Planned high-speed rail by country: Wikis

  
  

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This article provides of planned or proposed High-speed rail projects, listed by country. Though many nations have done preliminary feasibility studies, many lines are eventually shelved or postponed due to high cost, and only a few nations of those proposing are actively building high-speed rail lines. Planned or proposed lines are therefore separated here from lines that are under construction, some nations having both. High-speed rail is public transport by rail at speeds in excess of 200 km/h (125 mph).[1] For details of proposed or planned extensions or upgrades to existing high-speed rail networks, or details of current high-speed rail networks, see high-speed rail by country.

Contents

Under Construction

Asia

China

China plans to finish construction of 13,000 km of high speed railway lines using the latest technology by 2012. This build out is greater than the length of all high speed lines currently in existence. More details in the main article

200–250 km/h high-speed rail under construction:

Line Speed Length Construction work began Expected to be opened...
Fuxia Passenger Line (Fuzhou–Xiamen) 250 km/h 273 km 2005 September 1 2010 March 26
Xibao Passenger Line (Xi'an–Baoji) 250 km/h 148 km 2009 November 28 2012
Daxi Passenger Line (Datong–Xi'an) 250 km/h 859 km 2009 December 3 2014

300–350 km/h high-speed rail under construction:

Line Speed Length Construction work began Expected to be opened...
Huning Intercity Railway (Nanjing–Shanghai) 300 km/h 300 km 2008 July 1 2010 July 1
Huhang Passenger Line (Shanghai–Hangzhou) 350 km/h 152 km 2009 February 26 2010 October 1
Hada Passenger Line (Harbin–Dalian) 350 km/h 904 km 2007 August 23 2011
Jinghu High-Speed Railway (Beijing–Shanghai) 350 km/h 1318 km 2008 August 18 2013
Guangshengang Passenger Line (Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong), Guangzhou–Shenzhen section 350 km/h 105 km 2008 August 20 2011
Jingshi Passenger Line (Beijing–Shijiazhuang) 350 km/h 278 km 2008 October 7 2012
Shiwu Passenger Line (Shijiazhuang–Wuhan) 350 km/h 838 km 2008 October 15 2012
Jinqin Passenger Line (Tianjin–Qinhuangdao) 350 km/h 258 km 2008 November 8 2012
Ninghang Passenger Line (Nanjing–Hangzhou) 350 km/h 249 km 2008 December 27 2011
Hangyong Passenger Line (Hangzhou–Ningbo) 350 km/h 150 km 2009 April 1 2012
Lanxin Railway Second Double Track (Lanzhou-Urumqi) 350 km/h 1776 km 2009 November 4 2014
Hefu Passenger Line (Hefei-Fuzhou) 350 km/h 806 km 2009 December 22 2014
Hangchang Passenger Line (Hefei-Fuzhou) 350 km/h 927 km 2009 December 22 2014

Indonesia

A Hydrogen Hi-Speed Rail Super Highway (H2RSH) train to Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is under construction[2] and due for 2012 operation. Caedz, LLC a San Francisco based economic re-engineering firm led a consortium of multinational investors signed a Memorandum of Agreement with the Indonesian Kadin in December 1, 2009 in Los Angeles, USA.

Japan

Japan was the first country to have a high speed railway. The first system was constructed for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.

New systems under construction since 2006:

South Korea

Construction of the second phase linking Daegu to Busan started in June 2002, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2010. The new section follows a different, more easterly route, with new stations planned for Gyeongju and Ulsan.

High-speed track for the Honam Line from Seoul via Osong to Gwangju and Mokpo is also planned, with construction to start in 2009 for tentative completion in 2014.

KTX services running partly on ordinary track are planned for the Jeolla Line to Suncheon and Expo 2012 site Yeosu, branching from the main Honam Line at Iksan.[3] Operations may start as soon as 2009, although the Iksan-Yeosu line has a top speed of only 120 km/h, currently being increased to 180 km/h. The Samnangjin-Jinju line is also being doubled and electrified to allow KTX operations by 2014.

