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The Politics of Tuscany, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.



The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 13, including a Vice President.[1]


Current composition

List of Presidents

Presidents of Tuscany
President Party Term Legislature
Lelio Lagorio PSI 1970–1975 I Legislature
Lelio Lagorio PSI 1975–1978 II Legislature
Mario Leone PSI 1978–1980 II Legislature
Mario Leone PSI 1980–1983 III Legislature
Gianfranco Bartolini PCI 1983–1985 III Legislature
Gianfranco Bartolini PCI 1985–1990 IV Legislature
Marco Marcucci PCI/PDS 1990–1992 V Legislature
Vannino Chiti PDS 1992–1995 V Legislature
Vannino Chiti PDS/DS 1995–2000 VI Legislature
Claudio Martini DS 2000–2005 VII Legislature
Claudio Martini DS/PD 2005–... VII Legislature

Legislative branch

The Regional Council of Tuscany (Consiglio Regionale della Toscana) is composed of 65 members and is elected with proportional representation plus a majority premium for the winning coalition. The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt vel simul cadent prevision (introduced in 1999), also the Council will be dissolved and there will be a fresh election.[2]

Current composition

Parties and elections

Last regional election

In the last regional election, which took place on 3-4 April 2005, incumbent Claudio Martini (Democrats of the Left, then Democratic Party) defeated Alessandro Antichi (Forza Italia) by a landslide.

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
Claudio Martini 1,185,374 57.4 38+1
The Olive Tree 880,876 48.8 33
Party of Italian Communists 77,126 4.3 3
Federation of the Greens 50,235 2.8 2
Italy of Values 15,869 0.9 -
Alessandro Antichi 678,491 32.8 20+1
Forza Italia 310,427 17.2 10
National Alliance 196,478 10.9 7
Union of Christian and Centre Democrats 66,186 3.7 3
Lega Nord Toscana 22,884 1.3 -
Luca Ciabatti 151,560 7.3 5
Communist Refoundation Party 148,103 8.2 5
Renzo Macelloni 30,062 1.5 -
New Italian Socialist PartyPRIPLI 23,379 1.3 -
Marzio Gozzoli 20,845 1.0 -
Social Alternative 14,651 0.8 -
Total 2,338,391 100.0 65

Sources: Ministry of the Interior and Tuscany Region

Other elections


External links


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