Polish parliamentary election, 2007: Wikis

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2005 Poland 2011 ›
Polish parliamentary election, 2007
All 460 seats to the Sejm
and all 100 seats to the Senate of Poland
October 21, 2007
First party Second party Third party
Donald Tusk.jpg Jarosław Kaczyński.jpg Aleksander Kwasniewski, Croatia 2005.jpg
Leader Donald Tusk Jarosław Kaczyński Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Party Civic Platform Law and Justice Left and Democrats
Leader since 1 June 2003 18 January 2003 9 September 2007
Leader's seat Warsaw Warsaw Did not stand
Last election 133 seats, 28.9% 155 seats, 33.7% 55 seats, 11%
Seats won 209 166 53
Seat change +76 +11 -2
Popular vote 6,701,010 5,183,477 2,122,981
Percentage 41.5% 32.1% 13.2%
Swing +17.4% +5.1% +1.8%
Fourth party Fifth party
Waldemar Pawlak Srebrne Usta 2006.jpg Henryk Kroll.jpg
Leader Waldemar Pawlak Henryk Kroll
Party Polish People's Party German Minority
Leader since 29 January 2005 27 October 1991
Leader's seat Plock-Ciechanów Opole (defeated)
Last election 25 seats, 5.4% 2 seats, 0.4%
Seats won 31 1
Seat change +6 -1
Popular vote 1,437,638 32,462
Percentage 8.9% 0.2%
Swing +2% -0.1%
Sejm rp sala 2007.svg
Results:
     Civic Platform seats      Law and Justice seats      Left and Democrats seats      Polish People's Party seats      German Minority seat
Republic of Poland

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Early parliamentary elections for both houses of parliament (Sejm and Senat) were held in Poland on 21 October 2007 after the Sejm voted for its own dissolution on 7 September 2007. The election took place two years before the maximum tenure of four years, with the previous elections having been in September 2005. All parties voted for dissolution except the two junior coalition partners in the former government, the League of Polish Families and Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland.[1] All 460 seats in the Sejm and all 100 seats in the Senate were up for election.

The election was won by the largest opposition group, the Civic Platform, which soundly defeated the ruling Law and Justice party. Throughout the campaign, the polls showed conflicting results as to which of the two parties had the greater support, but by the closing week the polls had swung in favour of the Civic Platform. Three other groupings entered the Sejm, the centre-left Left and Democrats coalition, the agrarian Polish People's Party, and the tiny 'German minority' group. Both of Law and Justice's former minor coalition partners, the League of Polish Families and the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland suffered a huge voter backlash thereby failing to cross the 5% electoral threshold, for elections to the Sejm. Consequently they lost all their seats.

The turnout of the elections was 53,8% an increase of 13,2% from the 2005 elections, and saw the highest voter frequency in Polish parliamentary election since the semi-free elections of 1989.

Contents

Contesting parties

Only 7 parties contested all 41 electoral districts for the Sejm nationwide. These were:

Three other parties managed to register in at least one district:

On 26 September 2007, the leader of the National Party of Retirees and Pensioners, Tomasz Mamiński announced his party's withdrawal from the campaign, stating that Polish electoral law and media bias discriminate against smaller parties.[2]

Although only the ten parties mentioned above openly contested elections to the lower house Sejm, there were other groups which entered the race for elections to the lower house. It is common practice in Polish elections for many smaller parties to register their candidates on the electoral committee lists of the larger parties contesting the election. Hence:

29 political groupings and independents contested the elections to the Senate.

The Greens registered in one district to the Senate (Katowice), receiving 4,55% of votes.

Results

e • d  Summary of the 21 October 2007 Polish National Assembly election results
Parties Sejm Senat
Votes % Seats +/– Seats +/–
Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO) 6,701,010 41.51 209 +76 60 +26
Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS) 5,183,477 32.11 166 +11 39 –10
Left and Democrats (Lewica i Demokraci, LiD) 2,122,981 13.15 53 –2[1]
Polish People's Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL) 1,437,638 8.91 31 +6 –2
Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Samoobrona RP, SRP) 247,335 1.53 –56 –3
League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, LPR) 209,171 1.30 –34 –7
Polish Labor Party (Polska Partia Pracy, PPP) 160,476 0.99
Women's Party (Partia Kobiet, PK)[2] 45,121 0.28
German Minority (Mniejszość Niemiecka, MN)[3] 32,462 0.20 1 –1
Patriotic Self-Defense (Samoobrona Patriotyczna)[4] 2,531 0.02
Independents (Niezależni) N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 –4
Total 16,142,202 460 100
  • Registered voters: 30,615,471
  • Votes counted: 16,477,734 (53.88 %)
  • Invalid votes: 335,532
  • Valid votes: 16,142,202
  1. ^ Compared to the result of Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) in 2005.
  2. ^  Contested the election in seven districts only.
  3. ^  Contested the election in one district only.
  4. ^  Contested the election in one district only.
Seats in Sejm
Seats in Senate

After the elections

Election results by counties

Consecutive postponements of the electoral silence's termination (initially planned for 8 PM) by the National Electoral Committee was widely criticized. The OSCE Election Assessment Mission stated that the elections demonstrate a democratic and pluralistic process, but challenges remain in oversight of the public media.[4]

Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on the 15th of November, and PO leader, Donald Tusk, was sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister the following day. The Civic Platform formed a coalition majority government with the Polish People's Party.

References

See also

External links

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