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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pole may refer to:

Contents

Cylindrical objects

A solid cylindrical object or column with its length greater than its diameter, for example:

  • Barber's pole, advertising a barber shop
  • Fireman's pole, wooden pole or a metal tube or pipe installed between floors in fire stations
  • Flagpole (structure), metal pole from which a flag is hung
  • Lamppost, a raised source of light on the edge of a road
  • Totem pole, monumental sculptures carved from great trees
  • Utility pole, also called a telephone pole, telegraph pole or power pole, a pole that carries utility wires
  • Another name for the rod, a unit of length equal to 11 cubits, 5.0292 metres or 16.5 feet (originally the length of a metal rod, or pole)
  • Poles used in sporting and other activities:
    • Dance pole, a pole used for pole dancing
    • Danish pole, a circus prop
    • Festivus pole, a pole used in the celebration of Festivus that is traditionally made of aluminium
    • Fishing pole, tool used to catch fish
    • Foul pole, used in the sport of baseball to distinguish foul balls from fair balls hit into the outfield
    • Maypole, a tall wooden pole with ornaments, like ribbons, that is danced around
    • Pole bending, a rodeo event that involves riding a horse around six poles arranged in a line
    • Pole position, in motorsport, the position at the front of the grid (originally marked with a pole)
    • Pole-sitting pole, a pole used for pole sitting, which is the practice of sitting on a pole for extended lengths of time
    • Pole vaulting pole, a pole used for pole vaulting
    • Pole weapon, combat weapon in which the main fighting part of the weapon is placed on the end of a long shaft, typically of wood
    • Ski pole, a pole used by skiers to improve balance, speed and acceleration
    • Spinnaker pole, a spar used in sailboats to help support and control a variety of headsails, particularly the spinnaker
    • Trekking pole, also called hiking sticks or hiking poles, a pole used for hiking

Geography and places

  • Geographical pole, either of two fixed points on the surface of a spinning body or planet, at 90 degrees from the equator, based on the axis around which a body spins
    • North Pole, the northernmost point on the surface of the Earth, where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects the Earth's surface
    • Polar circle, either of two circles of latitude marking the extreme southerly points (northern hemisphere) or northerly points (southern hemisphere) at which the sun may remain above or below the horizon for 24 continuous hours at some point during the year
    • Polar region, the region within the polar circles, referred to as the Arctic and Antarctic
    • South Pole, the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth, where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects the Earth's surface

Astronomy

  • Celestial pole, the projection of the planet Earth's axis of rotation onto the celestial sphere; also applies to the axis of rotation of other planets
  • Pole star, a visible star that is approximately aligned with the Earth's axis of rotation
  • Orbital pole, the projection of the line perpendicular to planet Earth's orbit onto the celestial sphere; also applies to the orbit of other planets
  • Poles of astronomical bodies, concepts analogous to the Earth's geographic and magnetic poles on other planets and Solar System bodies

Science, technology, and mathematics

  • One "half" of a dipole
  • Pole, term used in electrical circuits used to describe switch contact variations
  • Landau pole, the energy scale where a coupling constant of a quantum field theory becomes infinite
  • Monopole
    • Magnetic monopole, a hypothetical particle that may be loosely described as a magnet with only one pole
    • Monopole (mathematics), a connection over a principal bundle G with a section (the Higgs field) of the associated adjoint bundle
    • Monopole (wine), an appellation controlled by a single winery
    • Monopole antenna, a radio antenna that replaces half of a dipole antenna with a ground plane at right-angles to the remaining half
  • Mathematics
  • Meteorology
    • Polar climate, the climate of the polar regions, characterized by a lack of warm summers
    • Polar front, the boundary region between the polar cell and the Ferrel cell in each hemisphere

Biology and psychology

  • Anterior and posterior poles, surface vertices of the eye's lens
  • Fetal pole, a thickening on the margin of the yolk sac of a fetus during pregnancy
  • Pole of kidney
  • Cell (biology), either extremity of the main axis of a nucleus, cell, or organism. Important structures situated close to such extremities have also been regarded as poles (e.g. animal cell centrosomes).
  • East Pole–West Pole Divide, an intellectual schism between researchers in the fields of cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience

People

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General

Non-fictional

Fictional

  • Jill Pole, a fictional character from C. S. Lewis' Chronicles of Narnia series
  • Pole, an opponent in the video game Yie Ar Kung-Fu

Politics

See also


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

POLE (i) (0.(0. Eng. p01, cf. Ger. Pfahl, Du. pawl, from Lat. pales,. stake), a tapering cylindrical post or stake of some considerable length, used as a support in scaffolding, for telegraph or telephone wires, hops, &c., and as a means fcr taking jumps (see Pole-Vaulting), and also as a single shaft for a vehicle drawn by two or more horses. As a measure of length a "pole,"' also called "rod" or "perch," is equal to 51 yds. (162 ft.), as a measure of area it is equal to 304 sq. yds. (2) (Lat. polus, adapted from Gr. ir6Xos, pivot, axis), one or other of the extremities of the axis of the earth; the "celestial pole" is one or other of the points in the heavens to which the earth's axis points; in the northern hemisphere this point is near the star Ursae minoris, better known as the Pole-star or Polaris. (see Ursa Major). For the regions lying about the north and south poles of the earth see Polar Regions.

