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Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain, by China's Emperor Gaozong (1107–1187) of Song Dynasty; fan mounted as album leaf on silk, four columns in cursive script.
.Poetry (from the Greek "ποίησις", poiesis, a "making") is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning.^ In Greek, poesis means both to make and poetry.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But what is astonishing is the move he makes from this assertion to a second assertion: The technique of art is to make objects unfamiliar, to make forms difficult, to increase the difficulty and length of perception.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Additionally, the poem sometimes opens us up to potential uses for words and language that we had not realized before.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Poetry may be written independently, as discrete poems, or may occur in conjunction with other arts, as in poetic drama, hymns, lyrics, or prose poetry.^ Once again, it is a poem by William Carlos Williams, a poem first printed in 1923 as part of a radical poetic manifesto called Spring and All, a strange work which contains chaotic numbering, sentence fragments, a mixture of prose and poetry.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But it may be opportune to emphasize his plea for poetry as a song art, an art appealing to the ear rather than the eye.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Poetry is published in dedicated magazines (the longest established being Poetry and Oxford Poetry), e-zines, individual collections and wider anthologies, although it is rare to see anything other than lyric poetry outside of collections.^ When most of us try to write poems, we are dominated by the voices of others, most often from the tradition of writing poetry, and so we dont sound nearly as individual as we do when we speak on the phone.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ She's a freelance writer and editor who has written five collections of poetry and has won several other writing competitions, including the Purdue University Writing Competition and the 2005 Writer's Digest Poetry Competition.

^ When `Poetry, A Magazine of Verse', was first published in Chicago in the autumn of 1912, an Illinois poet, Vachel Lindsay, was, quite appropriately, one of its first discoveries.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

Poetry, and discussions of it, have a long history. Early attempts to define poetry, such as Aristotle's Poetics, focused on the uses of speech in rhetoric, drama, song, and comedy.[1] .Later attempts concentrated on features such as repetition, verse form and rhyme, and emphasized the aesthetics which distinguish poetry from prose.^ To celebrate National Poetry Month , I'll be posting a new line of poetry every morning on Texas Pages for a little feature called "Morning Verse."

[2] .From the mid-20th century, poetry has sometimes been more loosely defined as a fundamental creative act using language.^ From the mid-20th century, poetry has sometimes been more loosely defined as a fundamental creative act using language.
  • popular poetry books 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Poetry is the other way of using language .
  • poetry (literature) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Feature Writer: Linda Sue Grimes Poetry fascinates readers for many reasons, from its unique language use to the varied subjects that poets have dramatized down through the centuries.

[3] Digital poetry is a modern form.
.Poetry often uses particular forms and conventions to suggest alternative meanings in the words, or to evoke emotional or sensual responses.^ I would like to revive in different form a word, touchstone, used by the nineteenth century poet and critic Matthew Arnold.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Too often when people read poems, they have a tendency to ignore the particularities of voice, and read the poem as words-on-the-page.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We feel our way through the world, using not just our senses but our emotional responses.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

Devices such as assonance, alliteration, onomatopoeia, and rhythm are sometimes used to achieve musical or incantatory effects. The use of ambiguity, symbolism, irony, and other stylistic elements of poetic diction often leaves a poem open to multiple interpretations. Similarly, metaphor, simile, and metonymy[4] create a resonance between otherwise disparate images—a layering of meanings, forming connections previously not perceived. Kindred forms of resonance may exist, between individual verses, in their patterns of rhyme or rhythm.
.Some forms of poetry are specific to particular cultures and genres, responding to the characteristics of the language in which the poet writes.^ Ode to Mike The Poet Huckabee I have some new competition in the political poetry arena.
  • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

^ Tuesday Poetry Series Presents "Extension Time Blues" ...in which Poets Respond to the Sorrows and Aggravations of Income Tax Preparation.

.While readers accustomed to identifying poetry with Dante, Goethe, Mickiewicz and Rumi may think of it as being written in rhyming lines and regular meter, there are traditions, such as Biblical poetry, that use other approaches to achieve rhythm and euphony.^ There were other less influential individuals that affected Emily, such as Samuel Bowles and J.G. Holland, but the impact that Wadsworth and Higginson had on Dickinson was monumental.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the hope of the writer that after two or three readings each line will suggest its own separate touch of melody to the reader who has become accustomed to the cadences.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ My Stand-a song for the fight I used to think that time would always be there, I've always wondered about the future years, but now, the winds have changed and I am stuck here being so young I'm not sure what to do.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Much of modern British and American poetry is to some extent a critique of poetic tradition,[5] playing with and testing (among other things) the principle of euphony itself, to the extent that sometimes it deliberately does not rhyme or keep to set rhythms at all.^ Some changes in her poetry came directly as a result of the war, but there were other events that distracted Emily and these things came through in the most productive period of her lifetime - about 800 poems.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6][7][8] In today's globalized world poets often borrow styles, techniques and forms from diverse cultures and languages.
.Great poems differ from others exactly because of these, since their words invoke thoughts and powerful feelings in the listener or reader.^ Feeling hopeless feeling blue while another gruelling chemo session is going through but remember the times that we once shared because ones like these .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Some poets, like the Hungarian József Attila, wrote exceptional poems with words combined in sentences that achieve meaning greater than the sum of the meanings of the words. Some of these became sayings in the everyday language. Across time and cultures the meanings of the words change, and make it difficult to enjoy the original beauty and power of poems.

Contents

History

The Deluge tablet of the Epic of Gilgamesh in Akkadian, circa 2nd millennium BC
.Poetry as an art form may predate literacy.^ Poetry may be in any style or form.

^ But it may be opportune to emphasize his plea for poetry as a song art, an art appealing to the ear rather than the eye.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

[9] Many ancient works, from the Indian Vedas (1700–1200 BC) and Zoroaster's Gathas (1200-900 BC) to the Odyssey (800675 BC), appear to have been composed in poetic form to aid memorization and oral transmission, in prehistoric and ancient societies.[10] Poetry appears among the earliest records of most literate cultures, with poetic fragments found on early monoliths, runestones, and stelae.
The oldest surviving epic poem is the Epic of Gilgamesh, from the 3rd millennium BC in Sumer (in Mesopotamia, now Iraq), which was written in cuneiform script on clay tablets and, later, papyrus.[11] .Other ancient epic poetry includes the Greek epics Iliad and Odyssey, the Old Iranian books the Gathic Avesta and Yasna, the Roman national epic, Virgil's Aeneid, and the Indian epics Ramayana and Mahabharata.^ The lines will span from ancient haiku to slam poetry and include a variety of voices from Shakespeare to Allen Ginsberg to Lucille Clifton.

The efforts of ancient thinkers to determine what makes poetry distinctive as a form, and what distinguishes good poetry from bad, resulted in "poetics"—the study of the aesthetics of poetry. Some ancient societies, such as the Chinese through the Shi Jing, one of the Five Classics of Confucianism, developed canons of poetic works that had ritual as well as aesthetic importance. .More recently, thinkers have struggled to find a definition that could encompass formal differences as great as those between Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Matsuo Bashō's Oku no Hosomichi, as well as differences in context spanning Tanakh religious poetry, love poetry, and rap.^ Leave No Bewildered Bush Behind (Haiku) "Dear Dub: You seem to be having a tough time telling the difference between tactics and strategy.
  • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

^ E-mail entry The entry "More on Tom Mayo's poetry lists" has no entry tags.

^ The love you had for everyone, was the rarest you could find.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[12]
Context can be critical to poetics and to the development of poetic genres and forms. .Poetry that records historic events in epics, such as Gilgamesh or Ferdowsi's Shahnameh,[13] will necessarily be lengthy and narrative, while poetry used for liturgical purposes (hymns, psalms, suras, and hadiths) is likely to have an inspirational tone, whereas elegy and tragedy are meant to evoke deep emotional responses.^ A couple of events should appeal to those who like their poetry slammed.

Other contexts include Gregorian chants, formal or diplomatic speech,[14] political rhetoric and invective,[15] light-hearted nursery and nonsense rhymes, and even medical texts.[16]
The Polish historian of aesthetics, Władysław Tatarkiewicz, in a paper on "The Concept of Poetry," traces the evolution of what is in fact two concepts of poetry. .Tatarkiewicz points out that the term is applied to two distinct things that, as the poet Paul Valéry observed, "at a certain point find union.^ Our Liberal Media "Steve Benen points out the contrast between the coverage of two abortion-related polls: ..."
  • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

Poetry [...] is an art based on language. But poetry also has a more general meaning [...] that is difficult to define because it is less determinate: poetry expresses a certain state of mind." [17]

Western traditions

.Classical thinkers employed classification as a way to define and assess the quality of poetry.^ "In the same way, poetry has given me a love of language and an appreciation for the rhythm of a sentence and the associative qualities of individual words.

Notably, the existing fragments of Aristotle's Poetics describe three genres of poetry—the epic, the comic, and the tragic—and develop rules to distinguish the highest-quality poetry in each genre, based on the underlying purposes of the genre.[18] Later aestheticians identified three major genres: epic poetry, lyric poetry, and dramatic poetry, treating comedy and tragedy as subgenres of dramatic poetry.
Aristotle's work was influential throughout the Middle East during the Islamic Golden Age,[19] as well as in Europe during the Renaissance.[20] Later poets and aestheticians often distinguished poetry from, and defined it in opposition to, prose, which was generally understood as writing with a proclivity to logical explication and a linear narrative structure.[21]
This does not imply that poetry is illogical or lacks narration, but rather that poetry is an attempt to render the beautiful or sublime without the burden of engaging the logical or narrative thought process. English Romantic poet John Keats termed this escape from logic, "Negative Capability."[22] This "romantic" approach views form as a key element of successful poetry because form is abstract and distinct from the underlying notional logic. This approach remained influential into the twentieth century.
During this period, there was also substantially more interaction among the various poetic traditions, in part due to the spread of European colonialism and the attendant rise in global trade. In addition to a boom in translation, during the Romantic period numerous ancient works were rediscovered.

20th-century disputes

.Some 20th-century literary theorists, relying less on the opposition of prose and poetry, focused on the poet as simply one who creates using language, and poetry as what the poet creates.^ Another rape Or a killing Or some one who took drugs .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ A look at some of the writers who will be appearing at the Texas Unbound Literary Festival : .

^ When `Poetry, A Magazine of Verse', was first published in Chicago in the autumn of 1912, an Illinois poet, Vachel Lindsay, was, quite appropriately, one of its first discoveries.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The underlying concept of the poet as creator is not uncommon, and some modernist poets essentially do not distinguish between the creation of a poem with words, and creative acts in other media such as carpentry.^ This recognition from the distinguished Irish poet tempts me to hint at the cosmopolitan aspects of such racily local art as Mr. Lindsay's.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

[23] Yet other modernists challenge the very attempt to define poetry as misguided, as when Archibald MacLeish concludes his paradoxical poem, "Ars Poetica," with the lines: "A poem should not mean / but be."[24]
Disputes over the definition of poetry, and over poetry's distinction from other genres of literature, have been inextricably intertwined with the debate over the role of poetic form. The rejection of traditional forms and structures for poetry that began in the first half of the twentieth century coincided with a questioning of the purpose and meaning of traditional definitions of poetry and of distinctions between poetry and prose, particularly given examples of poetic prose and prosaic poetry. Numerous modernist poets have written in non-traditional forms or in what traditionally would have been considered prose, although their writing was generally infused with poetic diction and often with rhythm and tone established by non-metrical means.[25] While there was a substantial formalist reaction within the modernist schools to the breakdown of structure, this reaction focused as much on the development of new formal structures and syntheses as on the revival of older forms and structures.[26]
More recently, postmodernism has fully embraced MacLeish's concept and come to regard the boundaries between prose and poetry, and also among genres of poetry, as having meaning only as cultural artifacts. .Postmodernism goes beyond modernism's emphasis on the creative role of the poet, to emphasize the role of the reader of a text (Hermeneutics), and to highlight the complex cultural web within which a poem is read.^ Hass began by reading several poems he had translated from Polish poet Czeslaw Milosz reflecting on various artworks.

^ Dylan Thomas , "Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night" According to the Academy of American Poets, this is the most popular poem clicked on by Texas readers.

^ Langston Hughes , "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" According to the Academy of American Poets, this is the 2nd most popular poem clicked on by Texas readers.

[27] .Today, throughout the world, poetry often incorporates poetic form and diction from other cultures and from the past, further confounding attempts at definition and classification that were once sensible within a tradition such as the Western canon.^ Thoughts Of Elections Past "A pair of poems today more serious than usual inspired by the latest attempt to swift-boat John Kerry.
  • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

Elements

Prosody

Prosody is the study of the meter, rhythm, and intonation of a poem. .Rhythm and meter, although closely related, should be distinguished.^ In these paragraphs, the writer should explain the poem line by line in terms of these details, and he or she should incorporate important elements of rhyme, rhythm, and meter during this discussion.
  • Poetry Explication 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] .Meter is the definitive pattern established for a verse (such as iambic pentameter), while rhythm is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.^ People are often attracted to poetry by its sounds and rhythm patterns.
  • Poetry for Kids 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC 42explore.com [Source type: General]

^ Meter is the established pattern of the poem, while rhythm refers to the sound when it is spoken.
  • How to Write a Poem | eHow.com 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ In our example, the rhythm is iambic pentameter.
  • Understanding and Explicating Poetry 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uncp.edu [Source type: General]

.Thus, the meter of a line may be described as being "iambic", but a full description of the rhythm would require noting where the language causes one to pause or accelerate and how the meter interacts with other elements of the language.^ Language being one of them.

^ Various rules of elision sometimes prevent a grammatical syllable from making a full syllable, and certain other lengthening and shortening rules (such as correption ) can create long or short syllables in contexts where one would expect the opposite.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grobler initially refused to give up the prize, but later said in a statement she would take full responsibility for the harm she had caused by failing to credit Michaels, whom she said was one of her favourite poets.
  • News - Education: Prize-winning poet accused of plagiarism 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.iol.co.za [Source type: News]

Prosody also may be used more specifically to refer to the scanning of poetic lines to show meter.

Rhythm

.The methods for creating poetic rhythm vary across languages and between poetic traditions.^ As you can see, this is very poetic language.  This can be chanted,  creating a worshipful mood in a person.
  • Rig Veda: 1200-900 BC 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC thenagain.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With attention to craft, she believes, poetic language creates new understandings.
  • Delaware Division of the Arts - Poet Laureate 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.artsdel.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Naturally, not every tradition nor every local or individual variation can be—or need be—included, but the article illustrates by examples of poetry ranging between nursery rhyme and epic.
  • poetry (literature) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Languages are often described as having timing set primarily by accents, syllables, or moras, depending on how rhythm is established, though a language can be influenced by multiple approaches.[29] Japanese is a mora-timed language. Syllable-timed languages include Latin, Catalan, French, Leonese, Galician and Spanish. .English, Russian and, generally, German are stress-timed languages.^ He has been inspired by many sources, from the simple words of people, close to him to German, English, Greek, Arabic, Russian, Chinese or Indian poets.
  • Awarded Lyrics and Poems about Friendship, Love and Nature written by Owi Nandi 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.poems.us.com [Source type: General]

^ English is an accentual language, and therefore beats and offbeats (stressed and unstressed syllables) take the place of the long and short syllables of classical systems.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The metric system of Old English poetry was different from that of modern English, and more related to the verse forms of most of the older Germanic languages .
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Varying intonation also affects how rhythm is perceived. .Languages also can rely on either pitch, such as in Vedic or ancient Greek, or tone.^ Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content.
  • Poetry.org - What is Poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.poetry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This approach to analyzing and classifying meters originates from the ancient Greek tragedians and poets such as Homer , Pindar , Hesiod , Sappho .
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Tonal languages include Chinese, Vietnamese, Lithuanian, and most subsaharan languages.[30]
Metrical rhythm generally involves precise arrangements of stresses or syllables into repeated patterns called feet within a line. In Modern English verse the pattern of stresses primarily differentiate feet, so rhythm based on meter in Modern English is most often founded on the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (alone or elided). In the classical languages, on the other hand, while the metrical units are similar, vowel length rather than stresses define the meter. Old English poetry used a metrical pattern involving varied numbers of syllables but a fixed number of strong stresses in each line.[31]
The chief device of ancient Hebrew Biblical poetry, including many of the psalms, was parallelism, a rhetorical structure in which successive lines reflected each other in grammatical structure, sound structure, notional content, or all three. Parallelism lent itself to antiphonal or call-and-response performance, which could also be reinforced by intonation. .Thus, Biblical poetry relies much less on metrical feet to create rhythm, but instead creates rhythm based on much larger sound units of lines, phrases and sentences.^ They were looking to break free of some of the restrictions of the past, and poets such as Walt Whitman and T.S. Eliot began experimenting with poetry called free verse that is based more on the patterned elements of speech and breath rather than on the traditional prosodic units of metrical feet.

