Polly Toynbee: Wikis

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Polly Toynbee
National Poverty Hearing Polly Toynbee.jpg
Born Mary Louisa Toynbee
27 December 1946 (1946-12-27) (age 63)
Isle of Wight, England, UK
Occupation Journalist and writer
Ethnicity English
Religious belief(s) Atheist
Notable credit(s) Social Affairs editor: the BBC (1988–1995)
Columnist: The Guardian

Polly Toynbee (born Mary Louisa Toynbee, 27 December 1946[1]) is a British journalist and writer, and has been a columnist for The Guardian newspaper since 1998. She is a social democrat and broadly supports the Labour Party, while urging it in many areas to be more left-wing. She was appointed President of the British Humanist Association in July 2007.[2] In 2007 she was named 'Columnist of the Year' at the British Press Awards.

Contents

Background and personal life

She was born on the Isle of Wight. Toynbee was the second daughter of the literary critic Philip Toynbee (by his first wife Anne), granddaughter of the historian Arnold J. Toynbee and great-great niece of philanthropist and economic historian Arnold Toynbee after whom Toynbee Hall in the East End of London is named. After attending Badminton School, a girls' independent school in Bristol, followed by the Holland Park School, a state comprehensive school in London (she had failed the Eleven Plus examination), she won a scholarship to read history at St Anne's College, Oxford, despite gaining only one A-level.[3] During her gap year she worked for Amnesty International in pre-independence Rhodesia, before being expelled by the government,[3] and she published a first novel, Leftovers, in 1966.[3]

After 18 months at Oxford, she dropped out, finding work in a factory and a burger bar and hoping to write in her spare time. She later said "I had a loopy idea that I could work with my hands during the day and in the evening come home and write novels and poetry, and be Tolstoy... But I very quickly discovered why people who work in factories don't usually have the energy to write when they get home."[3] She drifted into journalism via working on the diary at The Observer, and turned her eight months of experience in manual work (along with "undercover" stints as a nurse and an Army recruit) into the book A Working Life (1970).[3]

Her partner is David Walker, the former social affairs editor of The Guardian, with whom she has co-authored two books reviewing the successes and failures of New Labour in power. She was previously married to the late Peter Jenkins, also a journalist, who died in 1992.[3]

Career

She worked for many years at The Guardian before joining the BBC where she was social affairs editor (1988–1995). At The Independent, which she joined after leaving the BBC, she was a columnist and associate editor, working with then editor Andrew Marr, a distant cousin. After Marr's principal spell as Independent editor she rejoined The Guardian. She has also written for The Observer and the Radio Times; at one time she edited the Washington Monthly USA.

Polly Toynbee speaks at the October 2005 Labour Party conference.

Following in the footsteps of Barbara Ehrenreich's Nickel and Dimed (2001), she published in 2003 Hard Work: Life in Low-Pay Britain about an experimental period voluntarily living on the minimum wage, which was £4.10 per hour at the time. She worked as a hospital porter in a National Health Service hospital, a dinnerlady in a primary school, a nursery assistant, a call-centre employee, a cake factory worker and a care home assistant, during which time she contracted salmonella. The book is critical of conditions in low pay jobs in the UK. She also contributed an introduction to the UK edition of Ehrenreich's Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America.

Political views

Polly Toynbee and her first husband Peter Jenkins were supporters of the Social Democratic Party breakaway from Labour in 1981 – both signing the Limehouse Declaration. Toynbee stood for the party at the 1983 General Election in Lewisham East, garnering 9351 votes (22%). She later became something of a rarity in refusing to support the subsequent merger of the SDP with the Liberals (to form the Liberal Democrats), reacting instead by moving back towards Labour when the rump SDP collapsed.

Although she has been consistently critical of many of Tony Blair's New Labour reforms, she said in 2006 that he and Gordon Brown had led "the best government of my lifetime".[4] During the 2005 General Election, with dissatisfaction high among traditional Labour voters Toynbee wrote several times about the dangers of protest voting, "Giving Blair a bloody nose". She urged Guardian readers to vote with a clothes peg over their nose if they had to, to make sure Michael Howard would not win from a split vote. "Voters think they can take a free hit at Blair while assuming Labour will win anyway. But Labour won't win if people won't vote for it".[5]
Having advocated Brown to succeed Blair as Prime Minister, she continued to strongly endorse him in the early part of his premiership[6]. By spring of 2009, she became sharply critical of Brown, arguing that he had failed to introduce the social democratic policies he promised, and was very poor at presentation too [7]. She subsequently called for his departure, voluntary or otherwise[8]. In the European Elections of June 2009 she advocated a vote for the Liberal Democrats.[9]

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Political correctness

Polly Toynbee supports the suppression of the use of racial epithet and outdated ethnic labels, and believed that "political correctness" is an engineered term by the right-wing.[10]

Views on religion

An atheist, Toynbee is an Honorary Associate of the National Secular Society, a supporter of the Humanist Society of Scotland and was appointed President of the British Humanist Association[2] in July 2007.