In mathematics the word pole has several meanings. In spherical. trigonometry the "pole" of a circle on a sphere is the point where the diameter of the sphere perpendicular to the plane of the circle intersects the sphere. In crystallography the "pole" of a face is the intersection of a line perpendicular to the face with the sphere of projection. The term is also applied to a point from which lines radiate, as, for instance, the origin in a system of polar co-ordinates, or the common point of a pencil of rays. In the geometry of conic sections the "pole" of a line, termed the "polar" of the point, is the intersection of the tangents (either real or imaginary) at the points where the line meets the conic (see Geometry: § Projective). The "magnetic poles" of the earth are the points on the earth's surface where the dipping needle is vertical (see Terrestrial Magnetism); and the "poles" of a magnet are the points of the magnet where the magnetic intensity is greatest. In electricity, the term is applied to the elements of a galvanic battery, or to the terminals of a frictional electrical machine.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also pole, and pôle

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
Pole

Plural
Poles

Pole (plural Poles) (or Polish)

  1. A person from Poland or of Polish descent.

Translations

Anagrams


German

Noun

Pole m.

  1. Pole
  2. plural of Pol

Related terms


Simple English

Pole could mean:

Contents

Geography

  • Geographical pole, on the axis of a rotating body
    • North Pole, on Earth, the Arctic and Eskimos
    • South Pole, on Earth, Antarctica and penguins
    • Polar circle, either the Arctic or Antarctic Circle
    • Third Pole (Kashmir), the largest glacier outside the polar regions
    • Polar climate, climates characterised by cold, snowy weather
    • Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus), a large white bear native to the Arctic
  • Magnetic pole
  • Adventurers and explorers count other "poles":
    • Pole of inaccessibility
    • Mount Everest, the third "top" of the Earth
  • Poles, people inhabiting the country of Poland
  • Orbital pole, on the celestial sphere
  • Polar, a town in Langlade County, Wisconsin, United States
  • The Pole Star, Polaris

Things

  • A solid cylindrical object with length greater than its diameter e.g:
    • Poles used in sporting and other activities:
  • Pole position, in motorsport
  • The contacts in a switch
  • Pole (musician), an electronic music artist named Stefan Betke
  • Pole (Polo) is a political party in Venezuela
  • A unit of length also known as a rod
  • Polarity in international relations

Science and mathematics

  • One "half" of a dipole
  • Pole (complex analysis), a certain type of mathematical singularity
  • The surface vertices of the eye's lens
  • Polar body, a cell structure found inside an ovum, produced during oogenesis
  • Polar curve (aviation), a graph of the rate of sink versus the horizontal speed of an aircraft
  • Polar membrane, either 1) a lipid bilayer membrane displaying polarity or 2) a specialized region of the bacterial cell membrane associated with the flagella (usually located at the cell poles).
  • Chemical polarity, describing how polar or non-polar a chemical bond is
  • In the polar coordinate system, points are given by an angle and a distance from the pole, or central point equivalent to the origin in the Cartesian coordinate system
  • Polar (cataclysmic variable), a strongly magnetic cataclysmic variable star system
  • Intermediate polar, a type of cataclysmic variable binary star system
  • The fetal pole is a thickening on the margin of the yolk sac of a fetus during pregnancy
  • In physics, Landau pole is the energy scale where a coupling constant of a quantum field theory becomes infinite
  • Monopole

As a surname

  • Charles Morice Pole, 1st Baronet (1757–1830), English naval officer and colonial governor
  • Dick Pole (born 1950), former Major League Baseball player and current coach
  • Edward Tudor-Pole (born 1955), a British singer and actor
  • Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk, 6th Earl of Suffolk (1471/1472 - 1513)
  • George Pole, Conservative Party (UK) member and activist, Chairman of the Conservative Monday Club 1970-2
  • Jill Pole, a fictional character from C. S. Lewis' Chronicles of Narnia series
  • John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln (1462/4-1487), eldest son of John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk and Elizabeth of York
  • John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk (1442-1491/2), known as the Trimming Duke, son of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk
  • Margaret Pole (1473–1541), Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George Plantagenet (brother of Edward IV and Richard III of England)
  • Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk (1330–1389)
  • Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (1367–1415)
  • Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (1394–1415)
  • Reginald Cardinal Pole (1500–1558), Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Richard de la Pole (died 1525 in Milan) was a pretender to the English crown
  • William Pole (1814-1900), English engineer
  • William de la Pole (1396-1450), English soldier and commander in the Hundred Years' War, later Lord Chamberlain of England
  • William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington GCH PC (1763–1845), British politician and elder brother of the Duke of Wellington

Polar

May also refer to:

  • Polar Electro Oy, a manufacturer of heart rate monitors
  • Polar Air Cargo, a logistics company
  • Polar (artist), a Norwegian electronic music artist
  • Empresas Polar, a brewery in Venezuela
  • Polar Beverages, an independent soft drink bottling company based in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • The Polar Express, a 1985 children's book adapted as a feature film in 2004
  • Polar (album), the 2007 sophomore album by The High Water Marks
  • Polar Studios, once one of the most famous recording studios in Scandinavia
  • Polar Music, a Swedish record company founded in 1963
  • Polar Music Prize, an international music prize founded 1989 awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Music
  • Order of the Polar Star (Swedish Nordstjärneorden), a Swedish Royal order of chivalry
  • Polar Star, a 1989 crime novel by Martin Cruz Smith, set in the Soviet Union in the late 1980's
  • POLAR II, a pedestrian test dummy created by Honda, used to study how pedestrians injuries in road traffic accidents
  • Polar Wrocław, a Polish football club based in Wrocław, Poland
  • the Crash Bandicoot character
  • Penis (slang)

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