^ Today my understanding of verbal metrics and poetry in general is much more advanced than it was when I started this project in September 2001.
  • Journeys Into Poetic Forms (An Electronic Chapbook Collection) 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.mochinet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anywhere a couplet rang to a close (regardless of how many metric feet had passed), I'd break the line and move on.

.Some classical poetry forms, such as Venpa of the Tamil language, had rigid grammars (to the point that they could be expressed as a context-free grammar) which ensured a rhythm.^ Her name may be off-putting to Westerners, but her poems are some of the most accessible a poetryphobe (or poetryphile) could hope to find -- in translation, they are, anyway.

[32] In Chinese poetry, tones as well as stresses create rhythm. Classical Chinese poetics identifies four tones: the level tone, rising tone, falling tone, and entering tone. .Note that other classifications may have as many as eight tones for Chinese and six for Vietnamese.^ Your account has had the ability to post notes disabled because our systems indicate that you may be spamming other users.

^ (Please note that many of these poems and stories are copyrighted and may not be reproduced without permission of the author.
  • Pet Loss - Poem List 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.petloss.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He is survived by a wife, eight children and many other relatives.
  • Poet, Anti-Apartheid Activist Dennis Brutus Dies | CommonDreams.org 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.The formal patterns of meter used in Modern English verse to create rhythm no longer dominate contemporary English poetry.^ English 88, Modern and Contemporary American Poetry [ ENGLISH 88 READING LIST .
  • English 88, Modern and Contemporary American Poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC writing.upenn.edu [Source type: General]

^ She's no longer with us but her poetry is.
  • Poetry in the Classroom 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.carolhurst.com [Source type: General]

^ For many centuries, from the Elizabethan Era of the 1500s to the post-modern era of today, humankind has used written words to form poetry, to communicate thoughts and ideas to a reader.
  • Poetry News - Topix 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

In the case of free verse, rhythm is often organized based on looser units of cadence rather than a regular meter. Robinson Jeffers, Marianne Moore, and William Carlos Williams are three notable poets who reject the idea that regular accentual meter is critical to English poetry.[33] Jeffers experimented with sprung rhythm as an alternative to accentual rhythm.[34]

Meter

In the Western poetic tradition, meters are customarily grouped according to a characteristic metrical foot and the number of feet per line. Thus, "iambic pentameter" is a meter comprising five feet per line, in which the predominant kind of foot is the "iamb." This metric system originated in ancient Greek poetry, and was used by poets such as Pindar and Sappho, and by the great tragedians of Athens. Similarly, "dactylic hexameter," comprises six feet per line, of which the dominant kind of foot is the "dactyl." Dactylic hexameter was the traditional meter of Greek epic poetry, the earliest extant examples of which are the works of Homer and Hesiod. More recently, iambic pentameter and dactylic hexameter have been used by William Shakespeare and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, respectively.
Meter is often scanned based on the arrangement of "poetic feet" into lines.[35] .In English, each foot usually includes one syllable with a stress and one or two without a stress.^ A foot is a combination of two or three stressed and/or unstressed syllables.
  • Poetry Explication 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He claimed most poetry was written in this older rhythmic structure inherited from the Norman side of the English literary heritage, based on repeating groups of two or three syllables, with the stressed syllable falling in the same place on each repetition.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mark one-syllable nouns and verbs as stressed.
  • Understanding and Explicating Poetry 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uncp.edu [Source type: General]

.In other languages, it may be a combination of the number of syllables and the length of the vowel that determines how the foot is parsed, where one syllable with a long vowel may be treated as the equivalent of two syllables with short vowels.^ A short syllable is a consonant followed by a short vowel.
  • Arabic poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.al-bab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A long syllable is equivalent to two moras.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That refers to two syllables, one stressed, one not stressed.

.For example, in ancient Greek poetry, meter is based solely on syllable duration rather than stress.^ Metre ( wazn ) is based on the length of syllables rather than stress.
  • Arabic poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.al-bab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fourteeners survived in a way as ballad or common meter, which is the meter of, for example, most of Emily Dickinson's poetry; but the most famous American poem in fourteeners is surely "Casey at the Bat."
  • The Verse Forms of Shakespeare and Oxford 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC shakespeareauthorship.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A poetry whose chief claim on our attention is moral, rather than aesthetic, must take sides politically."
  • Langston Hughes : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: General]

.In some languages, such as English, stressed syllables are typically pronounced with greater volume, greater length, and higher pitch, and are the basis for poetic meter.^ Rhyme at the end of lines is the basis of a number of common poetic forms, such as ballads, sonnets and rhyming couplets.
  • Poetry.org - What is Poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.poetry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some classical poetry forms, such as Venpa of the Tamil language, had rigid grammars (to the point that they could be expressed as a context-free grammar), which ensured a rhythm.
  • Poetry.org - What is Poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.poetry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Metre ( wazn ) is based on the length of syllables rather than stress.
  • Arabic poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.al-bab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In ancient Greek, these attributes were independent of each other; long vowels and syllables including a vowel plus more than one consonant actually had longer duration, approximately double that of a short vowel, while pitch and stress (dictated by the accent) were not associated with duration and played no role in the meter.^ A long syllable contains either a long vowel, a diphthong , or a short vowel followed by two or more consonants.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I can do no more than that.
  • Poems 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ More distinguished than any other, I am a rarity.
  • poetry.html 11 September 2009 9:26 UTC www.iun.edu [Source type: Original source]

Thus, a dactylic hexameter line could be envisioned as a musical phrase with six measures, each of which contained either a half note followed by two quarter notes (i.e. a long syllable followed by two short syllables), or two half notes (i.e. two long syllables); thus, the substitution of two short syllables for one long syllable resulted in a measure of the same length. Such substitution in a stress language, such as English, would not result in the same rhythmic regularity. In Anglo-Saxon meter, the unit on which lines are built is a half-line containing two stresses rather than a foot.[36] Scanning meter can often show the basic or fundamental pattern underlying a verse, but does not show the varying degrees of stress, as well as the differing pitches and lengths of syllables.[37]
As an example of how a line of meter is defined, in English-language iambic pentameter, each line has five metrical feet, and each foot is an iamb, or an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. .When a particular line is scanned, there may be variations upon the basic pattern of the meter; for example, the first foot of English iambic pentameters is quite often inverted, meaning that the stress falls on the first syllable.^ The last words in the first six lines repeat in a strict pattern throughout the rest of the poem.

^ For example, in one of the most famous sestinas - "Sestina" by Elizabeth Bishop - the first six lines end with house, grandmother, child, stove, almanac and tears.

[38] The generally accepted names for some of the most commonly used kinds of feet include:
A Holiday illustration to Carroll's "The Hunting of the Snark", which is written mainly in anapestic tetrameter. "In the midst of the word he was trying to say / In the midst of his laughter and glee / He had softly and suddenly vanished away / For the snark was a boojum, you see."
  • iamb – one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
  • trochee – one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
  • dactyl – one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
  • anapest – two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable
  • spondee – two stressed syllables together
  • pyrrhic – two unstressed syllables together (rare, usually used to end dactylic hexameter)
The number of metrical feet in a line are described in Greek terminology as follows:
There are a wide range of names for other types of feet, right up to a choriamb of four syllable metric foot with a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables and closing with a stressed syllable. The choriamb is derived from some ancient Greek and Latin poetry. Languages which utilize vowel length or intonation rather than or in addition to syllabic accents in determining meter, such as Ottoman Turkish or Vedic, often have concepts similar to the iamb and dactyl to describe common combinations of long and short sounds.
.Each of these types of feet has a certain "feel," whether alone or in combination with other feet.^ I used to feel this way when I'd go out, caring less about whether I interacted with other people all that much, and more about getting this natural buzz going.

^ Whatever one’s feelings about sonnet writing, I find these attractive thoughts, after so many years of everybody going it so damned alone.

^ Finally, with other people we have awes: we sense a majesty to their presence, which makes us feel a combination of reverence, wonder, and even dread.
  • Reading poems I 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The iamb, for example, is the most natural form of rhythm in the English language, and generally produces a subtle but stable verse.^ The rhythm was the natural fluidity of the language.
  • Inca Poetry 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.red-coral.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the mostly trochaic nature of the Italian language, verses with an even number of syllables are far easier to compose, and the Novenary is usually regarded as the most difficult verse.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Tay Bridge Disaster The most famous poem from William Topaz McGonagall, who is renowned as one of the worst poets in the English language!
  • archive - poems - central - British Council - LearnEnglish 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.britishcouncil.org [Source type: General]

[39] The dactyl, on the other hand, almost gallops along. And, in the manner of The Night Before Christmas or Dr. Seuss, the anapest is said to produce a light-hearted, comic feel.[40]
.There is debate over how useful a multiplicity of different "feet" is in describing meter.^ These individual poetic feet are then combined in a number of different ways, most often with four feet per line, so as to give the poetic meter for a line of verse.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many different kinds of poetry, but they all serve the same purpose: To use language to communicate a thought or an idea.
  • BrainPOP Jr. | Poems | Lesson Ideas 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.brainpopjr.com [Source type: General]

^ Use these fine anthologies as a starting point to help students discover how different poets responded to self-selected or assigned works of art.

For example, Robert Pinsky has argued that while dactyls are important in classical verse, English dactylic verse uses dactyls very irregularly and can be better described based on patterns of iambs and anapests, feet which he considers natural to the language.[41] .Actual rhythm is significantly more complex than the basic scanned meter described above, and many scholars have sought to develop systems that would scan such complexity.^ I am a bit reluctant to do an advertisment for myself, but perhaps after more than forty years of working on this I would recommend the following E- book as in depth exploration of the subject.
  • Poems about Poems: Why Not? 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

^ "If the whole complex lives of many people go on unconsciously, then such lives are as if they had never been."
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I am so weary, Love !--the night Is not more welcome to the sight Of the toil-bow'd, and sinking slave, Than unto me would be the grave.
  • British Women Romantic Poets Project 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC digital.lib.ucdavis.edu [Source type: Original source]

Vladimir Nabokov noted that overlaid on top of the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of verse was a separate pattern of accents resulting from the natural pitch of the spoken words, and suggested that the term "scud" be used to distinguish an unaccented stress from an accented stress.[42]

Metrical patterns

Different traditions and genres of poetry tend to use different meters, ranging from the Shakespearian iambic pentameter and the Homeric dactylic hexameter to the Anapestic tetrameter used in many nursery rhymes. .However, a number of variations to the established meter are common, both to provide emphasis or attention to a given foot or line and to avoid boring repetition.^ However, practical considerations must be given to font size, spacing, and number of words versus the size of the plaque.
  • Rainbow Bridge Poem Gifts and Rainbow Bridge Pet Loss 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rainbowbridgepoems.com [Source type: General]

^ Another common variation is a headless verse, which lacks the first syllable of the first foot.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some common meters in Spanish verse are: Septenary : A line with the seven poetic syllables Octosyllable : A line with eight poetic syllables.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For example, the stress in a foot may be inverted, a caesura (or pause) may be added (sometimes in place of a foot or stress), or the final foot in a line may be given a feminine ending to soften it or be replaced by a spondee to emphasize it and create a hard stop. .Some patterns (such as iambic pentameter) tend to be fairly regular, while other patterns, such as dactylic hexameter, tend to be highly irregular.^ No, no, go not to Lethe, neither twist If we determine the regular pattern of beats (the meter ) of this line, we will most likely identify the line as iambic pentameter.
  • Poetry Explication 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, it was sad to see how some, faced with such a small canvas, squandered words when they could have used the possibilities more fruitfully.
  • SMS poetry: the winners | Technology | The Guardian 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Regularity can vary between language.^ The sound attributes that determine the meter may vary from language to language, and sometimes also between poetic traditions.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What's the difference, to a reader, between lines of a regular length and lines of varying length?

In addition, different patterns often develop distinctively in different languages, so that, for example, iambic tetrameter in Russian will generally reflect a regularity in the use of accents to reinforce the meter, which does not occur, or occurs to a much lesser extent, in English.[43]
Some common metrical patterns, with notable examples of poets and poems who use them, include:

Rhyme, alliteration, assonance

The Old English epic poem Beowulf is written in alliterative verse and paragraphs, not in lines or stanzas.
Rhyme, alliteration, assonance and consonance are ways of creating repetitive patterns of sound. .They may be used as an independent structural element in a poem, to reinforce rhythmic patterns, or as an ornamental element.^ M any of these wedding poems and readings may already be known to you as they are all freely available in the public domain.

^ The Structure of Poetry The structure used in poems varies with different types of poetry.

^ The structure used in some Poetry types are also used when considering the visual effect of a finished poem.

[51]
Rhyme consists of identical ("hard-rhyme") or similar ("soft-rhyme") sounds placed at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines ("internal rhyme").[52] .Languages vary in the richness of their rhyming structures; Italian, for example, has a rich rhyming structure permitting maintenance of a limited set of rhymes throughout a lengthy poem.^ For example, the poem is an Italian sonnet and follows the abbaabbacdcdcd rhyme scheme.
  • Poetry Explication 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The emphasis on the aesthetics of language and the use of different techniques such as repetition, meter and rhyme are what are commonly used to distinguish poetry from prose and explained in the above examples.

^ This is not a definitive list of Siegfried Sassoon’s poems, those recorded here relate to the poems referred to in the various book descriptions throughout the web site.

.The richness results from word endings that follow regular forms.^ One form I played with recently is seen in the poem "Four Plus One K." Four lines followed by a single word beginning with the letter k.
  • Poetic Form: It's What's for Dinner 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC annetardos.com [Source type: Original source]

.English, with its irregular word endings adopted from other languages, is less rich in rhyme.^ "It's about sitting in the garden with my wife at the end of the summer, in other words a poem I wrote very recently.
  • archive - poems - central - British Council - LearnEnglish 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.britishcouncil.org [Source type: General]

^ Poetry in English and other modern European languages often use different rhyme schemes and these technique is most often seen in children's poems such as Nursery Rhymes making them easy to remember.

^ English has its vocabulary, its syntax, its grammar, just as every other language does.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

[53] .The degree of richness of a language's rhyming structures plays a substantial role in determining what poetic forms are commonly used in that language.^ The emphasis on the aesthetics of language and the use of different techniques such as repetition, meter and rhyme are what are commonly used to distinguish poetry from prose and explained in the above examples.

^ Interestingly Spanish poetry uses poetic licenses, unique to romantic languages, to change the number of syllables by manipulating mainly the vowels in the line.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sound attributes that determine the meter may vary from language to language, and sometimes also between poetic traditions.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Alliteration and assonance played a key role in structuring early Germanic, Norse and Old English forms of poetry.^ Poetry is a vast subject, as old as history and older, present wherever religion is present, possibly—under some definitions—the primal and primary form of languages themselves.
  • poetry (literature) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would be manifestly unfair to propound a theory of poetry based on the poetry of Keats and Tennyson and to apply it to the productions of Anglo-Saxon and Old English poetry.

^ This meter plays a similar role to pentameter in English verse.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The alliterative patterns of early Germanic poetry interweave meter and alliteration as a key part of their structure, so that the metrical pattern determines when the listener expects instances of alliteration to occur.^ To scan a line is to determine its metrical pattern.
  • Poetry Explication 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a writing career that began in the early ’70s he has published over a dozen volumes of poetry and taken part in conferences and festivals in the UK and US where his readings are prized as key interpretations of his complex, engaging work.
  • San Francisco State University :: The Poetry Center 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.sfsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ In English poetry, feet are determined by emphasis rather than length, with stressed and unstressed syllables serving the same function as long and short syllables in classical meter.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This can be compared to an ornamental use of alliteration in most Modern European poetry, where alliterative patterns are not formal or carried through full stanzas.^ For many centuries, from the Elizabethan Era of the 1500s to the post-modern era of today, humankind has used written words to form poetry, to communicate thoughts and ideas to a reader.
  • Poetry News - Topix 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

^ Serious white critics ignored him, less serious ones compared his poetry to Cassius Clay doggerel, and most black critics only grudgingly admired him.
  • Langston Hughes : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: General]

^ Since the days of Chaucer this had been perhaps the most popular stanzaic form for serious narrative poetry in English, but none of Oxford's verse is written in rhyme royal.
  • The Verse Forms of Shakespeare and Oxford 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC shakespeareauthorship.com [Source type: Original source]

[54] .Alliteration is particularly useful in languages with less rich rhyming structures.^ The emphasis on the aesthetics of language and the use of different techniques such as repetition, meter and rhyme are what are commonly used to distinguish poetry from prose and explained in the above examples.