In 2004 the Islamic Human Rights Commission awarded Toynbee the 'Most Islamophobic Media Personality' title in the Annual Islamophobia Awards[11] - a claim she strongly contested. She pointed out she is simply a consistent atheist, and is just as critical of Christianity and Judaism. She wrote: "The pens sharpen – Islamophobia! No such thing. Primitive Middle Eastern religions (and most others) are much the same – Islam, Christianity and Judaism all define themselves through disgust for women's bodies."[12]

Reputation

Toynbee has been described as "the queen of leftist journalists",[3] and in 2008 topped a poll of 100 "opinion makers", carried out by Editorial Intelligence. She was also named the most influential columnist in the UK.[13]

In December 2006, an advisor to Tory leader David Cameron claimed Toynbee should be an influence on the modern Conservative Party, causing a press furor. Cameron later clarified this to say he was impressed by one metaphor in her writings - of society being a caravan crossing a desert, where the people at the back can fall so far behind they are no longer part of the tribe. He added, "I will not be introducing Polly Toynbee's policies." Toynbee expressed some discomfort with this embrace, adding, "I don't suppose the icebergs had much choice about being hugged by Cameron either."[14] In response to the episode, Boris Johnson, at the time a Conservative MP and journalist who had been severely criticised by Toynbee, rejected any association with Toynbee's views, writing that she "incarnates all the nannying, high-taxing, high-spending schoolmarminess of Blair's Britain. Polly is the high priestess of our paranoid, mollycoddled, risk-averse, airbagged, booster-seated culture of political correctness and 'elf 'n' safety fascism".[15]

Currently Toynbee serves as President of the Social Policy Association.[16] She is chair of the Brighton Festival, and deputy treasurer of the Fabian Society.

Toynbee was awarded an Honorary Degree by London South Bank University in 2002.[17] In 2005, she was made an Honorary Doctor of The Open University for "her notable contribution to the educational and cultural well-being of society". The University of Leeds awarded her third Honorary Doctorate in 2008.

References

  1. ^ National Portrait Gallery, Polly Toynbee
  2. ^ a b "Polly Toynbee named new President of British Humanist Association". British Humanist Association. July 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071228155326/http://www.humanism.org.uk/site/cms/newsarticleview.asp?article=2382. Retrieved 2008-04-21.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Independent, 26 November 2006, Polly Toynbee: Reborn, as a lady of the right
  4. ^ Langley, William (2006-11-26). "Profile: Polly Toynbee". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/main.jhtml?xml=/opinion/2006/11/26/do2608.xml&sSheet=/opinion/2006/11/26/ixopinion.html. Retrieved 2007-04-21.  
  5. ^ Toynbee, Polly (2005-04-13). "Hold your nose and vote Labour". Guardian Unlimited. http://blogs.guardian.co.uk/election2005/archives/2005/04/13/hold_your_nose_and_vote_labour.html. Retrieved 2008-04-21.  
  6. ^ Toynbee, Polly (2007-06-29). "It's a truly decent, clever team, but that is not enough. Now they must excite". Guardian Unlimited. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2007/jun/29/comment.politics. Retrieved 2009-08-20.  
  7. ^ Toynbee, Polly. (2009-05-02). "Gordon Brown: no ideas and no regrets". Guardian Unlimited. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/may/02/gordon-brown-labour-gloom.  
  8. ^ Toynbee, Polly (2009-05-11). "Gordon Brown must go – by June 5". Guardian Unlimited. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/may/11/labour-gordon-brown.  
  9. ^ Toynbee, Polly (2009-06-01). "Throw our bad councils and vote Lib Dem for Europe". Guardian Unlimited. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/jun/01/euro-elections-cameron-ukip-labour.  
  10. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/apr/28/toynbee-equality-bill-welfare
  11. ^ "Winners of Islamophobia Awards 2004 announced". Islamic Human Rights Commission. 2004-06-26. http://www.ihrc.org.uk/show.php?id=1124. Retrieved 2008-04-21.  
  12. ^ Behind the Burka Women’s History Review, Volume 10, Number 4, 2001
  13. ^ "Polly Toynbee Voted UK’s ‘Most Influential’ Commentator", Editorial Independence, 13 April 2008.
  14. ^ Johnson, Boris (2006-11-23). "Polly Toynbee the Tory guru: that's barking. Or maybe not". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/main.jhtml?xml=/opinion/2006/11/23/do2301.xml&sSheet=/opinion/2006/11/23/ixopinion.html. Retrieved 2008-04-21.  
  15. ^ Chaundy, Bob (2006-11-24). "Faces of the week". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/6180236.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-21.  
  16. ^ "SPA Executive Committee 2007-08". Website of the UK Social Policy Association. Social Policy Association. http://www.social-policy.com/contacts.aspx. Retrieved 2008-04-21.  
  17. ^ "Honorary Degrees". London South Bank University. http://www.lsbu.ac.uk/about/honoraryDegrees.shtml. Retrieved 2008-04-21.  

Select bibliography

  • Leftovers, a novel (1966) ISBN 0-586-02643-6
  • A Working Life (1971) ISBN 0-340-14760-1
  • Hospital (1977) ISBN 0-09-131390-2
  • Way We Live Now (1981) ISBN 0-413-49090-4
  • Lost Children: Story of Adopted Children Searching for Their Mothers (1985) ISBN 0-09-160440-0
  • Hard Work: Life in Low-pay Britain (2003) ISBN 0-7475-6415-9
  • Better or Worse?: Has Labour Delivered? (2005) ISBN 0-7475-7982-2
  • Unjust Rewards: Exposing Greed and Inequality in Britain Today (with David Walker, 2008) ISBN 978-1847080936

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