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Legal status of
polygamy
Recognized under civil law
Recognized in some regions
Eritrea2
Nigeria (BA, BO, GO, JI, KD, KA, KT, KE, NI, SO, YO, ZA)
Foreign marriages recognized
Australia (welfare only)
United Kingdom (welfare only)
Recognized under customary law
Status in other jurisdictions
Nigeria (IM, KW, LA, NA, OY, PL)
See also
Notes
1Illegal in all forms; Muslims exempt
2Regions governed by Sharia

*In certain countries and regions, only Muslims may legally contract a polygamous marriage
.This article is about the marriage practice.^ The article on marriage, which was published in the early editions of the Doctrine and Covenants was frequently used by the early Mormon Church to counteract the report that polygamy was being practiced.
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1998, President Gordon B. Hinckley made the following statement about the Church’s position on plural marriage: “This Church has nothing whatever to do with those practicing polygamy.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It appears that G. D. Smith hopes to capitalize on ignorance about nineteenth-century laws and practices regarding marriage and divorce.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For the botany term, see Sexual reproduction in plants.
.The term polygamy (a Greek word meaning "the practice of multiple marriage") is used in related ways in social anthropology, sociobiology, sociology, as well as in popular speech.^ Make no mistake about it, while polygamy is recorded to have been practiced in Scripture it by no means is endorsed by Scripture!
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The article on marriage, which was published in the early editions of the Doctrine and Covenants was frequently used by the early Mormon Church to counteract the report that polygamy was being practiced.
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Along the way, it will cast light not only on our domestic debates about marriage, but also on the war on terror and even the meaning of democracy itself.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Polygamy can be defined as any "form of marriage in which a person [has] more than one spouse at the same time."[1]
.In social anthropology, polygamy is the practice of a person's making him/herself available for two or more spouses to mate with.^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Make no mistake about it, while polygamy is recorded to have been practiced in Scripture it by no means is endorsed by Scripture!
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Polygamy can be practiced as polygyny (one man having more than one wife), or as polyandry (one woman having more than one husband), or, less commonly as group marriage (a marriage which includes multiple husbands and wives).^ This is the only recorded incident in Vedic history of a woman having more that one husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Otherwise, polyandry, or a woman having more that one husband, simply does not make much sense.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But none of these women could have more than one husband.

.(See "Forms of Polygamy" below.^ The way I see it, polygamy is just another form of men vielding power over their women.
  • Finland for Thought » Problems with polygamy? | Politics, current events, culture - In Finland & the United States | Blog of an American living in Finland 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.finlandforthought.net [Source type: Original source]

^ (See "Forms of Polygamy" below.
  • Polygamy | ChaCha Answers 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: General]

^ Today in the West we see polygamy practiced in varies forms.
  • ISLAM UNCOVERED ™ : Polygamy in Islam 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.islamuncovered.com [Source type: Original source]

) .In contrast, monogamy is a marriage consisting of only two parties.^ It is thus consistent with her later behavior for her to have agreed (if only reluctantly) to a marriage with Fanny only to have second thoughts later.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay marriage, by contrast, is fully consistent with these values.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two hundred pages later, we learn that this suspicion was only because of his [Clayton's] "discussion of plural marriage" (p.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like monogamy, the term is often used in a de facto sense, applying regardless of whether the relationships are recognized by the state (see marriage for a discussion on the extent to which states can and do recognize potentially and actually polygamous forms as valid).^ In a comparable fashion, the lesson on Eternal Marriage makes heavy use of section 132 to discuss Eternal Marriage, and includes several optional paragraphs (everything in a lesson, though, is optional) on Plural Marriage.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Some other relationships might benefit if they were given marriage rights but is that germaine when we're specifically discussing same sex marriage?
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And, if we see that the purpose of marriage is to have children, then it makes no sense, as it only takes one man to get one woman pregnant.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In sociobiology, polygamy is used in a broad sense to mean any form of multiple mating.^ However, most people identify the word polygamy to mean men taking more than one wife, and are not familiar with the word polygyny, i will use the word polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a narrower sense, used by zoologists, polygamy includes a pair bond, perhaps temporary.^ I can see how some forms of polygamy (whether polygyny or polyandry or a mix of both) might be used to oppress partners in the same way that our culturally acceptable form of pair-bonding can.
  • Brian Whitaker: Is there a serious problem with polygamy in the UK, or is the Baroness's attack simply point-scoring? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.In popular speech, polygamy is often mistakenly assumed to refer to polygyny alone rather than including the other forms, as more polygamous relationships in human history have been polygynous.^ Polygamy can refer to either polyandry or polygyny.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have been in a polygamous relationship for more than 6 years.

^ Rather, prior to the advent of Christ Roman law forbid a man to take more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Contents

Forms of polygamy

.Polygamy exists in three specific forms, including polygyny (one man having multiple wives), polyandry (one woman having multiple husbands), or group marriage (some combination of polygyny and polyandry).^ It’s one woman for one man.
  • How Can I Embrace Monogamy While My Genes Crave Polygamy? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ironshrink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As we know, polygamy exists in 3 forms: ploygyny, polyandry and group-marriage.

^ It is generally assumed to mean only multiple wives ( polygyny ), not multiple husbands ( polyandry ) as well.
  • VDARE.com: 04/18/06� - Diversity Is Strength! It�s Also�Polygamy? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.vdare.com [Source type: Original source]

.Historically, all three practices have been found, but polygyny is by far the most common.^ Anthropologist James Danandjaja said that polygamy was historically common in the country's patriarchal       society but it was only practiced by kings or tribal chiefs, as a symbol of power.

^ Despite differing in many respects now from its earlier teachings and practices, the LDS Church still has much in common with fundamentalist Mormons (which is founded in early Mormonism).

^ Rauch conceded that, historically speaking, monogamy is an aberration—polygamy has been the most common form of marriage since biblical times.
  • Polygamy - The Atlantic(November 7, 2006) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .Confusion arises when the broad term "polygamy" is used when a narrower definition is intended.^ Yet there are other contemporary definitions for the terms that Joseph used—especially as applied to youth—that connote only relatively minor imperfections.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Polyandry

.Polyandry is a practice where a woman is married to more than one man at the same time.^ His first wife insisted that she would only marry a man that would have more than one wife.

^ He said that the man should not marry more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Notice also that God did not make more than one woman for the Man!

.Fraternal polyandry was traditionally practiced among nomadic Tibetans in Nepal, parts of China and part of northern India, in which two or more brothers share the same wife, with her having equal sexual access to them.^ Tomorrow, I’ll deal with the procreation argument in two parts: one post on the standard version and one post on Maggie’s more subtle version.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same talk he mentioned that the higher classes of men, the priest and government men, mostly they would take more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More specifically, the practice of polygyny or a man having multiple wives, compared to polyandry or a woman having multiple husbands.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Polyandry is believed to be more likely in societies with scarce environmental resources, as it is believed to limit human population growth and enhance child survival. .A woman can only have so many children in her lifetime, no matter how many husbands she has.^ Many Endtime Message believers will retort that only the man can remarry but not the woman.

^ How many PMS weeks can one husband handle in a month?

^ With no money and often only eighth-grade educations, many end up homeless or in jail.

.On the other hand, a child with many "fathers", all of whom provide resources, is more likely to survive.^ On the other hand, there are stories of polygamous husbands giving greater attention and financial assistance to favored wives, while less favored wives had a difficult time surviving financially and emotionally.

^ In modern Wester though, though, individuals are more likely to think of themselves as independent units capable of providing for themselves, but choosing to pool resources and enter social contracts for the mutual benefits they can enjoy.

^ But just as many marriages succeeded, and sharing the burden of household chores actually allowed wives more freedom to pursue others interests, such as education.
  • Mormon Polygamy | Mormon Olympians 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormonolympians.org [Source type: Original source]

.(In contrast, the number of children would be increased if polygyny were practiced, and a man had more than one wife.^ His first wife insisted that she would only marry a man that would have more than one wife.

^ Was it the ideal at Creation for the man to have more than one wife?
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Polygyny is the marriage of one man and two or more women.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

These wives could be simultaneously pregnant).[3] .It is a rare form of marriage that exists not only among poor families, but also the elite.^ Much of the time, serial monogamists were poor and transient people, for whom the property rights that came with a recognized marriage would not have been much of a concern, people whose lives only rarely intersected with the law of marriage.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don’t know any polygamists, though I exist only because of them (on both sides of the family).

^ And polygamy undercuts companionate monogamy, the only form of marriage that can function in a modern liberal society.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]

Group marriage

.Group marriage, or circle marriage, may exist in a number of forms,[citation needed] such as where more than one man and more than one woman form a single family unit, and all members of the marriage share parental responsibility for any children arising from the marriage.^ And in marriage, all over the world, pairs are more common than more than pairs.

^ He said that the man should not marry more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Notice also that God did not make more than one woman for the Man!

[citation needed]
.Another possibility, which occurs in fiction (notably in Robert Heinlein's The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress) is a long-lived line marriage.^ She thought they were shacking up because they wanted to live with one another, on a long-term basis - like in marriage - like for life.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The idea of love as central to marriage, by no means common in the world at large, has a long history in the West, going back to the Bible, notably the letters of Paul.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a line marriage, deceased or departing spouses in the group are continually replaced by others so that family property never becomes dispersed through inheritance.^ When performed by proxy, it is used to "seal" deceased married members of the LDS Church to each other for time and eternity, while for the living it serves as the current marriage ceremony.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, it seems to me significant that, in fact, the courts DIDN’T find otherwise—because suits were never brought against Joseph for the Kirtland marriages.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, his point is just that by endorsing gay marriage, we do not somehow lose our ability to independently consider the possible benefits and harms of group marriages.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

Bigamy

.Bigamy is the act or condition of a person marrying another person while still being lawfully married to a second person.^ If men become cultured to only marry chaste virgins this encourages chastity and purity in society.  Another reason is that women are to adjust their personality to become compatible with the husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Adultery A single or married person who lives with another person's spouse as man and wife commits adultery.

^ A single or married person (male or female) who commits any of such acts is called a FORNICATOR. A married man or a married woman who lies with another person of the opposite sex commits fornication and not adultery (though the sexual act is often called an adulterous act).

.Bigamy is listed (and sometimes prosecuted) as a crime in most western countries.^ Beason (1890), the Supreme Court stated that: "Bigamy and polygamy are crimes by the laws of all civilized and Christian countries.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, in the United Kingdom, by law, a married person is not allowed to marry again as long as their first marriage continues.^ Allowing that divorce to proceed in the courts would have robbed the rest of BY’s family and the church, and Sarah had not been married that long; she really was not that invested.

^ They forget that it is the law of the land to only be married to one person.

^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

.Often the term bigamy is used where two or more spouses are unaware of each other, in contrast to polygamy where normally all spouses know about one another.^ If anyone knows more about this, I’m interested.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I don’t know what to think about all that.

^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

[5][6]
.In the United States, the Model Penal Code (section 230.1) defines bigamy as a misdemeanor and polygamy as a felony.^ It would be as easy for the United States to build a tower to remove the sun, as to remove polygamy, or the Church and Kingdom of God.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This hinders the debate over gay marriage in the United States as well as the controversy over polygamy in France.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Article 3 Section 1: The following ordinance shall be irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the people of this State: First: -- Perfect toleration of religious sentiment is guaranteed.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

Having more than one spouse at the same time gets classified as polygamy, and bumped to a felony, if it is done "in purported exercise of a plural marriage..." According to Joel Feinberg in Moral Limits of the Criminal Law: "Righteously, flaunting one's illicit relationships, according to the Code, is apparently a morally aggravating circumstance, more punishable than its clandestine and deceptive counterpart."[7]

Serial monogamy

.The phrase serial monogamy has been used to describe the lifestyle of persons who have repeatedly married and divorced multiple partners.^ If remarriage is allowed following divorce or death of a spouse, the marriage pattern could be defined as being "serial monogamy .
  • Human Culture: Glossary of Terms 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC anthro.palomar.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, and marries another woman commits adultery.
  • Is polygamy explicitly condemned in the bible 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.answers2prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both described themselves as “first wives,” married at 16, who joined their husbands in New York in the 1990s, never having attended school.
  • Special Reports - Polygamy, Practiced in Secrecy, Follows Many Immigrants from WestAfrica to New York 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.wehaitians.com [Source type: News]

Other forms of nonmonogamy

.Other forms of nonmonogamous relationships are discussed at Forms of nonmonogamy.^ Some other relationships might benefit if they were given marriage rights but is that germaine when we're specifically discussing same sex marriage?
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

One modern variant is polyamory.

Patterns of occurrence worldwide

According to the Ethnographic Atlas Codebook, of 1231 societies noted, 186 were monogamous. .453 had occasional polygyny, 588 had more frequent polygyny, and 4 had polyandry.^ This particular post will focus on a more narrow and discrete topic: From a feminist perspective, is polyandry more or less acceptable than polygyny?

^ Although polygamy encompasses both polygyny, where a man has several wives, and polyandry, where a woman has several husbands, polygyny has been far more common in human (and other) societies.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Is There a Case for Legalizing Polygamy? BECKER 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More often it is used to denote polygyny (several wives) than polyandry (several husbands).
  • polygamy Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .At the same time, even within societies which allow polygyny, the actual practice of polygyny occurs relatively rarely.^ We just don’t practice it in the traditional way where they are all married to each other at the same time while living.

^ SMITH. I think likely I have been practicing the same thing even before the law was passed ."
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How many men have had more than one wife?  The law and society allow it, as long as the man has only one wife at a time.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are exceptions: in Senegal, for example, nearly 47 percent of marriages are multiple.^ It should not be surprising, then, that there are no references to nor examples of polygamous marriages relationships seen in the Apostolic Scriptures.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ With a lone exception, there is no account after Joseph's death of Emma admitting Joseph's plural marriages in any account.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .To take on more than one wife often requires considerable resources: this may put polygamy beyond the means of the vast majority of people within those societies.^ But i am only referring to men taking more than one wife, not women taking more than one husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the majority of people are against Polygamy than will a majority of people get involved if it was suddenly legal?
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Should Polygamy Be Legal?--Posner's Comment 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He said that the man should not marry more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such appears the case in many traditional Islamic societies, and in Imperial China.^ In such a society, polygamy is defined as one man and many women.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Within polygynous societies, multiple wives often become a status symbol denoting wealth and power.^ Many Messianics consider Moses to be a figure worthy of emulation, and advocates of polygamy often claim that Moses had multiple wives.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Similarly, within societies that formally prohibit polygamy, social opinion may look favorably on persons maintaining mistresses or engaging in serial monogamy.^ But, serial polygamy is totally legal in today's society and the majority of people who object if I were to take a second religious wife, they themselves practice irreligious polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is why Srila Prabhupad says these laws prohibiting polygamy are typical of a 'demoniac' society.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are communitarian benefits to gay marriage; there may well be serious communitarian harms to polygamy.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Patterns of occurrence across religions

Samaritanism

Samaritanism is the only monotheistic religion that is monogomous based on the interpretation of the Samaritan Torah. .In the book of Leviticus it is stated that, "You shall not marry a woman over another to be a rival to her to uncover her nakedness as long as she is alive."^ You shall not marry a woman in addition to her sister as a rival while she is alive, to uncover her nakedness.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

^ After his father's death, Stanley S. Ivins copied the names of those who had been married in polygamy into another book and then gave the original book to the Mormon leaders.
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the Masoretic text, the same verse is interpreted to mean two sisters from the same parents, not any woman.^ A man is not permitted then, to ever marry his wifes sister, or for that same matter marry any one of his wifes generic sisters (meaning females in the community) while she is alive.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ While we have good evidence that children do well when raised by two parents, including same-sex couples, we have no evidence they do well when raised in communal living arrangements.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is some difficulty with how to understand the phrase ishah el-achotah ( Htxa-la hVa ), literally meaning a woman to her sister.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Buddhism

In Buddhism, marriage is not a sacrament. It is purely a secular affair and the monks do not participate in it. Hence it receives no religious sanction.[9] Forms of marriage consequently vary from country to country. .It is said in the Parabhava Sutta that "a man who is not satisfied with one woman and seeks out other women is on the path to decline". Other fragments in the Buddhist scripture can be found that seem to treat polygamy unfavorably, leading some authors to conclude that Buddhism generally does not approve of it[10] or alternatively that it is a tolerated, but subordinate marital model.^ Polygamy is not a part of Mormonism and is not tolerated if it is found.

^ In such a society, polygamy is defined as one man and many women.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We believe in one woman and one man.

[11]
Until 1935 polygyny was legally recognized in Thailand. In Burma, polygyny was also frequent. .It is still legally recognized but very rarely practiced in modern day and socially less acceptable.^ But, modern marriages are based on 'like' and 'dislike', which is flickering and temporary and is practically guaranteed to change from one day or year to the next.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These developments also opened legal channels for the prosecution of Latter-day Saints who were practicing plural marriage.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ We do not practice slavery or indentured servitude in modern society today, and very few of us will ever have to serve on a jury where the prosecution is seeking the death penalty.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In Sri Lanka, polyandry was practiced (though not widespread) till recent times.^ Even though G*d ended the practice, in a world most hostile to it, He still holds it a true principle and will doubtless restore the practice when He views the time as right.

[9] When the Buddhist texts were translated into Chinese, the concubines of others were added to the list of inappropriate partners. .Polyandry in Tibet as well was common traditionally, as was polygyny, and having several wives or husbands was never regarded as having sex with inappropriate partners.^ Otherwise, polyandry, or a woman having more that one husband, simply does not make much sense.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More specifically, the practice of polygyny or a man having multiple wives, compared to polyandry or a woman having multiple husbands.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet Mormon wives or husbands were not held "in common," nor were members permitted unfettered access to any and all sexual partners.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .Tibet is home to the largest and most flourishing polyandrous community in the world today.^ In today's world there is no set role, no set duty, and no peace, no harmony, no family, no real home.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its so ironic but if Joseph Smith and Brigham Young were to return to this earth today, they would be most at home in the church of Warren Jeffs.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most typically, fraternal polyandry is practiced, but sometimes father and son have a common wife, which is a unique family structure in the world.^ When Leviticus 18:18 prohibits a son from sleeping with his fathers wife, this could very well not be his mother, but be his stepmother.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ E. Merrill, the son of an apostle, testified that his father had married him to a plural wife in 1891...
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It does concern the selling of a young woman to a family as an intended wife for either the man or for his son (v.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Other forms of marriage are also present, like group marriage and monogamous marriage.[13] .Polyandry (especially fraternal polyandry) is also common among Buddhists in Bhutan, Ladakh, and other parts of the Indian subcontinent.^ We call certain people pure, for example, pure Chinese or pure Indian, because their ancestors, who have been living in their parts of the world, have never mixed with any of the other races in their marriages.