^ Poets combine the use of language and a specific structure to create imaginative and expressive work.

^ Rhyme is a language device that almost every poet and musician use to tie lines and phrases together with similar sounding words.
  • Tag: Poet - Explore content tagged Poet on eHow.com 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

Assonance, where the use of similar vowel sounds within a word rather than similar sounds at the beginning or end of a word, was widely used in skaldic poetry, but goes back to the Homeric epic. .Because verbs carry much of the pitch in the English language, assonance can loosely evoke the tonal elements of Chinese poetry and so is useful in translating Chinese poetry.^ Keston's poetry has been translated into French, German, English and Chinese.

^ Poetry is the other way of using language .
  • poetry (literature) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The emphasis on the aesthetics of language and the use of different techniques such as repetition, meter and rhyme are what are commonly used to distinguish poetry from prose and explained in the above examples.

.Consonance occurs where a consonant sound is repeated throughout a sentence without putting the sound only at the front of a word.^ As the editors I've tortured over the years will tell you, I've been known to argue for a certain word simply because the sound mimics one that occurred in the middle of the previous sentence.

^ These are not full rhymes, which occur when the last stressed vowel and all sounds following it are repeated, as in moon/June, all/small/tall/fall.
  • Reading poems I 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The other two lines are yoked together by what is called an identical rhyme, in which the words are in some sense over-rhymed: not just the final sounds but the words themselves are repeated in ourselves/ourselves.
  • Reading poems I 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Consonance provokes a more subtle effect than alliteration and so is less useful as a structural element.^ I used to feel this way when I'd go out, caring less about whether I interacted with other people all that much, and more about getting this natural buzz going.

^ The structure used in some Poetry types are also used when considering the visual effect of a finished poem.

^ The work that poets do is even more elemental than that of couturiers, chefs, and mechanics.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

In 'A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry' (Longmans, 1969) Geoffrey Leech identified six different types of sound patterns or rhyme forms. These are defined as six possible ways in which either one or two of the structural parts of the related words can vary. The unvarying parts are in upper case/bold. C symbolises a consonant cluster, not a single consonant, V a vowel.
Type Pattern Example 1 Example 2
Alliteration C v c great/grow send/sit
Assonance c V c great/fail send/bell
Consonance c v C great/meat send/hand
Reverse Rhyme C V c great/grazed send/sell
Pararhyme C v C great/groat send/sound
Rhyme c V C great/bait send/bend

Rhyming schemes

Dante and Beatrice see God as a point of light surrounded by angels. A Doré illustration to the Divine Comedy, Paradiso, Canto 28.
In many languages, including modern European languages and Arabic, poets use rhyme in set patterns as a structural element for specific poetic forms, such as ballads, sonnets and rhyming couplets. .However, the use of structural rhyme is not universal even within the European tradition.^ Her achievement is most impressive in these larger structures, which she needed to advance her themes to their greatest potential, and which appear to grow organically even as she hewed to formal traditions.

^ Although he avoids traditional verse forms and only uses rhyme erratically, Frost is not an innovator and his technique is never experimental.
  • Robert Frost : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Much modern poetry avoids traditional rhyme schemes. .Classical Greek and Latin poetry did not use rhyme.^ As a genre, occasional poetry originated with classical Latin poets, who used it to honor leaders and commemorate ceremonies of home and state.
  • Barack Obama - Salon.com 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.salon.com [Source type: General]

^ At age twelve Stevens entered public school for boys and began studying classics in Greek and Latin.
  • Wallace Stevens : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also important in Greek and Latin poetry is the dactylic pentameter .
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Rhyme entered European poetry in the High Middle Ages, in part under the influence of the Arabic language in Al Andalus (modern Spain).[55] Arabic language poets used rhyme extensively from the first development of literary Arabic in the sixth century, as in their long, rhyming qasidas. .Some rhyming schemes have become associated with a specific language, culture or period, while other rhyming schemes have achieved use across languages, cultures or time periods.^ When poets try to achieve a voice on the written page, they frequently have to step beyond the precedents for using language that have been created by their predecessor poets, and by people in general.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The other two lines are yoked together by what is called an identical rhyme, in which the words are in some sense over-rhymed: not just the final sounds but the words themselves are repeated in ourselves/ourselves.
  • Reading poems I 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I won't tell you how much time that cost...gg..AND came out with rhyming scheme fatally flawed.....

Some forms of poetry carry a consistent and well-defined rhyming scheme, such as the chant royal or the rubaiyat, while other poetic forms have variable rhyme schemes.
.Most rhyme schemes are described using letters that correspond to sets of rhymes, so if the first, second and fourth lines of a quatrain rhyme with each other and the third line does not rhyme, the quatrain is said to have an "a-a-b-a" rhyme scheme.^ The last word of the first line and last line rhyme .

^ The first line rhymes with the second and the third line rhymes with the fourth line.

^ It follows a rhyme scheme:AABBA, with the first, second, and fifth rhyming lines being longer than the third and fourth.

.This rhyme scheme is the one used, for example, in the rubaiyat form.^ Don used the Passerat villanelle form, with iambic pentameter for the lines and a rhyme scheme of A 1 bA 2 abA 1 abA 2 abA 1 abA 2 abA 1 A 2 , where A1 and A2 are different refrain lines that rhyme.

^ For example, the poem is an Italian sonnet and follows the abbaabbacdcdcd rhyme scheme.
  • Poetry Explication 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although he avoids traditional verse forms and only uses rhyme erratically, Frost is not an innovator and his technique is never experimental.
  • Robert Frost : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56] Similarly, an "a-b-b-a" quatrain (what is known as "enclosed rhyme") is used in such forms as the Petrarchan sonnet.[57] Some types of more complicated rhyming schemes have developed names of their own, separate from the "a-b-c" convention, such as the ottava rima and terza rima. The types and use of differing rhyming schemes is discussed further in the main article.
Ottava rima
Ottava rima is a rhyming scheme using a stanza of eight lines with an alternating a-b rhyming scheme for the first six lines followed by a closing couplet. First used by Boccaccio, it was developed for heroic epics but has also been used for mock-heroic poetry.
Terza rima
Dante's Divine Comedy[58] is written in terza rima, where each stanza has three lines, with the first and third rhyming, and the second line rhyming with the first and third lines of the next stanza (thus, a-b-a / b-c-b / c-d-c, et cetera.) in a chain rhyme. The terza rima provides a flowing, progressive sense to the poem, and used skilfully it can evoke a sense of motion, both forward and backward. .Terza rima is appropriately used in lengthy poems in languages with rich rhyming structures (such as Italian, with its many common word endings).^ Many of her poems were not completed and written on scraps of paper, such as old grocery lists.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59]

Form

.Poetic form is more flexible in modernist and post-modernist poetry, and continues to be less structured than in previous literary eras.^ For many centuries, from the Elizabethan Era of the 1500s to the post-modern era of today, humankind has used written words to form poetry, to communicate thoughts and ideas to a reader.
  • Poetry News - Topix 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

^ Less than an hour’s drive from Hanover, Towson, or the Republic of Towson as my son-in-law has recently come to call it, has brought the world’s eyes to ...continued .
  • Michael J Hoover 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC hooverpoet.com [Source type: General]

^ The stars, flickering in their endless retreat, more distant and sure than before, do nothing while the shadows continue to fill the trees with their cast-off clothes.

Many modern poets eschew recognisable structures or forms, and write in free verse. .But poetry remains distinguished from prose by its form; some regard for basic formal structures of poetry will be found in even the best free verse, however much such structures may appear to have been ignored.^ Snyder, who turns 78 in May, has published such collections as Regarding Wave, No Nature and Turtle Island, winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1975.

^ Even though she looked inward and not to the war for the substance of her poetry, the tense atmosphere of the war years may have contributed to the urgency of her writing.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similarly, in the best poetry written in classic styles there will be departures from strict form for emphasis or effect.^ Poetry may be in any style or form.

.Among major structural elements used in poetry are the line, the stanza or verse paragraph, and larger combinations of stanzas or lines such as cantos.^ To celebrate National Poetry Month , I'll be posting a new line of poetry every morning on Texas Pages for a little feature called "Morning Verse."

Also sometimes used are broader visual presentations of words and calligraphy. These basic units of poetic form are often combined into larger structures, called poetic forms or poetic modes (see following section), as in the sonnet or haiku.

Lines and stanzas

.Poetry is often separated into lines on a page.^ To celebrate National Poetry Month , I'll be posting a new line of poetry every morning on Texas Pages for a little feature called "Morning Verse."

^ We have five birthday pages--this page of general purpose greetings, and separate pages for dad birthday rhymes, funny birthday poems, mother birthday poetry and birthday love poems.

.These lines may be based on the number of metrical feet, or may emphasize a rhyming pattern at the ends of lines.^ Anywhere a couplet rang to a close (regardless of how many metric feet had passed), I'd break the line and move on.

^ Gawain presented without line numbers in numbered sections, each ending with its bob-and-wheel.
  • The Gawain Poet and 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight'. 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.baymoon.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Printed in sections, each ended with a punctuating 5-line rhyming group (comprising the 'bob' (a 2-syllable line) and the 'wheel' (4 three-stress lines), these five lines off-rhyming a-b-a-b-a.
  • The Gawain Poet and 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight'. 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.baymoon.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lines may serve other functions, particularly where the poem is not written in a formal metrical pattern.^ (May 2009) Click here to comment on this poem or to read other people's feedback on it or send your own writing .

^ There may be better-written lines, though I love the quick leap from humor and everyday concerns to ultimate seriousness and great intimacy.
  • Reading poems I 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Poems with a well-defined overall metric pattern often have a few lines that violate that pattern.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lines can separate, compare or contrast thoughts expressed in different units, or can highlight a change in tone.^ Conjecturing creatures comparable in change From him to me, futurities ahead, I thought how prehistorically strange I should become, distanced among the dead.

See the article on line breaks for information about the division between lines.
Lines of poems are often organized into stanzas, which are denominated by the number of lines included. Thus a collection of two lines is a couplet (or distich), three lines a triplet (or tercet), four lines a quatrain, five lines a quintain (or cinquain), six lines a sestet, and eight lines an octet. .These lines may or may not relate to each other by rhyme or rhythm.^ It may be due to these reflex rhythms that the more men are swayed by feeling and the less by reflection and reasoning, the greater is the tendency to do things rhythmically.

^ But in fact every kind of relation which can be indicated in words may be expressed in two or more lines more or less parallel.

^ The other two lines are yoked together by what is called an identical rhyme, in which the words are in some sense over-rhymed: not just the final sounds but the words themselves are repeated in ourselves/ourselves.
  • Reading poems I 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.For example, a couplet may be two lines with identical meters which rhyme or two lines held together by a common meter alone.^ But in fact every kind of relation which can be indicated in words may be expressed in two or more lines more or less parallel.

^ Some common meters in Spanish verse are: Septenary : A line with the seven poetic syllables Octosyllable : A line with eight poetic syllables.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other two lines are yoked together by what is called an identical rhyme, in which the words are in some sense over-rhymed: not just the final sounds but the words themselves are repeated in ourselves/ourselves.
  • Reading poems I 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

Stanzas often have related couplets or triplets within them.
Alexander Blok's poem, "Noch, ulitsa, fonar, apteka" ("Night, street, lamp, drugstore"), on a wall in Leiden
Other poems may be organized into verse paragraphs, in which regular rhymes with established rhythms are not used, but the poetic tone is instead established by a collection of rhythms, alliterations, and rhymes established in paragraph form. .Many medieval poems were written in verse paragraphs, even where regular rhymes and rhythms were used.^ It seems to me a good poem can rhyme or not rhyme, use similes and metaphors or not, be metrical or free, be as complex as a Shakespeare sonnet or as seemingly simple as a statement by William Carlos Williams.

^ Free Verse: An easy definition of free verse would be prose written rich in imagery and broken up with line breaks instead of punctuation and paragraphing.

^ Heres a Happy Mothers Day poem from a child that is written so that it could even be a toddler Mother's day poem.
  • Mother Poems 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.poemsource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In many forms of poetry, stanzas are interlocking, so that the rhyming scheme or other structural elements of one stanza determine those of succeeding stanzas.^ Generic poetry is perhaps one of the most common forms of modern poetry.
  • Poetry - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are 23 poems in a variety of poetic forms and structures, many in free verse that is lilting and rhythmic.

^ Over those few years, many of the most influential and precious friendships of Emily's passed away, and that gave way to the more concentrated obsession with death in her poetry.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Examples of such interlocking stanzas include, for example, the ghazal and the villanelle, where a refrain (or, in the case of the villanelle, refrains) is established in the first stanza which then repeats in subsequent stanzas. .Related to the use of interlocking stanzas is their use to separate thematic parts of a poem.^ If your daughter is not a mom, just leave our the second stanza, and you can use it just as a daughter from mother poem.
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^ This meter was used most often in the Sapphic stanza , named after the Greek poet Sappho , who wrote many of her poems in the form.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But it doesnt matter, at least to me, that I dont know the meaning of the poem, that I havent really figured out how its parts relate to one another.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

For example, the strophe, antistrophe and epode of the ode form are often separated into one or more stanzas. In such cases, or where structures are meant to be highly formal, a stanza will usually form a complete thought, consisting of full sentences and cohesive thoughts.
.In some cases, particularly lengthier formal poetry such as some forms of epic poetry, stanzas themselves are constructed according to strict rules and then combined.^ Their knowledge of the fine arts is some study of rules and particulars, or some limited judgment of color or form, which is exercised for amusement or for show.

^ Hebrew poetry is destitute of meter in the strict sense, and also of rhyme, though this last occurs in some isolated cases (see below, III, 1, [4], c and e).

^ There are several Hebrew words which occur most frequently and in some cases exclusively in poetry.

.In skaldic poetry, the dróttkvætt stanza had eight lines, each having three "lifts" produced with alliteration or assonance.^ For the uninitiated, a sestina is made up of six six-line stanzas and one three-line stanza.

.In addition to two or three alliterations, the odd numbered lines had partial rhyme of consonants with dissimilar vowels, not necessarily at the beginning of the word; the even lines contained internal rhyme in set syllables (not necessarily at the end of the word).^ Line 2: 4 syllables Two words that describe the title.

^ The last word of the first line and last line rhyme .

^ Line 3: 6 syllables Three words that express action.

.Each half-line had exactly six syllables, and each line ended in a trochee.^ Variations on the form include (each with optional envoy of half the lines of a main stanza): The basic Ballade, which has three stanza of 8 lines Ballade Supreme , which has three stanza of 10 lines The Double Ballade, which has six stanza of 8 lines The Double Ballade Supreme , which has six stanza of 10 lines.
  • How to write poetry; free exercises; free reviews of great poets and books to help you write better; poetry forms you can use 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.baymoon.com [Source type: General]

^ At the end of a line, the "e" remains unelided but is hypermetrical (outside the count of syllables, like a feminine ending in English verse).
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^ The long syllable at the close of the first half of the verse always ends a word, giving rise to a caesura .
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The arrangement of dróttkvætts followed far less rigid rules than the construction of the individual dróttkvætts.^ I'm already lucky to have read more than many, far less than a few.

Visual presentation

.Even before the advent of printing, the visual appearance of poetry often added meaning or depth.^ This blog includes all-new brief essays, poetry, and my more general efforts to reflect on the meaning of life and often more specifically, motherhood.

^ Roger McGough None Even when poetry has a meaning, as it usually has,...
  • Poetry Quotes by Famous Poets 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.poetry.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Born in l947, David received his degrees from Columbia and Cambridge Universities, but before he was fifteen he had put together many privately printed volumes of poetry.

Acrostic poems conveyed meanings in the initial letters of lines or in letters at other specific places in a poem. In Arabic, Hebrew and Chinese poetry, the visual presentation of finely calligraphed poems has played an important part in the overall effect of many poems.
With the advent of printing, poets gained greater control over the mass-produced visual presentations of their work. .Visual elements have become an important part of the poet's toolbox, and many poets have sought to use visual presentation for a wide range of purposes.^ Like his alter-ego Crispin, Stevens became preoccupied with articulating his perception of the poet's purpose, and he sought to explore that theme in his 1936 book, Owl's Clover.
  • Wallace Stevens : The Poetry Foundation : Find Poems and Poets. Discover Poetry. 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.poetryfoundation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This meter was used most often in the Sapphic stanza , named after the Greek poet Sappho , who wrote many of her poems in the form.
  • Poetry encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The poem modulated, and continues to modulate, into one of my own many voices: in becoming mine the contact between poet and reader is affirmed.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Some Modernist poets have made the placement of individual lines or groups of lines on the page an integral part of the poem's composition.^ Dallas poets, especially, please send me the best lines from your poems for the Friday feature.