Saudi Arabia

A 444 km high-speed railway between Mecca, Jeddah and Medina began construction in March 2009.[4] Known as the Haramain High Speed Rail Project, or sometimes as the "Western Railway", it is expected to considerably ease transport chaos experienced during the annual Hajj pilgramage. The cost has been estimated at US$5.3 billion.[5]

Speeds are expected to be up to 320 km/h, meaning a 2 hour journey time between Medina and Jeddah and 30 minutes for the 72 km from Jeddah to Mecca.[6]

Europe

Austria

[7][8]

  • The 56 km (35 mi) Brenner Base Tunnel currently under construction will allow speeds of up to 250 km/h.[9][10]
  • The Unterinntalbahn, the line connecting the Brenner Base Tunnel to Southern Germany, is also being upgraded from two tracks to four tracks and maximum design speeds of 250 km/h.
  • The Koralmbahn, the first entirely new railway line in the Second Austrian Republic is under construction since 2006. It includes a new 33 km tunnel (Koralmtunnel) connecting the cities of Klagenfurt and Graz. Primarily built for intermodal freight transport, it will also be used by passenger trains travelling up to 250 km/h. The travel time from Klagenfurt to Graz will be reduced from three hours to one hour.

Belgium

Finland/Russia

  • Helsinki-St. Petersburg, Russia, 200 km/h, due to open early 2011. A previously built short stretch in Finland will have 220 km/h, which the trains are built for.

France

  1. LGV Perpignan-Figueres (Spain to France) (due to open 2009, TGV service 2012)[11]
  2. LGV Rhin-Rhône (Lyon-Dijon-Mulhouse) (due to open 2011)
  3. Haut-Bugey line - reconstruction of the Bellegarde - Bourg-en-Bresse line to reduce Paris-Geneva by 47 km and 20 minutes although it is not a high speed line. Due to open in 2010.[12]

Germany

Italy

Spain

  • LGV Perpignan-Figueres - Barcelona to French border line, a third rail will be installed 2010 along the old railway between Figueras and Girona to allow UIC gauge trains to reach Barcelona until the new line is finished, the line should open 2012.
  • Basque Y, Bilbao-Vitoria-San Sebastian (Basque Y) connecting 3 basque capitals.
  • Cáceres-Mérida-Badajoz-Lisbon. This line will connect the two peninsular capitals in 2 hours and 45 minutes[13], connecting the south west region of Extremadura to the High Speed network. Spanish track should be completed around 2013 and the Portuguese one around 2015.
  • L.A.V. Levante, High Speed network covering 940 km, connecting Madrid with Cuenca, Albacete, Valencia, Castellón, Alicante, Murcia and Cartagena. Out of the 940 km, 513 km will open 4th quarter 2010.[14] At Valencia a temporary station will be used while the existing terminus is renovated. When opened, a new station will have been built underneath the existing station in Valencia. It will have 2 standard gauge tracks and 4 iberic gauge tracks, all running on a north-south alignment under the city.[15]
  • L.A.V. Valladolid-Burgos-Vitoria, the extension of the Madrid-Valladolid line should reach Burgos 2013 and Vitoria 2015. Construction between Valladolid and Burgos started 2009.
  • L.A.V. Venta de Baños-León-Gijón, the high speed rail connection to Asturias including the 25 km Pajares base tunnel.[16] The line is expected to reach León 2013 with the Pajares base tunnel opening the same year.
  • L.A.V. Olmedo-Zamora-Galicia, the high speed rail connection to Galicia, Ourense - Santiago de Compostela expected 2012 and Olmedo - Zamora 2013. Zamora - Ourense should open 2018.
  • L.A.V. Sevilla-Cádiz, expected 2012.
  • L.A.V. Murcia-Almería, no opening date.
  • Eixo Atlántico de Alta Velocidade, high speed rail line connecting the Galician cities of Ferrol, A Coruña, Santiago de Compostela, Pontevedra and Vigo[17], A Coruña - Vigo expected 2012.
  • Eje Ferroviario Transversal, high speed rail line connecting the Andalucian cities of Huelva, Sevilla, Granada and Almería. Sevilla - Granada should open 2014-2015.

Turkey

UK

  • London to Kent opened December 13, 2009. It should be noted the lines themselves are already in use for international (Eurostar) services, the December 2009 date refers to the opening of domestic high-speed services which are operated by British Rail Class 395 trains.

Not currently under construction

Africa

Algeria

The SNTF has plans for the following lines, which will connect Oran to Annaba while passing through Algiers, Setif, and Constantine and extend to the borders of Morocco and Tunisia. These lines will also connect certain cities of the desert including Ghardaïa, Touggourt, and Hassi Messaoud, with the new trains traveling at a mean velocity of 250 km/h (155 mph).

