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Pleurotus nebrodensis
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pleurotaceae
Genus: Pleurotus
Species: P. nebrodensis
Binomial name
Pleurotus nebrodensis
(Inzenga) Quél.

Pleurotus nebrodensis, commonly known as Funcia di basilicu is a fungus that was declared by the IUCN as critically endangered in 2006.[1] This fungus only grows on limestone in northern Sicily.[1] The characteristics of the mushroom are its creamy white to yellow color, its diameter of between 5–20 centimeters, its extremely angled gills, and the breaking apart of the cap surface at maturity.

Contents

Reason for decline

The first record of the mushroom was in 1866 by Italian botanist Giuseppe Inzenga, who named it Agaricus nembrodensis; it was described as "the most delicious mushroom of the Silician mycological flora".[2] This was widely agreed upon, which has led to widespread cultivation, by professionals and amateurs. French mycologist Lucien Quélet later (1886) transferred the species to the genus Pleurotus. One reason it was classified as critically endangered is because it is found only in a 100 km square area, and the population has become fractured.[1] In addition, there are not as many mature fungi, and it is losing its natural habitat. An additional reason for decline is the cultivators are now picking unripe specimens, which has led to species decline. It is currently estimated that only 250 Pleurotus nebrodensis reach maturity every year. [3]

Conservation efforts

Currently there are no laws to protect Pleurotus nebrodensis[1]. Even in protected areas there has not been a ban on picking of unripe specimens. However, a draft of rules has been created, and could be approved. This draft proposes protecting all ages of the Pleurotus nebrodensis in one part of Madonie Park, a sanctuary, while in another section of the park it will protect any non-mature mushroom. In addition to this, this fungus is being grown, like a crop, to reduce the strain on the wild population.[1] These fungi that are cultivated for conservation are produced in tunnels that are covered by black nets, which provides 90% shade for them. These cultivated fungi have the same flavor and aroma as the wild kinds.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Venturella, G. 2006. Pleurotus nebrodensis. In: IUCN. 2009. 'IUCN Red List of Threatened Species'. Version 2009.1. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/61597/0/full Downloaded on 15 October 2009.
  2. ^ Estrada, Alma M., Rodriguez Royse, and J Daniel. "Pleurotus eryngii and P. nebrodensis: from the wild to commercial production." Mushroom News (Feb.1008): n. pag. Web. 16 Oct. 2009. <http://www.entrepreneur.com/tradejournals/article/176049778.html>
  3. ^ Venturella, Giuseppe Venturel 1, Georgios Zervaki, and Francesco M. Raimondo. "Mycology in sustainable development: the case of Pleurotus nebrodensis nebrodensis(Pleurotaceae) from Sicily (southern Italy)." Department of Botany, University of Palermo, Institute of Kalamata. Address. http://www.nerium.net/plantaeuropa/Download/Oral_Presentations/Venturella_p.pdf

External links

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