URL  planetmath.org 

Commercial?  No 
Type of site  Internet encyclopedia project 
Registration  required to edit 
Available language(s)  English 
Owner  PlanetMath.org, Ltd. 
Created by  Nathan Egge, Aaron Krowne 
Current status  active 
PlanetMath is a free, collaborative, online mathematics encyclopedia. The emphasis is on rigour, openness, pedagogy, realtime content, interlinked content, and also community of about 24,000 people with various maths interests. Intended to be comprehensive, the project is hosted by the Digital Library Research Lab at Virginia Tech. The site is owned by a USbased nonprofit corporation, "PlanetMath.org, Ltd."^{[1]}
PlanetMath was started when the popular free online mathematics encyclopedia MathWorld was temporarily taken offline for 12 months by a court injunction as a result of the CRC Press lawsuit against the Wolfram Research company and its employee (and MathWorld's author) Eric Weisstein.
Contents 
The main PlanetMath focus is on encyclopedic entries, and some forum discussions. In addition, the project hosts data about books, expositions and researchlevel (not necessary published) papers. A system for semiprivate messaging among users is also in place.
As of May 2009, the encyclopedia hosted about 8500 entries and over 14800 concepts (a concept may be for example a specific notion defined within a more general entry^{[2]}. An overview of the current PlanetMath contents is also available.^{[3]} About 300 Wikipedia entries incorporate text from PlanetMath articles [4].
An allinclusive PlanetMaths "Free Encyclopedia" book of 2,300 pages is now available for the encyclopedia contents up to 2006 as a free download PDF file.^{[4]}
PlanetMath implements a specific content creation system called authority model.^{[5]} This is a set of rules determinig who can add, modify or remove content. Only registered users can create or edit entries.
An author who starts a new article becomes itsowner, that is the only person authorized to edit that article. Other users may add corrections and discuss improvements but the resulting modifications of the article, if any, are always made by the owner. However, if there are long lasting unresolved corrections, the ownership can be removed. More precisely, after 2 weeks the system starts to remind the owner by mail; at 6 weeks any user can "adopt" the article; at 8 weeks the ownership of the entry is completely removed (and such an entry is called "orphaned").
To make the development more smooth, the owner may also choose to grant editing rights to other individuals or groups.
The user can explicitly create links to other articles, and the system also automatically turns certain words into links to the defining articles. The topic area of every article is classified by the Mathematics Subject Classification (MSC) of the American Mathematical Society (AMS).
The site is supervised by the Content Committee. Its basic mission is to maintain the integrity and quality of the mathematical content and organization of PlanetMath.^{[6]} As defined in its Charter, the tasks of the Committee include
PlanetMath content is licensed under the copyleft Creative Commons Attribution/ShareAlike License. All content is written in LaTeX, a typesetting system popular among mathematicians because of its support of the technical needs of mathematical typesetting and its highquality output.
The software running PlanetMath is written in Perl and runs on Linux and the web server Apache. It is known as Noösphere and has been released under the free BSD License.
Encyclopedic content and bibliographic materials related to physics, mathematics and mathematical physics are developed by PlanetPhysics. The site, launched in 2005, uses similar software (Noosphere), but a significantly different moderation model with emphasis on current research in physics and peer review^{[7]}^{[8]}. Additionally, a PlanetComputing project is envisaged that would also include Computational Physics and AI together with logical, categorical, ontological and mathematical foundations of computers and automata.
PlanetMath is a free, collaborative, online mathematics encyclopedia. The emphasis is on peer review, rigour, openness, pedagogy, realtime content, interlinked content, and community. Intended to be comprehensive, the project is located at the Digital Library Research Lab at Virginia Tech.
This is the Wikiversity outreach page to the PlanetMath program.
This learning project is under development by School of Mathematics at Wikiversity. Please see the Mathematics Portal for now
