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Plauen
Plauen and the city hall tower in the morning fog
Plauen and the city hall tower in the morning fog
Coat of arms of Plauen
Plauen is located in Germany
Plauen
Coordinates 50°29′0″N 12°07′0″E / 50.483333°N 12.116667°E / 50.483333; 12.116667
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Vogtlandkreis
Town subdivisions 5 town boroughs with 38 parts
Lord Mayor Ralf Oberdorfer (FDP)
Basic statistics
Area 102.12 km2 (39.43 sq mi)
Elevation 412 m  (1352 ft)
Population 67,978  (31 August 2007)
 - Density 666 /km2 (1,724 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate V
Postal codes 08523;-5;-7;-9
Area code 03741
Website www.plauen.de
Plauen, old townhall
The Church of St. Markus

Plauen is a city in the Free State of Saxony, east-central Germany.

It is the capital of the Vogtlandkreis. The city is situated near the border of Bavaria and the Czech Republic.

Plauen's slogan is Plauen - echt Spitze.

Contents

History

The city was founded by Polabian Slavs in the 12th century and was passed to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1327 and to Albertine Saxony in 1466. Plauen passed to the Electorate of Saxony in 1569. It became part of the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.

In the late 19th century, Plauen became a textile manufacturing center, specializing in lace. Around 1910 Plauen, as a kind of industrial 'boomtown', reached its population peak (1910 census: 121,000, 1912: 128,000).

In the 1930s Plauen earned the dubious distinction of hosting the first chapter of the Nazi Party outside of Bavaria. Plauen's population shrunk dramatically since World War II (1939: 111,000 inhabitants).

From 1945 on, Plauen belonged to the Soviet occupation zone of Germany, from 1949 to 1990 to the German Democratic Republic. During that time it hosted a large Red Army occupation garrison and in the last years of the East German state the officer school of the border guards ("Grenztruppen der DDR"). The exposé Fast Food Nation gives special mention to Plauen as the first city in East Germany following the collapse of the Berlin Wall to have a McDonald's restaurant.

In the district reform of July 1, 2008, Plauen lost its urban district status and was included into the district of Vogtlandkreis.

Main sights

  • Museum Plauener Spitze
  • Galerie e.O. plauen
  • Old Town Hall
  • Elstertalbrücke - second largest brick bridge in the world
  • Friedensbrücke - largest stone arch bridge in the world
  • Johanniskirche
  • Alte Elsterbrücke - oldest bridge in Saxony
  • Malzhaus

Education and science

Plauen is home to a University of Applied Sciences, with about 300 students and a DIPLOMA Fachhochschule.

Notable residents

Twin cities

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Twin cities of Jößnitz (urban district)

Former twin cities

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Plauen

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Plauen

  1. Plauen (independent city in Saxony, Germany)

Simple English

Plauen

Plauen
Coordinates 50°29′0″N 12°07′0″E / 50.483333°N 12.116667°E / 50.483333; 12.116667
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Vogtlandkreis
Town subdivisions 5 town boroughs with 38 parts
Lord Mayor Ralf Oberdorfer (FDP)
Basic statistics
Area 102.12 km2 (39.43 sq mi)
Elevation 412 m  (1352 ft)
Population 66,412  (31 December 2009)
 - Density 650 /km2 (1,684 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate V (by 2008 PL)
Postal codes 08523;-5;-7;-9
Area code 03741
Website www.plauen.de

Plauen is the biggest city of the Vogtlandkreis in the southwest of Saxony. It is the fifth-largest city in the state. Only Leipzig, Dresden, Chemnitz and Zwickau are larger.

Plauen was a Kreisfreie stadt until July 2008. Since 1. August 2008 Plauen ist Part of the Vogtlandkreis.

The nearest large cities are Zwickau, about 35 km (21.7 mi) northeast and Gera, about 41 km (25.5 mi) north of Plauen.

History

Plauen was already settled in the Bronze Age, but the first written record of the city was in 1122, when the oldest church (named Johanniskirche) was build. About 1224 Plauen has get the Town privileges. 1632 a big part of the city was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War. Since about 1830 Plauen grow because of the textile-industry. In the Second World Warabout three quarter of the city were destroyed by the United States Army Air Force and the Royal Air Force.

1989 Plauen was the first city in the German Democratic Republic were happens an big demonstration against the Government. This leads to the Wende.

Population change

Plauen became a large city in 1904 when the population reached 100.000. In 1912 it reached its biggest ever population with 128.000.

After the Second World War Germany was divided. Plauen was in the border area. Laws about living in the border areas of East Germany meant the population fell greatly.

According to the statistics office of the Free State of Saxony, on 31 December 2009 Plauen's population was 66,412.


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