The Full Wiki

Plymouth, Minnesota: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Plymouth, Minnesota
—  City  —
Plymouth City Hall

Flag
Location in Hennepin County
Coordinates: 45°00′38″N 93°27′20″W / 45.01056°N 93.45556°W / 45.01056; -93.45556
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Hennepin
Founded 1852
Incorporated 1858
Government
 - Mayor Kelli Slavik
Area
 - City 35.3 sq mi (91.5 km2)
 - Land 32.9 sq mi (85.2 km2)
 - Water 2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
Elevation 971 ft (296 m)
Population (2008)[1]
 - City 71,486
 - Density 2,002.0/sq mi (773.1/km2)
 - Urban 70,306
 - Metro 3,229,878
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 55441, 55442, 55446, 55447
Area code(s) 763
FIPS code 27-51730[2]
GNIS feature ID 0649598[3]
Website www.ci.plymouth.mn.us

Plymouth is the seventh largest city in the U.S. state of Minnesota. Located 15 miles (24 km) northwest of downtown Minneapolis in Hennepin County, the city is the third largest suburb of Minneapolis-Saint Paul, which is the sixteenth largest metropolitan area in the United States, with about 3.2 million residents. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population at 71,486 in 2008.[1]

The city was ranked at the top of Money magazine's "America's Best Places to Live 2008."[4] Plymouth is the hometown of Minnesota's U.S Senator Amy Klobuchar.

Once named for Medicine Lake, the city's name was chosen by Hennepin County Commissioners during the county's inception.[5]

Contents

History

Plymouth's history can be traced back to the pre-Columbian period, 1400-1500 AD.[6] The original inhabitants were the Dakota. Their encampment was at the north end of Medicine Lake, whose name is derived from the Native American word "Mdewakan," meaning "Lake of the Spirit." The Dakota named it after a warrior overturned his canoe and his body was never recovered.

Antoine LeCounte, a guide and explorer, was the first settler to this area. He arrived in 1848, but did not settle until 1852. He carried mail from the Red River country to points south, trading goods to Native Americans for horses on the way. LeCounte built the first cabin at what is now East Medicine Lake Blvd. at 29th Ave. N. Plymouth's beginning as a town occurred in 1855 on the northwest shores of what is now known as Parkers Lake. A gristmill and other structures were built in the area. In the spring of 1857, when Parkers Lake flooded, the mill was taken down and moved to Freeport, Minnesota, known today as Wayzata.

As new settlers came to the area, they decided to organize. The Hennepin County Board of Commissioners named the new settlement Plymouth. On April 19, 1858, a group of townspeople met at the home of Francis Day to open elections for town offices. On May 11, 1858, the group voted to change the town's name to Medicine Lake. This was used once at the town meeting, but for reasons, which were not recorded, it was never used again.

During the Dakota War of 1862 between white settlers and the Dakota at Fort Ridgely, near New Ulm, the settlers of Plymouth formed a militia. When the Civil War started, Plymouth paid its volunteers $25 to enlist. At about this time, Plymouth's growth began to take on a new look. Schools and churches were built and a post office was located in Plymouth. By 1863, hotels were being built.

More changes occurred after the Civil War. By 1880, Plymouth boasted a population of 1,074, and reaped $667 in annual taxes. Farming became the trade of most settlers. Roads were built across Plymouth, making access to other towns possible. Medicine Lake had become a major tourist attraction and resorts were built around its shores.

As the character of the community evolved, so did local government. Plymouth incorporated as a village on May 18, 1955. The City adopted the Council-Manager form of government on August 1, 1968. Plymouth became a statutory city on February 7, 1974. It remained a statutory city until voters opted to make it a home rule charter city by adopting a City Charter on November 3, 1992. The City Charter went into effect on January 1, 1993. The Charter continued the Council-Manager form of government, and increased the size of the City Council. Prior to the adoption of the Charter, the City Council was made up of five members elected at-large. The Charter increased the Council to seven members elected from four wards.

In most recent news Plymouth was named by Money Magazine the number one city in which to live in the United States in 2008. The magazine gave top honors to Plymouth because of its inclusion of residential areas, industry, parks, schools, and other aspects which make Plymouth a self-contained and essentially autonomous city.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1960 9,576
1970 18,077 88.8%
1980 31,615 74.9%
1990 50,889 61.0%
2000 65,894 29.5%
Est. 2008 71,486 8.5%

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 65,894 people, 24,820 households, and 17,647 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,002.0 persons per square mile (773.1/km²). There were 25,258 housing units at an average density of 767.4 per square mile (296.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.36% White, 2.71% African American, 0.33% Native American, 3.79% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population. 27.0% were of German, 13.1% Norwegian, 7.8% Irish and 7.5% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 24,820 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $77,008, and the median income for a family was $90,134. Males had a median income of $59,751 versus $38,111 for females. The per capita income for the city was $36,309. About 1.5% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $80,949, and the median income for a family was $101,630.[1]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.3 square miles (91.5 km²)—32.9 square miles (85.2 km²) of it is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²) of it (6.82%) is water.

Interstate 494, U.S. Route 169, and Minnesota State Highway 55 are three of the main routes in the city.

Government and politics

Plymouth operates under a council-manager form of government. The council comprises a mayor and six council members.

Similar to its neighbor Maple Grove, Plymouth is a Republican stronghold, and in 2004 gave $50,960 to George W. Bush (more than any other candidate), and also gave more to the Republican than any other party (http://www.citytowninfo.com/places/minnesota/plymouth). Plymouth is located in Minnesota's 3rd congressional district, represented by Erik Paulsen.

Education

Public schools

Wayzata High School.

Five school districts serve Plymouth - Wayzata District 284, Robbinsdale District 281, Osseo District 279,West Metro Education Project District 6069 and Hopkins District 270. The majority of the city (western and southern areas) is served by Wayzata Schools. Robbinsdale Schools serve the east-central area of Plymouth. The Osseo District includes the northeast area and Hopkins includes the southeast corner of Plymouth.

  • Birchview Elementary School
  • Gleason Lake Elementary School (Plymouth / Wayzata, MN)
  • Greenwood Elementary School
  • Kimberly Lane Elementary School
  • Oakwood Elementary School
  • Plymouth Creek Elementary School
  • Sunset Hill Elementary School

Robbinsdale School District

West Metro Education Project (WMEP) District 6069

  • The InterDistrict Downtown School (IDDS)
  • FAIR (Fine Arts Interdisciplinary Resource) School

Private schools and colleges

References

  1. ^ a b "Plymouth city, T1. Population Estimates [9 Data Set: 2006 Population Estimates"]. U.S. Census Bureau. 2006. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=PEP_2006_EST&-mt_name=PEP_2006_EST_G2006_T001&-CONTEXT=dt&-tree_id=806&-all_geo_types=N&-geo_id=16000US2708794&-search_results=16000US2708794&-format=&-_lang=en.  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ America's Best Places to Live 2008
  5. ^ City of Plymouth, Minnesota
  6. ^ History of Plymouth, City of Plymouth website

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message