.The 2008 BBC documentary series "A Year in Tibet", recorded three distinct cases of polyandry in and around the city of Gyantse alone (the pregnant farmer's wife in episode 1, "The Visit"; Yangdron in episode 2, "Three Husbands and a Wedding"; and the young monk, Tsephun's, mother in episode 5, "A Tale of Three Monks").^ He said that the system is generally when the wife becomes pregnant that she will return to her mothers' house so she can be taken care of properly.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Messianic families already struggle financiallyand those are families made up of one husband, one wife, and multiple children (beyond the average three to four).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The drama heats up when fiftysomething Metwalli Said, longtime husband of three, decides to court a young woman, Samira, in the hope of making her his fourth wife.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In "Three Husbands and a Wedding", a 17-year-old girl is also shown being forced into a marriage that would have been polyandrous, except that the younger, 12-year-old, brother had to attend school on the wedding day (his parents hint that he will marry his older brother's new wife at a later date).^ I have five kids, and three more 17-year-olds.

^ A 65 year old man marrying a 15 year old girl.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To give 12 year old (I heard recently even 11 year old) girls condoms in public schools and teach them how to engage in 'safe-sex' is 'acceptable' moral behavior?  While the Vedic culture of the father arranging the marriage of a girl to be married as a child and to live as wife and become a mother - under strict religious marriage, is somehow immoral?    It is different then the west, yes, but not wrong.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.The programs include statements from the women involved that indicate they did not enter the polyandrous marriages willingly, and commentary that indicates young women in Tibet are routinely forced by their families into polyandrous marriages with two or more brothers.^ Polygyny is the marriage of one man and two or more women.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This statement was about a technically polyandrous marriage.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The women "liked it," they "did not complain," and they did not leave when they could.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

Hinduism

.Polygamy was practiced in many sections of Hindu society in ancient times.^ There are many splinter groups who are affiliate themselves with some of the teachings of the LDS church who do practice polygamy which, in my opinion causes the confusion.

^ How many men have had more than one wife?  The law and society allow it, as long as the man has only one wife at a time.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By the time Pratt allegedly told this to JF Smith, the Mormons were in Utah, and Pratt himself was a practicer and apologist for polygamy.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Concerning polyandry, there was one example of polyandry in the ancient Hindu epic, Mahabharata, Draupadi marries the five Pandava brothers as a message to human society.^ There is no need for women having more than one husband, there is a need in society for religious men to give shelter to more than one woman.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Brother Branham related what happened, while he was up there on that mountain, concerning the amber Cloud coming down, going back and spreading out.

^ As long as he is only responsible for one wife at a time, then he can marry and divorce and remarry as often as he likes, to this there is no law against it.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Regarding polygamy, in Ramayana, father of Ram, King Dasharath has three wives, but Ram has pledged himself just one wife.^ Joseph Smiths attempt at plural marriage with Orson Pratts wife: Sister Pratt, the Lord has given you to me as one of my spiritual wives.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Hindu god, Lord Krishna, the 8th incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu had 16,108 wives.^ We have also proved that both God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ inherit their wives in eternity as well as in time...
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And Krishna expanded Himself into 16,108 expansions so that he was able to spend full time with each wife simultaneously.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And, in Krishna's appearance here on earth 5,000 years ago Krishna, God Himself, married not just 2 or 3 wives, or 2 or 3 hundred wives, but He married 16,108 wives.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although there is controversy regarding this because some Hindu scholars argue that Krishna left Brindabon (where he spent his childhood with some male and female company) at the age of 12 to save his birth place from the evil king, Kans.^ In this number there was an excess of 5,055 males over females.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The question would be: Were there any "lost boys" in the early LDS Church teenage and young adult males forced out of the church because their numbers were too high, as compared to the number of teenage and young adult females?

^ Far from there being any fault with the female Eve, humanitys expulsion rests with the sin of the male Adam (Romans 5:12) who was not deceived and knew exactly what he ate.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Historically, kings routinely took concubines (such as the Vijaynagara emperor, Krishnadevaraya). .In the post-Vedic periods, polygamy declined in Hinduism, and is now considered immoral,[14] although it is thought that some sections of Hindu society still practice polyandry, in the areas of Tibet, Nepal, and China.^ Mormons DO NOT practice polygamy, the FUNDAMENTALIST mormons still do.

^ Now, I may have taken some liberty to exaggerate the figures a bit, but it illustrates a true reality in society.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, my mom was the editor of the one volume edition and she might even still get some sort of royalties for it (although I doubt it).
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

.Marriage laws in India are dependent upon the religion of the subject in question.^ I dont think religions should be allowed to tell us what our laws ought to be regarding marriage.

^ It is the system of marriage according to the laws of Sanatan-Dharma (Eternal-Religion).
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We believe in following and abiding by the law and if someone in my religion were to break the law and be in plural marriage they wouldn't belong to our church any longer.

.After independence and, under the terms of the, Hindu Marriage Act, polygamy is considered illegal for Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs[15] but Muslim men in India are allowed to have multiple wives.^ Why is Polygamy illegal and gay marriages not?

^ The New and Everlasting Covenant, known as Celestial Marriage- Plurality of Wives (Polygamy)-cannot commit adultery, men can become gods has never ceased being performed by The Mormon Church.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ JS allowed Zina (as with all his other wives who were married to other men) to continue to live and cohabit with her first husband, Henry.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

[16]

Judaism

Biblical practice

The Hebrew scriptures document approximately forty polygamists..January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In practice, multiple marriage was considered a realistic alternative in the case of famine, widowhood, or female infertility.^ These so-called alternative life-styles must not be accepted as right, because they frustrate God’s commandment for a life-giving union of male and female within a legal marriage as stated in Genesis.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These so-called alternative life-styles must not be accepted as right, because they frustrate God's commandment for a life-giving union of male and female within a legal marriage as stated in Genesis.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, although the best way to preach is by setting the proper example (practice what you preach), in my case, I will have to settle for simply preaching what I know to be needed and what is right and let others practice it.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[17] One source of polygamy was the practice of levirate marriage, wherein a man was required to marry and support his deceased brother's widow, as mandated by Deuteronomy 25:5–10.
.The Torah, Judaism's central text, includes a few specific regulations on the practice of polygamy, such as Exodus 21:10, which states that multiple marriages are not to diminish the status of the first wife (specifically, her right to food, clothing and conjugal relations).^ The 1862 federal Morrill Act was not the first law which made bigamy illegal; it was merely the first law which specifically reinforced existing state anti-bigamy laws.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise, with respect to the practice of polygamy after the Manifesto, the text never states that polygamy stopped on or before September 24, 1890.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Practice of "Sealings" Once again, before polygamy, marriage was just that; marriage.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Deuteronomy 21:15–17, states that a man must award the inheritance due to a first-born son to the son who was actually born first, even if he hates that son's mother and likes another wife more;[18] and Deuteronomy 17:17 states that the king shall not have too many wives.^ A wife will become the mother of the man's children.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He remarried another man's wife after the man died.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Blackmore certainly does not hate his mother, who was a plural wife.

[19] The king's behavior is condemned by Prophet Samuel in 1Samuel 8. Exodus 21:10 also speaks of Jewish concubines. Israeli lexicographer Vadim Cherny argues that the Torah carefully distinguishes concubines and "sub-standard" wives with prefix "to", lit. "took to wives."[20]
.The monogamy of the Roman Empire was the cause of two explanatory notes in the writings of Josephus describing how the polygamous marriages of Herod were permitted under Jewish custom.^ Only a few wealthy kings such as Herod the Great were polygamous (Josephus Jewish War 1.562), and just like the kings of Ancient Israel, his household too was a place of extreme problems.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Such a system was commenced by the founders of the Roman empire....Rome became the mistress of the world, and introduced this order of monogamy wherever her sway was acknowledged.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Since the founding of the Roman empire monogamy has prevailed more extensively than in times previous to that.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

[21]

Modern practice

.In the modern day, Rabbinic Judaism has essentially outlawed polygamy.^ This world is just out of whack, why would we not expect polygamy in olden days and the modern church not to be completely crazy too?

^ G. D. Smith appears to relish pointing out that Latter-day Saint prophets taught that polygamy was essential for salvation and then contrasting this with the church's current stance (p.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ashkenazi Jews have followed Rabbenu Gershom's ban since the 11th century.[22] .Some Sephardi and Mizrahi Jews (particularly those from Yemen and Iran) discontinued polygamy much more recently, as they emigrated to countries where it was forbidden.^ Now for my proposition; it is more particularly for my sisters, as it is frequently happening that women say they are unhappy.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The abandonment of polygamy, that is considered by some to be so easy of accomplishment, is more untenable even than fighting.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I'd like to hear more from some of the women on Free Republic what they think of polygamy as an accepted institution for themselves or their daughters.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among Karaite Jews, who do not adhere to Rabbinic interpretations of the Torah, polygamy is almost non-existent today.^ The cost of happiness, the cost of peaceful family life, the cost of the children who suffer from a non-existent real mother in their youth (as mother was too busy with her career).
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two Houses of Israel : House of Judah : House of Ephraim : Land of Israel : Torah in Perspective Is Polygamy for Today?
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today?
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Like other Jews, Karaites interpret Leviticus 18:18 to mean that a man can only take a second wife if his first wife gives her consent (Keter Torah on Leviticus, pp. 96–97) and Karaites interpret Exodus 21:10 to mean that a man can only take a second wife if he is capable of maintaining the same level of marital duties due to his first wife; the marital duties are 1) food, 2) clothing, and 3) sexual gratification.^ He [a priest] shall take a wife in her virginity (Leviticus 21:13).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He tells a man to love his wife, and what that means is that he gives himself up for her.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This means that the fathers could be giving their daughter to a man as a second or 3rd or greater wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Because of these two biblical limitations and because nearly all countries outlaw it, polygamy is considered highly impractical, and there are only a few known cases of it among Karaite Jews today.^ Is polygamy permittedor is there more to consider?
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In countries that allow polygamy it is only practiced by a few men, not by the masses.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I heard one of these men once describe church at his home as “dead” — he said that all they talked about was polygamy; there was no attention to any other principle.

Israel
.Israel has made polygamy illegal,[23][24] but in practice the law is not enforced, primarily so as not to interfere with Bedouin culture, where polygamy is common.^ The 1862 federal Morrill Act was not the first law which made bigamy illegal; it was merely the first law which specifically reinforced existing state anti-bigamy laws.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise, with respect to the practice of polygamy after the Manifesto, the text never states that polygamy stopped on or before September 24, 1890.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, polygamy became specifically illegal under U. S. common laws in 1850; but, since polygamy was also illegal under Mexican laws beforehand, there was never a time when polygamy was legal in Utah.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Provisions were instituted to allow for existing polygamous families immigrating from countries where the practice was legal.^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This article is an attempt to convince others of the need for allowing it's practice openly and legally in all of human society, not just within the religious society that I adhere to.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although state law will continue to value children and families, Huntsman said, "circumstances occasionally exist where a child must be freed from the legal bonds of their parents."

.Furthermore, former chief rabbi Ovadia Yosef[25] and Israeli columnist Greer Fay Cashman[26] have come out in favor of legalizing polygamy and the practice of pilegesh (concubine) by the Israeli government.^ Therefore, I am totally in favor of seeing polygamy made legal.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since polygamy was unannounced yet practiced, credance [ sic ] was given to the claims of former Mormons which cast even more doubt upon the Prophet's character.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Christianity

.Saint Augustine saw a conflict with Old Testament polygamy.^ Finally Polygamy historically old and new testament was allowed only when specific conditions were accepted.

^ Polygamy was allowed by ancient Jewish law, it was allowed in the Old Testament.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.He writes in The Good of Marriage (chapter 17) that, although it "was lawful among the ancient fathers: whether it be lawful now also, I would not hastily pronounce.^ Although most recognized this as a sacrifice which would assist in liquidating Church debts, to William Law it sounded too much like totalitarianism.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The key is not just marriage to any man, but to be 'properly' protected means they must marry a man who is properly trained to be a good husband and father.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Indeed, this is followed by the instruction, Now it shall come about when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests (Deuteronomy 17:18).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.For there is not now necessity of begetting children, as there then was, when, even when wives bear children, it was allowed, in order to a more numerous posterity, to marry other wives in addition, which now is certainly not lawful."^ Certainly there is no law for it.
  • Bigamy (in Canon Law) 20 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.catholicity.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They begin to marry and bear children.

^ Although the revelation only specifically mentions that a man can have 'ten" wives, the favorable reference to the wives of king Solomon who was a polygamist in the Bible and had numerous wives leads to the conclusion that a man can have even more than ten wives.

[27]
.He refrained from judging the patriarchs, but did not deduce from their practice the ongoing acceptability of polygamy.^ The Church of Jesus of Latter-day Saints commonly called 'Mormons" DOES NOT PRACTICE POLYGAMY. If they did they would be excomunicated.

^ The following are some specific individuals from the Tanach that are often provided as examples of why polygamy should be an acceptable practice for Messianic men today.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ So why did the founding prophet of the LDS church contradict and violate his own "revelations", as well as the laws of the land, by secretly teaching and practicing polygamy?
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, Augustine does compare (ch 20) the relationship of woman to man in the context of marriage to slave and master, the latter (husband) can have many slaves (women) but it is against nature for woman to have many slaves (husbands).^ Many Endtime Message believers will retort that only the man can remarry but not the woman.

^ There is no need for women having more than one husband, there is a need in society for religious men to give shelter to more than one woman.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One so-called minister from Africa wrote in his letter to me that when sexual union had taken place between a man and a woman, it would automatically be considered a marriage.

[28] .In chapter 7 he acknowledges that contemporary Christianity had followed the practice of the Roman Empire with respect to monogamy: "now indeed in our times, and after the usage of Rome, neither to marry in addition, so as to have more than one wife living" [emphasis added].^ "Since the founding of the Roman empire monogamy has prevailed more extensively than in times previous to that.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His first wife insisted that she would only marry a man that would have more than one wife.

^ He said that the man should not marry more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]
.The New Testament is ambiguous with respect to polygamy.^ Finally Polygamy historically old and new testament was allowed only when specific conditions were accepted.

^ Josie, I actually find no evidence in the new testament that polygamy came from Heavenly Father.

.In 1 Timothy 3:2 the emphasis is on Church leaders: "A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach."^ Timothy 2:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife , vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, apt to teach; 1 Tim.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We are to have one wife and one husband.

^ Paul is by no means telling Timothy that male leaders must be the husband of at least one wife.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Something similar is repeated in the first chapter of the Epistle of Titus; however, the author of 1 Corinthians (chapter 7, verse 2) writes, "Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband." In modern times a minority of Roman Catholic theologians have argued that polygamy, though not ideal, can be a legitimate form of Christian marriage in certain regions, in particular Africa.[30][31] The Roman Catholic Church teaches in its Catechism that
."polygamy is not in accord with the moral law.^ Ohio 1969) "overruled" Beason in regards to adverse consequences for advocacy; but, polygamy laws, and thereby the morality upon which such laws were based, are still on the books.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

[Conjugal] communion is radically contradicted by polygamy; this, in fact, directly negates the plan of .God which was revealed from the beginning, because it is contrary to the equal personal dignity of men and women who in matrimony give themselves with a love that is total and therefore unique and exclusive."^ The polygamous women make this arguement: They point out that few men are truly worthy of a good woman’s love.

^ There is no need for women having more than one husband, there is a need in society for religious men to give shelter to more than one woman.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let men be the great thinkers and builders and laborers, let the women be the affectionate mothers, the great women who use their sensitive emotions to 'care' for others.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[32]
.Periodically, Christian reform movements that have aimed at rebuilding Christian doctrine based on the Bible alone (sola scriptura) have at least temporarily accepted polygamy as a Biblical practice.^ For those of you who do not think that polygamy was/is an actual inspired or doctrine, or feel that the early church’s practice of that doctrine was misguided (i.e.

^ David is touted in Scripture as being a man after Gods own heart (1 Samuel 13:14), yet the Biblical record is clear that he practiced polygamy.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore the idea that polygamy is not Christian or not allowed or is immoral according to the teachings of the Bible have no basis at all.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, during the Protestant Reformation, in a document referred to simply as "Der Beichtrat" (or "The Confessional Advice" ),[33] Martin Luther granted the Landgrave Philip of Hesse, who, for many years, had been living "constantly in a state of adultery and fornication,"[34] a dispensation to take a second wife.^ That was not 'punishment' for taking a second wife, it was simply the standards that must be followed.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He requested to be allowed to take the girl as his second wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also highly offensive to the many thousands of adult women who have chosen to live their beliefs in plural marriage.

The double marriage was to be done in secret however, to avoid public scandal.[35] .Some fifteen years earlier, in a letter to the Saxon Chancellor Gregor Brück, Luther stated that he could not "forbid a person to marry several wives, for it does not contradict Scripture."^ Some of these men marry, but it is does not last.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1840, the doctrine was taught to a few leading brethren who, with the Prophet, secretly married additional wives in the following year.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He Contended that no person Could have a Celestial glory unless He had a plurality of wives.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

("Ego sane fateor, me non posse prohibere, si quis plures velit uxores ducere, nec repugnat sacris literis.")[36]
."On February 14, 1650, the parliament at Nürnberg decreed that, because so many men were killed during the Thirty Years’ War, the churches for the following ten years could not admit any man under the age of 60 into a monastery.^ I decided not to post the full book on the Internet because it contains many quotes from his lectures and books and letters that are mostly of interest only to his immediate followers.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The two had been a couple off and on for two years and Hopkins was killed at a West Jordan apartment Dutson shared with two other young men.

^ She asked if there was any other alternative, and I told her, yes, there is no age limit, you could consider an older man as well.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Priests and ministers not bound by any monastery were allowed to marry.^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

^ Nestorian priests were always allowed to marry and could remarry a second or third time ( CE ibid.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Lastly, the decree stated that every man was allowed to marry up to ten women.^ A man may marry up to four women.
  • Relationships/Monogamy and Polygamy - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Monogamy and Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.eioba.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In monogamous societies, man 1 will marry women 1, and man 2 women 2.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Is There a Case for Legalizing Polygamy? BECKER 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Islam, we are allowed to marry 4 women at a time.

The men were admonished to behave honorably, provide for their wives properly, and prevent animosity among them."[37][38][39][40][41]
.The trend towards frequent divorce and remarriage is sometimes referred to as 'serial polygamy'.[42] In contrast, others may refer to this as 'serial monogamy', since it is a series of monogamous relationships.^ If serial polygamy (divorce and remarriage) is tolerated and legal, then there is absolutely no reason in the world why true polygamy should remain illegal (a Felony).
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are communitarian benefits to gay marriage; there may well be serious communitarian harms to polygamy.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was also the issue that since it was illegal several members pointed out that it may cause serious legal problems for ISKCON. .
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[43] .The first term highlights the multiplicity of marriages throughout the life-cycle, the second the non-simultaneous nature of these marriages.^ She thought they were shacking up because they wanted to live with one another, on a long-term basis - like in marriage - like for life.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The very nature of multiple wife marriages takes care of that problem automatically.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, all these things are accepted in Vedic culture to help to assure a life-long marriage, which is to the individual's and society's benefit.  .
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Sub-Saharan Africa, there has often been a tension between the Christian churches' insistence on monogamy and traditional polygamy.^ I realize that now there are more differences between the mainstream LDS church and the former RLDS/now Community of Christ.