(startup envisaged between 2009 and 2010)

Egypt

Egypt has conducted preliminary feasibility studies in conjunction with Spanish and Italian firms to build a high-speed train network extending from Cairo to Alexandria and along the northwest Mediterranean coast.

Morocco

Work by ONCF is slated to begin in 2009[18] from Marrakech to Tangier in the north via Marrakesh to Agadir in the south, and from Casablanca on the Atlantic to Oujda on the Algerian border. If the ONCF's Master Plan is pursued, the 1,500 kilometres of track may take until 2035 to complete at a cost of around 25 billion dirhams ($2.87 billion). Travel time from Casablanca to Marrakesh could be cut to 1 hour and 20 minutes from over three hours, and from the capital Rabat to Tangier to 1 hour and 30 minutes from 4 hours and 30 minutes.[19] In October 2007 a contract was signed with a consortium led by Alstom to build a high-speed railway between Kenitra and Tangier. On April 9, 2009, agreements were signed between ONCF and SNCF relating to the design, construction, commissioning, use of rolling stock, commercial services to be offered by the high-speed rail link, and maintenance of a 200 km stretch of track allowing a running speed of 320 km/hour.

Asia

China

China is planning to build a trans-continent high-speed railway network to Central Asia and Europe. If built, it is possible to take a train from London to Beijing in 48 hours.[20]

Hong Kong

Preparation works are on the way for the Hong Kong Section of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, which will include one station and a 26 km tunnel to connect the territory with the neighbouring high-speed railway network of the People's Republic of China. It will run entirely underground and is designed for a maximum speed of 200 km/h. Funding is, nevertheless, pending approval by the territory's legislature.

India

The Indian Ministry of Railways envisages the implementation of regional high-speed rail projects to provide services at 250-350 km/h, and planning for corridors connecting commercial, tourist and pilgrimage hubs. Six corridors have already been identified for technical studies on setting up of high-speed rail corridors: Delhi-Chandigarh-Amritsar, Pune-Mumbai-Ahmedabad, Hyderabad-Dornakal-Vijayawada-Chennai, Howrah-Haldia, Chennai-Bangalore-Coimbatore-Ernakulam, Delhi-Agra-Lucknow-Varanasi-Patna. These high-speed rail corridors will be built as elevated corridors in keeping with the pattern of habitation and the constraint of land. During Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's visit to Tokyo in December 2006, Japan assured cooperation to India in creating a high speed link between New Delhi and Mumbai.[16] In January 2009, the then Railway Minister Lalu Prasad expressed keen interest in introducing bullet-trains in India. "The day is not far off when the bullet train will run in the country" Prasad had said after getting a first-hand feel of the superfast trains travelling from Tokyo to Kyoto at a speed of about 300 km/h[17]. On a visit to India in December 2009, Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama offered bullet-train technology to India. "Since its inception (in Japan), there has been no accidents. We will like to see this technology being used in India”, said Hatoyama. The proposal is under discussion, according to official sources.[18]

Indonesia

Indonesian authorities have expressed an interest in high-speed rail for the densely-populated island of Java, probably linking the cities of Jakarta, Bandung, and Surabaya.[21] In 2006, the Indonesian Department of Transportation said that proposals had been submitted by Chinese, French, and German interests.[21] In 2008, it was announced that the Department of Transportation was seeking investors for a 683 km high speed line between Jakarta and Surabaya, expected to cost US$6.14 billion.[22]

Iran

There are two high-speed rail line projects in Iran, between Tehran and Isfahan, as well as between Tehran and Mashhad. The Tehran-Isfahan HSR speed has been increased to 350 km/h and the section between Tehran-Qom is going to have a new dedicated alignment for 350 km/h connecting Tehran to Imam Khomeini Airport and to new multi-mode terminal in Qom with connection to Isfahan HSR. There was a tender for electrification of the Tehran-Mashhad double-track line within 30 months to supply 70 elec. loco. This will increase the speed to 200 km/h for passenger trains and 250 km/h for tilting EMU, reducing the existing journey time from 12 to 6 hours for passenger trains and from 7.5 hours for DMU to less than 5 hours for EMU.

This project will enable gradual, economical introduction of HSR; the final goal is to have travel times of under 3 hours for wide body highspeed trains in a dedicated line. On April 16, 2007, Iran signed a 6.7 billion euro MOU with Germany for construction of a maglev line from Tehran to Mashhad.

