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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the prefix poly- and words related to it see Wiktionary.

Poly can have multiple meanings:

  • As a prefix, often meaning more than one or many (eg, polyvalent - capable of many valences)
  • As a feminine given name (Poly, also spelled Polly). Sometimes also used as a nickname for surnames such as "Polyblank"

Poly is also commonly used as an abbreviation for various words and phrases including:

Science and technology
  • Polyethylene, polyurethane and polyester, all forms of plastic polymers
  • Polysilicon, a state of silicon used as a gate material in MOSFET transistors and CMOS microchips
  • Poly-A, a step in the transcription of DNA to RNA in which multiple adenosine nucleosides are added to the 3' end of the mRNA sequence.
  • Polymorphism, polymorphism describes multiple possible states for a single property
  • Polyspheric, a shape composed of more than one sphere, a term used by Chrysler to identify their hemi-derived but lower cost V8 engines built 1955-67
  • Polygraph, or "lie detector" (particularly in Defense & Intelligence fields)
  • Poly, a 4 level computer game created by (in no particular order) Brian Giaime, Peter Haas, Tulio Correa, and Charles Engelhart, students at DigiPen Institute of Technology.In Poly, the player is a rolling figure attempting to collect coins and gems, while finishing levels quickly.
Mathematics and logic
  • Polygon, especially in relation to 3D graphics as used in terms such as high-poly
  • Polynomial, a type of mathematical function
Other
  • Polyamory, polygamy, and certain other forms of nonmonogamy beginning in poly
  • Polyclinic, a clinic where a wide range of health care services (including diagnostics) can be obtained without the need for an overnight stay
  • Polyrunning a person good at all track events
  • Polytechnic educational institutions
  • Polymath, a person well educated in a wide variety of subjects or fields
  • Polydactyly, having extra digits in hands or feet
  • Polymita, Business Process Management Suite
  • Poly Technologies, Chinese company
  • China Poly Group, Chinese business group
  • Polynesian, as in "Being a Poly" by Jonah Takalua
  • Polyglot, a person who uses many languages
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