^ By the second century, polygamy had completely faded from the Christian Church.

^ I know there are people who see no difference between the polygamy practices of the FLDS Church and the early LDS Church.

.In some instances in recent times there have been moves for accommodation; in others churches have resisted such moves strongly.^ When performed by proxy, it is used to "seal" deceased married members of the LDS Church to each other for time and eternity, while for the living it serves as the current marriage ceremony.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I thougth there might be some other ansonites out there.

^ And I feel kind of like, even if it was commanded for a while, there must have been some reason behind it other than it’s just the way it’s supposed to be.

.African Independent Churches have sometimes referred to those parts of the Old Testament which describe polygamy in defending the practice.^ The LDS church does not practice polygamy and.

^ Those who practice polygamy are not Mormons.

^ Polygamy is not recognized by the church and definetly not practiced.

Mormonism

The history of Mormon polygamy (more accurately, polygyny) begins with Mormonism founder Joseph Smith stating that he received a revelation from God on July 17, 1831 that some Mormon men would be allowed to practice "plural marriage". This was later set down in the Doctrine and Covenants by the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).[44] .Despite Smith's revelation, the 1835 edition of the 101st Section of the Doctrine and Covenants, written after the doctrine of plural marriage began to be practiced, publicly condemned polygamy.^ Joseph Smith publicly denied repeatedly that he was practicing polygamy.

^ That was the doctrine of plural marriage by divine sanction.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Doctrine and Covenants Section 101 - Article on Marriage .
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

.This scripture was used by John Taylor in 1850 to quash Mormon polygamy rumors in Liverpool, England.^ President John Taylor died in the Mormon underground.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John C. Bennett and Oliver Olney had published about polygamy, and Godfrey argues that "such extensive publicity appears to have aroused the public against Mormonism and its marriage system."
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The touching experience today when mormon families reunite after the veil in the temple, started out as an experience Smith could use to show how polygamy worked in heaven.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] .Polygamy was illegal in the state of Illinois[46] during the 1839–44 Nauvoo era when several top Mormon leaders, including Smith,[47][48] Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball, took plural wives.^ In fact, most of his plural wives were young.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The final nail on the coffin which demonstrates polygamy's illegality was when Ann Eliza Webb filed for "divorce" from Brigham Young and sued him for alimony in 1877.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ever wonder what today's Mormon Church would be like if Joseph Smith had never practiced polygamy?
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Mormon elders who publicly taught that all men were commanded to enter plural marriage were subject to harsh discipline.^ The New and Everlasting Covenant, known as Celestial Marriage- Plurality of Wives (Polygamy)-cannot commit adultery, men can become gods has never ceased being performed by The Mormon Church.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No legal marriage licenses were ever applied for nor granted, and every single child born of Mormon "plural marriages" was illegitimate - i.e.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Above all else, one's attitude toward Joseph, the church, and plural marriage will influence how such contradictory and biased testimony is interpreted.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] .On June 7, 1844 the Nauvoo Expositor criticized Smith for plural marriage.^ Nauvoo innovations, notably plural marriage .
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nauvoo Polygamy begins with an odd introduction to plural marriage—G. D. Smith makes Napoleon Bonaparte a Joseph Smith doppelgänger by quoting a letter from the future Emperor to Josephine about their first night together: "I have awakened full of you.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is only nine marriages out of Todd Compton's list of thirty-three—or G. D. Smith's list of thirty-eight—plural marriages.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Nauvoo city council declared the Nauvoo Expositor press a nuisance and ordered Smith, as Nauvoo's mayor, to order the city marshall to destroy the paper and its press.^ The Nauvoo City Council, led by Mayor Joseph Smith, declared the press a nuisance, and ordered it destroyed.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ G. D. Smith reproduced Nauvoo Polygamy 's introduction, with minor edits, in the Council for Secular Humanism's flagship publication, Free Inquiry .
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joseph and the city council ordered the press destroyed, and the resulting furor resulted in his imprisonment and death from a mob attack.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

.This controversial decision led to Smith going to Carthage Jail where he was killed by a mob on June 27, 1844. The main body of Mormons left Nauvoo and followed Brigham Young to Utah where the practice of plural marriage continued.^ Plural marriages continue .
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who continue the practice are not "Mormons".

^ Nauvoo innovations, notably plural marriage .
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50]
.In 1852 Apostle Orson Pratt publicly acknowledged the practice of plural marriage through a sermon he gave.^ God told us to stop the practice of plural marriage so we stopped.

^ Even these would probably not think of their participation as "cursory," since a majority of men never practiced plural marriage at all.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An RLDS conservative, Price is committed to the stance that Joseph did not teach or practice plural marriage.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additional sermons by top Mormon leaders on the virtues of polygamy followed.^ A Duane Litfin indicates, Virtually all commentators agree that this phrase prohibits both polygamy and promiscuity, which are unthinkable for spiritual leaders in the church.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A true Mormon follows the laws of the land, and that includes NOT supporting polygamy.

^ I'd like to remind them that the term "Mormon" was given to the original church PRIOR to the adoption of polygamy, throughout the practice of polygamy, and following the banning of polygamy over 100 years ago.

[51] .Controversy followed when polygyny became a social cause, writers began to publish works condemning polygamy.^ Any writer knows that you need to check your facts before you publish a piece of work or else they run the risk of becoming discredited.

.The key plank of the Republican Party's 1856 platform was "to prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism, polygamy and slavery".[52] In 1862, Congress issued the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act which clarified that the practice of polygamy was illegal in all US territories.^ Republicans called slavery and polygamy "twin relics of barbarism," and Lincoln attacked Douglas over both issues in the campaign of 1860.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edmunds Act was an amendment to strengthen the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Law of 1862: .
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Republican Party platform Slavery and polygamy are the twin relics of barbarism .
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

The LDS Church believed that their religiously-based practice of plural marriage was protected by the United States Constitution,[53] however, the unanimous 1878 Supreme Court decision Reynolds v. .United States declared that polygamy was not protected by the Constitution, based on the longstanding legal principle that "laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinions, they may with practices."^ According to Reynolds v United States (1878), it was held that: "Laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinions, they may with practices."
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, the law has made their form of irreligious serial polygamy legal, so they are free to criticize a religious person from practicing true religious polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are simply not interested in practicing true, religiously centered, polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[54]
.Increasingly harsh anti-polygamy legislation in the US led some Mormons to emigrate to Canada and Mexico.^ That is where we are at with anti-polygamy legislation.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Josie - Those of us who question the legitimacy of Mormon polygamy also question the legitimacy of polygamy as practiced by Abraham et al.

^ HEY! Just like the founder of mormonism and POLYGAMY in the US, Joseph Smith!
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1890, LDS Church president Wilford Woodruff issued a public declaration (the Manifesto) announcing the official discontinuance of polygamy.^ President Wilford Woodruff issued the manifesto...
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The LDS church does not practice polygamy and.

^ Prophet Wilford Woodruff, Official Declaration 1 (also known as "The 1890 Manifesto") in the Doctrine and Covenants , 1981 ed.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Anti-Mormon sentiment waned, as did opposition to statehood for Utah.^ This predominantly non-Mormon party opposed statehood, as they felt that the shackles of the local theocracy had not yet been removed from all the people of Utah.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1893, as a result of the Manifesto and after years of antagonism to Mormon polygamy, the Salt Lake Tribune, which had been the organ of the Liberal ( anti-Mormon ) party, came out in favor of statehood, thus ending any opposition to statehood from inside the state.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These women did a beautiful job of portraying a "Normal" life but like I say poligamy is not a "Normal" practice for UTAH MORMONS. .

.The Smoot Hearings in 1904 spurred the LDS Church to issue a Second Manifesto against polygamy.^ The LDS church does not practice polygamy and.

^ And that the LDS church does not practice polygamy.

^ Again, the LDS church does NOT practice polygamy.

.By 1910 the LDS Church excommunicated those who practiced polygamy.^ Any so-called members of the church who practice polygamy is excommunicated.

^ Those who continue the practice are not "Mormons".

^ The LDS church does not practice polygamy and.

.Even so, many plural husbands and wives continued to cohabit until their deaths in the 1940s and 1950s.^ Leadership continues to take plural wives .
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ JS allowed Zina (as with all his other wives who were married to other men) to continue to live and cohabit with her first husband, Henry.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even when Ancient Israel was subject to Gods judgment, it was both husband and wife [that] shall be taken (Jeremiah 6:11), as opposed to a husband and his herem of wives.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

[55]
.Enforcement of the 1890 Manifesto caused various splinter groups to leave the LDS Church in order to continue the practice of plural marriage.^ Plural marriages continue .
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The LDS church does not practice polygamy and.

^ "LDS Church Authority and New Plural Marriages, 1890-1904."
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

[56] .Polygamy among these groups persists today in Utah and neighboring states as well as in the spin-off colonies.^ This hinders the debate over gay marriage in the United States as well as the controversy over polygamy in France.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note that the Utah Commission did not state precisely where these marriages occurred.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Note that the Utah Commission did not state where these marriages occurred.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

.Polygamist churches of Mormon origin are often referred to as "Mormon fundamentalist" even though they are not a part of the mainstream LDS church.^ Fundamentalist Mormons broke with the mainstream church when it renounced polygamy in 1890.

^ As to the unabated anger at the polygamists refering to themselves as "Mormon", it has nothing to do with the LDS church.

^ I heard the polygamist family referred to as "Mormons" but they are Not.

.Such fundamentalists often use an 1886 revelation to John Taylor as the basis for their authority to continue the practice of plural marriage.^ Such doctrines as plural marriage .
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President John Taylor went to the Lord in the True Order of Prayer and asked the Lord concerning His mind and His will concerning continuing practice of plural marriage in the LDS Church?
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Above all else, one's attitude toward Joseph, the church, and plural marriage will influence how such contradictory and biased testimony is interpreted.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57] .The Salt Lake Tribune stated in 2005 there were as many as 37,000 fundamentalists with less than half of them living in polygamous households.^ SALT LAKE TRIBUNE (28 articles) .
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You have said more than once that in living in polygamous relations with your wives, which you do and intend to do, you knew that you were disobeying this revelation?
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And they idealize the early saints’ polygamous relationships: “there were so many excess women, they needed protection and provision, God needed to raise up seed,” etc.

[58]

Islam

.In Islam, polygamy is allowed for men (making it polygyny), with the specific limitation that they can only have up to four wives at any one time.^ And it certainly wasn't the revelation that polygamy was permitted (from that time) to the Christian men!

^ No-one can claim a nickname they didn't come up with only applies to them and no-one else can use it.

^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Qur'an also clearly states that men who choose this route must deal with their wives as fairly as possible, doing everything that they can to spend equal amounts of time and money on each one of them.^ So, he said the men who are able they should take at least 3 wives.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At one point he said that if men today do not accept at least 12 wives they will all go to hell (in reference to so many women who were being exploited by degraded men.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.If the husband cannot deal with his wives fairly, one is enough.^ I have one good husband, and that is enough for me.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Wives of great emperors didn't have to fear that their husbands may take more than one wife, so their positions were safe.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the man has had two wives, with one wife dying and him marrying a second time, he cannot disregard children born from his first marriage.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Women on the other hand, are only allowed the one husband (no polyandry), although they are allowed to remarry after a divorce, unlike many other cultures further east.^ That leaves 50 other women who will have no qualified husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many women today have more than one husband in the form of serial polyandry, by marrying, divorcing and remarrying.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How many women today have had more than one husband?
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although many Muslim countries still retain traditional Islamic law which permits polygamy, secular elements within some Muslim societies challenge its acceptability.^ And, this is also confirmed in the Islamic countries that do allow polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also with the association that the LDS Church still harbors polygamy within it's walls/teachings is bull.

^ Thereafter, the LDS church prohibited the practice of polygamy while it continues to permit the practice of men being sealed to more than one wife (although the man is prohibited for being a bigamist).
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Polygamy is prohibited by law in some Muslim countries that have not adopted Islamic law for marital regulations, such as Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Tunisia and Turkey.^ And, this is also confirmed in the Islamic countries that do allow polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But such missionaries never encourage continuous polygamy , prohibiting it for the next generation of Believers, and rightly training them that a proper marriage is between one man and one woman.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Polygamy, and laws concerning polygamy, differ greatly throughout the Islamic world and form a very complex and diverse background from nation to nation.^ Monogamy was an ongoing situation in many nations throughout the world: the Chinese Han people in ancient China, the Dong, the Manchus and the Yao.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Plans to open branches of a Malaysian "Polygamy Club" in Indonesia have upset women's groups and religious leaders in the world's most populous Muslim nation...

^ Joseph Smith, apparently, felt that what he was doing was very different than “bigamy” or polygamy.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

.Whereas in some Muslim countries it may be fairly common, in most others it is often rare or non-existent.^ Note that polygyny is rare even in those Muslim countries that allow it, such as Iran.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Is There a Case for Legalizing Polygamy? BECKER 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Polygamy may be abhorrent to most Americans, but in the global community it is common, normal and accepted.

^ Polygamists may be members of the FLDS church or some other church - of which the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints (aka Mormon church) has nothing to do with.

.According to traditional Islamic law, a man may take up to four wives, and each of those wives must have her own property, assets, and dowry.^ Men in this mainly Muslim country are allowed up to four wives, according to Islamic Sharia law.

^ Under Islamic law, men can be married to as many as four wives.

^ A Malay man may take up to four wives.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Is There a Case for Legalizing Polygamy? BECKER 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

.Usually the wives have little to no contact with each other and lead separate, individual lives in their own houses, and sometimes in different cities, though they all share the same husband.^ The wives are often unaware of the fact that other women are 'sharing' their husbands with them.
  • Whisper Article - Meeting Place for Reverts/Converts To Islam 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.convertstoislam.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Women in Islam Versus Women in Christianity and Judaism - A comparative Study 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.themodernreligion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And all other women are to be respected the same as one's own mother.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The wives are often unaware of the fact that other women are sharing their husbands with them.
  • Polygamy in the Judeo-Christian tradition in the west and in islam 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.thewaytotruth.org [Source type: Original source]

.Prophet Muhammad, who had a monogamous marriage with Khadija for twenty five years till her death, married many of his wives because they were war widows who were left with nothing and took care of them.^ They got married about a year later.

^ Because many have misunderstood what the Prophet had said.

^ She described boys who have little recourse in a community where self worth is based on how many wives you are "given" by the prophet, based on merit that is decided by him and the God he alone speaks for.

.Thus, polygamy is an exception rather than the rule and is traditionally restricted to men who can manage things, and in some countries it is illegal for a man to marry multiple wives if he is unable to afford to take care of each of them properly.^ I think in heaven just like on earth, polygamy will be the exception rather than the rule.

^ If one man is supposed to have multiple wives, this means that some men don’t get any.

^ So, he said the men who are able they should take at least 3 wives.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the modern Islamic world, polygamy is mainly found in traditionalist Arab cultures,[citation needed] Saudi Arabia, West and East Africa (In Sudan it is encouraged from the president as female population is high).^ So, why is polygamy needed in today's world?
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This world is just out of whack, why would we not expect polygamy in olden days and the modern church not to be completely crazy too?

^ The attack from the left, and pressure from France's allies in Africa (where public anger at the polygamy remarks ran high), quickly forced President Chirac, through a spokesman, to distance his government from the controversy.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59] .Among the 22 member states of the Arab League, Tunisia alone explicitly prohibits polygamy; however, it is generally frowned-upon in many of the more secularized or Westernized Arab states, such as Egypt, Morocco, and Lebanon.^ He has not addressed what many consider the more subsantive arguments against it, such as those raised in the comments.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The great Jewish Sage Hillel significantly frowned upon polygamy, saying, lots of women, lots of witchcraft; lots of slave girls, lots of lust (m.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But such missionaries never encourage continuous polygamy , prohibiting it for the next generation of Believers, and rightly training them that a proper marriage is between one man and one woman.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Few other countries including Libya and Pakistan require the written permission of the first wife if her husband wishes to marry a second, third, or fourth wife.^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

^ JS allowed Zina (as with all his other wives who were married to other men) to continue to live and cohabit with her first husband, Henry.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Lord was quoting what was written in that law, found in Deuteronomy 24:1-4, that it was wrong for a man to divorce his wife on grounds other than fornication.

Legal situation

.Most western countries do not recognize polygamous marriages, and consider bigamy a crime.^ In America monogomy is not at all a common thing in or out side of marriage and it's considered not a crime.

^ Nineteen of the present-day states permit unrestricted marriage between first cousins, and most countries have no restrictions at all on marriage between cousins.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If he were to 'legally' marry more than one wife, obtaining State marriage licenses for each one, this would be considered a Felony in most states, punishable by fine and prison time.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Several countries also prohibit people from living a polygamous lifestyle.^ Growing up I had a friend from a polygamous family, and several years ago I lived across the street from a polygamous wife and her children .

.In some States of the United States, the criminalization of a polygamous lifestyle originated as anti-Mormon laws, although they are rarely enforced.^ They are crimes by the laws of the United States, and they are crimes by the laws of Idaho.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1862 federal Morrill Act was not the first law which made bigamy illegal; it was merely the first law which specifically reinforced existing state anti-bigamy laws.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Inside Polygamy" stated that although 30,000 to 50,000 people are involved in polygamy (rooted in 19th-century Mormonism), the actual number may be much higher.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

[60]
.In diplomatic law, consular spouses from polygamous countries may be exempt from a general prohibition on polygamy in host countries.^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But such missionaries never encourage continuous polygamy , prohibiting it for the next generation of Believers, and rightly training them that a proper marriage is between one man and one woman.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.In some such countries, only one spouse of a polygamous diplomat may be accredited.^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

^ We have recently had published in some of the Utah papers some letters on this subject, and one from Joseph Smith, the eldest son of the Prophet, in which a great deal of sophistry is made use of, special pleading, such as the lawyer that he is, seems only capable of using.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Until that time, faithful members married in the temple to only one spouse did not have a celestial marriage!
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

[61]
.Polygamists may find it harder dealing with government agencies, such as obtaining legal immigrant status.^ Such a dishonest man may be punished, but if polygamy were legal, then men would not need to be so dishonest either.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

By country

.
  • Canada: Illegal according to the Criminal Code of Canada, Section 293.[62]
  • China, People's Republic of: Illegal (but tolerated for some minorities, such as Tibetans, in some rural areas in the South West) .
  • Egypt: Permitted for Muslims (up to four wives).
  • Eritrea: Legal in areas under Sharia only (up to four wives).
  • All the 27 countries of the European Union (see special note for the United Kingdom): Illegal.
  • Iceland: Illegal according to the Icelandic Act on Marriage No.^ (In some European countries the legal age is 14 for these girls).
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Roberts's discussion of the Expositor reminds the reader of "the introduction of the practice of the new marriage system of the church, permitting under special conditions a plurality of wives," and notes that the dissident paper had "charged the Prophet with exercising illegal authority, both in ecclesiastical and civil affairs; with the introduction of the plural wife system, and other supposed doctrinal heresies; with gross immoralities; and malfeasance in the administration of the affairs of the church."
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ No-one can claim a nickname they didn't come up with only applies to them and no-one else can use it.