^ Collaborative poetry is essentially when two or more poets trade lines back and forth to create a poem.

At times, this complements the poem's rhythm through visual caesuras of various lengths, or creates juxtapositions so as to accentuate meaning, ambiguity or irony, or simply to create an aesthetically pleasing form.[60] .In its most extreme form, this can lead to concrete poetry or asemic writing.^ As someone who is immersed in daily journalism, I would be the first to admit that most of the writing ain't poetry.

[61]

Diction

Dante Gabriel Rossetti illustration to Christina Rossetti's Goblin Market and Other Poems (1862). Goblin Market used complex poetic diction in nursery-rhyme form: "We must not look at goblin men, / We must not buy their fruits: / Who knows upon what soil they fed / Their hungry thirsty roots?"
Poetic diction treats of the manner in which language is used, and refers not only to the sound but also to the underlying meaning and its interaction with sound and form. .Many languages and poetic forms have very specific poetic dictions, to the point where distinct grammars and dialects are used specifically for poetry.^ For many centuries, from the Elizabethan Era of the 1500s to the post-modern era of today, humankind has used written words to form poetry, to communicate thoughts and ideas to a reader.
  • Poetry News - Topix 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

^ There are 23 poems in a variety of poetic forms and structures, many in free verse that is lilting and rhythmic.

^ Poetry Forms Using prompts, these online forms help you write simple poems.
  • Poetry in Homeschool 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

Registers in poetry can range from strict employment of ordinary speech patterns, as favoured in much late 20th century prosody, through to highly ornate and aureate uses of language by such as the medieval and renaissance makars.
.Poetic diction can include rhetorical devices such as simile and metaphor, as well as tones of voice, such as irony.^ Metaphor, simile, exaggeration, irony, all of these are called figures of speech, or tropes.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

[62] Aristotle wrote in the Poetics that "the greatest thing by far is to be a master of metaphor."[63] Since the rise of Modernism, some poets have opted for a poetic diction that deemphasizes rhetorical devices, attempting instead the direct presentation of things and experiences and the exploration of tone. On the other hand, Surrealists have pushed rhetorical devices to their limits, making frequent use of catachresis.
Allegorical stories are central to the poetic diction of many cultures, and were prominent in the West during classical times, the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance.[64] Rather than being fully allegorical, however, a poem may contain symbols or allusions that deepen the meaning or effect of its words without constructing a full allegory.
Another strong element of poetic diction can be the use of vivid imagery for effect. The juxtaposition of unexpected or impossible images is, for example, a particularly strong element in surrealist poetry and haiku. Vivid images are often, as well, endowed with symbolism.
Many poetic dictions use repetitive phrases for effect, either a short phrase (such as Homer's "rosy-fingered dawn" or "the wine-dark sea") or a longer refrain. Such repetition can add a somber tone to a poem, as in many odes, or can be laced with irony as the context of the words changes. .For example, in Antony's famous eulogy of Caesar in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Antony's repetition of the words, "For Brutus is an honorable man," moves from a sincere tone to one that exudes irony.^ For example, in one of the most famous sestinas - "Sestina" by Elizabeth Bishop - the first six lines end with house, grandmother, child, stove, almanac and tears.

[65]

Forms

Specific poetic forms have been developed by many cultures. In more developed, closed or "received" poetic forms, the rhyming scheme, meter and other elements of a poem are based on sets of rules, ranging from the relatively loose rules that govern the construction of an elegy to the highly formalized structure of the ghazal or villanelle. Described below are some common forms of poetry widely used across a number of languages. Additional forms of poetry may be found in the discussions of poetry of particular cultures or periods and in the glossary.

Sonnet

.Among the most common forms of poetry through the ages is the sonnet, which by the thirteenth century was a poem of fourteen lines following a set rhyme scheme and logical structure.^ In memory of a dear friend I know this isn't a poem, but through poetry I couldn't do her just and I wanted to share her story, my friend was the most amazing person I ever met, .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Some changes in her poetry came directly as a result of the war, but there were other events that distracted Emily and these things came through in the most productive period of her lifetime - about 800 poems.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A sonnet's first four lines typically introduce the topic. A sonnet usually follows an a-b-a-b rhyme pattern. The sonnet's conventions have changed over its history, and so there are several different sonnet forms. Traditionally, in sonnets English poets use iambic pentameter, the Spenserian and Shakespearean sonnets being especially notable. .In the Romance languages, the hendecasyllable and Alexandrine are the most widely used meters, though the Petrarchan sonnet has been used in Italy since the 14th century.^ Most importantly, it is widely believed that Emily had a great love for this Reverend from Philadelphia even though he was married.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sonnets are particularly associated with love poetry, and often use a poetic diction heavily based on vivid imagery, but the twists and turns associated with the move from octave to sestet and to final couplet make them a useful and dynamic form for many subjects. .Shakespeare's sonnets are among the most famous in English poetry, with 20 being included in the Oxford Book of English Verse.^ Emily was original and innovative in her poetry, most often drawing on the Bible, classical mythology, and Shakespeare for allusions and references.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66]The relative prominence of a poet or set of works is often measured by reference to inclusion in the Oxford Book of English Verse or the Norton Anthology of Poetry.

Jintishi

The jintishi (近體詩) is a Chinese poetic form based on a series of set tonal patterns using the four tones of the classical Chinese language in each couplet: the level, rising, falling and entering tones. The basic form of the jintishi has eight lines in four couplets, with parallelism between the lines in the second and third couplets. The couplets with parallel lines contain contrasting content but an identical grammatical relationship between words. Jintishi often have a rich poetic diction, full of allusion, and can have a wide range of subject, including history and politics. One of the masters of the form was Du Fu, who wrote during the Tang Dynasty (8th century). There are several variations on the basic form of the jintishi.

Sestina

The sestina has six stanzas, each comprising six unrhymed lines, in which the words at the end of the first stanza’s lines reappear in a rolling pattern in the other stanzas. .The poem then ends with a three-line stanza in which the words again appear, two on each line.^ Lines will justify the liberty, at the same time that they will explain the two following poems.

^ They are grouped in this on-line edition at the end of each poem.

Villanelle

.The Villanelle is a nineteen-line poem made up of five triplets with a closing quatrain; the poem is characterized by having two refrains, initially used in the first and third lines of the first stanza, and then alternately used at the close of each subsequent stanza until the final quatrain, which is concluded by the two refrains.^ The last words in the first six lines repeat in a strict pattern throughout the rest of the poem.

^ For the uninitiated, a sestina is made up of six six-line stanzas and one three-line stanza.

^ Lines will justify the liberty, at the same time that they will explain the two following poems.

The remaining lines of the poem have an a-b alternating rhyme. The villanelle has been used regularly in the English language since the late nineteenth century by such poets as Dylan Thomas,[67] W. H. Auden,[68] and Elizabeth Bishop.[69] It is a form that has gained increased use at a time when the use of received forms of poetry has generally been declining.[citation needed]

Pantoum

The pantoum is a rare form of poetry similar to a villanelle. It is composed of a series of quatrains; the second and fourth lines of each stanza are repeated as the first and third lines of the next.

Rondeau

The rondeau was originally a French form, written on two rhymes with fifteen lines, using the first part of the first line as a refrain.

Tanka

Tanka is a form of unrhymed Japanese poetry, with five sections totalling 31 onji (phonological units identical to morae), structured in a 5-7-5 7-7 pattern. There is generally a shift in tone and subject matter between the upper 5-7-5 phrase and the lower 7-7 phrase. Tanka were written as early as the Nara period by such poets as Kakinomoto no Hitomaro, at a time when Japan was emerging from a period where much of its poetry followed Chinese form. Tanka was originally the shorter form of Japanese formal poetry, and was used more heavily to explore personal rather than public themes. It thus had a more informal poetic diction. By the 13th century, tanka had become the dominant form of Japanese poetry, and it is still widely written today. The 31-mora rule is generally ignored by poets writing literary tanka in languages other than Japanese.

Haiku

Haiku is a popular form of unrhymed Japanese poetry, which evolved in the 17th century from the hokku, or opening verse of a renku. Generally written in a single vertical line, the haiku contains three sections totalling 17 onji (see above, at Tanka), structured in a 5-7-5 pattern. Traditionally, haiku contain (1) a kireji, or cutting word, usually placed at the end of one of the poem's three sections; and (2) a kigo, or season-word. The most famous exponent of the haiku was Matsuo Bashō (1644–1694). An example of his writing:[70]
富士の風や扇にのせて江戸土産
fuji no kaze ya oogi ni nosete Edo miyage
the wind of Mt. Fuji
I've brought on my fan!
a gift from Edo

Ruba'i

Ruba'i is a four-line verse (quatrain) practiced by Arabian, Persian, Urdu, Azerbaijani (Azeri) poets. Famous for his rubaiyat (collection of quatrains) is the Persian poet Omar Khayyam. The most celebrated English renderings of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam were produced by Edward Fitzgerald; an example is given below:
They say the Lion and the Lizard keep
The Courts where Jamshyd gloried and drank deep:
And Bahram, that great Hunter—the Wild Ass
Stamps o'er his Head, and he lies fast asleep.

Sijo

Sijo is a short musical lyric practiced by Korean poets. It is usually written as three lines, each averaging 14-16 syllables, for a total of 44-46 syllables. There is a pause in the middle of each line and so, in English, a sijo is sometimes printed in six lines rather than three. An example is given below:
You ask how many friends I have? Water and stone, bamboo and pine.
The moon rising over the eastern hill is a joyful comrade.
Besides these five companions, what other pleasure should I ask?

Ode

Odes were first developed by poets writing in ancient Greek, such as Pindar,[71] and Latin, such as Horace. Forms of odes appear in many of the cultures that were influenced by the Greeks and Latins.[72] The ode generally has three parts: a strophe, an antistrophe, and an epode. The antistrophes of the ode possess similar metrical structures and, depending on the tradition, similar rhyme structures. In contrast, the epode is written with a different scheme and structure. Odes have a formal poetic diction, and generally deal with a serious subject. The strophe and antistrophe look at the subject from different, often conflicting, perspectives, with the epode moving to a higher level to either view or resolve the underlying issues. Odes are often intended to be recited or sung by two choruses (or individuals), with the first reciting the strophe, the second the antistrophe, and both together the epode. Over time, differing forms for odes have developed with considerable variations in form and structure, but generally showing the original influence of the Pindaric or Horatian ode. One non-Western form which resembles the ode is the qasida in Persian poetry.

Ghazal

The ghazal (Arabic: ghazal, Persian: ghazel, Turkish/Azerbaijani: gazel, Urdu: gazal, Bengali/Sylheti: gozol) is a form of poetry common in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Urdu and Bengali poetry. In classic form, the ghazal has from five to fifteen rhyming couplets that share a refrain at the end of the second line. This refrain may be of one or several syllables, and is preceded by a rhyme. Each line has an identical meter. Each couplet forms a complete thought and stands alone, and the overall ghazal often reflects on a theme of unattainable love or divinity. The last couplet generally includes the signature of the author.
As with other forms with a long history in many languages, many variations have been developed, including forms with a quasi-musical poetic diction in Urdu. Ghazals have a classical affinity with Sufism, and a number of major Sufi religious works are written in ghazal form. The relatively steady meter and the use of the refrain produce an incantatory effect, which complements Sufi mystical themes well. Among the masters of the form is Rumi, a 13th-century Persian poet who lived in Konya, in present-day Turkey.

Acrostic

An acrostic (from the late Greek akróstichon, from ákros, "top", and stíchos, "verse") is a poem or other form of writing in an alphabetic script, in which the first letter, syllable or word of each line, paragraph or other recurring feature in the text spells out another message. A form of constrained writing, an acrostic can be used as a mnemonic device to aid memory retrieval.
A famous acrostic comes from the acclamation, "Jesus Christ, God's son, savior," which in Greek is: "Ἰησοῦς Χριστός, Θεοῦ ͑Υιός, Σωτήρ", Iēsous Christos, Theou Huios, Sōtēr. The initial letters of each word spell ichthys, the Greek word for fish; hence the frequent use of the fish as a symbol for Jesus Christ.
The Jewish devotional prayer Ashrei has lines beginning with each of the letters of the Hebrew alphabet in turn, implying that Jews ought to praise God with each letter of the alphabet. Likewise, the prayer Ashamnu, recited on Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement), lists sins beginning with each letter of the alphabet, emphasizing the breadth and universality of wrongdoing.

Canzone

Literally "song" in Italian, a canzone (plural: canzoni) (cognate with English to chant) is an Italian or Provençal song or ballad. It is also used to describe a type of lyric which resembles a madrigal. Sometimes a composition which is simple and songlike is designated as a canzone, especially if it is by a non-Italian; a good example is the aria "Voi che sapete" from Mozart's Marriage of Figaro.

Cinquain

While "quintain" is the general term applied to poetic forms using a 5-line pattern, there are specific forms within that category that are defined by specific rules and guidelines. The term "CINQUAIN" (pronounced SING-cane, the plural is "cinquains") as applied by modern poets most correctly refers to a form invented by the American poet Adelaide Crapsey. The first examples of these were published in 1915 in The Complete Poems, roughly a year after her death. Her cinquain form was inspired by Japanese haiku and Tanka (a form of Waka).

Other forms

Other forms of poetry include:

Genres

In addition to specific forms of poems, poetry is often thought of in terms of different genres and subgenres. A poetic genre is generally a tradition or classification of poetry based on the subject matter, style, or other broader literary characteristics.[73] Some commentators view genres as natural forms of literature.[74] Others view the study of genres as the study of how different works relate and refer to other works.[75]
Epic poetry is one commonly identified genre, often defined as lengthy poems concerning events of a heroic or important nature to the culture of the time.[76] Lyric poetry, which tends to be shorter, melodic, and contemplative, is another commonly identified genre. Some commentators may organize bodies of poetry into further subgenres, and individual poems may be seen as a part of many different genres.[77] In many cases, poetic genres show common features as a result of a common tradition, even across cultures.
.Described below are some common genres, but the classification of genres, the description of their characteristics, and even the reasons for undertaking a classification into genres can take many forms.^ I like donations, they help a lot Even if its just a penny Some people take for granted and forgot How few we get is many .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Narrative poetry

Narrative poetry is a genre of poetry that tells a story. Broadly it subsumes epic poetry, but the term "narrative poetry" is often reserved for smaller works, generally with more appeal to human interest.
Narrative poetry may be the oldest type of poetry. Many scholars of Homer have concluded that his Iliad and Odyssey were composed from compilations of shorter narrative poems that related individual episodes and were more suitable for an evening's entertainment. .Much narrative poetry—such as Scots and English ballads, and Baltic and Slavic heroic poems—is performance poetry with roots in a preliterate oral tradition.^ [Page 210] The following little Poems are written after the Model of the Old English Ballads, and are inscribed to those who admire the simplicity of that kind of versification.

.It has been speculated that some features that distinguish poetry from prose, such as meter, alliteration and kennings, once served as memory aids for bards who recited traditional tales.^ Short Stories Poetry Prose Poetry etc Site Features .
  • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

Epic poetry

Epic poetry is a genre of poetry, and a major form of narrative literature. It recounts, in a continuous narrative, the life and works of a heroic or mythological person or group of persons. .Examples of epic poems are Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil's Aeneid, the Nibelungenlied, Luís de Camões' Os Lusíadas, the Cantar de Mio Cid, the Epic of Gilgamesh, the Mahabharata, Valmiki's Ramayana, Ferdowsi's Shahnama, Nizami (or Nezami)'s Khamse (Five Books), and the Epic of King Gesar.^ Luís de Camões .
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While the composition of epic poetry, and of long poems generally, became less common in the west after the early 20th century, some notable epics have continued to be written. Derek Walcott won a Nobel prize to a great extent on the basis of his epic, Omeros.[78]

Dramatic poetry

Dramatic poetry is drama written in verse to be spoken or sung, and appears in varying, sometimes related forms in many cultures. Verse drama may have developed out of earlier oral epics, such as the Sanskrit and Greek epics.[79]
Greek tragedy in verse dates to the sixth century B.C., and may have been an influence on the development of Sanskrit drama,[80] just as Indian drama in turn appears to have influenced the development of the bianwen verse dramas in China, forerunners of Chinese Opera.[81] East Asian verse dramas also include Japanese Noh.
Examples of dramatic poetry in Persian literature include Nezami's two famous dramatic works, Layla and Majnun and Khosrow and Shirin,[82] Ferdowsi's tragedies such as Rostam and Sohrab, Rumi's Masnavi, Gorgani's tragedy of Vis and Ramin,[83] and Vahshi's tragedy of Farhad.