Israel

Israel has no high-speed trains. A new rail line between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, called Plan A1, to cut travel time between the two cities to 28 minutes (currently about 75 minutes) is under construction by Israel Railways and expected to begin service in 2016. In addition, the entire railway system is currently undergoing extensive upgrades and electrification, so that by early in the next decade, all three major metropolitan areas (Haifa, Jerusalem, and Beer Sheva) which are located on the coast, in the interior, and in the south of the country, respectively, will all be reachable within about thirty to forty minutes from the Mediterranean coastal city of Tel Aviv.

Japan

A Japanese consortium led by the Central Japan Railway Company has been researching new high-speed rail systems based on magnetic levitation since the 1970s. Although the trains and guideways are technologically ready and over 100,000 people have ridden them, high costs remains as barriers. Test trains JR-Maglev MLX01 on the Yamanashi Test Line have reached speeds of 581 km/h (361 mph) (crewed), making them the fastest trains in the world. These new maglev trains are intended to be deployed on the new Tokyo – Osaka Shinkansen maglev route, called the Chuo Shinkansen. 2025 has been selected as the deadline for Nagoya - Tokyo maglev operation.

Conventional steel-wheeled Shinkansen trains running at speeds of up to 320 km/h (200 mph) will be introduced around 2011 by JR East when the Tohoku Shinkansen extension is opened to Shin-Aomori. These trains will be based on the experimental Fastech 360 trains currently undergoing testing at speeds up to 405 km/h (251 mph). The Fastech trains are speed ready (360 km/h or 223 mph) already, but problems with noise pollution (tunnel boom) and excessive overhead line wear, rail wear, etc. place limits on future speed increases. The end of railed Shinkansen in Japan is already foreseen because of operational limitations.

Extensions to the current network expansions, notably from Hakodate to Sapporo, are planned but subject to funding constraints and in some cases (particularly the West Kyushu Shinkansen) by local opposition. The route of the final extension of the Hokuriku Shinkansen has not been finalised. It is ultimately to provide a northern route through to Osaka

South Korea

High-speed track for the Honam Line from Seoul via Osong to Gwangju and Mokpo is also planned, with construction to start in 2009 for tentative completion in 2014.

Malaysia and Singapore

A high-speed rail running at 300 km/h (186 mph) to link Kuala Lumpur and Singapore was proposed in 2006 by YTL Corporation, operator of the KLIA Express in Malaysia, although the company did propose a similar system back in the late 1990s. If built, it would be the first transborder high speed line outside of Europe[citation needed], cutting travel time to 90 minutes, compared with 4 hours of highway drive, 7 hours currently by standard rail, 2 hours of flight including commuting to and from airport, check in and boarding. A Bangkok - Kuala Lumpur - Singapore line spanning the three nations has been suggested previously, though no action has been taken. Plans for the project were put on hold in April 2008 due to high cost to the government, estimated at about RM8 billion[23]. The project also faces opposition from rail operator rivals such as Keretapi Tanah Melayu, and the liberalisation of the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore air route further dampened prospects for the proposal.

In 2007, Siemens expressed interest in becoming the technology provider for the proposed rail link[24]. By the middle of 2009, YTL again revived talk on the project and expressed hope that the Malaysian government would relook at the proposal[25], claiming that delays in the project has caused development costs to rise over the years[26].

Pakistan

The cities of Rawalpindi and Lahore will be getting an upgrade to a high speed rail track with trains reaching speeds up to 200 km/h (124 mph). Currently this track is capable of reaching a top speed of 100 km/h (62 mph). A direct train between Lahore and Karachi was scheduled to commence operations from July 26, 2006, reach a top speed of 140 km/h (87 mph), and be equipped with VHF walkie-talkies. Pakistan railways have laid all welded new and heavier rails fixed with the latest fastenings to upgrade the track. Currently, the government is in negotiations with German companies to start high speed trains for the Lahore-Karachi and Karachi-Islamabad route.

Taiwan (Republic of China)

Extensions to the Taiwan High Speed Rail are planned, one extension to north Taipei (Nangang Station) and to central Kaohsiung (instead of Zuoying Station), but no timeframe.