    31/1993, Art. .11.[63]
  • Israel: Illegal according to the Penal Code of Israel.
  • Iran: Legal with written consent from the first wife (up to four wives).
  • Libya: Legal with written consent from the first wife (up to four wives).^ Even when Ancient Israel was subject to Gods judgment, it was both husband and wife [that] shall be taken (Jeremiah 6:11), as opposed to a husband and his herem of wives.
    • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If the man has had two wives, with one wife dying and him marrying a second time, he cannot disregard children born from his first marriage.
    • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ According to the Vedas, generally the first wife is given a bit higher respect by the other co-wives.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    (See Polygamy in Libya.)
  • Malaysia: Permitted for Muslims; required to obtain judicial consent, show financial capability, and several strict conditions. .Some variation in law between states (family law relating to non-Muslims is under federal jurisdiction).^ The 1862 federal Morrill Act was not the first law which made bigamy illegal; it was merely the first law which specifically reinforced existing state anti-bigamy laws.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As Wikipedia points out: The proposition amended California's marriage law, adding section 308.5 of the Family Code stating Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California.
    • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hence, there is a difference between living under the Law of God and living under the Grace of God.

    [64]
  • Morocco: Permitted for Muslims, restrictions apply.
  • Pakistan: Illegal for non-Muslims. .Allowed for Muslims, provided the husband takes written permission from his previous wives.^ JS allowed Zina (as with all his other wives who were married to other men) to continue to live and cohabit with her first husband, Henry.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Wives of great emperors didn't have to fear that their husbands may take more than one wife, so their positions were safe.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If the man is the sole provider and he takes care of her basic needs, nice clothes, pays the bills, etc., then the wife can take good care of her husband.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    This permission is documented at the time of the Nikah and forms part of the Nikah-nama (agreement of Nikah). .Currently however, the government is debating whether to remove the requirement to obtain permission from the previous wives
  • South Africa: Legalised for indigenous, black traditionalists by the Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998.
  • Tunisia: Illegal.
  • Turkey: Illegal.
  • United Kingdom: Illegal if the marriage took place in the UK, but recognized (for some private purposes; but not for e.g.^ And the next marriage took place in 1891?
    • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It would be as easy for the United States to build a tower to remove the sun, as to remove polygamy, or the Church and Kingdom of God.
    • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It does not, however, require any clergy or religious official to solemnize any marriage in violation of his/her right to free exercise of religion as guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the California Constitution.
    • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

    pension, immigration or citizenship rights) if it took place in another country where the law allows it if the parties were domiciled in that country.[65]
  • United States: Illegal in all 50 states (but see Polygamy in the United States)
  • Uzbekistan: Illegal.

Africa

.Polygamy existed all over Africa as an aspect of culture or/and religion.^ What all of this means is that in order to discuss the legal aspects of polygamy, we have to clarify what the moral concerns are first of all.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I started this page to write about polygamy, but got a little off-topic by covering all the 'related' aspects, because in Vedic culture, all the aspects are related, so I could not talk about one aspect without explaining something about all other aspects.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All of the federal laws enacted against Mormon polygamy from 1862 to 1879 merely served to force the Mormons to comply with existing common laws.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Plural marriages have been more common than not in the history of Africa.^ And in marriage, all over the world, pairs are more common than more than pairs.

^ However, Snow told the Quorum of the 12 on 11 July 1901 that there were to be no more plural marriages.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wherever the emphasis of marriage is placed on procreation or the sexual satisfaction of the man, more than likely polygyny will flourish ( ABD ).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Many African societies saw children as a form of wealth thus the more children a family had the more powerful it was.^ The children of families that stay together will become productive and responsible members of society.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How many men have had more than one wife?  The law and society allow it, as long as the man has only one wife at a time.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Messianic families already struggle financiallyand those are families made up of one husband, one wife, and multiple children (beyond the average three to four).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Thus polygamy was part of empire building. .It was only during the colonial era that plural marriage was perceived as taboo.^ This is only nine marriages out of Todd Compton's list of thirty-three—or G. D. Smith's list of thirty-eight—plural marriages.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [P]erhaps the only known plural marriage was that between Joseph Smith and Fanny Alger.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two hundred pages later, we learn that this suspicion was only because of his [Clayton's] "discussion of plural marriage" (p.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Esther Stanford, an African-focused lawyer, states that this decline was encouraged because the issues of property ownership conflicted with European colonial interest.[66] .Polygamy is very common in West Africa (Muslim and traditionalist).^ Also muslims prctice polygamy in the US but keep it very clandestine.

^ Gay marriage and polygamy are not only not united by any single common principle necessary to the argument for gay marriage, but for the traditionalist, the affirmative arguments for them are quite distinct.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

However, the diffusion of Islam to this region has (rather counterintuitively) decreased the prevalence of polygyny in this region [67]

South Africa

.In South Africa, traditionalists commonly practice polygamy.^ The Church of Jesus of Latter-day Saints commonly called 'Mormons" DOES NOT PRACTICE POLYGAMY. If they did they would be excomunicated.

[68] .The president, Jacob Zuma is also openly in favor of plural marriages, being married to five wives himself and rumored to be courting a sixth.^ The New and Everlasting Covenant, known as Celestial Marriage- Plurality of Wives (Polygamy)-cannot commit adultery, men can become gods has never ceased being performed by The Mormon Church.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Joseph Smiths attempt at plural marriage with Orson Pratts wife: Sister Pratt, the Lord has given you to me as one of my spiritual wives.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ President Joseph F. Smith admitted that he had had eleven children borne to him by his five wives, since pledging himself to obey the revealed manifesto of 1890...
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.He has a total of twenty children with all these wives.^ But, the worst thing is that these children, for the most part, will tend to loose respect for all authority.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fathers will continue to be the loving and caring full time fathers of their first wife's children as well as all other children from other wives.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of these children grow up to become the social miss-fits or low-class citizens and all of society degrades further down and suffers.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[69][70] .The wives live in small houses in a circle around the master compound.^ In Africa, co-wives and their children generally live in separate houses or huts.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I also gave you your master's house and your master's wives into your care, and I gave you the house of Israel and Judah; and if that had been too little, I would have added to you many more things like these!
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He also says, I gave your master's house to you, and your master's wives into your arms (NIV) or possession of your master's wives (NJPS).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

[71]

Sudan

.Polygamy is encouraged in countries such as Sudan, where President Omar Hassan al-Bashir has encouraged multiple marriages to increase the population.^ Polygamy would not increase the population.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But such missionaries never encourage continuous polygamy , prohibiting it for the next generation of Believers, and rightly training them that a proper marriage is between one man and one woman.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And indeed, history does show examples where the religious authorities have allowed for polygamy when the population of a country has been utterly devastated by war.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

[72]

Asia

The Chinese culture of Confucianism and thus the practice of polygamy spread from China to Korea and areas that are now Vietnam. .Before the establishment of the modern democratic mode, Eastern countries permitted a similar practice of polygamy.^ First, modern liberal societies have emphasized values like individualism and sex equality that seem inconsistent with polygamy as it has been practiced.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His wife is all for it (although their idea of polygamy is a bit more out there sexually than what I would guess most modern polygamists practice).

^ On Lawn ( mail ) ( www ): Dale, First, modern liberal societies have emphasized values like individualism and sex equality that seem inconsistent with polygamy as it has been practiced.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

[73]

South Asia

.Polygyny, permitted under Islamic law, is present amongst some Muslims in South Asia.^ As Dale knows, all laws are to some extent over- or under-inclusive.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

.Polygamy is considerably more widespread among Hindus in Nepal than in India.^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the very refinement of cruelty, this polygamy, and it hurts are deeper and more poisonous than any other wounds can be.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyone believing in Israels full restoration today, and the so-called restoration of polygamy , will actually do more to deter or stop such a restoration than accelerate it!
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

India

.Polygamy is illegal in India for Hindus and other religious groups under the Hindu marriage Act.^ Religious polygamy is illegal, irreligious polygamy is legal.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Polygamy is now illegal even in India, the land of dharma.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, polygamy became specifically illegal under U. S. common laws in 1850; but, since polygamy was also illegal under Mexican laws beforehand, there was never a time when polygamy was legal in Utah.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.It remains legal for Muslims under the terms of The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act of 1937, as interpreted by the All India Muslim Personal Law Board.^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, the law has made their form of irreligious serial polygamy legal, so they are free to criticize a religious person from practicing true religious polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, a man could, even under Roman law, have more than one 'woman', but only one legal wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nevertheless, according to the 1961 census (the last census to record such data), polygamy was actually less prevalent among Indian Muslims (5.7%) than among several other religious groups.^ Since the authority rests solely on the few in charge and their "revelations", what, other than state or federal law, would keep them from sanctioning polygamy in the future?

^ Anyone believing in Israels full restoration today, and the so-called restoration of polygamy , will actually do more to deter or stop such a restoration than accelerate it!
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ When a man takes more than one wife with the motive of giving protection to the women, then his actions are totally moral and religious, polygamy for the purpose of protection is dharma, it is religion.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

Incidence was highest among Adivasis (15.25%) and Buddhists (7.9%); Hindus, by comparison, had an incidence of 5.8%.[74]
Polygamy is generally quite rare in urban areas, and among the cosmopolitan middle classes.

Mongolia

.In Mongolia, there has been discussion by some tabloids about legalizing polygamy to reduce the imbalance of the male and female population.^ If serial polygamy (divorce and remarriage) is tolerated and legal, then there is absolutely no reason in the world why true polygamy should remain illegal (a Felony).
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, polygamy became specifically illegal under U. S. common laws in 1850; but, since polygamy was also illegal under Mexican laws beforehand, there was never a time when polygamy was legal in Utah.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many splinter groups who are affiliate themselves with some of the teachings of the LDS church who do practice polygamy which, in my opinion causes the confusion.

[75]

Thailand

.Until polygamy was outlawed by King Rama VI, it was expected that wealthy or upper-class Thai men were historically recognized to maintain mansions consisting of multiple wives and their children in the same residence.^ These are the men who are qualified to give as many wives protection as they can maintain.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same talk he mentioned that the higher classes of men, the priest and government men, mostly they would take more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But it is maintained if she became unfaithful after her marriage and if her children, in turn, followed her example; for Israel became unfaithful after God chose her, and her descendants then followed in the same pattern of life.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Among the royalty and courtiers in the past, wives were classified as principal, secondary, and slave. .Today, the tradition of minor wives still remains, but the practice is different from that of the past.^ What some men have done in the past is to marry more than one wife, often times in different states, and none of the wives knew about the other women.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the obvious errors of those believing that polygamy can, or should, be practiced today is in failing to recognize the types of men who had multiple wives.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Polygamy (one man married to two or more living wives) may not be practiced today in the church, but its influence on church doctrine and practices still haunts the lives of millions of active members.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Due to the expense involved, minor wives are mostly limited to the wealthy men.^ They are just young men (mostly young teenagers) who have become competition to the older men who want more (and usually much younger) wives.

While a "proper woman" (Kulasatrii; Thai: กุลสตรี) must remain faithful to her husband, there were no equivalent rules in history mandating fidelity in the "virtuous man."
.Regardless of the historical acceptance, male polygamy or plural marriage is no longer legally or socially acceptable in the contemporary Thai society.^ No legal marriage licenses were ever applied for nor granted, and every single child born of Mormon "plural marriages" was illegitimate - i.e.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If serial polygamy (divorce and remarriage) is tolerated and legal, then there is absolutely no reason in the world why true polygamy should remain illegal (a Felony).
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the practice of having "minor wives" (Mia-Noi: เมียน้อย) continues in modern days in secrecy from the "primary wife" (Mia-Luang: เมียหลวง).^ Groups that continue the practice in Utah and elsewhere have no association whatever with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More specifically, the practice of polygyny or a man having multiple wives, compared to polyandry or a woman having multiple husbands.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But remarriage and a man having children from a sequence of marriages brought about by the unfortunate death of his wife/wives is different than polygamy.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

[76] .Almost all married Thai women today object to this practice, and indeed for many it has been grounds for divorce.^ Who will all those women marry?

^ We just don’t practice it in the traditional way where they are all married to each other at the same time while living.

^ Over 70% of all men and women will marry more than once.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[77] .Minor wives are viewed with contempt by the Thai society along the lines of being amoral women or home breakers.^ Rather, they only work to further degrade women and all of human society along with it.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And for women to be married on this basis without being legally acknowledged as wives can hardly have been reassuring.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If Messianic polygamists did not arise, Messianic egalitarians might continue to keep quiet on their views of men and women being allowed to lead, and women being elevated in value.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

[78]

China

.Since the Han Dynasty, technically, Chinese men could have only one wife.^ (Note: there is only one sentence that satisfys the requirement of the laws of the land: "authority vested in me, I pronounce you ______, and ______, legally and lawfully husband and wife,..."
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not know what we would do if we had only one wife apiece."
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the experiences could very well have been having a wife prior to Zipporah.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.However, throughout the thousands of years of Chinese history, it was common for rich Chinese men to have a wife and various concubines.^ Martin told me soon after Joseph, the prophet, left Kirtland, that two years before, he had told him that as his wife had left him he needed a woman as other men.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ However, most people identify the word polygamy to mean men taking more than one wife, and are not familiar with the word polygyny, i will use the word polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

Polygamy is a by-product of the tradition of emphasis on procreation and the continuity of the father's family name..April 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Before the establishment of the Republic of China, it was lawful to have a wife and multiple concubines within Chinese marriage.^ Therefore, if a man marry him a wife in the world, and he marry her not by me nor by my word, and he covenant with her so long as he is in the world and she with him, their covenant and marriage are not of force when they are dead, and when they are out of the world; therefore, they are not bound by any law when they are out of the world.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once in Utah, Young attempted to establish the "Territory of Deseret," and operate the area as a theocracy, under the "Law of the Lord," which included plural marriage and blood atonement.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin told me soon after Joseph, the prophet, left Kirtland, that two years before, he had told him that as his wife had left him he needed a woman as other men.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Even though before the Communist Revolution, taking concubines were legal, very few men in the Chinese society could afford to have more than one wife.^ Allowing men to take more than one wife promotes morality.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, a man could, even under Roman law, have more than one 'woman', but only one legal wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To take more than one spouse spiritually is between them and God.

.Even for those who are wealthy and powerful enough to do so, taking too many wives was considered immoral.^ These are the men who are qualified to give as many wives protection as they can maintain.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The only men who become Gods, even the Sons of God, are those who enter into polygamy.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore those few men who proved themselves to be responsible and able to maintain their wives, Srila Prabhupad advised that these men should take as many wives as they can maintain.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Confucianism, taking concubines was allowed, but a man must have a just reason for it.^ Polygamy must be allowed for religious reasons.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyone who tries to find another explanation, or is confused because it was a part of the church, and therefore must have a reasonable/dotrinal basis, is just fooling herself.

^ If society allowed men to take more than one wife, far fewer men would find any reason to 'cheat'.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, if his wife is not able to give birth to a son, he would be allowed to take a concubine.^ He requested to be allowed to take the girl as his second wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Allowing men to take more than one wife promotes morality.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same talk he mentioned that the higher classes of men, the priest and government men, mostly they would take more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.If a man wants more wives for sexual indulgence, it would be unacceptable.^ More specifically, the practice of polygyny or a man having multiple wives, compared to polyandry or a woman having multiple husbands.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The man would be seen as some sort of sexual pervert, a 'dirty-old-man', practically a child-molester.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wherever the emphasis of marriage is placed on procreation or the sexual satisfaction of the man, more than likely polygyny will flourish ( ABD ).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.It is illegal in modern China to have more than one spouse.^ Polygamy_1 POLY-GAMY (Poly = more than one - gamy = spouse) .
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To take more than one spouse spiritually is between them and God.

^ Rather, prior to the advent of Christ Roman law forbid a man to take more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

Polygamy are seen and tolerated in south west China among Chinese minorities such as Tibetans etc.

Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, polygamy was banned in October 1971.[79] Some Hong Kong businessmen have concubines across the border in mainland China, but concubines do not have the legal or social status of wives and so this should not strictly be called "polygamy". Kevin Murphy of The International Herald Tribune[80] reports the cross-border polygyny phenomenon in Hong Kong in 1995.[81]
.The traditional attitude toward mistresses is reflected in the saying: "wife is not as good as concubine, concubine is not as good as prostitute, prostitute is not as good as secret affair, secret affair is not as good as the affair you want but can't get" (妻不如妾, 妾不如妓, 妓不如偷, 偷不如偷不著).^ Paul, the good Hillelite Rabbi, is clear to say let each one of you love his wife as himself, and let the wife see that she respects her husband (RSV), referring to tēn heautou gunaika ( thn eautou gunaika ) in the singular.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But they think it is a good thing if a man is already married, as they can see how he treats and loves his wife, before deciding if they want to be married to him.

