Placer County, California: Wikis

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Coordinates: 39°04′N 120°44′W / 39.06°N 120.73°W / 39.06; -120.73

Placer County, California
Seal of Placer County, California
Map of California highlighting Placer County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Seat Auburn
Largest city Roseville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,503 sq mi (3,893 km²)
1,404 sq mi (3,636 km²)
98 sq mi (254 km²), 6.55%
PopulationEst.
 - (2004)
 - Density

307,004
218/sq mi (84/km²)
Founded 1851
Website www.placer.ca.gov

Placer County is a county located in the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. state of California, in what is known as the Gold Country. It stretches from the suburbs of Sacramento to Lake Tahoe and the Nevada border. Because of the expansion of the Sacramento metropolitan area, Placer County is one of the fastest growing counties in the state. Between 2000 and 2008, the population grew from 248,399 to 338,750.[1] The county seat is Auburn.

Contents

History

Placer County was home to the peaceful Nisenan Native Americans for hundreds of years before the discovery of gold in 1848 brought hordes of miners from around the world. Only three years after the discovery of gold, the fast-growing county was formed from portions of Sutter and Yuba counties on April 25, 1851 with Auburn as the county seat. Placer County took its name from the Spanish word for sand or gravel deposits containing gold. Miners washed away the gravel, leaving the heavier gold, in a process known as "placer mining."

Gold mining was a major industry through the 1880s, but gradually the new residents turned to farming the fertile foothill soil, harvesting timber and working for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Auburn was settled when Claude Chana discovered gold in Auburn Ravine in May 1848 and later became a shipping and supply center for the surrounding gold camps. The cornerstone of Placer's beautiful and historic courthouse, which is clearly visible from Interstate 80 through Auburn, was laid on July 4, 1894. The building itself was renovated during the late 1980s and continues to serve the public today with courtrooms, a historic sheriff's office and the Placer County Museum. Roseville, once a small agricultural center, became a major railroad center and grew to the county's most populous city after Southern Pacific Railroad moved its railroad switching yards there in 1908.

Loomis and Newcastle began as mining towns, but soon became centers of a booming fruit-growing industry, supporting many local packing houses. Penryn was founded by a Welsh miner, Griffith Griffith, who turned from mining to establish a large granite quarry. Rocklin began as a railroad town and became home to a number of granite quarries. Rapidly growing Rocklin now vies with Roseville for the honor of being Placer's largest city. Lincoln and Sheridan continue to support ranching and farming. Lincoln also is the home of one of the county's oldest businesses, the Gladding McBean terra cotta clay manufacturing plant established in 1875.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,503 square miles (3,893 km2), of which, 1,404 square miles (3,636 km2) is land and 98 square miles (254 km2) (6.55%) is water. Watercourses in Placer County include the American River and Bunch Creek. Lake Tahoe has 40.96% of its surface area in Placer County, more than in any of the four other counties in which it lies.[2]

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Incorporated cities

Incorporated towns

Unincorporated places

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

Airports

There are three general aviation airports in Placer County:

The closest commercial airport is Sacramento International Airport in Sacramento.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 248,399 people, 93,382 households, and 67,701 families residing in the county. The population density was 177 people per square mile (68/km²). There were 107,302 housing units at an average density of 76 per square mile (30/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.59% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 2.95% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.39% from other races, and 3.21% from two or more races. 9.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.5% were of German, 12.3% English, 10.6% Irish, 7.1% Italian and 7.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.7% spoke English and 6.0% Spanish as their first language.

Presidential Election Results
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 54.5% 80,209 43.8% 64,460 1.7% 2,465
2004 62.6% 95,969 36.3% 55,573 1.1% 1,736
2000 59.3% 69,835 36.0% 42,449 4.7% 5,515
1996 52.8% 49,808 37.1% 34,981 10.2% 9,638
1992 41.9% 38,298 33.7% 30,783 24.4% 22,285
1988 59.6% 42,096 39.0% 27,516 1.5% 1,030
1984 62.9% 38,035 35.2% 21,294 1.8% 1,098
1980 54.8% 28,179 33.7% 17,311 11.6% 5,950
1976 45.0% 18,154 52.2% 21,026 2.8% 1,131
1972 50.3% 18,597 45.8% 16,911 3.9% 1,437
1968 42.6% 12,427 48.2% 14,050 9.2% 2,667
1964 33.9% 9,389 66.0% 18,256 0.1% 31
1960 43.8% 10,439 55.8% 13,304 0.5% 120

