The Full Wiki

More info on Plain weave

Plain weave: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A plain-woven fabric
Structure of plain-woven fabric

Plain weave (also called tabby weave or taffeta weave) is the most basic of three fundamental types of textile weaves.[1] It is strong and hard-wearing, used for fashion and furnishing fabrics.

In plain weave, the warp and weft are aligned so they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, and so on. The next weft thread goes under the warp threads that its neighbor went over, and vice versa.

  • Balanced plain weaves are fabrics in which the warp and weft are made of threads of the same weight (size) and the same number of ends per inch as picks per inch.[2]
  • Basketweave is a variation of plain weave in which two or more threads are bundled and then woven as one in the warp or weft, or both.

A balanced plain weave can be identified by its checkerboard-like appearance. It is also known as one-up-one-down weave or over and under pattern.[3]

Some examples of fabric with plain weave are chiffon, organza, and taffeta.

Satin weave and twill weave are the other two main textile weaves.

Designation tabby

According to the 12th-century geographer al-Idrīsī, the city of Almería in Andalusia manufactured imitations of Iraqi and Persian silks called ‘attābī, which David Jacoby identifies[4] as "a taffeta fabric made of silk and cotton originally produced in Attabiya, a district of Baghdad."


  1. ^ Kadolph, Sara J., ed.: Textiles, 10th edition, Prentice-Hall, 2007, p. 225-229
  2. ^ Kadolph, Textiles, p. 229
  3. ^ Kadolph, Textiles, p. 225-229
  4. ^ Jacoby, "Silk Economics and Cross-Cultural Artistic Interaction: Byzantium, the Muslim World, and the Christian West" Dumbarton Oaks Papers 58 (2004:197-240) p. 217, crediting al-Idrīsī.


  • Kadolph, Sara J., ed.: Textiles, 10th edition, Saddle River, New Jersey, Pearson/Prentice-Hall, 2007, ISBN 0-13118769-4


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address