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Politics of Serbia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Serbia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly of Serbia. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.


Executive branch

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Boris Tadić DS 11 July 2004
Prime Minister Mirko Cvetković Non-partisan 7 July 2008

The Government of the Republic of Serbia (Vlada Republike Srbije) is the main element of the executive branch of government in Serbia. It is led by the Prime Minister (Predsednik Vlade), commonly abbreviated to premier (premijer). The Prime Minister is chosen by the National Assembly on the proposal of the President who names the designate Prime Minister after talks with all parliamentary leaders. Ministers are nominated by the Prime Minister and confirmed by the Parliament.

Legislative branch

The National Assembly of Serbia (Narodna skupština Republike Srbije) has 250 members elected for a four year term. Serbia has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Political parties and elections

Parliamentary groups and parties

Name Original name Abbr. Leader Seats Parliament group Ran on ballot of (in coalition) Ethnic or regional
Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians Vajdasági Magyar Szövetség
Savez vojvođanskih Mađara
István Pásztor 4 SVM - LZS - KAPD MK Hungarian
Bosniak Democratic Party of Sandžak Bošnjačka demokratska stranka Sandžaka BDSS Esad Džudžević 1 SVM - LZS - KAPD LZS Bosniak
Christian Democratic Party of Serbia Demohrišćanska stranka Srbije DHSS Vladan Batić 1 LDP LDP None 1997
Democratic League of Croats in Vojvodina Demokratski Savez Hrvata u Vojvodini DSHV Petar Kuntić 1 ZES ZES Croatian 1990
Democratic Party Demokratska stranka DS Boris Tadić 64 ZES ZES None 1990
Democratic Party of Serbia Demokratska stranka Srbije DSS Vojislav Koštunica 21 DSS - NS DSS - NS None 1992
G17 Plus G17 plus G17+ Mlađan Dinkić 21 G17+ ZES None 1997/2002
League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina Liga socijaldemokrata Vojvodine LSV Nenad Čanak 5 ZES ZES Vojvodina 1990
Liberal Democratic Party Liberalno demokratska partija LDP Čedomir Jovanović 10 LDP Own None 2005
Movement of Veterans of Serbia Pokret veterana Srbije PVS Željko Vasiljević 1 SPS - PUPS - JS SPS - PUPS - JS None 2006
New Serbia Nova Srbija NS Velimir Ilić 9 DSS - NS DSS - NS None 1998
Party for Democratic Action Partia për bashkimin demokratik të shqiptarve
Partija za demokratsko delovanje
Riza Halimi 1 SVM - LZS - KAPD KAPD Albanian
Preševo Valley
Party of Serbian Unity Stranka Srpskog Jedinstva SSJ Borislav Pelević 2 SRS SRS None 1993
Party of United Pensioners of Serbia Partija ujedinjenih penzionera Srbije PUPS Jovan Krkobabić 3 SPS - PUPS - JS SPS - PUPS - JS None 2005
Sandžak Democratic Party Sandžačka demokratska partija SDP Rasim Ljajić 4 ZES ZES Sandžak 1993
Serbian Renewal Movement Srpski pokret obnove SPO Vuk Drašković 4 ZES ZES None 1990
Serbian Radical Party Srpska radikalna stranka SRS Vojislav Šešelj 76 SRS Own None 1991
Social Democratic Union Socijaldemokratska unija SDU Žarko Korać 1 LDP LDP None 1996
Social-Liberal Party of Sandžak Socijalno-liberalna stranka Sandžaka SLSS Bajram Omeragić 1 SVM - LZS - KAPD LZS Sandžak
Socialist Party of Serbia Socijalistička partija Srbije SPS Ivica Dačić 11 SPS - PUPS - JS SPS - PUPS - JS None 1990
Together for Kragujevac Zajedno za Kragujevac ZZK Veroljub Stevanović 2 G17+ ZES Šumadija 2008
United Serbia Jedinstvena Srbija JS Dragan Marković 3 SPS - PUPS - JS SPS - PUPS - JS Šumadija 2004
Serbian Progressive Party Srpska Napredna Stranka SNS Tomislav Nikolić 3 SNS - PUPS Beograd 2008

Photo gallery

See also

External links



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