^ Now, where a man in this church says, I dont want but one wife, I will live my religion with one.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Current proponents and opponents

Secular

.David Friedman and Steve Sailer have argued that polygamy tends to benefit most women and disadvantage most men, under the assumption that most men and women do not practice it.^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So anyone who argues that "The Mormons stopped practicing polygamy when it was made illegal" are either misinformed or misrepresenting the truth.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So anyone who argues that "The Mormons stopped practicing polygamy when it was made illegal" are either misinformed or lying.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.The idea is firstly that many women would prefer half or one third of someone especially appealing to being the single spouse of someone that doesn't provide as much economic utility to them.^ If polygamy was legalized I’d tell my daughter to plan on a lifetime of staying single, because risking being dependent on a man would be too dangerous.
  • Donklephant » Blog Archive » The Case Against Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC donklephant.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No one would tell you off for being in an open marriage or relationship, so why the "butterfly collector" syndrome?
  • Brian Whitaker: Is there a serious problem with polygamy in the UK, or is the Baroness's attack simply point-scoring? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ At one point he said that if men today do not accept at least 12 wives they will all go to hell (in reference to so many women who were being exploited by degraded men.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Secondly, that the remaining women have a better market for finding a spouse themselves.^ These couples may be parents of young men and young women, who they already have believed will have difficulty finding an acceptable Messianic spouse.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "It is advised that all women get themselves married, and if there is any man who is better able to maintain wife and family, he is advised to marry as many women as he can maintain..."
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a mathematically-inclined lawyer, I find baffling the erroneous claims above that marriage means more to women than to men, or that men trade in their spouses for younger ones.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Is There a Case for Legalizing Polygamy? BECKER 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

.Say that 20% of women are married to 10% of men, that leaves 90% of men to compete over the remaining 80% of women.^ There are several biblical characters, even in the OT, who remained married to single women, when the West as we know it now did not exist.
  • One Ghana, One Voice: Polygamy - Kathy FitzGerald 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC oneghanaonevoice.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I wish my women, and brother Kimballs and brother Grants to leave, and every woman in this Territory, or else say in their hearts that they will embrace the Gospel the whole of it....
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Women were indeed exploited in many monogamous and polygynist traditional societies, when they were frequently forced to marry men that they did not want to.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Is There a Case for Legalizing Polygamy? BECKER 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

.Friedman uses this viewpoint to argue in favor of legalizing polygamy, while Sailer uses it to argue against legalizing it.^ Therefore, I am totally in favor of seeing polygamy made legal.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In arguing against polygamy, Dale makes no effort to show the list of benefits he claims for neutered marriage won't apply.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John C. Bennett and Oliver Olney had published about polygamy, and Godfrey argues that "such extensive publicity appears to have aroused the public against Mormonism and its marriage system."
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This same result of polygamy is used to justify it as a way to improve the genetic characteristics in a population. .The logic being that women will generally tend to marry men of wealth and health.^ Yet, a society that accepts that men can marry more than one wife, then nearly all, if not all, of the women who want a first-class husband will get one.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As we consider the idea of polygyny, we tend to think about the numbers game: Aren’t the numbers of women and men about equal?

^ Over 70% of all men and women will marry more than once.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Wealth has a high corrolation with intelligence, thus polygamy has the effect of increasing the intelligence inside the population that practices it.^ Polygamy would not increase the population.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As far as polygamy increasing the population, the math just doesn't add up.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some people argue or think that polygamy increases the population.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the US, the Libertarian Party supports complete decriminalization of polygamy as part of a general belief that the government should not regulate marriages.^ I dont think religions should be allowed to tell us what our laws ought to be regarding marriage.

^ The government doesnt support gay marriage either, but we still have the right to have a partner regardless of what the legal system says.

^ What I do have a definite problem with is this shadow belief that some Mormons have that polygamy is the ultimate way of life and the way that God intends for us to live.

.Individualist feminism and advocates such as Wendy McElroy also support the freedom for adults to voluntarily enter polygamous marriages.^ If you believe plural marriage (being the relationship entered into by CONSENTING ADULTS) is hurting people and should be outlawed, then you would also have to believe that gay and lesbian relationships between consenting adults should also be outlawed.

In Uruguay the "Colorado Party" supports polygamy.[citation needed]
.The American Civil Liberties Union of Utah, USA, is opposed to Utah's law against cohabitation.^ All the married Mormons who emigrated to Utah in 1847 had been married under the civil laws of their respective states; each one of those states had laws against bigamy, thus making monogamy the "common law."
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

[82]
.Those who advocate a Federal Marriage Amendment to the American Constitution to prohibit same-sex marriage generally word their proposed laws to also prohibit polygamy.^ Those who practice polygamy are not Mormons.

^ For those of you who do not think that polygamy was/is an actual inspired or doctrine, or feel that the early church’s practice of that doctrine was misguided (i.e.

^ Therefore, I request all who read this to take it on yourself to contact your Congressmen and demand the law be changed to legally allow polygamy.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many proponents of same-sex marriage are also in favour of maintaining current statutory prohibitions against polygamy.^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John C. Bennett and Oliver Olney had published about polygamy, and Godfrey argues that "such extensive publicity appears to have aroused the public against Mormonism and its marriage system."
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We haven't got a good argument to put behind our current prohibitions against polygamy.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Stanley Kurtz, a fellow at the Hudson Institute, lamented the modern arguments increasingly being made by various intellectuals who call for de-criminalizing polygamy.^ I do not "Hate" those people who practice polygamy anymore that I hate a family member or neighbor who's made a mistake or chosen to do something I don't understand.

^ Any so-called members of the church who practice polygamy is excommunicated.

^ So anyone who argues that "The Mormons stopped practicing polygamy when it was made illegal" are either misinformed or misrepresenting the truth.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kurtz concluded, "Marriage, as its ultramodern critics would like to say, is indeed about choosing one's partner, and about freedom in a society that values freedom.^ Well I would like to say one thing about your show on polygamy.

^ They are pretty well satisfied that this doctrine of plural marriage is true, and that it was revealed through the Prophet Joseph Smith, but they would like an excuse for disavowing and rejecting it.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ One is tempted to ask what evidence of no sexual relations would look like.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But that's not the only thing it is about.^ "The only thing left to do is to go after money, and this case has never been about that."

.As the Supreme Court justices who unanimously decided Reynolds in 1878 understood, marriage is also about sustaining the conditions in which freedom can thrive.^ The fact that this statement was made by a group of lawyers that have become US Supreme Court Justices shows their total and complete ignorance of what is or is not religion.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There seems to have been little criticism of such marriages among those Latter-day Saints who knew about them.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For those who are religious, it is their religious scripture that determines their social moral standards, not lawyers who have become Supreme Court Justices, and not lawyers who have become Congressional Legislators.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Polygamy in all its forms is a recipe for social structures that inhibit and ultimately undermine social freedom and democracy.^ It discourages divorce and prostitution, it protects and promotes the family tradition and ultimately by allowing it it will assist society to solve all of the social problems that face it today.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite so-called freedom of religious rights in America, and despite polygamy being accepted by many leading scriptures of the world, in the US all states have laws prohibiting it.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, all of these standards, taken together, form the basis of a social science that is the basis of religion itself.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

A hard-won lesson of Western history is that genuine democratic self-rule begins at the hearth of the monogamous family."
[83]

Religious

The Roman Catholic Church clearly condemns polygamy; the Catechism of the Catholic Church lists it in paragraph 2387 under the head "Other offenses against the dignity of marriage" and states that it "is not in accord with the moral law." Also in paragraph 1645 under the head "The Goods and Requirements of Conjugal Love" states "The unity of marriage, distinctly recognized by our Lord, is made clear in the equal personal dignity which must be accorded to man and wife in mutual and unreserved affection. Polygamy is contrary to conjugal love which is undivided and exclusive."
Currently the vast majority of Protestant congregations take the Catholic view on polygamy.[citation needed]
.The illegality of polygamy in certain areas creates, according to certain Bible passages, additional arguments against it.^ Therefore the idea that polygamy is not Christian or not allowed or is immoral according to the teachings of the Bible have no basis at all.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the most compelling biblical argument against polygamy is found in the New Testament portrait of marriage.
  • The Watchman Expositor: The Pain of Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC watchman.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I have yet to come across any compelling argument against polygamy, even though I can't imagine ever wanting to engage in it myself.
  • Daylight Atheism > Little-Known Bible Verses XI: Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.daylightatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

Paul of Tarsus writes "submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also because of conscience" (Romans 13:5), for "the authorities that exist have been established by God." (Romans 13:1) St Peter concurs when he says to "submit yourselves for the Lord's sake to every authority instituted among men: whether to the king, as the supreme authority, or to governors, who are sent by him to punish those who do wrong and to commend those who do right." .(1 Peter 2:13,14) Pro-polygamists argue that, as long as polygamists currently do not obtain legal marriage licenses for additional spouses, no enforced laws are being broken any more than when monogamous couples who similarly co-habitate without a marriage license.^ In addition, as long as the Mormons were the effective law enforcement, the law could not be enforced.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is the Law more merciful than Grace?

^ Women who entered monogamous marriages would now be threatened by the possibility of being forced into accepting polygamous marriage-due to dependent children, or illness or age.
  • Donklephant » Blog Archive » The Case Against Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC donklephant.com [Source type: Original source]

[84]
.At the present time, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) supports enforcing laws against polygamy, although historically this denomination practiced polygamy -- which it considered to be a principle revealed by God, through the church's founder Joseph Smith in the Book of Mormon -- and fought vocally against those seeking to establish anti-polygamy laws.^ Ever wonder what today's Mormon Church would be like if Joseph Smith had never practiced polygamy?
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those women who are on the show are not members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Mormons.

^ Polygamy is wrong, and it is against the law.

.The LDS Church renounced polygamy in 1890 as part of the events enabling Utah to become a state of the United States.^ Fundamentalist Mormons broke with the mainstream church when it renounced polygamy in 1890.

^ The LDS church does not practice polygamy and.

^ Again, the LDS church does NOT practice polygamy.

.Today, the church will excommunicate any member found to be practicing polygamy, even in countries where polygamy is legal.^ Any Church member adopting the practice today is excommunicated.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any so-called members of the church who practice polygamy is excommunicated.

^ And has since then been banned and any member found to be in a polygamous relationship is excommunicated from the church.

.However, men in the LDS Church still expect to take multiple wives in the next world after death.^ And the LDS church's current edition of the Doctrine and Covenants still contains the "revelation on celestial marriage", which sanctions plural marriage.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This world is just out of whack, why would we not expect polygamy in olden days and the modern church not to be completely crazy too?

^ Therefore those few men who proved themselves to be responsible and able to maintain their wives, Srila Prabhupad advised that these men should take as many wives as they can maintain.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

[85]
.Controversial Christian vegetarian activist and leader Nathan Braun implies a positive stance towards polygamy in his fourth edition of The History and Philosophy of Marriage.^ In his final chapter, G. D. Smith attempts to tie Latter-day Saint plural marriage to the broader history of polygamy, with a special emphasis on the Münster Anabaptists.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is not explained or acknowledged is that Woodruff's paramount concern was not to hide history or deny plural marriage (the Manifesto was three years in the future: polygamy was hardly a secret).
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Polygamy in fiction and popular culture

.The quip "Bigamy is having one spouse too many.^ How can you be one like we are commanded everywhere with our spouses with one man having so many other wives.

^ Bigamy consists in the having of two wives or two husbands at one and the same time, knowing that the former husband or wife is still alive.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

Monogamy is the same." is popularly misattributed to Oscar Wilde.
A popular joke with Mark Twain has Twain asked to cite a Scripture reference that forbids polygamy, and he responds with, "No man can serve two masters."

Science fiction, utopias, dystopias

.A number of writers have expressed their views on polygamy by writing about a fictional world in which it is the most common type of relationship.^ Even though G*d ended the practice, in a world most hostile to it, He still holds it a true principle and will doubtless restore the practice when He views the time as right.

^ Most people in the world who support polygamy do so for 'religious' reasons.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rough Stone Rolling; In Sacred Lonliness; By the Hand of Mormon; Mormon Polygamy; Under the Banner of Heaven; Early Mormonism and the Magic World View; some Dialogue articles.

These worlds tend to be utopian or dystopian in nature. .For instance, Robert A. Heinlein uses this theme in a number of novels, such as Stranger in a Strange Land. Polygamy is practiced by the Fremen in Frank Herbert's Dune as a means to pinpoint male infertility.^ Make no mistake about it, while polygamy is recorded to have been practiced in Scripture it by no means is endorsed by Scripture!
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ To me, it means early LDS polygamy was very different from the polygamy practiced by the FLDS Church.

^ So why did the founding prophet of the LDS church contradict and violate his own "revelations", as well as the laws of the land, by secretly teaching and practicing polygamy?
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is socially accepted as long as the man provides for all wives equally.^ A man who is trained to be life-long responsible for his wife (wives) and children.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think that people should be able to have multiple wives, as long as all parties are happy with the situation.

^ Of course, it’s the 1840s and wives die all the time, and a man needs a new wife.

Cultures described within the Dune novel series have intentional similarities to Islamic, Arab, and other cultures – i.e. desert cultures. Similarly, the Aiel society in Robert Jordan's The Wheel of Time series practice a form of polygamy, in which multiple women may marry the same man; in that fictional culture, women are the ones who propose marriage. .Among Aiel, sisters or very close friends who have adopted each other as sisters, will often marry the same man, so that he will not come between them.^ So, even a married man, he can keep other girl friends, that is not illegal.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ JS allowed Zina (as with all his other wives who were married to other men) to continue to live and cohabit with her first husband, Henry.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We just don’t practice it in the traditional way where they are all married to each other at the same time while living.

.Ursula K. Le Guin describes a planet O, where the cultural norm is a "sedoretu" or four-person marriage (a set combination of both genders and sexual orientations).^ Therefore, the best marriages are described as those in which the girl is married before puberty and is then trained to match her husband's personality.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Dan Simmons describes a culture of three-person marriages (any gender ratio) in his book Endymion.^ Therefore, the best marriages are described as those in which the girl is married before puberty and is then trained to match her husband's personality.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In David Weber's Honor Harrington series, the inhabitants of the planet Grayson practice polygamy (polygyny) due to the human colonists to the planet acquiring a genetic defect that gave rise to a large women-to-men birth ratio combined with a high infant mortality.^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As we consider the idea of polygyny, we tend to think about the numbers game: Aren’t the numbers of women and men about equal?

^ It's apologetics at its worst because it has no basis in the Lord's revelations, which clearly state that the primary reason for polygamy is providing certain men sexual acccess to women.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Honor Harrington herself is married to Hamish Alexander as his second wife alongside Emily Alexander.^ If the man has had two wives, with one wife dying and him marrying a second time, he cannot disregard children born from his first marriage.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Brigham worried out loud that he might marry a second wife but then apostatize, leaving his plural family "worse off."
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But if the first are married for eternity, then marrying the man to a second wife would be eternal polygamy.

Their surname then becomes Alexander-Harrington. .Wen Spencer's science fiction novel A Brother's Price describes a society where men are very rare and protected, and multiple sisters typically marry one man.^ One of his sisters were married at 9.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no need for women having more than one husband, there is a need in society for religious men to give shelter to more than one woman.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To uphold and promote the standard that men should only marry chaste virgin girls is for the ultimate upliftment and benefit of all of society.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the novel Ruins of Isis, mention is made of a culture where a type of group marriage is performed-a group of 4 people minimum, two men, two women to start.^ Made up of six women and two men, the jury returned at 9:15 p.m., with one female juror who walked in sobbing audibly and wiping her eyes.

^ Indeed, in Genesis 2:21-24 marriage is most definitely not defined as being between two people of the same gender joined in a homosexual relationship.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If men become cultured to only marry chaste virgins this encourages chastity and purity in society.  Another reason is that women are to adjust their personality to become compatible with the husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

In the Star Trek television series Enterprise, the ship's physician, Dr. Phlox (who is a Denobulan) has three wives, each of whom has three husbands of her own (including him). .One of his wives seemed to be interested in having extramarital relations with a human, which Phlox himself did not oppose, and even encouraged.^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ At all events, she boasted here in Salt Lake of having been one of Joseph's wives."
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If his students did this, he said he had no objection even if they took 1,000's of wives.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.It has also been stated that the Andorian species enter into group marriages (although whether this is due to societal custom or biological necessity has not been firmly established.^ U.S.: State whether or not it would be contrary to the law of the church, for any member of the church to enter into or contract a plural marriage.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We do not believe that the principle of plural marriage should be entered into or considered for purposes of fleshly gratification.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The practice was recinded over 100 years ago and no Mormon has entered into a plural marriage since that time and remained a member of the church.

) .In the Sci-Fi television series Babylon 5 the Centauris allow for men to have more than one wife.^ Allowing men to take more than one wife promotes morality.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He felt that this would be too difficult to do if he took more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But i am only referring to men taking more than one wife, not women taking more than one husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Star Wars Expanded Universe, it is explained that Cereans (like Ki-Adi-Mundi) have a much higher birth-rate of girls than boys.^ Not like today where young girls are handed condoms in the public schools and taught how she must make sure her boy friends wear them.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moses makes no impression on me, and you will not be offended when I say that I rate you higher as a legislator than I do Moses.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The analogy is like this: A boy and girl are alone on a date, and they decide to light the fuse of a stick of dynamite and play with it for a while.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, every male Cerean must have one wife and multiple "honor wives", to increase the chance of giving birth to another male.^ Timothy 2:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife , vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, apt to teach; 1 Tim.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some have argued that congregational leaders who are monogamous is not what is in view here, but instead that such individuals must be the husband of at least one wife.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Joseph Smiths attempt at plural marriage with Orson Pratts wife: Sister Pratt, the Lord has given you to me as one of my spiritual wives.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Jedi Cerean Ki-Adi-Mundi was allowed to marry multiple times, although Jedi were not supposed to marry at his time; but Ki-Adi-Mundi got a dispense of that norm.^ Thus now Henry is married to Zina for "time" as also is Brigham Young but at least Henry is still being allowed to live with Zina.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

Prehistoric and historic fiction

.Jean M. Auel in the pre-historic Earth's Children series depicted several instances of "co-mating," where a person could have more than one mate.^ They marry to have a family and care for a wife, but, lack any real spiritual qualities that would make them highly qualified to be a guide for any more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Technically speaking, the word polygamy means either spouse, man or woman, taking more than one spouse.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She got divorced because she hated the idea of sharing her husband with more than one woman, but she didn’t accept modern prophets who disavowed polygamy.

.Examples included the headwoman Tulie in the Mammoth Hunters, and a man who married a pair of twins in the Shelters of Stone.^ I have a few distant modern connections–HS friend who married a young man who was raised in a polygamous family.

^ The key is not just marriage to any man, but to be 'properly' protected means they must marry a man who is properly trained to be a good husband and father.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The man, he also remarries, and often he will remarry a women who herself was previously married who may have her own 2 children from another man.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

Also of note was Vincavec, the headman of the Mammoth Camp who wished to mate with the protagonist Ayla and was willing to take her Promised, Ranec, implying a bisexual relationship as well.
In the Chinese Wuxia novel The Deer and the Cauldron by Hong Kong writer Louis Cha, set in the Qing Dynasty era during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor, the protagonist Wei Xiaobao has seven wives. .The novel has spawned numerous film and TV series adaptations since the 1960s, with renowned actors such as Tony Leung, Jordan Chan, Stephen Chow and Dicky Cheung playing the role of Wei Xiaobao.^ Such declarations played their role in arousing public indignation against the Mormons and their marriage system.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contemporary setting

.Noted libertarian author L. Neil Smith included a character married to two sisters in his book The American Zone.^ Pratt himself had married two sisters.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ G. D. Smith twice mentions the Lawrence sisters, two of Joseph's plural wives who also boarded with him and for whom he was responsible following their father's death.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These authors again note the contribution of polygamy that G. D. Smith insists Mormon histories ignore.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The dominant culture in the novel sees one's religion and personal living accommodations as no one else's business, and "acts of capitalism between consenting adults" as the norm instead of something immoral.^ What's harder to grasp is the total domination that one man, Warren Jeffs, has over the 10,000 people who live here.

^ And, if we see that the purpose of marriage is to have children, then it makes no sense, as it only takes one man to get one woman pregnant.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'd like to see them gain the sort of skills that can help them succeed with jobs, education and in their personal lives."

