The Full Wiki

More info on Plehve

Plehve: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Vyacheslav von Plehve article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vyacheslav von Plehve

Vyacheslav Konstantinovich von Plehve (Вячесла́в Константи́нович фон Пле́ве), also Pléhve, or Pleve (20 April [O.S. 8 April] 1846 in Meshchovsk, Kaluga Guberniya – 28 July [O.S. 15 July] 1904 in St Petersburg) was the director of Tsarist Russia's police and later Minister of the Interior.

Biography

He was only son of schoolteacher Konstantin von Plehve and Elizaveta Mikhailovna Shamaev, daughter of minor landowner. In 1851 Plehve's family moved from Meshchovsk to Warsaw, where his father accepted job of tearcher in gymnasium.

After studying law at Moscow University, he became a prosecutor's assistant in 1867 and served in various positions in the Ministry of Justice. He served as assistant prosecutor in Vladimir circuit court, prosecutor in Vologda. In 1876 he was appointed assistant prosecutor of the Warsaw Chamber of Justice, and in 1879 - prosecutor of the St. Petersburg Chamber of Justice.

In 1881, he investigated the murder of Alexander II and then joined the MVD as a Director of the Department of Police, also in charge of Okhrana. He is credited with the destruction of numerous "People's Will" terrorist groups.

He became a member of the Governing Senate in 1884 and Assistant Minister of Interior in 1885. As Assistant Minister, at first under Count Dmitry Tolstoy and later under his successor, Ivan Durnovo, Plehve had shown definite administrative talent.

Made an Actual Privy Counsellor in 1899, he was Finnish Minister Secretary of State from that year until 1904. He supported abolition of separate Finnish army in 1901.

In April 1902, following the assassination of Dmitry Sipyagin, he was appointed Minister of the Interior and Chief of Gendarmes. After a brief attempt at conciliation with the zemstvo conservatives failed, he relapsed - disbanding the police-supported labour unions (zubatovshchina).

In August 1903 he met with Theodor Herzl in Saint Petersburg, discussing establishment of Zionist societies in Russia and proposed Russian government request to the Turks to obtain a charter for Jewish colonisation of Palestine[1].

Plehve was an obvious target for revolutionaries. After he did nothing to prevent a bloody wave of anti-Jewish violence in 1903, the known double agent Evno Azef decided not to inform on SR plans to kill Plehve. He survived one attack in 1903 and two in 1904 before the Socialist-Revolutionary Combat Group succeeded. On 15 July 1904 a bomb was thrown into Plehve's carriage by Yegor Sozonov, in Saint Petersburg, killing him. He was 58 years old.

Plehve had used his position as Minister of Interior to insist that the assassin of Vilna's governor, Victor von Wahl, Hirsh Lekert, be tried under wartime law, which virtually guaranteed a death sentence.[2]

References

  1. ^ Leslie Stein. The hope fulfilled: the rise of modern Israel [1]
  2. ^ Hirsz Abramowicz, Eva Zeitlin Dobkin, Dina Abramowicz, Jeffrey Shandler, David E. Fishman, Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, "Profiles of a lost world: memoirs of East European Jewish life before World", Wayne State University Press, 1999, p. 141, [2]

Further reading

Preceded by
Dmitry Sergeyevich Sipyagin
Minister of Interior
1902 – 1904
Succeeded by
Prince Pyotr Dmitrievich Sviatopolk-Mirskii
Preceded by
Victor Napoleon Procopé
Finnish Minister Secretary of State
1899 – 1904
Succeeded by
Edvard Oeström
Advertisements

Vyacheslav Konstantinovich von Plehve (Вячесла́в Константи́нович фон Пле́ве), also Pléhve, or Pleve (20 April [O.S. 8 April] 1846 in Meshchovsk, Kaluga Guberniya – 28 July [O.S. 15 July] 1904 in St Petersburg) was the director of Tsarist Russia's police and later Minister of the Interior.

Contents

Biography

He was the only son of schoolteacher Konstantin von Plehve and Elizaveta Mikhailovna Shamaev, daughter of minor landowner. In 1851 Plehve's family moved from Meshchovsk to Warsaw, where his father accepted job of instructor in gymnasium.

After studying law at Moscow University, he became a prosecutor's assistant in 1867 and served in various positions in the Ministry of Justice. He served as assistant prosecutor in Vladimir circuit court, prosecutor in Vologda. In 1876 he was appointed assistant prosecutor of the Warsaw Chamber of Justice, and in 1879 - prosecutor of the St. Petersburg Chamber of Justice.

In 1881, he investigated the murder of Alexander II and then joined the MVD as a Director of the Department of Police, also in charge of Okhrana. He is credited with the destruction of numerous "People's Will" terrorist groups.

He became a member of the Governing Senate in 1884 and Assistant Minister of Interior in 1885. As Assistant Minister, at first under Count Dmitry Tolstoy and later under his successor, Ivan Durnovo, Plehve had shown definite administrative talent.

Made an Actual Privy Counsellor in 1899, he was Finnish Minister Secretary of State from that year until 1904. He supported abolition of separate Finnish army in 1901.

In April 1902, following the assassination of Dmitry Sipyagin, he was appointed Minister of the Interior and Chief of Gendarmes. After a brief attempt at conciliation with the zemstvo conservatives failed, he relapsed - disbanding the police-supported labour unions (zubatovshchina).[citation needed]

In August 1903 he met with Theodor Herzl in Saint Petersburg, discussing establishment of Zionist societies in Russia and proposed Russian government request to the Turks to obtain a charter for Jewish colonisation of Palestine[1].

Plehve was an obvious target for revolutionaries. After he did nothing to prevent a bloody wave of anti-Jewish violence in 1903, the known double agent Evno Azef decided not to inform on SR plans to kill Plehve. He survived one attack in 1903 and two in 1904 before the Socialist-Revolutionary Combat Group succeeded. On 15 July 1904 a bomb was thrown into Plehve's carriage by Yegor Sozonov, in Saint Petersburg, killing him. He was 58 years old.

Plehve had used his position as Minister of Interior to insist that Hirsh Lekert, the assassin of the governor of Vilna, Victor von Wahl, be tried under wartime law, which virtually guaranteed a death sentence.[2]

References

  1. ^ Leslie Stein. The hope fulfilled: the rise of modern Israel [1]
  2. ^ Hirsz Abramowicz, Eva Zeitlin Dobkin, Dina Abramowicz, Jeffrey Shandler, David E. Fishman, Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, "Profiles of a lost world: memoirs of East European Jewish life before World", Wayne State University Press, 1999, p. 141, [2]

See also

Further reading

Preceded by
Dmitry Sergeyevich Sipyagin
Minister of Interior
1902 – 1904
Succeeded by
Prince Pyotr Dmitrievich Sviatopolk-Mirskii
Preceded by
Victor Napoleon Procopé
Finnish Minister Secretary of State
1899 – 1904
Succeeded by
Edvard Oeström


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message