Thailand

The State Railway of Thailand and the Thai Ministry of Transport have plans for several high speed rail lines. In October 2009, it was reported that funding was being sought for four lines, linking Bangkok to Chiang Mai, Nong Khai, Chanthaburi, and Padang Besar.[27] In November, it was reported that the Thai cabinet had approved the plan, with the shorter route to Chanthaburi being intended for construction first.[28]

Vietnam

Vietnam Railways are planning a 1555 km high-speed link from its capital Hanoi in the north to Ho Chi Minh City in the south, capable of running at 250 to 300 km/h (155 to 186 mph).[29] The funding of the $55 billion line will mostly come from the Vietnamese government, with the help of Japanese aid.[30] The current single track line has journey times from just under thirty hours,[31] and initially (2013) this would be cut to less than nine hours. From there, a speedup to 5 hours (300 km/h or 186 mph max) by 2025 is planned. The Vietnamese prime minister has set a target to complete the line by 2013, three years sooner than the previously announced nine year construction time.[32] These new rail lines will have a standard gauge of 1.435 m (the existing line is narrow gauge of 1.000 m)[33] More recent reports suggest Japanese development aid would only be available in stages, with completion of the line not expected until the mid 2030s. The same reports assert that a condition of that aid would be the export of Shinkansen technology, confirming the high-speed nature of the line.[29]

Europe

Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and the UK already have high-speed rail networks. Many other countries are building or considering high-speed links.

North America

Canada

Canada placed some early hopes on the United Aircraft Turbo train in the 1960s. The train achieved speeds as high as 200 km/h (125 mph) in regular service, but for most of its service life (marred by lengthy interruptions to address design problems), it ran at a more realistic 160 km/h (100 mph).

Beginning in the 1970s, a consortium of several companies started to study the Bombardier LRC, which was a more conventional approach to high-speed rail, in having separate cars rather than being an articulated train. Pulled by heavy, conventional-technology diesel-electric locomotives designed for 200 km/h (125 mph) normal operating speed, it entered full-scale service in 1981 for VIA Rail, linking cities in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor, but at speeds never exceeding the 170 km/h (106 mph) limit mandated by line signalling.

In 1998, the Lynx consortium, including Bombardier and SNC-Lavalin, proposed a 300 km/h (186 mph) high-speed train named the Jet-Train from Toronto to Quebec City via Montreal based on the TGV and French Turbo-Train technology. Recently, Bombardier and VIA have proposed high-speed services along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor using Bombardier's experimental JetTrain tilting trains, which are similar to Bombardier's Acela Express, but powered by a gas turbine engine rather than overhead electric wires. These trains resemble the first TGV prototypes (TGV001) powered by a gas turbine that were tested on the Strasbourg-Mulhouse line. As yet, no government support for this plan has been forthcoming, and Bombardier continues to promote the JetTrain, especially for the Texas and Florida routes.

Bombardier has also recently promoted high-speed rail in the province of Alberta between Edmonton and Calgary. On September 22, 2006, it was announced that the Provincial government was deploying video cameras along a stretch of the Queen Elizabeth II Highway to help determine the merits of building the Calgary/Red Deer/Edmonton link. Further driver surveys will help to better understand the nature of the 50,000 car trips between the three cities [1].

In February 2009, the conservative government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper expressed support for building high speed rail, at a minimum, between Toronto and Montreal, and eventually, from Windsor (across the U.S.-Canada border from Detroit) to Quebec City [2].

United States

This map from 2001 shows a number of proposed high-speed routes in the U.S.

The United States placed some early hopes on high-speed trains with the Acela. Acela runs at between 75 mph (120 km/h) and 150 mph (241 km/h); Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in the Northeast United States. The tilting design allows the train to travel at higher speeds on the sharply curved NEC without disturbing passengers, by lowering lateral G-forces. Acela Express trains are the only true high-speed trainsets in the United States. This has made the trains very popular, and by some reckoning, Amtrak has captured over half of the market share of travelers between Washington and New York (not counting car journeys).[34] Outside of stations, Acela runs at between 75 mph (120 km/h) and 150 mph (241 km/h), depending on track conditions.

It is possible to trace the development of high-speed railways back to the streamliners that criss-crossed the U.S. in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s which, in turn, can be traced further back to the competing companies operating different routes between London and Scotland, and to railways in Germany and France. There has been a resurgence of interest in recent decades, with many plans being examined for high-speed rail across the country, relegated to Amtrak's Northeast Corridor between Boston and Washington, D.C. (the service covers New York City and Philadelphia).