.A Home at the End of the World is a novel by Michael Cunningham about a polygamous family.^ I reason for this opinion is not only from what these families demonstrated on your show but also the dacts about the man to woman ratio in thie world.

^ Shunned by their families and forbidden to return home, the "Lost Boys," as they are known, are left to fumble darkly through a world they can't comprehend.

^ In today's world there is no set role, no set duty, and no peace, no harmony, no family, no real home.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

It was later adapted into a film. Both explore issues of homosexuality and families. .Big Love is an HBO series about a polygamous family in Utah in the first decade of the 21st century.^ HBO BIG LOVE (18 articles) .
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The portrayal of polygamy by HBOs “Big Love” family is much closer to an “ideal” than anything that went on in the 1840s -> 1900s.

^ And we started a bit of a “Big Love” ish discussion about the actual polygamists that we know, or are related to, or went to school with.

.In the series, Bill Henrickson has three wives and eight children, who belong to a fundamentalist Mormon splinter group.^ A man who is trained to be life-long responsible for his wife (wives) and children.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many splinter groups who are affiliate themselves with some of the teachings of the LDS church who do practice polygamy which, in my opinion causes the confusion.

.Big Love explores the complex legal, moral, and religious issues associated with polygamy in Utah.^ Religious polygamy is illegal, irreligious polygamy is legal.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One thing Big Love has in common with early mormon polygamy is the double life the practitioners lead.

.Henrickson's three wives each have separate houses beside one another, with a shared backyard.^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Husbands and wives will be equal partners in marriage who share responsibility with one another, and that equality and respect will be manifested in how Jewish and non-Jewish Believers will respect and honor one another as fellow members of the Body of Messiah.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ One Church President married a plural wife, and three Counselors in the First Presidency performed marriages for men who had living wives already.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.By outward appearances, he lives with his primary wife, and has two "friends" living close by, while in reality taking turns sleeping at a different house each night.^ I am speaking of real polygamy in which each wife is aware of the other wives (and preferably they all live together).
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Woman Cs first 2 children live in the same house as their 2-half siblings from their mother and man A. Their 3 half-siblings from their real father, man C, are not really part of their lives.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One way of looking at this is as a prohibition to a man to marry his wifes sister while the wife is still alive, as the two wives would become rivals and cause chaos in the house.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

Henrickson effectively balances his work, the continuing demands of his wives, and his wives' relatives. .Random House published David Ebershoff's novel The 19th Wife in 2008. It is about Ann Eliza Young, one of Brigham Young's wives, and the legacy of Mormon polygamy in the United States today.^ Young often joked about his wives.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Ever wonder what today's Mormon Church would be like if Joseph Smith had never practiced polygamy?
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She claimed that Brigham Young told Orson that Marinda was only to be his wife for time and Joseph's for eternity—but this is false, since she was sealed to Orson in early 1846.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

References

  1. ^ Polygamy at socialsciencedictionary.org
  2. ^ a b Ethnographic Atlas Codebook derived from George P. Murdock’s Ethnographic Atlas recording the marital composition of 1231 societies from 1960–1980
  3. ^ (Linda Stone, Kinship and Gender, 2006, Westview, 3rd ed, ch 6) The Center for Research on Tibet Papers on Tibetan Marriage and Polyandry. Accessed: October 1, 2006
  4. ^ Goldstein, Pahari and Tibetan Polyandry Revisited, Ethnology. 17(3): 325–327, 1978, from The Center for Research on Tibet. Accessed: October 1, 2007
  5. ^ George Monger (2004). Marriage customs of the world: from henna to honeymoons. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. pp. 31. ISBN 1-57607-987-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=o8JlWxBYs40C&pg=PA31&dq=Bigamy+vs.+Polygamy&lr=&ei=uTEHSqv_Ho_-lQSKmdGhBA#PPA31,M1. : Bigamy has come to mean the state of being married to two partners at the same time, generally with both partners unaware of the existence of the other.
  6. ^ "Sex Offenses: Consensual - Bigamy". Law Library - American Law and Legal Information. http://law.jrank.org/pages/2102/Sex-Offenses-Consensual-Bigamy.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10. : The Model Penal Code actually proposes that states consider ordinary bigamy a misdemeanor, but a felony if it is done "in purported exercise of the right of plural marriage," pointedly singling out those few remaining Mormons who believe in polygamy, as well as those from other cultures who accept polygamy. Those from cultures accepting polygamy would receive more severe treatment than one who simply commits a fraud on a spouse who is unaware of a prior marriage. No state actually adopted the misdemeanor/felony distinction proposed in the Model Penal Code, but the proposal indicates one of the factors animating the criminal law in this area. The harm, then, is presumably moral offense to nonparties.
  7. ^ Feinberg, Joel (1986), Harm to Self (Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 3), Oxford University Press, USA, pp. 266, 402, ISBN 978-0195059236, http://books.google.com/books?id=MzHMuCE2JDAC&pg=PA266&dq=Harm+to+Self,+Bigamy,+polygamy&ei=Uz8HSomRMYvOkwT9tMigBA#PPA266,M1 : page 266: Strangely enough the Model Penal Code not only makes bigamy a crime whether or not deception is involved, it actually makes the more open variety in which both spouses voluntarily participate without deception (which it calls "polygamy") the more serious crime: "A person is guilty of polygamy, a felony of the third degree, if he marries or cohabits with more than one spouse at a time in purported exercise of the right of plural marriage." The wife (or wives) too would be guilty of the same serious crime. The Code's distinction between the misdemeanor of bigamy and the felony it calls polygamy seems to imply the principle that a trivial crime becomes a serious one when it is openly committed or publicly flaunted by the perpetrators in what they claim to be an exercise of their rights. An obvious target of the proposed polygamy stature are Mormons and others who claim a religious right to multiple spouses. It is difficult to see why the state in normal times should be so frightened of such groups. To be sure the voluntariness of the consent of the added spouses might be suspect, but that would be a ground for nullifying their matrimonial contracts rather than punishing the contractors.
  8. ^ Diouf, Nafi (May 2, 2004). "Polygamy hangs on in Africa". The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4196/is_20040502/ai_n10968614. 
  9. ^ a b http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/dewaraja/wheel280.html
  10. ^ The Ethics of Buddhism, Shundō Tachibana, Routledge, 1992, ISBN 070070230X, 9780700702305
  11. ^ An introduction to Buddhist ethics: foundations, values, and issues, Brian Peter Harvey, Cambridge University Press, 2000, ISBN 0521556406, ISBN 9780521556408
  12. ^ http://www.berzinarchives.com/web/en/archives/approaching_buddhism/world_today/issues_buddhist_sexual_ethics.html
  13. ^ Polygamy: a cross-cultural analysis, Miriam Koktvedgaard Zeitze, Published by Berg Publishers, 2008, ISBN 1845202201, ISBN 9781845202200 (as found at Google books)
  14. ^ http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/h_polygamy.asp
  15. ^ http://www.sudhirlaw.com/HMA55.htm
  16. ^ Marriages-Divorces section at general information website on Indian laws by Sudhir Shah and Associates
  17. ^ http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/770990/jewish/Why-does-Torah-law-allow-polygamy.htm
  18. ^ Deuteronomy 21:15–17 from mechon-mamre.org
  19. ^ Judaica Press Complete Tanach, Devarim - Chapter 17 from Chabad.org
  20. ^ Women, similar to wives from vadimcherny.org
  21. ^ "The Jewish Family: Metaphor and Memory", David Charles Kraemer, p21, Oxford University Press US, 1989, ISBN 0195054679
  22. ^ Judaism and Polygamy: "Originally, Gershom's ban was limited in time to the year 1260," and a man "could marry more than one wife if he obtained the special permission of 100 rabbis in 3 countries." From faqs.org
  23. ^ Israel 2008: State of Polygamy
  24. ^ Victims of polygamy
  25. ^ Polygamy's Practice Stirs Debate in Israel
  26. ^ Why not Mr. and Mrs. - & Mrs... & Mrs...?
  27. ^ "St. Augustin on the Holy Trinity, Doctrinal Treatises and Moral Treatises: Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church 1886 Volume 3 of St. Augustin on the Holy Trinity, Doctrinal Treatises and Moral Treatises", Editor Philip Schaff,Kessinger Publishing, 2004, ISBN 0766183939 [1]
  28. ^ "On the Holy Trinity; Doctrinal Treatises; Moral Treatises", Schaff, Philip [2]
  29. ^ "On the Holy Trinity; Doctrinal Treatises; Moral Treatises", Schaff, Philip [3]
  30. ^ "The Ratzinger report: an exclusive interview on the state of the Church Pope Benedict XVI, Vittorio Messori", p. 195, Ignatius Press, 1985, ISBN 0898700809
  31. ^ "Morality: The Case for Polygamy", Time Magazine, May 10 1968 [4] and "Christianity and the African imagination: essays in honour of Adrian Hastings", edited by David Maxwell with Ingrid Lawrie, p. 345-346, Brill, 2002, ISBN 9004116680
  32. ^ Catholic Cathechism, para. 2387 April 05, 2009, Vatican website
  33. ^ Letter to Philip of Hesse, December 10, 1539, De Wette-Seidemann, 6:238–244
  34. ^ The Life of Luther Written by Himself, p.251
  35. ^ James Bowling Mozley Essays, Historical and Theological. 1:403–404 Excerpts from Der Beichtrat. http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC05173520&id=ofwE7kEdx6QC&pg=PA403&dq=%22essays+historical+and+theological%22
  36. ^ Letter to the Chancellor Gregor Brück, January 13, 1524, De Wette 2:459.
  37. ^ Larry O. Jensen, A Genealogical Handbook of German Research (Rev. Ed., 1980) p. 59.
  38. ^ Joseph Alfred X. Michiels, Secret History of the Austrian Government and of its Systematic Persecutions of Protestants (London: Chapman and Hall, 1859) p. 85 (copy at Google Books), the author stating that he is quoting from a copy of the legislation.
  39. ^ William Walker Rockwell, Die Doppelehe des Landgrafen Philipp von Hessen (Marburg, 1904), p. 280, n. 2 (copy at Google Books), which reports the number of wives allowed was two.
  40. ^ Leonhard Theobald, “Der angebliche Bigamiebeschluß des fränkischen Kreistages” [“The So-called Bigamy Decision of the Franconian Kreistag”], Beitrage zur Bayerischen kirchengeschichte [Contributions to Bavarian Church History] 23 (1916 – bound volume dated 1917) Erlangen: 199–200 (Theobald reporting that the Franconian Kreistag did not hold session between 1645 and 1664, and that there is no record of such a law in the extant archives of Nürnberg, Ansbach, or Bamberg, Theobald believing that the editors of the Fränkisches Archiv must have misunderstood a draft of some other legislation from 1650).
  41. ^ Alfred Altmann, "Verein für Geschichte der Stadt Nürnburg," Jahresbericht über das 43 Vereinsjahr 1920 [Annual Report for the 43rd Year 1920 of the Historical Society of the City of Nuremberg] (Nürnberg 1920): 13–15 (Altmann reporting a lecture he had given discussing the polygamy permission said to have been granted in Nuremberg in 1650, Altmann characterizing the Fränkisches Archiv as "merely a popular journal, not an edition of state documents," and describing the tradition as "a literary fantasy").
  42. ^ "Emblems of pluralism: cultural differences and the state, Cultural lives of law, Princeton paperbacks,Carol Weisbrod, p. 53, Princeton University Press, 2002, ISBN 0691089256
  43. ^ Fisher, Helen (2000). The First Sex. Ballantine Books. pp. 271–72, 276. ISBN 0-449-91260-4. 
  44. ^ Doctrine and Covenants 132 as found at lds.org
  45. ^ THREE NIGHTS PUBLIC DISCUSSION Between The Revds. C. W. Cleeve, James Robertson, and Philip Cater, and Elder John Taylor, Of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, At Boulogne-Sur-Mer, France. Chairman, Rev. K. Groves, M.A., Assisted By Charles Townley, LL.D., and Mr. Luddy. pp. 8–9
  46. ^ Greiner & Sherman, Revised Laws of Illinois, 1833, pp. 198–199
  47. ^ Todd Compton, "A Trajectory of Plurality: An Overview of Joseph Smith's Thirty-three Plural Wives", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 1–38.
  48. ^ Smith, George D (Spring 1994), "Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-46: A Preliminary Demographic Report", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 27 (1), http://content.lib.utah.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=%2Fdialogue&CISOPTR=15882&REC=3&CISOBOX=42, retrieved 2007-05-12 
  49. ^ Times and Seasons, vol. 5, p. 423, February 1, 1844
  50. ^ Lifting the Veil of Polygamy (2007, Main Street Church) A documentary concerning the history of Mormon polygamy and its modern manifestations.
  51. ^ Journal of Discourses 11:128 Brigham Young - June 18, 1865 - "Since the founding of the Roman empire monogamy has prevailed more extensively than in times previous to that. The founders of that ancient empire were robbers and women stealers, and made laws favoring monogamy in consequence of the scarcity of women among them, and hence this monogamic system which now prevails throughout Christendom, and which had been so fruitful a source of prostitution and whoredom throughout all the Christian monogamic cities of the Old and New World, until rottenness and decay are at the root of their institutions both national and religious."
  52. ^ GOP Convention of 1856 in Philadelphia from the Independence Hall Association website
  53. ^ Free Exercise Clause - First Amendment
  54. ^ Reynolds v. United States at findlaw.com
  55. ^ Polygamy entry in the Utah Historical Encyclopedia, University of Utah, 1994.
  56. ^ "The Primer" - Helping Victims of Domestic Violence and Child Abuse in Polygamous Communities. A joint report from the offices of the Attorneys General of Arizona and Utah. (2006)
  57. ^ "An 1886 Revelation to John Taylor"
  58. ^ "LDS splinter groups growing" by Brooke Adams, August 9, 2005 - SLT Article ID: 10BF07C805DE5990
  59. ^ Omar Hassan al-Bashir, has urged Sudanese men to take more than one wife to increase the population
  60. ^ Turley, Jonathan. Polygamy laws expose our own hypocrisy
  61. ^ Shaw, Malcolm Nathan (2003). International law (5th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 684. ISBN 0521824737. http://books.google.com/books?id=cc3XzkFt-IUC&pg=PA684#PPA684,M1. 
  62. ^ "CBC News in Depth: Polygamy". CBC.ca. 2008-04-25. http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/polygamy/. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  63. ^ "Icelandic Act on Marriage No. 31/1993". Icelandic Ministry of Justice. 2008-01-09. http://eng.domsmalaraduneyti.is/laws-and-regulations/nr/112/. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  64. ^ http://www.law.emory.edu/ifl/legal/malaysia.htm
  65. ^ 1,000 men living legally with multiple wives despite fears over exploitation Times online
  66. ^ Polygamy in Africa - Polygamy in Africa
  67. ^ See Korotayev, Andrey (2004). World Religions and Social Evolution of the Old World Oikumene Civilizations: A Cross-cultural Perspective (First Edition ed.). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press. ISBN 0-7734-6310-0. .
  68. ^ South Africa Polygamy debate
  69. ^ [5] Hundreds arrive in village for Zuma's fifth wedding - ABC News Online
  70. ^ [6] South African President set to marry fifth wife - ABC News Online
  71. ^ Polygamy becomes hot election issue in South Africa at digitaljournal.com
  72. ^ Omar Hassan al-Bashir has urged Sudanese men to take more than one wife to increase the population
  73. ^ The Legacy Lingers On: Korean Confucianism and the Erosion of Women’s Rights by Hildi Kang, Research Fellow, Center for Korean Studies, University of California, Berkeley]
  74. ^ Puniyani, Ram (2003). Communal Politics: Facts Versus Myths . SAGE.
  75. ^ ?? — article in Chinese
  76. ^ Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors of Thai People, Extramarital Sex
  77. ^ The rights of husband and wife, Family Law in Thailand
  78. ^ A research on Thai view of sexuality and sexual behavior funded by the Rockefeller Foundation and conducted jointly by the Institute of Population Studies, Chulalongkorn University and Mahidol University, Bangkok, the Population Studies Center, University of Michigan and the Department of Sociology, University of Washington.
  79. ^ Hong Kong, article by Man-Lun Ng, M.D.; part of "The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality" Volume I – IV 1997–2001, Edited by Robert T. Francoeur
  80. ^ Graeme Lang, Josephine Smart (2002). "Migration and the “second wife” in South China: Toward cross-border polygamy". The International Migration Review 36 (5): 546–569. 
  81. ^ Hong Kong Targets Its Two-Family Men, Kevin Murphy, International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, February 7, 1995
  82. ^ ACLU of Utah to Join Polygamists in Bigamy Fight, 16 July 1999 press release.
  83. ^ "Polygamy vs. Democracy" The Weekly Standard, June 5, 2006
  84. ^ "Law of the Land" page at BiblicalPolygamy.com
  85. ^ http://scriptures.lds.org/en/dc/132/1,38-39,55#1 Doctrine and Covenants 132:55

Bibliography

  • Cairncross, John (1974). After Polygamy Was Made a Sin: The Social History of Christian Polygamy. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7100-7730-0. 
  • Campbell, James (1869). The History and Philosophy of Marriage. First published in Boston. 
  • Chapman, Samuel A. (2001). .Polygamy, Bigamy and Human Rights Law.^ It's a neglect of basic human rights that we should rightfully be shocked to find in the US. It is the lack of opportunity to decline participation that makes polygamy the hideous thing it is.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Despite so-called freedom of religious rights in America, and despite polygamy being accepted by many leading scriptures of the world, in the US all states have laws prohibiting it.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    Xlibris Corp. ISBN 1-4010-1244-2.
     
  • Hillman, Eugene (1975). .Polygamy Reconsidered: African Plural Marriage and the Christian Churches.^ The New and Everlasting Covenant, known as Celestial Marriage- Plurality of Wives (Polygamy)-cannot commit adultery, men can become gods has never ceased being performed by The Mormon Church.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Above all else, one's attitude toward Joseph, the church, and plural marriage will influence how such contradictory and biased testimony is interpreted.
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And the LDS church's current edition of the Doctrine and Covenants still contains the "revelation on celestial marriage", which sanctions plural marriage.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    New York: Orbis Books. ISBN 0-88344-391-0.
     
  • Korotayev, Andrey (2004). .World Religions and Social Evolution of the Old World Oikumene Civilizations: A Cross-cultural Perspective (First ed.^ When this system was first introduced among this people, it was one of the greatest crosses that ever was taken up by any set of men since the world stood.
    • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Such marriages do not occur very often, but, when they do, those who understand the Vedic science of marriage and social culture do not object to such a marriage as it is within the laws of dharma, religion.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    ). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press. ISBN 0-7734-6310-0.
     