Satirical poetry

Poetry can be a powerful vehicle for satire. .The punch of an insult delivered in verse can be many times more powerful and memorable than that of the same insult, spoken or written in prose.^ Ah, more to me than many days and many dreams, And more than every hope, or any memory, This moment, when thy lips are laid immortally… ” .
  • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of Emily Dickinson's life of solitude, she was able to focus on her world more sharply than other authors of her time - contemporary authors who had no effect on her writing.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Romans had a strong tradition of satirical poetry, often written for political purposes. A notable example is the Roman poet Juvenal's satires, whose insults stung the entire spectrum of society.
The same is true of the English satirical tradition. Embroiled in the feverish politics of the time and stung by an attack on him by his former friend, Thomas Shadwell (a Whig), John Dryden (a Tory), the first Poet Laureate, produced in 1682 Mac Flecknoe, one of the greatest pieces of sustained invective in the English language, subtitled "A Satire on the True Blue Protestant Poet, T.S." In this, the late, notably mediocre poet, Richard Flecknoe, was imagined to be contemplating who should succeed him as ruler "of all the realms of Nonsense absolute" to "reign and wage immortal war on wit."
Another master of 17th-century English satirical poetry was John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester. He was known for ruthless satires such as "A Satyr Against Mankind" (1675) and a "A Satyr on Charles II."
Another exemplar of English satirical poetry was Alexander Pope, who famously chided critics in his Essay on Criticism (1709). Dryden and Pope were writers of epic poetry, and their satirical style was accordingly epic; but there is no prescribed form for satirical poetry.
The greatest satirical poets outside England include Poland's Ignacy Krasicki, Azerbaijan's Sabir and Portugal's Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage, commonly known as Bocage.

Lyric poetry

.Lyric poetry is a genre that, unlike epic poetry and dramatic poetry, does not attempt to tell a story but instead is of a more personal nature.^ In memory of a dear friend I know this isn't a poem, but through poetry I couldn't do her just and I wanted to share her story, my friend was the most amazing person I ever met, .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Rather than depicting characters and actions, it portrays the poet's own feelings, states of mind, and perceptions. While the genre's name, derived from "lyre," implies that it is intended to be sung, much lyric poetry is meant purely for reading.
.Though lyric poetry has long celebrated love, many courtly-love poets also wrote lyric poems about war and peace, nature and nostalgia, grief and loss.^ Though Love and Death have many a cunning dart— In spite of these, and close-wrought webs of Art,… ” .
  • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

Notable among these are the 15th century French lyric poets, Christine de Pizan and Charles, Duke of Orléans. Spiritual and religious themes were addressed by such mystic lyric poets as St. John of the Cross and Teresa of Ávila. The tradition of lyric poetry based on spiritual experience was continued by later poets such as John Donne, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Antonio Machado and T. S. Eliot.
.Though the most popular form for western lyric poetry to take may be the 14-line sonnet, as practiced by Petrarch and Shakespeare, lyric poetry shows a bewildering variety of forms, including increasingly, in the 20th century, unrhymed ones.^ Even though she looked inward and not to the war for the substance of her poetry, the tense atmosphere of the war years may have contributed to the urgency of her writing.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emily was original and innovative in her poetry, most often drawing on the Bible, classical mythology, and Shakespeare for allusions and references.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Lyric poetry is the most common type of poetry, as it deals intricately with an author's own emotions and views.
Others take on a more free style pattern, without any clear pattern. This can be said of rap lyrics, considered by some to be poetry with a beat.

Elegy

An elegy is a mournful, melancholy or plaintive poem, especially a lament for the dead or a funeral song. The term "elegy," which originally denoted a type of poetic meter (elegiac meter), commonly describes a poem of mourning. An elegy may also reflect something that seems to the author to be strange or mysterious. .The elegy, as a reflection on a death, on a sorrow more generally, or on something mysterious, may be classified as a form of lyric poetry.^ Over those few years, many of the most influential and precious friendships of Emily's passed away, and that gave way to the more concentrated obsession with death in her poetry.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In a related sense that harks back to ancient poetic traditions of sung poetry, the word "elegy" may also denote a type of musical work, usually of a sad or somber nature.
Elegiac poetry has been written since antiquity. Notable practitioners have included Propertius (lived ca. 50 BCE – ca. 15 BCE), Jorge Manrique (1476), Jan Kochanowski (1580), Chidiock Tichborne (1586), Edmund Spenser (1595), Ben Jonson (1616), John Milton (1637), Thomas Gray (1750), Charlotte Turner Smith (1784), William Cullen Bryant (1817), Percy Bysshe Shelley (1821), Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1823), Evgeny Baratynsky (1837), Alfred Tennyson (1849), Walt Whitman (1865), Louis Gallet (lived 1835–98), Antonio Machado (1903), Juan Ramón Jiménez (1914), William Butler Yeats (1916), Rainer Maria Rilke (1922), Virginia Woolf (1927), Federico García Lorca (1935), Kamau Brathwaite (born 1930).

Verse fable

The fable is an ancient, near-ubiquitous literary genre, often (though not invariably) set in verse. It is a succinct story that features anthropomorphized animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that illustrate a moral lesson (a "moral"). Verse fables have used a variety of meter and rhyme patterns; Ignacy Krasicki, for example, in his Fables and Parables, used 13-syllable lines in rhyming couplets.
Notable verse fabulists have included Aesop (mid-6th century BCE), Vishnu Sarma (ca. 200 BCE), Phaedrus (15 BCE–50 CE), Marie de France (12th century), Robert Henryson (fl.1470-1500), Biernat of Lublin (1465?–after 1529), Jean de La Fontaine (1621–95), Ignacy Krasicki (1735–1801), Félix María de Samaniego (1745–1801), Tomás de Iriarte (1750–1791), Ivan Krylov (1769–1844) and Ambrose Bierce (1842–1914). All of Aesop's translators and successors owe a debt to that semi-legendary fabulist.
An example of a verse fable is Krasicki's "The Lamb and the Wolves":
Aggression ever finds cause if sufficiently pressed.
Two wolves on the prowl had trapped a lamb in the forest
And were about to pounce. Quoth the lamb: "What right have you?"
"You're toothsome, weak, in the wood." — The wolves dined sans ado.

Prose poetry

Prose poetry is a hybrid genre that shows attributes of both prose and poetry. It may be indistinguishable from the micro-story (aka the "short short story," "flash fiction"). It qualifies as poetry because of its conciseness, use of metaphor, and special attention to language.
While some examples of earlier prose strike modern readers as poetic, prose poetry is commonly regarded as having originated in 19th-century France, where its practitioners included Aloysius Bertrand, Charles Baudelaire, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé.
The genre has subsequently found notable exemplars in various languages:
Since the late 1980s especially, prose poetry has gained increasing popularity, with entire journals devoted solely to that genre.[citation needed]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Heath, Malcolm (ed). Aristotle's Poetics. London, England: Penguin Books, (1997), ISBN 0140446362.
  2. ^ See, for example, Immanuel Kant (J.H. Bernhard, Trans). Critique of Judgment. Dover (2005).
  3. ^ Dylan Thomas. Quite Early One Morning. New York, New York: New Direction Books, reset edition (1968), ISBN 0811202089.
  4. ^ John R. Strachan & Richard G. Terry, Poetry, (Edinburgh University Press, 2000). pp119.
  5. ^ As a contemporary example of that ethos, see T.S. Eliot, "The Function of Criticism" in Selected Essays. Paperback Edition (Faber & Faber, 1999). pp13-34.
  6. ^ James Longenbach, Modern Poetry After Modernism (Oxford University Press US, 1997). pp9, pp103, and passim.
  7. ^ pp xxvii-xxxiii of the introduction, in Michael Schmidt (Ed.), The Harvill Book of Twentieth Century Poetry in English (Harvill Press, 1999)
  8. ^ As would be evident from the sources, particularly the previous two, there is—at least in the works of well-known poets—usually a poetic reason for non-poetic effects, e.g contrast, surprise, or to allow the use of irregular rhythms in a poetic way.
  9. ^ Many scholars, particularly those researching the Homeric tradition and the oral epics of the Balkans, suggest that early writing shows clear traces of older oral poetic traditions, including the use of repeated phrases as building blocks in larger poetic units. A rhythmic and repetitious form would make a long story easier to remember and retell, before writing was available as an aid to memory.
  10. ^ For one recent summary discussion, see Frederick Ahl and Hannah M. Roisman. The Odyssey Re-Formed. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, (1996), at 1–26, ISBN 0801483352. Others suggest that poetry did not necessarily predate writing. See, for example, Jack Goody. The Interface Between the Written and the Oral. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, (1987), at 98, ISBN 0521337941.
  11. ^ N.K. Sanders (Trans.). The Epic of Gilgamesh. London, England: Penguin Books, revised edition (1972), at 7–8.
  12. ^ See, e.g., Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. "The Message," Sugar Hill, (1982).
  13. ^ Abolqasem Ferdowsi (Dick Davis, Trans.). Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings. New York, New York: Viking, (2006), ISBN 0-670-03485-1.
  14. ^ For example, in the Arabic world, much diplomacy was carried out through poetic form in the 16th century. See Natalie Zemon Davis. Trickster's Travels. Hill & Wang, (2006), ISBN 0809094355.
  15. ^ Examples of political invective include libel poetry and the classical epigrams of Martial and Catullus.
  16. ^ In ancient Greece, medical and scholarly works were often written in metrical form. A millennium and a half later, many of Avicenna's medical texts were written in verse.
  17. ^ Władysław Tatarkiewicz, "The Concept of Poetry," Dialectics and Humanism, vol. II, no. 2 (spring 1975), p. 13.
  18. ^ Heath (ed), Aristotle's Poetics, 1997.
  19. ^ Ibn Rushd wrote a commentary on the Aristotle's Poetics, replacing the original examples with passages from Arabic poets. See, for example, W. F. Bogges. 'Hermannus Alemannus' Latin Anthology of Arabic Poetry,' Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1968, Volume 88, 657–70, and Charles Burnett, 'Learned Knowledge of Arabic Poetry, Rhymed Prose, and Didactic Verse from Petrus Alfonsi to Petrarch', in Poetry and Philosophy in the Middle Ages: A Festschrift for Peter Dronke. Brill Academic Publishers, (2001), ISBN 90-04-11964-7.
  20. ^ See, for example, Paul F Grendler. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, (2004), ISBN 0-8018-8055-6 (for example, page 239) for the prominence of Aristotle and the Poetics on the Renaissance curriculum.
  21. ^ Immanuel Kant (J.H. Bernard, Trans.). Critique of Judgment at 131, for example, argues that the nature of poetry as a self-consciously abstract and beautiful form raises it to the highest level among the verbal arts, with tone or music following it, and only after that the more logical and narrative prose.
  22. ^ Christensen, A., Crisafulli-Jones, L., Galigani, G. and Johnson, A. (Eds). The Challenge of Keats. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Rodopi, (2000).
  23. ^ See, for example, Dylan Thomas's discussion of the poet as creator in Quite Early One Morning. New York, New York: New Directions Press, (1967).
  24. ^ The title of "Ars Poetica" alludes to Horace's commentary of the same title. The poem sets out a range of dicta for what poetry ought to be, before concluding with its classic lines.[1]
  25. ^ See, for example, Walton Liz and Christopher MacGowen (Eds.). Collected Poems of William Carlos Williams. New York, New York: New Directions Publications, (1988), or the works of Odysseus Elytis.
  26. ^ See, for example, T. S. Eliot's "The Waste Land", in T. S. Eliot. The Waste Land and Other Poems. London, England: Faber & Faber, (1940)."
  27. ^ See, Roland Barthes essay "Death of the Author" in Image-Music-Text. New York, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, (1978).
  28. ^ Robert Pinsky, The Sounds of Poetry at 52.
  29. ^ See, for example, Julia Schülter. Rhythmic Grammar, Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter, (2005).
  30. ^ See Yip. Tone. (2002), which includes a number of maps showing the distribution of tonal languages.
  31. ^ Howell D. Chickering. Beowulf: a Dual-language Edition. Garden City, New York: Anchor (1977), ISBN 0385062133.
  32. ^ See, for example, John Lazarus and W. H. Drew (Trans.). Thirukkural. Asian Educational Services (2001), ISBN 81-206-0400-8. (Original in Tamil with English translation).
  33. ^ See, for example, Marianne Moore. Idiosyncrasy and Technique. Berkeley, California: University of California, (1958), or, for examples, William Carlos Williams. The Broken Span. Norfolk, Connecticut: New Directions, (1941).
  34. ^ Robinson Jeffers. Selected Poems. New York, New York: Vintage, (1965).
  35. ^ Paul Fussell. Poetic Meter and Poetic Form. McGraw Hill, (1965, rev. 1979), ISBN 0-07-553606-4.
  36. ^ Christine Brooke-Rose. A ZBC of Ezra Pound. Faber and Faber, (1971), ISBN 0-571-09135-0.
  37. ^ Robert Pinsky. The Sounds of Poetry. New York, New York: Farrar Straus and Giroux, (1998), 11–24, ISBN 0374526176.
  38. ^ Robert Pinsky, The Sounds of Poetry.
  39. ^ John Thompson, The Founding of English Meter.
  40. ^ See, for example, "Yertle the Turtle" in Dr. Seuss. Yertle the Turtle and Other Stories. New York: Random House, (1958), lines from "Yurtle the Turtle" are scanned in the discussion of anapestic tetrameter.
  41. ^ Robert Pinsky, The Sounds of Poetry at 66.
  42. ^ Vladimir Nabokov. Notes on Prosody. New York, New York: The Bollingen Foundation, (1964), ISBN 0691017603.
  43. ^ Nabokov. Notes on Prosody.
  44. ^ Two versions of Paradise Lost are freely available on-line from Project Gutenberg, Project Gutenberg text version 1 and Project Gutenberg text version 2.
  45. ^ The original text, as translated by Samuel Butler, is available at Wikisource s:The Iliad.
  46. ^ The full text is available online both in Russian [2] and as translated into English by Charles Johnston.[3] Please see the pages on Eugene Onegin and on Notes on Prosody and the references on those pages for discussion of the problems of translation and of the differences between Russian and English iambic tetrameter.
  47. ^ The full text of "The Raven" is available at Wikisource s:The Raven (Poe).
  48. ^ The full text of "The Hunting of the Snark" is available at Wikisource
  49. ^ The full text of Don Juan is available on-line at Wikisource.
  50. ^ See the Text of the play in French as well as an English translation, Phaedra at Project Gutenberg
  51. ^ Rhyme, alliteration, assonance or consonance can also carry a meaning separate from the repetitive sound patterns created. For example, Chaucer used heavy alliteration to mock Old English verse and to paint a character as archaic, and Christopher Marlowe used interlocking alliteration and consonance of "th", "f" and "s" sounds to force a lisp on a character he wanted to paint as effeminate. See, for example, the opening speech in Tamburlaine the Great available online at Project Gutenberg.
  52. ^ For a good discussion of hard and soft rhyme see Robert Pinsky's introduction to Dante Alighieri, Robert Pinsky (Trans.). The Inferno of Dante: A New Verse Translation. New York, New York: Farar Straus & Giroux, (1994), ISBN 0374176744; the Pinsky translation includes many demonstrations of the use of soft rhyme.
  53. ^ Dante (1994).
  54. ^ See the introduction to Burton Raffel. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. New York, New York: Signet Books, (1984), ISBN 0451628233.
  55. ^ Maria Rosa Menocal. The Arabic Role in Medieval Literary History. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania, (2003), ISBN 0812213246. Irish poetry also employed rhyme relatively early, and may have influenced the development of rhyme in other European languages.
  56. ^ Indeed, in translating the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, Edward FitzGerald sought to retain the scheme in English. The original text is available from the Gutenberg Project on-line for free.etext #246
  57. ^ Works by Petrarch at Project Gutenberg
  58. ^ The Divine Comedy at wikisource.
  59. ^ See Robert Pinsky's discussion of the difficulties of replicating terza rima in English in Robert Pinsky (trans). The Inferno of Dante: A New Verse Translation. (1994).
  60. ^ For examples of different uses of visual space in modern poetry, see E. E. Cummings works or C.J. Moore's poetic translation of the Fables of LaFontaine, which usees color and page placement to complement the illustrations of Marc Chagall. Marc Chagall (illust) and C.J. Moore (trans.). Fables of La Fontaine. The New Press, (1977), ISBN 1565844041.
  61. ^ A good pre-modernist example of concrete poetry is the poem about the mouse's tale in the shape of a long tail in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, available in Wikisource. s:Alice's Adventures in Wonderland/Chapter 3
  62. ^ See, for example, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge for a well-known example of symbolism and metaphor used in poetry. The albatross that is killed by the mariner is a traditional symbol of good luck, and its death takes on metaphorical implications.
  63. ^ See The Poetics of Aristotle at Project Gutenberg at 22.
  64. ^ Aesop's Fables, repeatedly rendered in both verse and prose since first being recorded about 500 B.C., are perhaps the richest single source of allegorical poetry through the ages. Other notables examples include the Roman de la Rose, a 13th-century French poem, William Langland's Piers Ploughman in the 14th century, and Jean de la Fontaine's Fables (influenced by Aesop's) in the 17th century (available in French on wikisource).[4].
  65. ^ See Act III, Scene II in Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, available at Wikisource. s:The Tragedy of Julius Caesar
  66. ^ Arthur Quiller-Couch (Ed). Oxford Book of English Verse. Oxford University Press, (1900).
  67. ^ E.g., "Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night" in Dylan Thomas. In Country Sleep and Other Poems. New York, New York: New Directions Publications, (1952).
  68. ^ "Villanelle", in W. H. Auden. Collected Poems. New York, New York: Random House, (1945).
  69. ^ "One Art", in Elizabeth Bishop. Geography III. New York, New York, Farar, Straus & Giroux, (1976).
  70. ^ Etsuko Yanagibori. "BASHO'S HAIKU ON THE THEME OF MT. FUJI". THE PERSONAL NOTEBOOK OF Etsuko Yanagibori. Archived from link the original on 2007-08-03. http://wkdsaijikieuropa.blogspot.com/2007/08/mount-fuji.html. 
  71. ^ The extant Odes of Pindar as translated by Ernest Myers are freely available on-line from Gutenberg.
  72. ^ In particular, the translations of Horace's odes by John Dryden were influential in establishing the form in English, though Dryden utilizes rhyme in his translations where Horace did not.
  73. ^ For a general discussion of genre theory on the internet, see Daniel Chandler's Introduction to Genre Theory[5].
  74. ^ See, for example, Northrop Frye. Anatomy of Criticism. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, (1957).
  75. ^ Jacques Derrida, Beverly Bie Brahic (Trans.). Geneses, Genealogies, Genres, And Genius: The Secrets of the Archive. New York, New York: Columbia University Press(2006), ISBN 0231139780.
  76. ^ Hatto, A. T.. Traditions of Heroic and Epic Poetry (Vol. I: The Traditions ed.). Maney Publishing. 
  77. ^ Shakespeare parodied such analysis in Hamlet, describing the genres as consisting of "tragedy, comedy, history, pastoral, pastoral-comical, historical-pastoral, tragical-historical, tragical-comical-historical-pastoral..."
  78. ^ See Press Release from the Swedish Academy, [6], accessed January 20, 2008.
  79. ^ A. Berriedale Keith, Sanskrit Drama, Motilal Banarsidass Publ (1998).
  80. ^ A. Berriedale Keith at 57-58.
  81. ^ William Dolby, "Early Chinese Plays and Theatre," in Colin Mackerras, Chinese Theatre, University of Hawaii Press, 1983, p. 17.
  82. ^ The Story of Layla and Majnun, by Nizami, translated Dr. Rudolf Gelpke in collaboration with E. Mattin and G. Hill, Omega Publications, 1966, ISBN 0-930872-52-5.
  83. ^ Dick Davis (January 6, 2005), "Vis o Rāmin," in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Edition. Accessed on April 25, 2008.