There were 93,382 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,535, and the median income for a family was $65,858 (these figures had risen to $68,463 and $80,987 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[4]). Males had a median income of $50,410 versus $33,763 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,963. About 3.90% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.30% of those under age 18 and 3.80% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Placer is part of California's 4th congressional district, which is held by Republican Tom McClintock. In the State Assembly, Placer is part of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th districts, which are held by Republicans Dan Logue, Ted Gaines, and Roger Niello respectively. In the State Senate, Placer is mostly in the 1st district with parts in the 4th district. Both districts are held by Republicans, Dave Cox and Sam Aanestad respectively.

See also

References

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Placer County, California
Seal of Placer County, California
Map
File:Map of California highlighting Placer County.png
Location in the state of California
Map of the USA highlighting California
California's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1851
Seat Auburn
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 6.55%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2004)
 - Density

307004
Website: www.placer.ca.gov

Placer County is a county located in the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. state of California, in what is known as the Gold Country. It stretches from the suburbs of Sacramento to Lake Tahoe and the Nevada border. Because of the expansion of the Sacramento metropolitan area, Placer County is one of the fastest growing counties in the state. It is also considered one of the more politically and morally conservative counties and has less ethnic diversity than is found in other suburban regions of California. As of 2000, the population was 248,399. In 2004, the population had grown to 307,004. The county seat is Auburn.

Contents

History

Placer County was created from parts of Sutter and Yuba Counties in 1851.

"Placer" is probably a contraction of the words plaza de oro (the place of gold) and in Spanish means "a place near a river where gold is found." The county derived its name from the numerous places where the method of extracting gold from the earth, called placer mining, was practiced.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3892 km² (1503 sq mi). 3637 km² (1404 sq mi) of it is land and 255 km² (98 sq mi) of it (6.55%) is water. Watercourses in Placer County include the American River and Bunch Creek.

Incorporated Cities

Incorporated Towns

Unincorporated Places

Adjacent Counties

Transportation Infrastructure

Major Highways

Public Transportation

Airports

There are three general aviation airports in Placer County:

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 248,399 people, 93,382 households, and 67,701 families residing in the county. The population density was 68/km² (177/sq mi). There were 107,302 housing units at an average density of 30/km² (76/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 88.59% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 2.95% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.39% from other races, and 3.21% from two or more races. 9.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 89.7% spoke English and 6.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 93,382 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,535, and the median income for a family was $65,858. Males had a median income of $50,410 versus $33,763 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,963. About 3.90% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.30% of those under age 18 and 3.80% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential Election Results
Year GOP DEM Others
2004 62.6% 95,969 36.3% 55,573 1.1% 1,736
2000 59.3% 69,835 36.0% 42,449 4.7% 5,515
1996 52.8% 49,808 37.1% 34,981 10.2% 9,638
1992 41.9% 38,298 33.7% 30,783 24.4% 22,285
1988 59.6% 42,096 39.0% 27,516 1.5% 1,030
1984 62.9% 38,035 35.2% 21,294 1.8% 1,098
1980 54.8% 28,179 33.7% 17,311 11.6% 5,950
1976 45.0% 18,154 52.2% 21,026 2.8% 1,131
1972 50.3% 18,597 45.8% 16,911 3.9% 1,437
1968 42.6% 12,427 48.2% 14,050 9.2% 2,667
1964 33.9% 9,389 66.0% 18,256 0.1% 31
1960 43.8% 10,439 55.8% 13,304 0.5% 120

Placer is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Placer is part of California's 4th congressional district, which is held by Republican John Doolittle. In the State Assembly, Placer is part of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th districts, which are held by Republicans Rick Keene, Ted Gaines, and Roger Niello respectively. In the State Senate, Placer is mostly in the 1st district with parts in the 4th district. Both districts are held by Republicans, Dave Cox and Sam Aanestad respectively.















References

See also

External links

Coordinates: 39°04′N 120°44′W / 39.06, -120.73

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Placer County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Placer County, CaliforniaRDF feed
County names Placer County, California  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 California  +
Short name Placer County  +

This article uses material from the "Placer County, California" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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