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This article is about the politics of the Republika Srpska, one of the two entities that together comprise the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Contents

List of Presidents of Republika Srpska (1992-Present)

  • Radovan Karadžić (7 April 1992 - 19 July 1996) (SDS)
  • Biljana Plavšić (19 July 1996 - 4 November 1998) (SDS/SNS RS) (expelled from SDS in July 1997 and formed SNS RS)
  • Nikola Poplašen (4 November 1998 - 26 January 2000) (SRS RS) (removed by High Representative on 5 March 1999; removal enforced on 2 September 1999)
  • Mirko Šarović (26 January 2000 - 28 November 2002) (SDS) (not recognized as president by High Representative until 16 December 2000)
  • Dragan Čavić (28 November 2002 - 9 November 2006) (SDS)
  • Milan Jelić (9 November 2006 - 30 September 2007) (SNSD)
  • Igor Radojičić (acting President) (1 October 2007 - 9 December 2007) (SNSD)
  • Rajko Kuzmanović (9 December 2007 - Present) (SNSD)

National Assembly

National Assembly of Republika Srpska
Government of Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska Presidential building

The current National Assembly of Republika Srpska (Народна Скупштина Републике Српске / Narodna Skupština Republike Srpske) is the sixth since the founding of the Republika Srpska.

  • First Assembly (24 October 1991 - 14 September 1996)
  • Second Assembly (19 October 1996 - 27 December 1997) (election of 4 September 1996)
  • Third Assembly (27 December 1997 - 19 October 1998) (election of 14 September 1997)
  • Fourth Assembly (19 October 1998 - 16 December 2000) (election of 13 September 1998)
  • Fifth Assembly (16 December 2000 - 28 November 2002) (election of 11 September 2000)
  • Sixth Assembly (28 November 2002 - 30 November 2006) (election of 5 October 2002)
  • Seventh Assembly (30 November 2006 - Present) (election of 1 October 2006)

The political composition of the Seventh Convocation of the National Assembly of Republika Srpska (and the change in number of seats from the Sixth Convocation):

Government

The Government of Republika Srpska is composed of the prime minister and the heads of the sixteen ministries. The National Assembly also selects two deputy prime ministers from among the ministers from different constituent peoples (Serbs, Croats, and Bosniaks) on the recommendation of the prime minister.

The law requires that eight ministers be elected from the Serb population, five from the Bosniak population, and three from the Croat population. The prime minister may also appoint one minister from among the "others" population (out of the largest constituent ethnic group).

Under the Law on Ministries adopted in October 2002, the "tasks of the administration" of Republika Srpska are carried out by ministries, republican administrative units, and republican administrative organizations.

List of Prime Ministers of Republika Srpska (1992-Present)

Prime Minister Milorad Dodik
  • Branko Đerić (22 April 1992 - 20 January 1993) (SDS)
  • Vladimir Lukić (20 January 1993 - 18 August 1994) (SDS)
  • Dušan Kozić (18 August 1994 - 17 December 1995) (SDS)
  • Rajko Kasagić (17 December 1995 - 18 May 1996) (SDS)
  • Gojko Kličković (18 May 1996 - 18 January 1998) (SDS)
  • Milorad Dodik (18 January 1998 - 12 January 2001) (SNSD) (1st time)
  • Mladen Ivanić (12 January 2001 - 17 January 2003) (PDP)
  • Dragan Mikerević (17 January 2003 - 17 February 2005) (PDP)
  • Pero Bukejlović (17 February 2005 - 28 February 2006) (SDS)
  • Milorad Dodik (28 February 2006 - Present) (SNSD) (2nd term)

Ministries

  • Ministry for Economy, Energy and Development
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Ministry of Education and Culture
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Ministry of Internal Affairs
  • Ministry of Administration and Local Self-Governance
  • Ministry of Health and Social Protection
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Resources
  • Ministry of Transport and Communications
  • Ministry of Trade and Tourism
  • Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology
  • Ministry of Labor and Soldiers and Invalid Protection
  • Ministry of Economic Relations and Coordination
  • Ministry of Refugees and Displaced Persons
  • Ministry of Science and Technology
  • Ministry without Portfolio

Administrative Services

Administrative services in RS are administrative bodies within the ministries, and are established for the purpose of performing certain activities from within the sphere of activity of the administration, which, due to their nature, entirety and way of performing, require independence and special organization (administration, inspectorates, and other forms). Administrative services are under the direct supervision of the ministry to which they belong.

The following are the administrative units and the ministries to which they belong:

  • Administrative Service for Geodetic and Legal-Property Issues (responsible to the Government of Republika Srpska)
  • Administrative Service for the RS Customs (Ministry of Finance)
  • Revenue Service (Ministry of Finance)
  • Foreign Currency Inspectorate (Ministry of Finance)
  • Civil Defense Service(Ministry of Administration and Local Self-Governance)

Administrative Organizations of RS

Administrative organizations in the RS are established for the purpose of performing professional duties and duties of the republic's administration (institutions, directorates, secretariats, agencies, commissariats, funds, centers and other forms). Administrative organizations may have the attributes of a legal entity.

Current situation

Bosnian Serb nationalist politicians threaten to separate Republika Srpska from Bosnia and Herzegovina entirely.[1] The Prime Minister of Republika Srpska Milorad Dodik said a referendum on independence for RS was a fair solution and that 99 percent of Bosnian Serbs support secession from Bosnia-Herzegovina. Dodik stated that this referendum is "inevitable" and says that Bosnia and Herzegovina has no viable future.[2]

Bosniak and Bosnian Croat politicians request for the suspension of Republika Srpska, saying that it was created on the backbone of genocide and war crimes. Haris Silajdžić, party leader of Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina, has repeatedly stated that he wishes to see the RS dismantled.[3][4]

Miroslav Lajcak, incumbent High Representative of BIH, has responded to this by saying that "Republika Srpska does not have the right to secede from BiH, at the same time no one can unilaterally abolish Republika Srpska."[5] President of Serbia Boris Tadić says that Serbia does not support a break up of Bosnia and that, as a guarantor of the Dayton Accords that brought peace to Bosnia, supports Bosnia’s territorial integrity.[6]

References

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