References

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More spoken articles

Anthologies

Scansion and form

  • Alfred Corn. The Poem's Heartbeat: A Manual of Prosody. London, England: Storyline Press (1997), ISBN 1885266405.
  • Stephen Fry. The Ode Less Travelled: Unlocking the Poet Within. London: Arrow Books (2007)
  • Paul Fussell. Poetic Meter and Poetic Form. New York, New York: Random House (1965).
  • John Hollander. Rhyme's Reason (3rd ed). New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press (2001).
  • James McAuley. Versification, A Short Introduction. Michigan State University Press (1983), ISBN B0007DTS8K
  • Robert Pinsky. The Sounds of Poetry (1998).

Criticism and history

  • Cleanth Brooks. The Well Wrought Urn: Studies in the Structure of Poetry. New York, New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, (1947).
  • William K. Wimsatt, Jr. & Cleanth Brooks. Literary Criticism: A Short History. New York, New York: Vintage Books, (1957).
  • T. S. Eliot. The Sacred Wood: Essays on Poetry and Criticism. London, England: Methuen Publishing, Ltd., (1920).
  • George Gascoigne. Certayne Notes of Instruction Concerning the Making of English Verse or Ryme[7].
  • Ezra Pound. ABC of Reading. London, England: Faber, (1951).
  • Władysław Tatarkiewicz. "The Concept of Poetry," translated by Christopher Kasparek, Dialectics and Humanism: the Polish Philosophical Quarterly, vol. II, no. 2 (spring 1975), pp. 13–24.
  • John Thompson. The Founding of English Meter. New York, New York: Columbia University Press (1961).

Language

  • Zhiming Bao. The Structure of Tone. .New York, New York: Oxford University Press (1999) ISBN 0-19-511880-4.
  • Morio Kono.^ New York: Vantage Press, 1971.
    • Kentucky's Poet Laureates - Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.kdla.ky.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ London: Oxford University Press, 1934.

    ^ Joris has published over 20 volumes of poetry including, most recently, Poasis: Selected Poems 1986-1999 (Wesleyan University Press, 2001).

    "Perception and Psychology of Rhythm" in Accent, Intonation, Rhythm and Pause. (1997).
  • Moria Yip. Tone. Cambridge textbooks in linguistics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2002) ISBN 0-521-77314-8 (hbk), ISBN 0-521-77445-4 (pbk).

Other

  • Alex Preminger, Terry V.F. Brogan and Frank J. Warnke (Eds). The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (3rd Ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-02123-6.
  • Hamid R. Tizhoosh, Farhang Sahba, Rozita Dara Poetic Features for Poem Recognition: A Comparative Study Journal of Pattern Recognition Research, (JPRR) Vol 3 (1) 2008.

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

A poet should leave traces of his passage, not proofs. Traces alone engender dreams. ~ René Char
.Quotes on the subjects of Poetry, poems, and poets.^ I am tempted to quote from Mr. Lindsay's explanatory note which accompanied three of these poems when they were first printed in 'Poetry'.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The three talk of poetry: In the wonderful opening section, Yeats speaks of how hard it is to write a poem, and how little the poets work is valued by the world.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

.
It is difficult
to get the news from poems
yet men die miserably every day
for lack
of what is found there.
^ Every poem, every poem, has something which is strange, new, difficult, disquieting, perplexing.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As the poem proceeds, there is a third birth, one contagious with the new-born babies and the rebirth of spring.
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Imagine, every morning that you wake up Gods Hands open up to offer you a brand new day just for you, one like no other; it is up to you what you do with it.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

~ .William Carlos Williams
  • Always be a poet, even in prose.^ The poet is William Butler Yeats, and what we encounter in this poem is the mainspring of his genius, for Yeats is always aware of the dialectic of existence.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • A poet should leave traces of his passage, not proofs.^ I should not dare to leave my friend, .
    • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You will never leave my heart, no matter what you do.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Charles Simic , Poet Laureate, "Watermelons" Comments (0) Leave comment .

    Traces alone engender dreams.
    • René Char, as quoted in The French-American Review (1976) by Texas Christian University, p. 132
    • Variant translation: A poet must leave traces of his passage, not proofs. Only traces bring about dreams.
      • As quoted in Popular Dissent, Human Agency, and Global Politics (2000) by Roland Bleiker, p. 50
  • Poets and anarchists are always the first to go. Where. To the frontline. Wherever it is.
  • If you examine the highest poetry in the light of common sense, you can only say that it is rubbish; and in actual fact you cannot so examine it at all, because there is something in poetry which is not in the words themselves, which is not in the images suggested by the words 'O windy star blown sideways up the sky!'^ I can only think that there is something wrong with you!

    ^ You've written actual POETRY there.

    ^ Because of you they say only 6 months to a year.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    True poetry is itself a magic spell which is a key to the ineffable.
  • I'm a poetry–skipper myself. .I don't like to boast, but I have probably skipped more poetry than any other person of my age and weight in this country — make it any other two persons.^ I loved making it far more than I like making haikus.

    ^ We human beings are more uncomfortable with ourselves and with our fellow human creatures than we like to acknowledge, and in consequence poems are more indirect that we might expect them to be.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I must have a new career for myself or I will die on the vine, forgotten No two points on a circle can be further than each other from their shared center My wife and I were victims of theft as we slept, on my birthday no less.

    This doesn't mean that I hate poetry. I don't feel that strongly about it. .It only means that those who wish to communicate with me by means of the written word must do so in prose.^ Thrown by those who wished for something else.
    • A Collection of Powerful Poems 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.bemindful.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [Page 210] The following little Poems are written after the Model of the Old English Ballads, and are inscribed to those who admire the simplicity of that kind of versification.

    ^ And he asserts, remarkably but I think rightly, that the poem must be difficult so that we do not slide over the words, zoom down their slippery slope toward one or another meaning.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Will Cuppy, How to Get From January to December (1951)
  • You don't have to write anything down to be a poet.^ After all, if you found Thai food too spicy or too strange you wouldnt go back to a Thai restaurant the next night: youd pick an Italian restaurant or a steak house.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Poets write poems, in part, to bridge the chasm between the isolate individual self and all other persons in the world.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Disclosure I'm no poet; i only play one on teevee so write me a screenplay would you?

    Some work in gas stations. Some shine shoes. .I don't really call myself one because I don't like the word.^ Feeling hopeless feeling blue while another gruelling chemo session is going through but remember the times that we once shared because ones like these .
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Obama really 'likes to have [his words] up on the Teleprompter.'
    • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I used to write haiku's for my dog, until she became very irritated by them and would leave the room, scowling back at me on the way out....then I realized I was being sacrilegious because it was too many worship words in one sequence.

    Me? I'm a trapeze artist.
  • It is a test (a positive test, I do not assert that it is always valid negatively), that genuine poetry can communicate before it is understood. .
  • There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet.^ So no matter how many rules or guidelines we adopt for reading poems, there will be poets who challenge those guidelines, who say Sorry, not so fast.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Poets write poems, in part, to bridge the chasm between the isolate individual self and all other persons in the world.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A Mine there is no Man would own .
    • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ... To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. .The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood.^ What punishment will Heaven devise for these Who win by others' sweat and hardihood, Who make men into stinking vultures' meat, Saying to evil still "Be thou my good"?
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Who turns him from his earthly love Must other lovers meet and prove: Through plunging lands careened from light… ” .
    • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It retains the animal magnetism of the primal human body, shoulders glistening not with fur but like fur; it still contains an energy that constantly sends light outward, as if it were a supernova exploding into brilliant light across endless time and space.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. .
  • The writing of a poem is like a child throwing stones into a mineshaft.^ In the second stanza Stevens identifies the book from which the large red man reads: it is the poem of life, and it sounds surprisingly like the poem that Ralph Waldo Emerson had insisted that American poets should write in a famous speech made 114 years earlier, The American Scholar: What would we really know the meaning of?
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To understand how one can take contradictory approaches to a poem, let us go back to the middle of the nineteenth century, to Walt Whitmans spiritual mentor, Ralph Waldo Emerson.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But in being turned into poems the shopping lists like a note on the refrigerator are framed by the poets decision to use this form.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    You compose first, then you listen for the reverberation.
    • James Fenton (b. 1949), English poet, journalist and literary critic. The Independent on Sunday, 24th June 1990
  • The figure a poem makes. It begins in delight and ends in wisdom. .
    • Robert Frost The Figure a Poem Makes (1939) Preface to Collected Poems
  • Poetry is a game of loser-take-all.^ After all, the poem seeks to make contact, and we seek to make contact with the poem.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now lets turn to one of the most famous of all American poems, Robert Frosts 1923 lyric, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This much is always true: all poems want to make contact with the reader of the poem.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • Poetry is the mother-tongue of the human race.
    • Johann Georg Hamann, Sämtliche Werken, ed. Josef Nadler (Vienna: Verlag Herder, 1949-1957), vol. II, p. .197
  • Even when poetry has a meaning, as it usually has, it may be inadvisable to draw it out … and perfect understanding will sometimes almost extinguish pleasure.^ Even though she looked inward and not to the war for the substance of her poetry, the tense atmosphere of the war years may have contributed to the urgency of her writing.
    • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Poetry: play on words.
  • Many a bard's untimely death
    Lends unto his verses breath;
    Here's a song was never sung:
    Growing old is dying young.^ No nerve without will, And no breast without breath, We whirl with the planets That never know death!
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Here I stand on a pier in the foam Seeing the songs to the beach go home, Dying in sand while the tide flows back, As it flowed of old in its fated track.
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • The bards were feared. .They were respected, but more than that they were feared.^ They come in great masses now You are slashdoted Enjoy more fibs than expected :) .

    ^ She inhales deep- tearing in one eye, I cant take any more pain than this drip, drip, drip I add two more blankets to smother her fear.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In glory less than Tyre or fabled Ys, But more than they in mere, surpassing evil!… ” .
    • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

    .If you were just some magician, if you'd pissed off some witch, then what's she gonna do, she's gonna put a curse on you, and what's gonna happen?^ So just you go and find some mates 'Cos one ain't quite enough!
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I just want to know how you are, or when your coming back here, sometimes i remember the worst that could happen, that seems to be my biggest fear.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cancer is just a word, That changed my life, And so did you, It happened so fast by the count of 5, And my whole life turned blue, .
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    .Your hens are gonna lay funny, your milk's gonna go sour, maybe one of your kids is gonna get a hare-lip or something like that — no big deal.^ Bush To The Rescue "Our huge trade deficit's no big deal.
    • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If, however, no one was looking, or looking on unconsciously, if the whole complex lives of many people go on unconsciously, then such lives are as if they had never been.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Go fetch your frisbee Gonna take a ride to the beach Mad.

    .You piss off a bard, and forget about putting a curse on you, he might put a satire on you.^ (If you were partly intrigued and partly turned off, put the book aside as well.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (I haven't been there, but it looks as if you might want to scrape the "W" sticker off your Land Rover before you attend.

    .And if he was a skillful bard, he puts a satire on you, it destroys you in the eyes of your community, it shows you up as ridiculous, lame, pathetic, worthless, in the eyes of your community, in the eyes of your family, in the eyes of your children, in the eyes of yourself, and if it's a particularly good bard, and he's written a particularly good satire, then three hundred years after you're dead, people are still gonna be laughing, at what a twat you were.^ But when you yourself know that a thing is good, .
    • A Collection of Powerful Poems 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.bemindful.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And would they sheathe the sword before you, friend, Or scorn your way, while looking in your eyes?
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You move along, since move you must; you moveand shine your eyes out!
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Alan Moore in "The Craft" - interview with Daniel Whiston, Engine Comics (January 2005)
  • Poetry heals the wounds inflicted by reason.
    • Novalis, as quoted in Quote, Unquote‎ (1989) by Jonathan Williams, p. .136
  • A poet's work is to name the unnameable, to point at frauds, to take sides, start arguments, shape the world and stop it from going to sleep.^ So at some point you need to choose a poem and work on figuring out what the poet is saying to you.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In silence, not making contact, the poet speaks his secret wish: He too would like to love in the old-fashioned way, working to shape his love and make it beautiful in his lovers eyes.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The three talk of poetry: In the wonderful opening section, Yeats speaks of how hard it is to write a poem, and how little the poets work is valued by the world.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • A poem works or fails to work; no amount of argufying can convert an experienced reader.^ No, Shklovsky insists, if the poem works well it must be difficult, it must make the world appear unfamiliar.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane .
    • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Michael Schmidt, From ‘Getting poetry published’, in, Writer’s and Artist’s Yearbook (2004)
  • A poet looks at the world somewhat as a man looks at a woman.^ "Best American" poet Michael Grabell on journalism and poetry .

    ^ Michael Grabell, a former Dallas Morning News writer and sometimes Texas Pages contributor who now works for ProPublica , has achieved the distinction of being included in both Best American Poetry 2009 The same poem was also published in Best New Poets 2009 .