In 2002, the Texas High Speed Rail & Transportation Corporation [3] (THSRTC), a grass roots organization dedicated to bringing high speed rail to Texas, was established. In 2006, American Airlines and Continental Airlines formally joined THSRTC in an effort to bring high speed rail to Texas as a passenger collector system for the airlines. Lastly, a Chicago to the NEC/Philadelphia via the Keystone Corridor HSR system, is also under study.

The California High-Speed Rail Authority was created in 1996 by the state to implement an extensive 800 mile (1287 km) rail system that is estimated to cost about $40 billion. Once built, the system will not require operating subsidies, and it is expected to generate $1 billion in annual profits. Construction has been approved with the passing of proposition 1A, in which a $9.95 billion general obligation bond was authorized by voters. The system would provide high-speed service between and among major cities, like Sacramento, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego, and would allow travel between Los Angeles' Union Station and San Francisco's Transbay Terminal in two and a half hours.

Mexico

The Secretariat of Communications and Transport of Mexico at one time was planning a high-speed rail link that would transport its passengers from Mexico City to Guadalajara, Jalisco, with stops in the cities of Querétaro, Leon and Irapuato. The train would have allowed passengers to travel from Mexico City to Guadalajara in just 3 hours at an affordable price (the same trip by road would last 5 hours). The whole project was projected to cost 120 billion pesos, or about 12 billion dollars. Some Mexican politicians, such as Andrés Manuel López Obrador, suggested a whole national network of such lines; however there were objections from others who believed that Mexico's limited resources would be better spent on shorter rail segments serving more passengers, such as the Tren Suburbano in Mexico City. Expansion of low-cost airlines such as Volaris, Interjet, Click Mexicana in Mexico has also tended to dampen enthusiasism for this proposal.

Oceania

Australia

Australia has no high-speed trains. Queensland Rail's electric Tilt Train between Brisbane, Rockhampton and Cairns holds the current Australian rail speed record of 210 km/h,[35] but is limited in service to 160 km/h due to multiple level crossings. Other trains in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia also operate at this speed.

Plans to establish a very fast train like a TGV service between Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney and Brisbane were contemplated,[36][37] but have not been implemented by both government and private enterprise, as the various proposals have not been deemed economically viable.[38][39][40]

South America

Argentina

Argentina (see TAVe) is projected to build the first dedicated high-speed rail line in the Americas[41] operating at speeds of 320 km/h (200 mph), construction was scheduled to begin in 2008; work is expected to take around four years. The entire project is currently (2009) "on hold" due to the financial crisis.

The project will join the cities of Buenos Aires and Rosario at a distance of 286 km (178 miles) and Córdoba at a distance of 710 km (441 mi) [42].

Other projected high speed rail lines include:

  • Buenos Aires-Mar del Plata (400 km [250 mi]): A new line to the seaside beach resort city and major fishing port of Mar del Plata[43], 400 km (250 miles) south of Buenos Aires city is in the planning stages.
  • Buenos Aires-Mendoza (1200 km [750 mi]) (Planned) [44].

Brazil

A high-speed rail connecting São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro is currently under development.[45] The high-speed line is expected to be operational by 2014[46].The Rio-São Paulo High Speed rail (Portuguese: Trem de Alta Velocidade Rio-São Paulo; Abbreviation: TAV RJ-SP) is a high-speed rail project with the purpose of connecting Brazil's two largest metropolises: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.[45][46] The high-speed line is expected to be operational by 2014[47], at a cost of over $30 billion[48].

Planned:

  • Campinas - São Paulo - Rio de Janeiro (518 km).
  • Belo Horizonte - São Paulo (594 km).
  • Curitiba - São Paulo (410 km).
  • Santos - São Paulo (80 km).
  • Brasília - Goiânia (200 km).

Standards

All the above high speed lines are 25 kV AC (except for Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Sweden, which use 15 kV) and use standard gauge, even where the national gauge is different (except in Russia and Finland). This will enhance interoperability should high speed lines in different countries meet. There are many different train protection systems in use. In Europe, however they will be replaced by the ERTMS/ETCS system in most countries before 2020, which will further enhance interoperability.

