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Piedmont

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Politics and government of
Piedmont




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The Politics of Piedmont, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.

Contents

Executive

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term and is composed by the President and the Ministers, who are currently 14, including a Vice President (Vice Presidente).[1]

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Current composition

List of Presidents

Presidents of Piedmont
President Party Term Legislature
Edoardo Calleri di Sala DC 1970–1973 I Legislature
Gianni Oberto Tarena DC 1974–1975 I Legislature
Aldo Viglione PSI 1975–1980 II Legislature
Enzo Enrietti PSI 1980–1983 III Legislature
Aldo Viglione PSI 1983–1985 III Legislature
Vittorio Beltrami DC 1985–1990 IV Legislature
Gian Paolo Brizio DC/PPI 1990–1995 V Legislature
Enzo Ghigo FI 1995–2000 VI Legislature
Enzo Ghigo FI 2000–2005 VII Legislature
Mercedes Bresso DS/PD 2005–... VIII Legislature

Legislative branch

The Regional Council of Piedmont (Consiglio Regionale del Piemonte) is composed of 60 members, of which 47 are elected in provincial constituencies with proportional representation, 12 from the so-called "regional list" of the elected President and the last one is for the candidate for President who comes second, who usually becomes the leader of the opposition in the Council. If a coalition wins more than 55% of the vote, only 6 candidates from the "regional list" will be elected and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 53.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt vel simul cadent prevision (introduced in 1999), also the Council will be dissolved and there will be a fresh election.[2]

Current composition

Elections

Last regional election

In the last regional election, which took place on 3-4 April 2005, Mercedes Bresso (Democrats of the Left, then Democratic Party) defeated incumbent Enzo Ghigo (Forza Italia).

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
reg. list
seats
prov. lists
Mercedes Bresso 1,226,355 50.9 12 26
Democrats of the Left 411,237 20.1 11
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy 211,457 10.3 6
Communist Refoundation Party 130,776 6.4 4
Together for Bresso 60,314 2.9 1
Federation of the Greens 57,516 2.8 1
Party of Italian Communists 53,359 2.6 1
Italian Democratic Socialists 49,821 2.4 1
Italy of Values 31,016 1.5 1
others 15,890 0.8 -
Enzo Ghigo 1,133,358 47.1 1 24
Forza Italia 457,397 22.4 11
National Alliance 195,318 9.6 5
Lega Nord Piemont 173,020 8.5 4
Union of Christian and Centre Democrats 93,872 4.6 2
Greens Greens 23,378 1.2 1
Consumers' List 23.378 1.1 1
others 28,827 1.4 -
Gianfranco Rotondi 24,813 1.0 - -
Christian Democracy for the Autonomies 14,255 0.7 -
Lodovico Ellena 24,454 1.0 - -
Social Alternative 14,515 0.7 -
Total 2,408,980 100.0 13 50

Source: Ministry of the Interior

Last general election in Piedmont

Chamber of Deputies

e • d 
Coalitions leaders votes votes (%) seats Parties votes votes (%) seats
Silvio Berlusconi 1,278,830 46.8 27 The People of Freedom 935,890 34.3 19
Lega Nord 342,940 12.6 8
Walter Veltroni 1,021,623 37.4 18 Democratic Party 885,549 32.4 15
Italy of Values 136,074 5.0 3
Pier Ferdinando Casini 141,335 5.2 2 Union of the Centre 143,335 5.2 2
Fausto Bertinotti 92,699 3.4 - The Left – The Rainbow 92,699 3.4 -
Daniela Santanchè 86,885 3.2 - The Right 86,885 3.2 -
Marco Ferrando 18,491 0.7 - Workers' Communist Party 18,491 0.7 -
Enrico Boselli 18,101 0.7 - Socialist Party 18,101 0.7 -
Flavia D'Angeli 14,989 0.5 - Critical Left 14,989 0.5 -
Others 45,334 1.9 - others 45,334 1.9 -
Total coalitions 2,730,221 100.0 47 Total parties 2,730,221 100.0 47

Source: Ministry of the Interior

Senate

e • d 
Coalitions leaders votes votes (%) seats Parties votes votes (%) seats
Silvio Berlusconi 1,204,737 47.5 13 The People of Freedom 892,479 35.2 10
Lega Nord 312,258 12.3 3
Walter Veltroni 967,805 38.2 9 Democratic Party 841,666 33.2 8
Italy of Values 126,139 5.0 1
Pier Ferdinando Casini 134,221 5.3 - Union of the Centre 134,221 5.3 -
Fausto Bertinotti 84,235 3.3 - The Left – The Rainbow 84,235 3.3 -
Daniela Santanchè 68,742 2.7 - The Right 68,742 2.7 -
Marco Ferrando 16,184 0.6 - Workers' Communist Party 16,184 0.6 -
Enrico Boselli 15,556 0.6 - Socialist Party 15,556 0.6 -
Flavia D'Angeli 14,121 0.6 - Critical Left 14,121 0.6 -
Others 28,693 1.1 - others 28,693 1.1 -
Total coalitions 2,534,294 100.0 22 Total parties 2,534,294 100.0 22

Source: Ministry of the Interior

References

External links


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