    ^ When `Poetry, A Magazine of Verse', was first published in Chicago in the autumn of 1912, an Illinois poet, Vachel Lindsay, was, quite appropriately, one of its first discoveries.
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • My life has been the poem I would have writ,
    But I could not both live and utter it.^ I felt my life with both my hands .
    • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In that way, poems teach us, help us, to live a life which is rich and full, and not on semi-conscious auto-pilot.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This poem is called Large Red Man Reading, and it was published by the American poet Wallace Stevens in 1950, near the end of his long and rich career as a poet.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Henry David Thoreau A Week on the Concord and Marrimack Rivers (1849) My Life Has Been a Poem I Would Have Writ
  • Our Poets make us laugh at Tragœdy,
    And with their Comoedies they make us cry.^ When my dad called my friend And said you were gone, And my friend told me I thought my life was over, And never would be the same.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We need both to preserve the strangeness of a poem, and also make it ours.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They make it seem like work, not intimate conversation; they make us feel small and inadequate in the face of the poets abilities.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • A poet dares be just so clear and no clearer... He unzips the veil from beauty, but does not remove it. A poet utterly clear is a trifle glaring
  •     It is difficult
    to get the news from poems
yet men die miserably every day
for lack
of what is found there.
  • Many questions haven't been answered as yet. .Our poets may be wrong; but what can any of us do with his talent but try to develop his vision, so that through frequent failures we may learn better what we have missed in the past.^ Try to picture dreaming deep Dreaming in a hospital bed Try to picture not waking from sleep While visions of life run through your head .
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The modern poet cannot compete with them, and does not even try, although here Eliot may be disingenuous: He tried to be a great poet, and so for that matter did Shakespeare, Donne and Dickinson.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He recognizes that the ordered sounds of the poem suggest to us that there is order in the world around us, if we only have the vision and talent to see it.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • William Carlos Williams, in an interview with Stanley Koehler (April 1962), in The Paris Review : Writers at Work, 3rd series, Viking Penguin, p. 29

Unsourced

.
  • All poets are superior/ To 'Rithmetic's best guys./ They work with all the Alphabet/ Not just the 'X' and 'y'
    • J. Byron Kennedy
  • As a poet I hold the most archaic values on earth .^ They make it seem like work, not intimate conversation; they make us feel small and inadequate in the face of the poets abilities.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Scrutinized with such thoroughness and intensity, the poet moves to what I think is the most stunning conclusion in all of poetry.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The sweet, benignant, humble mien, And all that VIRTUE values most!

    . . the fertility of the soil, the magic of animals, the power-vision in solitude, the terrifying initiation and rebirth, the love and ecstasy of the dance, the common work of the tribe. .I try to hold both history and the wilderness in mind, that my poems may approach the true measure of things and stand against the unbalance and ignorance of our times.^ The old constraint of an essential bond Hath linkt them in my mind: opposed they stare, Twin silences, that through Time's Otherwhere,… ” .
    • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The things I didn't say How you were my superman Watching you fade away Saw as much as I could stand.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ More often, the poem becomes an additional voice to the many voices that inhabit us, and we hear it speak in our minds and through our mouths.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Poetry is this screaming madwoman.^ E-mail entry The entry "Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize winner" is tagged: gary snyder , ruth lilly poetry prize .

    Everything seems poetry. Madmen gaze high. Everything seems madness. Madmen fear no moon, fear no fire. Burns of flesh are poetry. Madmen's wounds are poetry. The witch's crime was poetry. Magic knew how to find its poetry. The star wasn't poetry before the madwoman discovered it.
  • Children and lunatics cut the Gordian knot which the poet spends his life patiently trying to untie.
  • Everything one invents is true, you may be perfectly sure of that. Poetry is as precise as geometry.
  • He lives the poetry that he cannot write. .The others write the poetry that they dare not realise.^ When most of us try to write poems, we are dominated by the voices of others, most often from the tradition of writing poetry, and so we dont sound nearly as individual as we do when we speak on the phone.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She's a freelance writer and editor who has written five collections of poetry and has won several other writing competitions, including the Purdue University Writing Competition and the 2005 Writer's Digest Poetry Competition.

    .
  • He who draws noble delights from sentiments of poetry is a true poet, though he has never written a line in all his life.^ O Life, thou harlot who beguilest all!
    • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Scrutinized with such thoroughness and intensity, the poet moves to what I think is the most stunning conclusion in all of poetry.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I've paus'd enraptur'd at the tone That from the Evening Copse is thrown By the wild Poet of the glade, Who rests his wing beneath the shade, And I have prov'd th' unequal bliss That burns upon the crimson kiss, When true adoring souls unite To perish in the proud delight.

  • I think one of poetry’s functions is not to give us what we want... [T]he poet isn’t always of use to the tribe. The tribe thrives on the consensual. The tribe is pulling together to face the intruder who threatens it. .Meanwhile, the poet is sitting by himself in the graveyard talking to a skull.^ Here the poet is talking to himself more than to his father, expressing an agonized self-reproach at his blindness.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Heather McHugh
  • In Poetry I have a few axioms, and you will see how far I am from their center. .I think Poetry should surprise by a fine excess and not by Singularity—it should strike the Reader as a wording of his own highest thoughts, and appear almost a Remembrance-l" Its touches of Beauty should never be half way thereby making the reader breathless instead of content: the rise, the progress, the setting of imagery should like the Sun come natural natural too him—shine over him and set soberly although in magnificence leaving him in the Luxury of twilight—but it is easier to think what Poetry should be than to write it—and this leads me on to another axiom.^ Until this point, we have looked at the social dimension of poem, stressing that it has to do with one person making contact with another, using voice and depending on the exercise of the readers imagination.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When a story I'm writing is really working, every sentence builds in the same way that every line of poetry builds upon the last."

    ^ Walt Whitman Thats the way he likes to present himself most of the time, and hes so effective that we tend to believe him.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .That if Poetry comes not as naturally as the Leaves to a tree it had better not come at all.^ But yesterday 'twas Autumn, and the leaves, All aureate and vermeil, strewed the ground And lay in drifted banks the trees around —… ” .
    • Poetry by Clark Ashton Smith 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.eldritchdark.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • John Keats, Letter to John Taylor, 27th Febrary 1818
  • Poetry is a deal of joy and pain and wonder, with a dash of the dictionary.^ In Praise of Songs that Die After having read a Great Deal of Good Current Poetry in the Magazines and Newspapers Ah, they are passing, passing by, Wonderful songs, but born to die!
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1817 the British poet John Keats at the age of 22, wrote a letter to his friend Benjamin Bailey.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • Poetry is just the evidence of life. .If your life is burning well, poetry is just the ash.^ Tomorrow will come and it could be your last, Don't waste time trying to fix the past, Just enjoy each day as if it were your last, For that day will come and you life will be the past!
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Because cancer came and snatched their life, Just imagine all of your strife.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

  • Honesty is the best poetry.
    • Gregory Alan Elliott
  • Poetry is language at its most distilled and most powerful.
    • Rita Dove
  • Poetry is nearer to vital truth than history.
  • Poetry is not a turning loose of emotion, but an escape from emotion; it is not the expression of personality, but an escape from personality. .But, of course, only those who have personality and emotions know what it means to want to escape from these things.^ Bringing together those who love to sing, or want to get involved in group singing, at the time of year that is most closely associated with singing, a project of the Huntsville Community Chorus Association .

    ^ Poets play little games so they can get said those things they want to say.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I do is an action (marrying the participant to another person who says the same thing), rather than a statement which is true or false.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • Poetry is not an expression of the party line. .It's that time of night, lying in bed, thinking what you really think, making the private world public, that's what the poet does.^ Nothing can prepare you for the real world .
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I think the night times are the worst .
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Those publicity-mongers deserve a limerick, dont you think?
    • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

  • Poetry is ordinary language raised to the Nth power. .Poetry is boned with ideas, nerved and blooded with emotions, all held together by the delicate, tough skin of words.^ And in the process of reducing the number of words so that the experience or emotion is as intense in language as it is in life, things are left out or jammed together.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Words out of wonderland, praising her fineness, Touched with her pulsating, delicate laughter, Saying, "The girl is all daring and kindness!"
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How often do we take for granted, the poem cries out with emotion, the wonders which are all around us: stoves, tulips, thorns, the miracle of words?
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Paul Engle
  • Poetry is plucking at the heartstrings, and making music with them.
  • Poetry is the best of any language.
    • Nathaniel Wenger
  • Poetry is the journal of the sea animal living on land, wanting to fly in the air. Poetry is a search for syllables to shoot at the barriers of the unknown and the unknowable. .Poetry is a phantom script telling how rainbows are made and why they go away.^ Until they day they go away .
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now, the memories will always linger they'll never go away you'll have them to love and remember to start a brand new day .
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One thing they did that I can tell And not offend the ladies here: -- They took a goat to Simp's Saloon And made it take a bath in beer.
    • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Poetry is the one place where people can speak their original human mind.^ On the website which precedes this, I claimed that the poetry of T. S. Eliot was one of the reasons fewer people read poetry today than did in the last century.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .It is the outlet for people to say in public what is known in private.^ Barely noticed at the time of its publication, This is just to say has become one of the best-known poems of the twentieth century.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Poetry is the opening and closing of a door, leaving those who look through to guess about what is seen during the moment.^ Bringing together those who love to sing, or want to get involved in group singing, at the time of year that is most closely associated with singing, a project of the Huntsville Community Chorus Association .

    ^ A couple of events should appeal to those who like their poetry slammed.

    ^ Close the language-door and open the love window.
    • A Collection of Powerful Poems 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.bemindful.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Poetry is the revelation of a feeling that the poet believes to be interior and personal which the reader recognizes as his own.^ In reading poems, it is possible to make a person feel small and inadequate if someone demands that he or she explain why one poet sounds different from another.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since speaking is always doing, when the poet makes contact he or she is doing something to or with the reader, or doing something personal, but not solitary, since the 'doing' is always before the reader's gaze.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The poem modulated, and continues to modulate, into one of my own many voices: in becoming mine the contact between poet and reader is affirmed.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Salvatore Quasimodo
  • Poetry is thoughts that breathe, and words that burn.^ Edgar Allan Poe .
    • Occupation: Poet 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Poetry is when an emotion has found its thought and the thought has found words..
  • Poetry... should strike the reader as a wording of his own highest thoughts, and appear almost a remembrance. .
  • Science is for those who learn; poetry, for those who know.^ A couple of events should appeal to those who like their poetry slammed.

    ^ To pity those that know her not Is helped by the regret, That those who know her, know her less The nearer her they get.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ E-mail entry The entry "I think that shall never know/ a poem lovely as "Klaatu barada nikto"" is tagged: poetry , science poetry .

    .
  • The poem is a little myth of man's capacity of making life meaningful.^ For it may be that the cost of making the beautiful poem is that one makes beauty instead of living life, or embracing love.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .And in the end, the poem is not a thing we see-it is, rather, a light by which we may see-and what we see is life.^ And art exists that one may recover the sensation of life; it exists to make one feel things, to make the stone stony.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thats how things work in everyday life: encountering the voice is poems is not very different.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Having begun with the hospital, the road, the sky, Williams has by the end of the poem won the ability to see the small changes that are taking place in a world filled with birth.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • The poet is in the end probably more afraid of the dogmatist who wants to extract the message from the poem and throw the poem away than he is of the sentimentalist who says, "Oh, just let me enjoy the poem.^ You just get more who you really are.
    • A Collection of Powerful Poems 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.bemindful.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I also want to say I love you, I love you more than you can see.
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But poems consist of more than sounds.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • There is poetry as soon as we realize that we possess nothing. .
  • There's no poetry in money, but then there's no money in poetry, either.^ Our emotions are never entirely divorced either from what we experience or from what we say, and so it should come as no surprise that there is an emotional tenor to every poem.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • To have great poets, there must be great audiences.^ If we can admire the work of couturiers, great chefs, and mechanics, there is no reason we should not admire the work of poets.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • You can tear a poem apart to see what makes it tick...^ You dont have to read the poem if it seems to make no sense.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dont let any rule, any expectation, preclude the contact the poem seeks to make with you.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some poems emerge from the poets desire to make contact with herself by seeing her reflection or imprint in words.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .You're back with the mystery of having been moved by words.^ Byrd you're at times quite inspired, Speaking words that I've often admired.
    • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

    The best craftsmanship always leaves holes and gaps... so that something that is not in the poem can creep, crawl, flash or thunder in. .
  • You will find poetry nowhere unless you bring some of it with you.^ So just you go and find some mates 'Cos one ain't quite enough!
    • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At some point, hopefully fairly soon, you will move beyond this guided introduction to reading poetry entirely on your own.
    • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

External links

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Contents

English

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ποίησις (poiesis), poetry), from ποιέω (poieō), I make, do, create).

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
poetry
poetry (uncountable)
  1. The class of literature comprising poems.
  2. Composition in verse or language exhibiting conscious attention to patterns.
  3. A poet's literary production
  4. A 'poetical' quality, artistic and/or artfull, which appeals or stirs the imagination, in any medium
    That 'Swan Lake' choreography is poetry in motion, fitting the musical poetry of Tchaikovski's divine score well beyond the literary inspiration

Synonyms

Antonyms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

< Choosing High Quality Children's Literature
by Keith Allison

Contents

Poetry Introduction

Poetry is easy to recognize but hard to define. Let's start with Webster's definition, "The art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts." .As lovely as that sounds, it may already say too much about this unique and unpredictable art form.^ You are very dear to me Mom, your apart of everything I do, I love you very much than my words can say.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Rhythm is important, perhaps the only element in poetry we can truly count on. Rhymes are optional, but some sort of rhythm to the reading of quality poetry will always almost exist. We can experience poetry through our eyes or our ears. It is usually meant to excite pleasure but it can also reflect sorrow or regret; meaningful but not necessarily pleasurable. That brings us to "beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts." Poetry often contains these things, but sometimes it can just be silly and simple. .So, while Webster's Dictionary defines poetry in words far better than I could have come up with, it still may not include the full picture of what poetry is.^ Some how I could not cope Still I could not give up on this hope .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Memories Born with cancer In a hospital bed you lay You could never get better Your virus always comes around may .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Types of Poetry

There are many types of poems and more types are just waiting to be invented. .Maybe you or your children will be the ones to create a whole new style of poetry.^ Stillness of the Dawn Stillness of the Dawn I sat in the stillness of the dawn I hear you voice calling me while the beauty of your creations surrounded me.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Imagine, every morning that you wake up Gods Hands open up to offer you a brand new day just for you, one like no other; it is up to you what you do with it.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Maybe be lucky to meet your dad,we wont leave you baby.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Poem of Quotes lists 51 types of poems. Many types overlap. I'll describe a few.

Acrostic

.You write one word vertically and use the letters in that word as the first word in words you write horizontally.^ Our Dad When we were young and innocent, we'd believe every word you said About treacle mines and ""dream man"" you used to fill our heads.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

This is a fairly easy type of poem for kids to create and they can use their own name as the starting word or another word that they want to tell about.

Cinquain

These poems have five lines. The first and last lines are the same single word which will be the title (the last line could be a variation of the word). The second line is two words that describe the title. The third line is three words long and includes an action. The fourth line is four words long and express a feeling. These are also relatively simple poems for students to create and again they can use their own names for the titles.

Haiku

Usually about nature, this style from Japan consists of three unrhymed lines. The first and last line contain five syllables and the middle line has seven syllables. These are easy in theory to fill in the syllables, but it can be hard for the students to actually make them meaningful.

Free verse

There is no fixed pattern and it can, but does not have to, use rhyming words.

Lyric

Lyric poems focus on feelings and visualizations rather than on a story.

Narrative

Narrative poems tell a story.
.
While the structured style of Cinquains, Acrostic, and Haiku are easier to teach and have students replicate, there is more creativity, choice, and excitement (to my mind) when you can lead your students to free verse, lyric, or narrative poetry.
^ Blessings~ Dreaming I wonder, is death like dreaming when your body is left behind and your spirit free to wander sends pictures to your mind?
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ So for every step you take and every good deed you do, Will lead you closer to home and there I will be waiting for you.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ His voice broke through: ""Now is the time my child, start today and begin a new, for you are now cancer free"".
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

What Should We Do With Poetry?

