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The Platonic Academy was a 15th-century discussion group in Florence. It was founded after Gemistus Pletho re-introduced Plato's thoughts to Western Europe during the 1438 - 1439 Council of Florence. It was sponsored by Cosimo de' Medici and led by Marsilio Ficino. It was never a formal group but the members considered themselves a modern form of Plato's Academy. Important members were Politian (or Poliziano), Cristoforo Landino, Pico della Mirandola, and Gentile de' Becchi. The Academy would proceed to translate into Latin all Plato's works, the Enneads of Plotinus, and various other Neoplatonist works.[1]

Biographer John A. Symonds speculates that Michelangelo Buonarotti spent time among the members of the Platonic Academy during Buonarotti's early years in Florence, fully absorbing its doctrines, and later authoring poems and other works demonstrating agreement with their doctrines about the superiority of man-to-man Platonic Love.[2]

References

  1. ^ Hunt, Lynn; Martin, Thomas R.; Rosenwein, Barbara H.; Hsia, R. Po-chia; Smith, Bonnie G. (2007), The Making of the West, II (Second ed.), Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, ISBN 978-0-312-43946-0  
  2. ^ The Life of Michelangelo, Symonds, J. A., Capricorn Books, 1962, pp. 405-408.

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