  • Main Street Church (2007; Video Documentary). Lifting the Veil of Polygamy. Main Street Church. .http://www.mscbc.org/video/vid_lvp.htm. 
  • Van Wagoner, Richard S. (1992).^ Read even more historical references here: http://www.mormons.org.uk/cpmr.htm 5.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There they have a whole section on the President's of the Church which you can find here: http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/pres...
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Mormon Polygamy: A History] (2nd ed.^ John Phillip Walker, ed., Dale Morgan on Early Mormonism: Correspondence and a New History (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1986), 242 n.
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Lowell "Ben" Bennion, "The Incidence of Mormon Polygamy in 1880: 'Dixie' Versus Davis Stake," Journal of Mormon History 11 (1984): 34.
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Davis Bitton, Historical Dictionary of Mormonism , 2nd ed.
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ). Utah: Signature Books. ISBN 0-941214-79-6. .http://www.signaturebooks.com/excerpts/mp.htm.^ A Sect's Prophet, Teacher, Fugitive http://www.latimes.com/news/printedit...
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Information from: Deseret Morning News, http://www.deseretnews.com .

    ^ Where Few Dare to Disobey http://www.latimes.com/news/printedit...
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

     
  • Wilson, E. O. (2000). Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Harvard Univ Pr. ISBN 0-674-00235-0. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Polygamy is the custom or condition of having multiple marriage partners.^ But remarriage and a man having children from a sequence of marriages brought about by the unfortunate death of his wife/wives is different than polygamy.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Polygamy deprives men of marriage partners, says National Journal columnist Jonathan Rauch.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Monogamy (marriage to one partner) is the rule, but polygamy (multiple marriage partners) exists as well.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

.The word polygamy comes from the Greek word poly, which means many, and the Greek word gamos, which means marriage or union.^ The Manifesto officially ending polygamy as Church practice was not issued until 1890, and excommunication for practicing plural marriage did not come until 1904."
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many states specifically spell out that by marriage they mean that a legally filed marriage license was obtained for each wife separately.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Big Love was created by a pair of gay-marriage advocates, who use the show to highlight the analogy between same-sex unions and polygamy.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sourced

  • In pious times, ere priest-craft did begin,
    Before polygamy was made a sin;
    When man, on many, multipli'd his kind,
    Ere one to one was cursedly confin'd:
    When Nature prompted, and no Law deni'd
    Promiscuous use of concubine and bride;
    Then, Israel's monarch, after Heaven's own heart,
    His vigorous warmth did variously impart
    To wives and slaves: and, wide as his command,
    Scatter'd his Maker's image through the land.^ Their background is that they have studied man-made laws - they were lawyers, not priests.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Polygamy should be made lawful.
    • Brian Whitaker: Is there a serious problem with polygamy in the UK, or is the Baroness's attack simply point-scoring? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ But in the body of this (ONE) BRIDE are many members.

    .
  • I do not believe that in Egypt we can prohibit it [polygamy] by law....Polygamy cannot be prevented by force, but through education.^ And that is why the laws that prohibit polygamy are irreligious, as the Vedas provide a religious system of marriage that is not allowed to be legally practice under today's laws.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But such missionaries never encourage continuous polygamy , prohibiting it for the next generation of Believers, and rightly training them that a proper marriage is between one man and one woman.
    • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All laws prohibiting or discouraging polygamy are grossly wrong.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • We have laws in states, like the one at the Supreme Court right now, that has sodomy laws and they were there for a purpose.^ The Supreme Court of the United States declared those laws constitutional.

    ^ One of these days they’ll be a crack down on the current abuse that’s going on… It’s against the law, and there’s a good reason for it… .

    ^ Through this scholarship scheme, I know we will get more educated people and from there, they will now spread to all the other parts of the world.

    .Because, again, I would argue, they undermine the basic tenets of our society and the family.^ If it was ours they would be excommunicated because this is not an allowable practice.

    ^ I would assert that as humans our basic human needs have not changed through the centuries.
    • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They are boys banished from their own families because polygamous FLDS Church leaders said it should be so.

    .And if the Supreme Court says that you have the right to consensual sex within your home, then you have the right to bigamy, you have the right to polygamy, you have the right to incest, you have the right to adultery.^ Ablow, I watched your show for the first time today mainly because I saw you were going to be discussing polygamy.

    ^ With respect to the bigamy statute, although your description of the purpose may allow for some wiggle room with respect to the legality of polygamy, the language of the law itself seems not to.
    • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In your 2.44pm post you said that polygamy had 'always benefited males'.
    • Brian Whitaker: Is there a serious problem with polygamy in the UK, or is the Baroness's attack simply point-scoring? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    You have the right to anything. Does that undermine the fabric of our society? I would argue yes, it does. .
  • I will now say, not only to our delegate to Congress, but to the Elders who leave the body of the Church, that he thought that all the cats and kittens were let out of the bag when brother Pratt went back last fall, and published the Revelation concerning the plurality of wives: it was thought there was no other cat to let out.^ The fact is, Sheri, the "other side" is all that is usually out there.

    ^ There is no doubt that polygamy is forbidden for church elders (1Tim.
    • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why now he says that he has "no objection"?
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    .But allow me to tell you, Elders of Israel, and delegates to Congress, you may expect an eternity of cats, that have not yet escaped from the bag.^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

    ^ Sarah was not happy at what had happened, actually telling Abraham, May the wrong done me be upon you.
    • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Yet, in any day, in our day, there may be women who prefer to spend eternity with another than their husband on earth."
    • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Bless your souls, there is no end to them, for if there is not one thing, there will always be another.^ To the increase of which there would be no end.
    • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But if you have no challenges, you become powerless; you behave like one of your subjects.

    ^ Then shall they be gods, because they have no end; therefore shall they be from everlasting to everlasting, because they continue; then shall they be above all, because all things are subject unto them.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • This is the reason why the doctrine of plurality of wives was revealed, that the noble spirits who are waiting for tabernacles might be brought forth
    • Brigham Young, "Journal of Discourses", 4:56 (Sept.^ Although even Hale's reason for polygamy includes sexual access, it still flies in the face of what the Lord, through His first prophets, gave as the primary reason for polygamy: Brigham Young declared that "This is the reason why the doctrine of plurality of wives was revealed, that the noble spirits which are waiting for tabernacles might be brought forth."
      • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Brigham Young said those who denied the plurality of wives doctrine would be "damned."

      ^ In fact, most of his plural wives were young.
      • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

      .21, 1856)
  • [I]f you have in your hearts to say…”we will not, therefore, be polygamists lest we should fail in obtaining some earthly honor, character and office, etc,"-the man that has that in his heart, and will continue to persist in pursuing that policy, will come short of dwelling in the presence of the Father and the Son, in celestial glory.^ You who wish that there were no such thing in existence, if you have in your hearts to say: "We will pass along in the Church without obeying or submitting to it in our faith or believing this order, because, for aught that we know, this community may be broken up yet, and we may have lucrative offices offered to us; we will not, therefore, be polygamists lest we should fail in obtaining some earthly honor, character and office, etc,"—the man that has that in his heart, and will continue to persist in pursuing that policy, will come short of dwelling in the presence of the Father and the Son, in celestial glory.
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is the word of the Lord, and I wish to say to you, and all the world, that if you desire with all your hearts to obtain the blessings which Abraham obtained, you will be polygamists at least in your faith, or you will come short of enjoying the salvation and the glory which Abraham has obtained .
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
    • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The only men who become Gods, even the Sons of God, are those who enter into polygamy.^ Those who practice polygamy are not Mormons.

    ^ "The only men who become Gods , even the Sons of God, are those who enter into polygamy ."
    • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The only men who become Gods, even the Sons of God, are those who enter into polygamy.
    • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Others attain unto a glory and may even be permitted to come into the presence of the Father and the Son; but they cannot reign as kings in glory, because they had blessing offered unto them, and they refused to accept them.^ And again, as pertaining to the law of the priesthoodif any man espouse a virgin, and desire to espouse aanother, and the first give her consent, and if he espouse the second, and they are virgins, and have vowed to no other man, then is he justified; he cannot commit adultery for they are given unto him; for he cannot commit adultery with that that belongeth unto him and to no one else.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As far as I know, the FLDS church members cannot practice because they can't get temple recommend to even get inside of the temple.

    ^ However, service providers cannot help them because they're minors and runaways.

    .The Lord gave a revelation through Joseph Smith, His servant; and we have believed and practiced it.^ Because the Lord introduced it to his servants in a revelation given to Joseph Smith, and the Lord's servants have always practiced it.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Revelations given through Joseph Smith, state the following:...
    • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Because the Lord introduced it to his servants in a revelation given to Joseph Smith, and the Lord's servants have always practised it.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses 11:269 (Aug.^ They show that virtually all of Law's claims are mistaken" ("Nauvoo Symposium Held at Brigham Young University," Ensign , November 1989, 109–11).
      • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses , 11:268–69 (19 August 1866), emphasis added.
      • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Brodie's other reference is an error; she cites Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses , 9:3–4 (15 November 1864); the correct citation is George Albert Smith, "Historical Discourse," reported by G. D. Watt, Journal of Discourses , 11:4–6 (15 November 1864).
      • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .19, 1866)
  • Just ask yourselves, historians, when was monogamy introduced on to the face of the earth?^ Apostle Heber C. Kimball, Journal of Discourses Vol 5, page 22 "Just ask yourselves, historians, when was monogamy introduced on to the face of the earth?
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    .When those buccaneers, who settled on the peninsula where Rome now stands, could not steal women enough to have two or three apiece, they passed a law that a man should have but one woman.^ When those buccaneers, who settled on the peninsula where Rome now stands, could not steal women enough to have two or three apiece, they passed a law that a man should have but one woman.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Who will all those women marry?

    ^ I just don’t think that one man equals two, 3 or 4 women.

    .And this started monogamy and the downfall of the plurality system.^ And this started monogamy and the downfall of the plurality system.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    .In the days of Jesus, Rome, having dominion over Jerusalem, they carried out the doctrine more or less.^ In the days of Jesus, Rome, having dominion over Jerusalem, they carried out the doctrine more or less.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Church of Jesus of Latter-day Saints commonly called 'Mormons" DOES NOT PRACTICE POLYGAMY. If they did they would be excomunicated.

    ^ More than 400 boys from the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (FLDS) communities in Utah have been expelled from their homes.

    .This was the rise, start and foundation of the doctrine of monogamy; and never till then was there a law passed, that we have any knowledge of, that a man should have but one wife.^ A man should never take advantage of his wife.
    • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'We believe that one man should have one wife .'
    • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This was the rise, start and foundation of the doctrine of monogamy; and never till then was there a law passed, that we have any knowledge of, that a man should have but one wife.
    • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses 12:262 (Aug.^ Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses , 11:268–69 (19 August 1866), emphasis added.
      • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Brigham Young Jr. President of the Quorum of the 12 for 3 years and in line to become the next president when he died in 1903.
      • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Brodie's other reference is an error; she cites Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses , 9:3–4 (15 November 1864); the correct citation is George Albert Smith, "Historical Discourse," reported by G. D. Watt, Journal of Discourses , 11:4–6 (15 November 1864).
      • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .9, 1868)
  • [W]e shall continue to do it until God tell us to stop, or until we pass into sin and iniquity, which will never be.^ If we are not admitted until then, we shall never be admitted ."
    • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If we are not admitted until then, we shall never be admitted.
    • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ God told us to stop the practice of plural marriage so we stopped.

    .
    • Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses 12:262 (Aug.^ Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses , 11:268–69 (19 August 1866), emphasis added.
      • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Brigham Young Jr. President of the Quorum of the 12 for 3 years and in line to become the next president when he died in 1903.
      • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Brodie's other reference is an error; she cites Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses , 9:3–4 (15 November 1864); the correct citation is George Albert Smith, "Historical Discourse," reported by G. D. Watt, Journal of Discourses , 11:4–6 (15 November 1864).
      • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      9, 1868)
    • Brigham Young on the subject of the practice of polygamy

See also

External links


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From BibleWiki

Contents

Introduction

.The fact or condition of having more than one wife or husband at a time; usually, the practise of having a plurality of wives.^ But none of these women could have more than one husband.

^ He felt that this would be too difficult to do if he took more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But i am only referring to men taking more than one wife, not women taking more than one husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.While there is no evidence of a polyandrous state in primitive Jewish society, polygamy seems to have been a well-established institution, dating from the most ancient times and extending to comparatively modern days.^ That’s a well established no-no.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no evidence for sexuality in any other polyandrous marriage.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He told me that I might as well submit; there was no law here to control the saints; there was no power on earth that would save me."
  • Chapter VII. Polygamy. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Law indeed regulated and limited this usage; and the Prophets and the scribes looked upon it with disfavor.^ It thus follows that God has laid down through His servants the prophets and the apostles that there are limitations on the law as it was given to Moses in its application in regard to the elect.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

Still all had to recognize its existence, and not until late was it completely abolished. .At no time, however, was it practised so much among the Israelites as among other nations; and the tendency in Jewish social life was always toward Monogamy.^ It’s just weird that no other nation in the world can generate anything as interesting.
  • Finland for Thought » Problems with polygamy? | Politics, current events, culture - In Finland & the United States | Blog of an American living in Finland 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.finlandforthought.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course, they always like the youngest the best, so that’s why polygamy can’t work in this life time.

^ Every day he spends as much time with them as he can because he remembers growing up in a polygamous family in Bountiful and sharing a father with 26 others.

.That the ideal state of human society, in the mind of the primitive Israelite, was a monogamous one is clearly evinced by the fact that the first man (Adam) was given only one wife, and that the first instance of bigamy occurred in the family of the cursed Cain (Gen 4:19).^ His first wife insisted that she would only marry a man that would have more than one wife.

^ FLDS have only one legal wife.
  • The Mormon-Muslim polygamy question [Karl] 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ Was it the ideal at Creation for the man to have more than one wife?
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Noah and his sons also are recorded as having only one wife each (Gen 6:7, Gen 6:13).^ FLDS have only one legal wife.
  • The Mormon-Muslim polygamy question [Karl] 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ But he was given only one wife.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The polygamyists only legally marry one wife, yet their actions are still illegal.
  • Finland for Thought » Problems with polygamy? | Politics, current events, culture - In Finland & the United States | Blog of an American living in Finland 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.finlandforthought.net [Source type: Original source]

.Abraham had only one wife; and he was persuaded to marry his slave Hagar (Gen 16:2ff; see Pilegesh) only at the urgent request of his wife, who deemed herself barren.^ FLDS have only one legal wife.
  • The Mormon-Muslim polygamy question [Karl] 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ But he was given only one wife.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Latter-day Saints believe the only ones enjoying eternal life will be those who have been both baptized into the LDS Church (born again) and married in one of its temples.
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

.Isaac had only one wife.^ But he was given only one wife.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The polygamyists only legally marry one wife, yet their actions are still illegal.
  • Finland for Thought » Problems with polygamy? | Politics, current events, culture - In Finland & the United States | Blog of an American living in Finland 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.finlandforthought.net [Source type: Original source]

^ How many men have had more than one wife?  The law and society allow it, as long as the man has only one wife at a time.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jacob married two sisters, because he was deceived by his father-in-law, Laban (Gen 29:23ff).^ For it was not lawful for Jacob to marry two sisters at once.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pratt himself had married two sisters.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Laban broke the agreement for Jacob serving to marry the younger Rachel.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.He, too, married his wives' slaves at the request of his wives, who wished to have children (Gen 30:4, Gen 30:9).^ A man who is trained to be life-long responsible for his wife (wives) and children.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ JS allowed Zina (as with all his other wives who were married to other men) to continue to live and cohabit with her first husband, Henry.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the man has had two wives, with one wife dying and him marrying a second time, he cannot disregard children born from his first marriage.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

The sons of Jacob as well as Moses and Aaron seem to have lived in monogamy. .Among the Judges, however, polygamy was practised, as it was also among the rich and the nobility (Jdg 8:30; comp.^ After reading George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy , however, I've found that one can sometimes judge a book by its first page.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, even though the civil laws in Malaysia do not allow polygamy for the non-Muslims, we will find polygamy being practised by non-Muslims in Malaysia.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

ib. xii. 9, 14; 1Chr 2:26, 1Chr 4:5, 1Chr 8:8). .Elkanah, the father of Samuel, had two wives, probably because the first (Hannah) was childless (1Sam 1:2).^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If the man has had two wives, with one wife dying and him marrying a second time, he cannot disregard children born from his first marriage.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ G. D. Smith twice mentions the Lawrence sisters, two of Joseph's plural wives who also boarded with him and for whom he was responsible following their father's death.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The tribe of Issachar was noted for its practise of polygamy (1Chr 7:4).^ In studying this practice of polygamy we note that in the nations that prohibit polygamy, it can be practised because of the lack of legal enforcement of their own national laws.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

Caleb had two concubines (ib. ii. 46, 48). .David and Solomon had many wives (2 Sam 5:13; 1 Kg 11:1ff), a custom which was probably followed by all the later kings of Judah and of Israel (comp.^ This is recorded in 1 Kings 11:1-13.
  • Polygamy’s Acceptance « FOX News Health Blog « FOXNews.com 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC health.blogs.foxnews.com [Source type: Original source]

^ David had many wives and concubines (cf.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, this is a command for a king not to have too many wives.
  • Daylight Atheism > Little-Known Bible Verses XI: Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.daylightatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

1 Kg 20:3; also the fact that the names of the mothers of most of the kings are mentioned). .Jehoiada gave to Joash two wives only (2Chr 24:3).^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ King Joash was polygamous only because Jehoiada saw the need to repopulate the line of David, but King Joash should not be the example of someone we follow.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Initially he had at least two wives in Abigail and Ahinoam of Jezreel, as well as Michal whom Saul gave to Phalti (1Sam.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

Prophetic Attitude.

.There is no Biblical evidence that any of the Prophets lived in polygamy.^ Joseph Smith and Polygamy , we present so much evidence that it is hard to escape the conclusion that Joseph Smith and Brigham Young were living in adultery.
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If serial polygamy (divorce and remarriage) is tolerated and legal, then there is absolutely no reason in the world why true polygamy should remain illegal (a Felony).
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If it weren't for Joseph Smith, there would be no polygamy in the US, at least in large Mormon settlements.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

.Monogamous marriage was used by them as a symbol of the union of God with Israel, while polygamy was compared to polytheism or idolatrous worship (Hos.^ In a comparable fashion, the lesson on Eternal Marriage makes heavy use of section 132 to discuss Eternal Marriage, and includes several optional paragraphs (everything in a lesson, though, is optional) on Plural Marriage.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The article on marriage, which was published in the early editions of the Doctrine and Covenants was frequently used by the early Mormon Church to counteract the report that polygamy was being practiced.
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But it is maintained if she became unfaithful after her marriage and if her children, in turn, followed her example; for Israel became unfaithful after God chose her, and her descendants then followed in the same pattern of life.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

ii. 18; Isa. l. 1; Jer. ii. 2; Ezek. xvi. 8). .The last chapter of Proverbs, which is a description of the purity of home life, points to a state of monogamy.^ Convicted last year on two counts of rape as an accomplice, Jeffs is serving 10 years to life in the Utah State Prison.