Poetry should not be a chore. If kids have to memorize and recite a poem the teacher selects or determine the underlying meaning of a poem according to their teacher's interpretations, poetry ceases to be fun. Like anything else, kids need to explore poetry. They should be exposed to poetry, in many different forms, throughout the year. .It should not just be part of a special poetry unit that we then leave completely behind.^ This day I wish I could forget I wish to leave it all behind I wish to have a life recorder so I could just push rewind .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Poetry is great for transition times or when you finish something with just a few minutes to spare.^ She knows she has little time so helpless she is but if you were to ask her how she was doing her reply would be, ""Just fine.""
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Tomorrow will come and it could be your last, Don't waste time trying to fix the past, Just enjoy each day as if it were your last, For that day will come and you life will be the past!
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ So just keep the "Faith" what ever you do and know in Gods timing there a healing for you.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

"Poetry needs to be performed and dramatized. .Take some chances and try out different effects (using different voices, elongating words, singing, shouting, whispering, pausing dramatically, and so on) as you read poems aloud.^ Your loved ones gone, Your loved ones vanished, Gone with out a word, Although, not everyone goes, Some live.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I have no words to tell you The joy their voices bring For it is beyond description, To hear the angels sing.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I will do what It takes to help you get through Your life is not over, so why do you try to misconstrue .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Your voice is a powerful tool: You may change it from louder to softer to only a whisper; you may start at a deep, low pitch and rise to a medium and eventually high pitch; you may speak very quickly in a clipped fashion and then slow down and drawl out the words."^ You better slow down.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ You'd better slow down.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Your loved ones gone, Your loved ones vanished, Gone with out a word, Although, not everyone goes, Some live.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

(Lynch-Brown/Tomlinson: Essentials of Children's Literature. p.70)
Have students find a poem they love and share with the class. As teachers or parents, we can create lots of opportunities to share poems we like and think our children will like, but kids should have that opportunity as well. Let them read a poem to the class that is special to them. Let kids discover their own meanings in poetry and discuss those meanings without making them conform to an understood critical meaning. Some poems would lend themselves well to having the students act them out. Kids need to discover that poetry can be sweet or silly, short or long, fun, thoughtful, or personal. .It can have more than one voice.^ She inhales deep- tearing in one eye, I cant take any more pain than this drip, drip, drip I add two more blankets to smother her fear.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Help them find connections to their lives. Tie poetry in to other areas. You could introduce a Science lesson by reading a related poem.
When you are ready for children to create their own poetry, make sure you have introduced them to several different forms and then let children chose a style to create their poem in. Have fun! .If you do not enjoy poetry, try some different kinds.^ Tomorrow will come and it could be your last, Don't waste time trying to fix the past, Just enjoy each day as if it were your last, For that day will come and you life will be the past!
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ One of these days I am afraid that I will be gone, and you will regret the time we didnt share, so I will try to remind you from time to time that we need to spend some time.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Keep looking until you find something you like and then expand upon that.^ In a hospital bed you sleep Wires attached like a scab Memories of you I'll keep I went home in a cab .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.If you yourself are not excited about the poems you are reading, it will show through to the children and they will have little reason to get excited themselves.^ I can read your mind, and I know your story, I see what your going through, is an uphill climb, and im feeling sorry, but I know it will come to you.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Selecting High Quality Poetry Books

.The best way to tell if you have a good poetry book is simply to try it out.^ Try to picture all the days You'd walk with pain and such Try to picture all the ways How the pain could hurt this much .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Know that you have strength and your light is so bright that even when bad things try to stamp it out it still flickers on.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Missing You Wish you where here, You've been gone way to long, It's been a long time, And we've tried to stay strong.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Read a few poems. .Most poems are relatively short and it doesn't take long to read a few.^ That stupid poem ""Bob"" doesn't rhyme Why would someone take the time?
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Don't just read the first couple poems, flip to the middle and the back too. Do you like them? Do they make you smile, laugh, or cry? If you can't answer yes to any of those questions, you probably want to find another book.
Poetry should sound good when it is read aloud. It should have a rhythm to it. It should use language that is interesting and non-repetitive unless the repetition serves a strong and effective purpose. Because poetry can exist for so many reasons, the use of language is hard to define into one set criteria. It might be beautiful, flowing language with impressive words or it might be cute, simple words that are fun.
Illustrations can be a terrific added bonus, but you can find good poetry without illustrations (or with mediocre illustrations).
There is so much freedom with poetry, it doesn't have to be accurate or realistic unless it claims or implies that it is. When you are dealing with real people or places in a realistic way, then poetry has the same obligation that other genres have in providing accurate details. It also has an obligation, as does all literature, to avoid harmful stereotypes (culture, gender, disabilities, etc).
.If you simply don't know where to start, try some of the books I recommend below - or ask a librarian, a teacher, or a friend.^ Don't you know, can't you see.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Do you know something we don't?
  • Occupation: Poet 25 January 2010 3:32 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You died that Saturday From which cancer I don't know.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Someone will be glad to help get you started.^ I'm so glad I have you there, someone I know I can trust.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Someone to give you strength Someone to help you on your difficult journey .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Once you've begun, follow authors you love and seek out more of their work.^ Now we take it hour by hour I pray that you dont Get taking by this storm You worked to hard to Be won out by the big C word CANCER. ......
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Uncle Ali I love you you've just had twins and are only in your thirties you don't deserve this......
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I love you more than you could ever know .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Reaching Out to Boys

I wrote this poem to address the reluctantness of boys when it comes to poetry and how we, as teachers or parents, can overcome this reluctance and show even little boys the pleasures of poetry. .The work of Jack Prelutsky is one great way to penetrate the guarded shell that boys may have put up and offer them images far from what they expected to find in poetry, such as the fantastically awful beings that inhabit Monday's Troll and The Dragons Are Singing Tonight (both of which are referenced in the poem).^ They put Us far apart .
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Being rooted in the puritanical Massachusetts of the 1800's, the Dickinson children were raised in the Christian tradition, and they were expected to take up their father's religious beliefs and values without argument.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Imagine, every morning that you wake up Gods Hands open up to offer you a brand new day just for you, one like no other; it is up to you what you do with it.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]


Poetry is wonderful,
.I hear my teacher say.^ Say, when thy tuneful voice I hear, Why does my panting bosom swell?

He’s holding up a dozen books.
He’ll read some everyday.

Poetry in the classroom,
The idea is preposterous.
I think I’d rather be sat upon
By a hippopotamus.

Poems are incredibly boring.
My mom tried reading to me.
She told of birds and dandelions
And leaves falling from a tree.
An open field and kites on strings,
Stars twinkling in the sky.
Little girls might like such things
As poems and lullabies.

But little boys are different,
We do not hold them dear.
Stuffy words and boring rhymes
Are not things we want to hear.

I guess he didn’t noticed
That my eyes had rolled astray,
For without another word
He begins the torture right away.

That’s it. I just won’t listen.
I’ll try whispering to Joel.
As Mr. Allison reads a book
Entitled Monday’s Troll.

Wait! What is this I hear?
Prelutsky makes a wizard appear!

Giants and Ogres and Yetis?
“A dragon with worn innersprings?”
I didn’t know poetry was capable
Of including such horrible things.

I’m listening intently
To creatures creeping without light.
I never even realized
That dragons were singing tonight.

These words are fun and meaningful,
.My imagination’s running wild.^ At that point i imagined myself running towards her screaming at the top of my lungs..
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

All the other poems I’ve heard
Have been so meek and mild.

Perhaps I was mistaken.
Perhaps I spoke too soon.
Perhaps it wouldn’t be so bad
If he reads again at noon.

This author is a genius.
He writes with great aplomb.
I guess I do love poetry,
.But please don’t tell my mom.^ I love you mom, please don't go.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Please mom don't leave me now, I love you Mom!........
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]


-by Keith Allison

Some Terrific Poetry Books to Check Out

Monday's Troll

1996. Poems by Jack Prelutsky. Pictures by Peter Sís. This is my favorite book by Prelutsky. It begins and ends with great poems about wizards and there are all kinds of delightfully dreadful creatures in between. He uses some great language in this book. "I escalated my harangue, and blared triumphantly." .These are advanced words that many poets would leave out of children's poetry, but it will sound great to kids and they may even add some very impressive words to their vocabulary along the way.^ Even though she looked inward and not to the war for the substance of her poetry, the tense atmosphere of the war years may have contributed to the urgency of her writing.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other Prelutsky books I highly recommend: The Dragons Are Singing Tonight, The Gargoyle on the Roof, Tyrannosaurus Was a Beast.

A Light in the Attic

1981. Poems and drawings by Shel Silverstein. Silverstein's popular work is loaded with small, silly, fun poems. .Some are fabulous and you'll pick your favorites.^ And in your hearts is where I'll be because I've touched each one of you, But keep in mind my heart was filled with special memories too.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Ill bring you pain and suffering Your happiness I'll end.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ My cold embrace, my chilling breath, My silent deadly kiss I'll pick you up, then throw you down Into my dark abyss I'm silent, I'm invisible.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

My favorites include Nobody, Messy Room, and Homework Machine, as well as the sweet introduction to sign language Deaf Donald. .There will be other poems you are less fond of, but there are so many great ones, you'll ignore the occassional dud.^ There are so many things I wanted to tell you so man memories I wanted to make with you so many laughs I wanted to laugh with you .....and now that's all gone now I cant all because of some.....thing called cancer!
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Imagine, every morning that you wake up Gods Hands open up to offer you a brand new day just for you, one like no other; it is up to you what you do with it.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ And in your hearts is where I'll be because I've touched each one of you, But keep in mind my heart was filled with special memories too.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Silverstein's Where the Sidewalk Ends is another terrific collection very much like this one.but in india it is not easy to find that types of books then what could we do

Casey at the Bat: A Ballad of the Republic Sung in the Year 1888

2000. Poem by Ernest L. Thayer. Illustrated by Christopher Bing. This poem originally appeared in the San Francisco Examiner in 1888 and is a treasure in and of itself. Christopher Bing, however, has enriched the poem with spectacular illustrations in the style of newspaper clipings of the day with terrific details scattered throughout. Christopher Bing also does a magnificent job of illustrating The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

If Pigs Could Fly... And Other Deep Thoughts

2000. Poems by Bruce Lansky. Illustrated by Stephen Carpenter. .A terrific collection of fun poems that will leave you smiling.^ I leave this poem to you KMD 4-ever .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.I Like My Nose is a terrific little poem about what would happen if our noses were upside down.^ I am making this promise to you today, that I will live my life to the fullest just like you would want me too.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

What I'd Cook For My Teacher would be a fun treat for kids to hear. Out of Control, where the TV station keeps getting switched after a quick catchphrase, would be so much fun reading in parts - in fact, I plan to try that tomorrow. .(I have now tried it twice, with 3rd and 5th graders, and it worked splendidly both times, exciting both the performers and the audience).^ A night, a day, I've got it, It could kill me, I could fight, But I fear I am too weak, I love the world, But I could live, Now it is time to say goodbye, I will survive and I will always try.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Insectlopedia

1998. Poems and paintings by Douglas Florian. Really cool poems all about bugs with great illustrations. Highlights include The Hornet, The Whirligig Beetles, and The Army Ants.

Websites to Explore

.Giggle Poetry You can get lost in fun at this site for quite some time.^ So just you go and find some mates 'Cos one ain't quite enough!
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Ever lost touch, Let a good friendship die Cause you never had time To call and say "Hi"?
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ One of these days I am afraid that I will be gone, and you will regret the time we didnt share, so I will try to remind you from time to time that we need to spend some time.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.There are lots of ideas you can use to teach poetry, or the kids themselves could explore the site and have a lot of fun while sparking some ideas of their own.^ There are so many things I wanted to tell you so man memories I wanted to make with you so many laughs I wanted to laugh with you .....and now that's all gone now I cant all because of some.....thing called cancer!
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ When you run so fast to get somewhere You miss half the fun of getting there.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.You can go to Poetry Class to learn how to write different kinds of poems, such as things that bug you, what you'd cook for your teacher, poems about feelings, and an opposite day poem.^ Writing that poem was dumb Why don't you go suck your thumb?
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Have you ever stopped And wondered about this day?
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, the memories will always linger they'll never go away you'll have them to love and remember to start a brand new day .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.You can go to Poetry Theatre and perform plays written for more than one speaker (Turn Off the TV was my favorite).^ My hand presses on her forehead, Her bones, her teeth rattle One sheet, two sheets, one blanket, Please, cover me more Im cold.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ So just you go and find some mates 'Cos one ain't quite enough!
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I love you more than you could ever know .
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.There are many fun poems already written for you to find and enjoy.^ There are so many things I wanted to tell you so man memories I wanted to make with you so many laughs I wanted to laugh with you .....and now that's all gone now I cant all because of some.....thing called cancer!
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ When you run so fast to get somewhere You miss half the fun of getting there.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of her poems were not completed and written on scraps of paper, such as old grocery lists.
  • Emily Dickinson - Poems and Biography by AmericanPoems.com 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.americanpoems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You can search by categories (animal poems, school poems, yucky poems) or let them find random poems for you.^ I asked her what was wrong...and you find out in the poem.
  • Poems from cancer patients, poems related to cancer 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cancernet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

has been well defined as "the measured language of emotion." .Hebrew poetry deals almost exclusively with the great question of man's relation to God.^ In Praise of Songs that Die After having read a Great Deal of Good Current Poetry in the Magazines and Newspapers Ah, they are passing, passing by, Wonderful songs, but born to die!
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

"Guilt, condemnation, punishment, pardon, redemption, repentance are the awful themes of this heaven-born poetry."
In the Hebrew scriptures there are found three distinct kinds of poetry,
(1) that of the Book of Job and the Song of Solomon, which is dramatic;
(2) that of the Book of Psalms, which is lyrical; and
(3) that of the Book of Ecclesiastes, which is didactic and sententious.
Hebrew poetry has nothing akin to that of Western nations. It has neither metre nor rhyme. Its great peculiarity consists in the mutual correspondence of sentences or clauses, called parallelism, or "thought-rhyme." Various kinds of this parallelism have been pointed out:
  1. Synonymous or cognate parallelism, where the same idea is repeated in the same words (Ps 933; 94:1; Prov 6:2), or in different words (Psalm 22, 23, 28, 114, etc.); or where it is expressed in a positive form in the one clause and in a negative in the other .(Ps 4012; Prov 6:26); or where the same idea is expressed in three successive clauses (Ps 4015, 16); or in a double parallelism, the first and second clauses corresponding to the third and fourth (Isa 9:1; 61:10, 11).
  2. Antithetic parallelism, where the idea of the second clause is the converse of that of the first (Ps 208; 27:6, 7; 34:11; 37:9, 17, 21, 22).^ The first only one the second is one but the next is two then three to five and eight and thirteen and to infinity… .

    ^ Steele-Buyers Remorse It seems Republican National Committee members are having second, third, and fourth thoughts about having named Michael Steele to be Chairman of the RNC. ...
    • Funny Verse, Limericks, Haiku, Poems About Politics, Money, Media, Pets, Family, Law, Work, Technology, By Humorist Mad Kane 28 January 2010 0:40 UTC www.madkane.com [Source type: General]

    This is the common form of gnomic or proverbial poetry. (See Prov. 10-15.)
  3. Synthetic or constructive or compound parallelism, where each clause or sentence contains some accessory idea enforcing the main idea (Ps 197-10; 85:12; Job 3:3-9; Isa 1:5-9).
  4. Introverted parallelism, in which of four clauses the first answers to the fourth and the second to the third (Ps 13515-18; Prov 23:15, 16), or where the second line reverses the order of words in the first (Ps 862).
.Hebrew poetry sometimes assumes other forms than these.^ Or is his weariness the result of his having worked harder than all these scullions and rock-breakers on the craft of poetry?
  • You_Can_Read_A Poem 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

  1. An alphabetical arrangement is sometimes adopted for the purpose of connecting clauses or sentences. Thus in the following the initial words of the respective verses begin with the letters of the alphabet in regular succession: Prov 31:10-31; Lam. 1, 2, 3, 4; Psalm 25, 34, 37, 145. Psalm 119 has a letter of the alphabet in regular order beginning every eighth verse.
  2. The repetition of the same verse or of some emphatic expression at intervals (Psalm 42, 107, where the refrain is in verses, 8, 15, 21, 31). (Comp. also Isa 9:8-10:4; Amos 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 13; 2:1, 4, 6.)
  3. Gradation, in which the thought of one verse is resumed in another (Psalm 121).
.Several odes of great poetical beauty are found in the historical books of the Old Testament, such as the song of Moses (Ex.^ Such conditions and contacts may still be found, if the world only knew it, in the wonderful song-dances of the Hopis and others of our aboriginal tribes.
  • Vachel Lindsay's "Congo and Other Poems" 22 January 2010 13:013 UTC xroads.virginia.edu [Source type: Original source]

15), the song of Deborah (Judg. 5), of Hannah (1 Sam. 2), of Hezekiah (Isa 38:9-20), of Habakkuk (Hab. 3), and David's "song of the bow" (2 Sam 1:19-27).
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)
This article needs to be merged with POETRY (Jewish Encyclopedia).

Simple English

Poetry is a type of art form and a type of literature.

Poetry uses the qualities of words, in different ways, to be artistic.

  • different length and sound (of words)

(Poetry can be as short, as a few words, or as long as a book (an epic).

  • meanings (of words)
  • (Poetry has) different uses of tone.

There are many "poetic forms" (forms of poetry). Some of them are : Sonnet, Haiku , Ballad, Stev , Ode, Free verse, Blank verse, thematic, limerick and nursery rhymes.

Poetry can be used to describe (comparing, talking about, or expressing emotion) many things. It can make sense or be nonsense, it can rhyme or not. It can have many shapes and sizes; it can be serious, or it can be funny.

"To say something poetically" means to give information in an artistic way.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 05, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Poetry, which are similar to those in the above article.








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