References

  1. ^ General definitions of highspeed. uic.asso.fr/ November 28, 2006. Retrieved on January 3, 2007.
  2. ^ Consortium to start feasibility study for hi-speed rail project
  3. ^ "KTX takes the lead in Korea", David Briginshaw, International Railway Journal 1.1.2007
  4. ^ "Saudi bidding hots up". Railway Gazette International. 2008-03-10. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view//saudi-bidding-hots-up.html. 
  5. ^ "BAFOs Submitted for Saudi Landbridge Project". Infranews. 2008-02-28. http://www.infra-news.com/newsdetails.asp?iNID=10870&TempID=5. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  6. ^ "Al Rajhi wins Makkah - Madinah civils contract". Railway Gazette International. 2009-02-09. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view//al-rajhi-wins-makkah-madinah-civils-contract.html. 
  7. ^ a b "ÖBB dementieren Meldungen über Verschiebung des Westbahn-Ausbaues". Austria Presse Agentur. http://www.ots.at/presseaussendung.php?schluessel=OTS_20080227_OTS0158. 
  8. ^ Dr Stefan Wehinger (2007-11-19). "Railjet to take off next year". Railway Gazette International. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view//railjet-to-take-off-next-year.html. 
  9. ^ "Durchbruch am Brenner" (in German). Sueddeutsche Zeitung. 2007-07-12. http://www.sueddeutsche.de/automobil/artikel/268/123098/. 
  10. ^ Müller-Meiningen, Julius (2008-04-30). "Monumentales Superloch" (in German). Sueddeutsche Zeitung. http://www.sueddeutsche.de/automobil/artikel/268/123098/. 
  11. ^ "Perpignan-Figueres Cross-Border Railway, France". railway-technology.com. http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/perpignan/. Retrieved 30 January 2009. 
  12. ^ "Actualités de la ligne". ligneduhautbugey.fr. http://www.ligneduhautbugey.fr/actus/actus_ligne/actu_ligne.php?news=101. Retrieved 1 May 2009. 
  13. ^ http://www.rave.pt/tabid/233/Default.aspx Alta Velocidade em Síntese
  14. ^ http://video.adif.es/video/iLyROoafMyxt.html L.A.V Levante
  15. ^ "€10bn rail spend for 2010". Railway Gazette International. 2009-10-21. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/10/EUR10bn-rail-spend-for-2010.html. 
  16. ^ http://video.adif.es/video/iLyROoafM_YP.html Pajares base tunnel
  17. ^ http://video.adif.es/video/iLyROoafIbjx.html Eje Atlántico de Alta Velocidad
  18. ^ Magharebia - Engineers begin work on Moroccan high-speed rail link
  19. ^ Khaleej Times Online - Morocco plans Arab world’s first high-speed train
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  30. ^ Reuters News (2006-07-20). "Vietnam to build high-speed rail with Japan aid". http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/CrisesArticle.aspx?storyId=HAN159060&WTmodLoc=World-R5-Alertnet-5. Retrieved 2006-07-20. 
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  32. ^ Bill Hayton (2006-07-20). "Vietnam plans new railway link". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/6334117.stm. Retrieved 2006-07-20. 
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  34. ^ Goldberg, Bruce (June 2006). "Metroliner's Amazing Rave". Trains: 53. 
  35. ^ "QR History". www.history.qr.com.au. http://www.history.qr.com.au/future/future/. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  36. ^ Sydney to Canberra in 80 Minutes–by High-Speed Train - International Herald Tribune
  37. ^ The VHST Project
  38. ^ High Speed Rail News Archive
  39. ^ PM - Govt considers rail link between eastern cities
  40. ^ Australian Very Fast Trains-A Chronology (Background Paper 16 1997-98)
  41. ^ Argentina confirms high speed rail consortium Railway Gazette International 17 January 2008.
  42. ^ 'Cobra' offers high speed future Railway Gazette International August 2007.
  43. ^ "El Tren bala hacia Mar del Plata". Clarín. 2008. http://www.clarin.com/diario/2007/02/08/um/m-01359814.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-21.  (Spanish)
  44. ^ New prospects for very high speed rail travel 28 April 2008
  45. ^ a b In Tokyo Rio governor assures high speed rail Rio 2016. Retrieved on 2009-06-21.
  46. ^ a b Brazil to build high-speed rail linking Rio and Sao Paulo Pravda. 2007-05-28 Retrieved on 2009-06-21.
  47. ^ Trem-bala entre SP e Rio estará pronto para a Copa de 2014, prevê Dilma Folha de São Paulo. Retrieved on 2009-06-21. (Portuguese)
  48. ^ Brazil eyes 2-phase high speed train tender in Feb Reuters. Retrieved on 2009-06-21.

See also








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