less than its circulation before the Trib bought it.[6] In early 2000, the Trib announced the "News Record" name would retire after more than two years of a combined "Tribune-Review/North Hills News Record" banner. North Hills coverage would be wrapped into the Trib's neighborhoods section.[8]

2000s mergers and consolidations

In 2000, the Trib announced it would stop producing the twice-weekly Irwin-based paper, Standard Observer.[9] Citing a "sagging economy," the Trib laid off more than four percent of its workforce in 2003, including freelance writers.[10] More shakeups continued in 2005 as circulation numbers dropped and a top official left. An online message board featured back and forth fights between Pittsburgh and Greensburg employees.[10]

Edward Harrell, then-president of the Tribune Review Publishing Company, announced in January 2005 that most of the regional editions of the paper would have their newsroom, management and circulation departments merged and staff reductions would follow. The merged papers include the Tribune-Review of Greensburg, the Valley News Dispatch of Tarentum, The Leader-Times of Kittanning, The Daily Courier of Connellsville and the Blairsville Dispatch. The Valley Independent, the only paper with a unionized newsroom and contract, was not affected.[11]

The company incorporated as Trib Total Media in the summer of 2005, and purchased Gateway Newspapers, a community publication group servicing approximately 22 communities, at the time, in and around Pittsburgh's Allegheny County. Two managers were immediately laid off. The exact number of proposed redundancies was not announced.[12] In September 2005, Harrell announced his retirement as president of Tribune-Review Publishing Company, effective December 31, 2005. He had served as president since 1989.[13] Several staff writers were laid off in December 2005 as two of Gateway's newspapers were discontinued.

In May 2008, the Post-Gazette and the Trib reached a deal for one company to deliver both papers. The Post-Gazette would begin delivering the Trib to most of the area with some exceptions. Terms of the deal were not disclosed.[14] On June 20, 2008, Trib Total Media publicly announced it was closing seven weekly newspapers in the Gateway Newspapers chain. The papers affected include: Bridgeville Area News, North Journal, McKnight Journal, Woodland Progress, Penn Hills Progress, Coraopolis-Moon Record and the Advance Leader. Many of those papers were several decades old.[15] The company also announced major changes to the remaining Gateway publications including a revamp of the Pennysaver in the communities that have Gateway newspapers.[16] Several published reports say the remaining community newspapers would expand coverage to include areas no longer serviced by Gateway publications. The communities served by those titles will now be served by other Gateway newspapers.[17]

Investigations, national attention

Carl Prine, an investigative reporter for the newspaper, conducted a probe with the CBS news magazine 60 Minutes that highlighted the lack of security at the nation's most dangerous chemical plants following the September 11, 2001 attacks.[18]

The reporters, and a CBS camera operator, were charged with trespassing at a Neville Island plant during their investigation.[19] They were later acquitted when the judge accepted that the story had been in the public interest.[20]

In 2007, Prine's further investigation into the subject was featured in the PBS documentary series Exposé: America's Investigative Reports, in a two-part episode entitled "Think Like A Terrorist."

One Tribune-Review flap went national when Colin McNickle, editor of the newspaper's editorial page, attended a July 26, 2004 speech at the Massachusetts State House given by Teresa Heinz Kerry, who had been the subject of two negative articles in the Tribune-Review's opinion pages. After the speech, there was a dispute between McNickle and Heinz Kerry over her use of the term "un-American activity."

Circulation

Individual circulation numbers for each daily newspaper the Trib owns are not available since company policy mandates the seven dailies combine numbers. Even still, Trib circulation continues to follow the national trend of declining numbers.

In 2007, the Trib reported significant circulation gains only because of combined numbers.[21]

A year earlier, the company saw a loss in circulation numbers at various papers.[22]

In 2005, a report by the Audit Bureau of Circulations determined that the Post-Gazette had lost 5,000 subscribers on its Monday-to-Friday deliveries,[23] while the Greensburg Tribune-Review and Pittsburgh Tribune-Review lost 8,000 subscribers Monday to Friday, with deeper losses on Sundays.[23]

Although the circulation slumps are part of a nationwide trend in the U.S., both the Tribune-Review and Post-Gazette lost readers at a greater rate than the national average of 1.6 percent for dailies with more than 100,000 subscribers.[24]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "2007 Top 100 Daily Newspapers in the U.S. by Circulation" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. 2007-03-31. http://www.burrellesluce.com/top100/2007_Top_100List.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-31.  
  2. ^ a b Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Help Desk - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
  3. ^ a b War of words - Pittsburgh Business Times]
  4. ^ Thomson to sell New Castle News
  5. ^ a b North Hills News Record apparently on the block - Pittsburgh Business Times:
  6. ^ a b Tribune plans to merge papers
  7. ^ Trib pushes North Hills daily inside - Pittsburgh Business Times:
  8. ^ Business Briefs, 2/11/2000
  9. ^ Irwin newspaper to be absorbed
  10. ^ a b Westmoreland Briefs, 11/06/03
  11. ^ Tribune-Review to reorganize papers - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
  12. ^ Shakeup at the Tribune-Review; layoffs expected at all newspapers
  13. ^ http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/search/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1001096806
  14. ^ Post-Gazette reaches deal to distribute Trib
  15. ^ Tribune-Review closing 7 weekly papers
  16. ^ Trib to cease publication of 7 weekly newspapers - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
  17. ^ Communities notified that seven Pittsburgh-area weekly newspapers will close - Pittsburgh Business Times:
  18. ^ U.S. Plants: Open To Terrorists, 60 Minutes Finds Lax Security At Many U.S. Chem Facilities - CBS News
  19. ^ Journalists cited for trespassing at Neville Island chemical plant
  20. ^ http://www.pittsburghlive.com/pages/pdf/gtr030404.pdf#search='Carl%20Prine%20Gallo'
  21. ^ Trib gains circulation by combining editions - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
  22. ^ Newspaper circulation continues to decline from post-gazette.com
  23. ^ a b http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000904052
  24. ^ http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000904268

External links


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