.The marriage with one wife thus became the ideal form with the great majority of the people; and in post-exilic times polygamy formed the rare exception (Tobit i.^ The argument is then advanced that God established the marriage institution on a one husband and one wife basis in the Garden of Eden, which is clear in the Scriptures.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ What you spend for one wife, times 10 or more, including on extended families.

10; Susanna 63; Matt. xvii. 25, xix. 9; Luke i. 5). .Herod, however, is recorded as having had nine wives (Josephus, "Ant."^ The sons of Issachar are recorded as having many wives and sons (1Chro.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

xvii. 1, § 3).
.The Mosaic law, while permitting polygamy, introduced many provisions which tended to confine it to narrower limits, and to lessen the abuse that might arise in connection with it.^ The law review literature puts forward what we might call the "conservative case" for polygamy.
  • Polygamy Versus Democracy - You can't have both. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But whenever the Mosaic law had provisions for polygamy, it was always the conditional ‘If he takes another wife to himself …’ (Ex.21:10), never an encouragement.
  • Daylight Atheism > Little-Known Bible Verses XI: Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.daylightatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite so-called freedom of religious rights in America, and despite polygamy being accepted by many leading scriptures of the world, in the US all states have laws prohibiting it.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Israelitish woman slave who was taken as a wife by the son of her master was entitled to all the rights of matrimony(see Husband and Wife), even after he had taken another wife; and if they were withheld from her, she had to be set free (Ex.^ A man can put away his wife and marry another, but not the woman put away her husband and marry another.

^ It's good for a man to have a wife, and for a woman to have a husband.
  • Rebuttal to Sam Shamoun's "Osama Abdallah and Polygamy" article. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.quransearch.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For while Noah gave to the two sons the seed of the third as servants, now on the other hand Christ has come to restore both the free sons and the servants among them, conferring the same honour on all them who keep his commandments; even as the children of the free women and the children of the bond women born to Jacob were all sons and equal in dignity."
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

xxi. 9-11; see Slaves). .One who lived in bigamy might not show his preference for the children of the more favored wife by depriving the first-born son of the less favored one of his rights of inheritance (Deut.^ When the Lord first spoke through Hosea, the Lord said to Hosea, Go, take to yourself a wife of harlotry and have children of harlotry; for the land commits flagrant harlotry, forsaking the Lord (Hosea 1:2).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Even while Elkanah is not depicted as an evil man, polygamy forced him to favor one wife over another, and his two wives were not friendly toward one another.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ What you spend for one wife, times 10 or more, including on extended families.

xxi. .15-17; see Inheritance).^ The concern of Deuteronomy 21:15-17 is that proper inheritance is offered to the firstborn son.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Deuteronomy 21:15-17 cannot be viewed as endorsing any kind of polygamy as that is not the central focus of the text; inheritance is the focus of the text.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.The king should not "multiply wives" (ib. xvii.^ It is argued that if polygamy were divine will then God gave a contradictory instruction when He instructed that the king was not to multiply wives to himself (e.g.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If polygamy were the divine will, then it might be argued that God contradicted Himself when He forbade the kings of Israel to multiply wives (Deut.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One might say that hatorah hazot ( taZh hrATh ) could apply to the singular decree for the king not to multiply wives.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

17; comp. Sanh. 21a, where the number is limited to 18, 24, or 48, according to the various interpretations given to II Sam. xii. 8); and the high priest is, according to the rabbinic interpretation of Lev. xxi. .13, commanded to take one wife only (Yeb.^ FLDS have only one legal wife.
  • The Mormon-Muslim polygamy question [Karl] 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ But he was given only one wife.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then he is not only qualified to take one wife, but as many as he can maintain.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

59a; comp. Yoma 2a).

Rabbinic Aversion to Polygamy.

.The same feeling against polygamy existed in later Talmudic times.^ God’s plan was for Adam and Eve to be together, not for Adam to be married first to Eve and then later to Barbara, and certainly not for Adam to be married to Eve and Barbara at the same time.
  • Daylight Atheism > Little-Known Bible Verses XI: Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.daylightatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Leviticus 18:18, then, is a single prohibition against polygamy and abides by the law of incest stated in the same context.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Joseph, we are told, claims that "he confronted some uncertain feelings he later termed 'sinful' [a]t a time when boys begin to experience puberty" (p.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of all the rabbis named in the Talmud there is not one who is mentioned as having lived in polygamy.^ Claiming to be God's avenger and to have a license to kill in the name of God, Ervil ordered the murders of friends and family members, eliminating all those who challenged his authority.
  • polygamy - Lulu.com 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ There is no need for women having more than one husband, there is a need in society for religious men to give shelter to more than one woman.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At all events, she boasted here in Salt Lake of having been one of Joseph's wives."
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The general sentiment against polygamy is illustrated in a story related of the son of R. Judah ha-Nasi (Ket.^ I read Eric’s post as expressing the latter sentiment. I certainly have no sympathy for the generally abusive practice of polygamy by either religion, which is illegal here in either case.
  • The Mormon-Muslim polygamy question [Karl] 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ Despite its intent, prosecution against polygamy did not proceed under the Morrill Act; however, it did proceed under the Utah Territory Act of 1851 against adulterous relations.

^ In fact, one can argue that the biblical stories of Abraham, Sarah, and Hagar, or Jacob, Rachel, and Leah, are polemics against polygamy.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

62a). A peculiar passage in the Targum (Aramaic paraphrase) to Ruth iv. 6 points to the same state of popular feeling. .The kinsman of Elimelech, being requested by Boaz to marry Ruth, said, "I can not redeem; for I have a wife and have no right to take another in addition to her, lest she be a disturbance in my house and destroy my peace.^ When the Lord first spoke through Hosea, the Lord said to Hosea, Go, take to yourself a wife of harlotry and have children of harlotry; for the land commits flagrant harlotry, forsaking the Lord (Hosea 1:2).
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ (A minister once said that if the law of your country allows you to have more than one wife, you may marry another if you wish.

^ A man has no right to one wife unless he is worthy of two.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Redeem thou; for thou hast no wife." .This is corroborated by R. Isaac, who says that the wife of Boaz died on the day when Ruth entered Palestine (B. B. 91a).^ Say his first wife died.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ J. Stapley says: December 13th, 2005 at 12:45 pm My wife’s polygamous great grandma died in 1976.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ SNOW: Stephen Bennett is a radio talk show host who says he was gay before he married his wife.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 15 September 2009 5:36 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Polygamy, was, however, sanctioned by Jewish law and gave rise to many rabbinical discussions.^ Since the authority rests solely on the few in charge and their "revelations", what, other than state or federal law, would keep them from sanctioning polygamy in the future?

^ It appears the most compelling reason for Joseph to live the law of polygamy, however, is the revelation itself.

^ The wording of this text is that God sanctioned polygamy when He "gave" Saul's wives to David.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

.While one rabbi says that a man may take as many wives as he can support (Raba, in Yeb.^ The problem in having many wives is obvious to the man who has one.
  • Brian Whitaker: Is there a serious problem with polygamy in the UK, or is the Baroness's attack simply point-scoring? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ That is inifitely worse than a man who supports not one, but three families and does it with love, caring, and respect.

^ Rather, prior to the advent of Christ Roman law forbid a man to take more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.65a), it was recommended that no one should marry more than four women (ib. 44a).^ But none of these women could have more than one husband.

^ Over 70% of all men and women will marry more than once.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He said that the man should not marry more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

.R. Ami was of the opinion that a woman had a right to claim a bill of divorce if her husband took another wife (ib. 65a).^ A man can put away his wife and marry another, but not the woman put away her husband and marry another.

^ The wife had recently divorced her polygamous husband.

^ If a woman claims protection at the hands of a man, possessing more power in the preisthood and higher keys , if he is disposed to rescue her and has obtained the consent of her husband to make her his wife he can do so without a bill of divorcement ."
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

.The institution of the Ketubah, which was introduced by the Rabbis, still further discouraged polygamy; and subsequent enactments of the Geonim (see Müller's "Mafteaḥ," p.^ In subsequent revelations the Lord gave further instructions concerning the united order (see, for example, D&C 104).” .
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And further examples of the early ministers (in the 5-Fold Ministry), the bishops and deacons (1 Tim.3:1-13; Tit.1:5-9) strongly discouraged polygamy in the Church of God.

282, Berlin, 1891) tended to restrict this usage.

Rabbi Gershom's Decree.

.An express prohibition against polygamy was pronounced by R. Gershom b.^ Now how is this parable supposed to prohibit polygamy if it's truly against GOD Almighty's Will?!
  • Rebuttal to Sam Shamoun's "Osama Abdallah and Polygamy" article. 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.quransearch.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Leviticus 18:18, then, is a single prohibition against polygamy and abides by the law of incest stated in the same context.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There are a lot of nice concepts that can be expressed within polygamy; however, it's against the laws of the land and therefore is immoral and illegal.

Judah, "the Light of the Exile" (960-1028), which was soon accepted in all the communities of northern France and of Germany. .The Jews of Spain and of Italy as well as those of the Orient continued to practise polygamy for a long period after that time, although the influence of the prohibition was felt even in those countries.^ Polygamy was abolished a long time in 1890.

^ Even in countries where civil or religious law allows polygamy, the Church teaches that marriage must be monogamous and does not accept into its membership those practicing plural marriage."

^ But such missionaries never encourage continuous polygamy , prohibiting it for the next generation of Believers, and rightly training them that a proper marriage is between one man and one woman.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

.Some authorities suggested that R. Gershom's decree was to be enforced for a time only, namely, up to 5000 A.M. (1240 C.E.; Joseph Colon, Responsa, No.^ No-one can claim a nickname they didn't come up with only applies to them and no-one else can use it.

^ She claimed that Brigham Young told Orson that Marinda was only to be his wife for time and Joseph's for eternity—but this is false, since she was sealed to Orson in early 1846.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joseph, the Prophet, three times, to go and take a certain woman as his wife; but not till he commanded him in the name of the Lord did he obey.
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

101; see Shulḥan 'Aruk, Eben ha-'Ezer, i. .10, Isserles' gloss), probably believing that the Messiah would appear before that time; but this opinion was overruled by that of the majority of medieval Jewish rabbis.^ Even these would probably not think of their participation as "cursory," since a majority of men never practiced plural marriage at all.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I also believe that there should be an on-air correction and I would think that it would be in the best interest of Dr. Keith and this show that there be research done before claiming fallacies on national television.

^ It would appear, then, that Mary E. Lightner had two different husbands for "time" and a third for "eternity."
  • Issue 66 - Salt Lake City Messenger 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC utlm.org [Source type: Original source]

.Even in the Orient monogamy soon became the rule and polygamy the exception; for only the wealthy could afford the luxury of many wives.^ The only issue that I have with polygamy is too many kids.

^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ O, if my husband could only love me even a little and not seem to be perfectly indifferent to any sensation of that kind....
  • http://www.ils.unc.edu/%7Eunsworth/mormon/polygamy.html 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ils.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In Africa, where Mohammedan influence was strongest, the custom was to include in the marriage contract the following paragraph: "The said bridegroom .^ In a comparable fashion, the lesson on Eternal Marriage makes heavy use of section 132 to discuss Eternal Marriage, and includes several optional paragraphs (everything in a lesson, though, is optional) on Plural Marriage.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ How do you change marriage to include same sex couples and not allow Muslims to follow their centuries old tradition of polygamy?
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

. . hereby promises that he will not take a second wife during the lifetime of the said bride . . . except with her consent; and, if he transgresses this oath and takes a second wife during the lifetime of the said bride and without her consent, he shall give her every tittle of what is written in the marriage settlement, together with all the voluntary additions herein detailed, paying all to her up to the last farthing, and he shall free her by regular divorce instantly and with fitting solemnity." .This condition was rigidly enforced by the rabbinic authorities (see Abrahams, "Jewish Life in the Middle Ages," p.^ They actually interpret his reference of forbidding one to marry as a prohibition on a man to practice polygamy, perhaps making note of Rabbinic decrees in the Middle Ages that finally and officially forbade polygamy for Jewish men.
  • TNN Online: Two-House News Network - Torah In Perspective - Is Polygamy for Today? 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.tnnonline.net [Source type: Original source]

120).

Later Instances.

.The Jews of Spain practised polygamy as late as the fourteenth century.^ Justin Martyr, writing in the middle of the Second century, rebukes the Jews for allowing polygamy in his Dialogue with Trypho the Jew , which is a refutation of Jewish practice and theology.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

.The only requirement there was a special permit, for which a certain sum was probably paid into the king's treasury each time a Jew took an additional wife (Jacobs, "Sources," p.^ God only permitted it for a time and season for a certain purpose.

^ As long as he is only responsible for one wife at a time, then he can marry and divorce and remarry as often as he likes, to this there is no law against it.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also widely believed that " only the first wife [was] having sexual relations with the husband," and that additional spouses were " spiritual wives " who remained celibate.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

xxv., No. 104, London, 1894). Such cases, however, were rare exceptions. .The Spanish Jews, as well as their brethren in Italy and in the Orient, soon gave up these practises; and today, although the Jews of the East live under Mohammedan rule, but few cases of polygamy are found among them.^ The basis of their case was that polygamy was part of the religion of the Mormons and therefore was protected under freedom of religion.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is interesting that McLellin's account here refers to the Fanny Alger incident as "where the first well authenticated case of polygamy took place."
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Idaho Supreme Court rules that under Idaho law ALL Mormons were disenfranchised because the Church president had made no statement abandoning polygamy.
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

.In some exceptional cases bigamy was permitted (see Bigamy); but this was in very rare cases only, and the consent of 100 learned men of three different states was required (see Insanity).^ In any case, it’s redundant due to bigamy legislation in all three states.
  • LDSLF: Polygamy and the Wilford Woodruff Manual 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC ldsliberationfront.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Polygamay is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.
  • polygamy - Lulu.com 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ "Most men who entered polygamy" had only two wives, and a large majority (> 80%) had no more than three.
  • George D. Smith's Nauvoo Polygamy - Gregory L. Smith - FARMS Review - Volume 20 - Issue 2 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC mi.byu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While in the case of the 'Agunah one witness who testifies to the death of her husband is sufficient to permit the woman to remarry, in the case of the woman's disappearance some authorities ("Bet Shemuel" on Eben ha-'Ezer, 158, 1; 15, 20) are of the opinion that the testimony of one witness is not sufficient to permit the husband to remarry (see Fassel, "Mishpete El; Das Mosaisch-Rabbinische Civilrecht,"§§ 63, 112, Nagy-Kanizsa, 1852).^ There is no need for women having more than one husband, there is a need in society for religious men to give shelter to more than one woman.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the only recorded incident in Vedic history of a woman having more that one husband.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't think, and this seems to be Volokh's opinion, one shared by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of homosexual marriage, that the judiciary is the proper venue to implement social change.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

.Later authorities, however, permit him to remarry even when there is only one witness to testify to the death of his wife, and even when that witness did not know her personally, providing that after he had described the deceased woman the husband recognized the description as that of his wife ("Noda' Bihudah," series ii., Eben ha-'Ezer, 7, 8; comp.^ FLDS have only one legal wife.
  • The Mormon-Muslim polygamy question [Karl] 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ We are to have one wife and one husband.

^ The argument is made that there is one church so a man can have only one wife.
  • Polygamy in the Bible and the Koran (No. 293) 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ccg.org [Source type: Original source]

"Ḥatam Sofer" on Eben ha-'Ezer, responsum 2; "Pitḥe Teshubah" on Eben ha-'Ezer, 1, 10).

Survivals of Polygamy.

.In spite of the prohibition against polygamy and of the general acceptance thereof, the Jewish law still retains many provisions which apply only to a state which permits polygamy.^ Polygamy is wrong, and it is against the law.

^ The only issue that I have with polygamy is too many kids.

^ Polygamy against the law .
  • Polygamy 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC tungate.com [Source type: Original source]

.The marriage of a married man is legally valid and needs the formality of a bill of divorce for its dissolution, while the marriage of a married woman is void and has no binding force (Eben ha-'Ezer, 1, 10; comp.^ For example, a man is married in a temple with a woman and later is divorced civilly.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Marriage is a legal contract between one man and one woman.
  • The Mormon Curtain - MORMON POLYGAMY 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.mormoncurtain.com [Source type: Original source]

."Pitḥe Teshubah," § 20, where is quoted the opinion of some authorities that after a man takes a second wife he is not compelled to divorce her).^ Rather, prior to the advent of Christ Roman law forbid a man to take more than one wife.
  • Polygamy_1 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.16108.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Brother Branham was quoting Jesus (who was quoting Moses) to lay down the fact that a man could not divorce his wife on any frivolous ground (which the Jews in Jesus' time were doing so) except fornication.

^ The Lord was quoting what was written in that law, found in Deuteronomy 24:1-4, that it was wrong for a man to divorce his wife on grounds other than fornication.

.The Reform rabbis in conference assembled (Philadelphia, 1869) decided that "the marriage of a married man to a second woman can neither take place nor claim religious validity, just as little as the marriage of a married woman to another man, but,like this, is null and void from the beginning."^ Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A gay man can marry any woman he wants, but not any man.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - The Traditionalist Case – The Polygamy Slippery-Slope Argument: 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Biblical Marriages: Monogamy and Polygamy By Sun Tynsdale , Jr. E-book (PDF): $17.50 Downloads immediately This item has not been rated yet Jesus taught that a man and woman should love and cherish one another.
  • polygamy - Lulu.com 14 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

.Still, with the majority of Jews, this is not even an open question, and the marriage of a married man is considered just as valid as that of an unmarried man; it not only requires the formality of divorce in the case of separation, but also makes him subject to the laws of relationship; so that he can not afterward marry the wife's sister while the wife is living, nor can he or his near relatives, according to the laws of consanguinity, enter into matrimonial relations with any of her near relatives (see Marriage).^ See, she's got a living husband, so no man could marry her.

^ Neither can a man do that to his clean living wife.

^ His wife ended up divorcing him.

Bibliography: Hastings, Dict. Bible, s.v. Marriage; Hamburger. R. B. T., s.v. Vielweiberei; Frankel, Grundlinien des Mosaisch-Talmudischen Eherechts, Breslau, 1860; Lichtenstein, Die Ehe nach Mosaisch-Talmudischer Auffassung, ib. 1879; Klugman, Stellung der Frau im Talmud, Vienna, 1898; Rabbinowicz, Mebo ha-Talmud, Hebr. transl., p. 80, Wilna, 1894; Buchholz, Die Familie, Breslau, 1867; Mielziner, The Jewish Law of Marriage and Divorce, Cincinnati, 1884; Duschak, Das Mosaisch-Talmudische Eherecht, Vienna, 1864.
This entry includes text from the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906.

Simple English

File:Polygamy world
A map of the world. Countries where polygamy is accepted are shown in green.

Polygamy is a word that comes from late Greek. It can be translated as many marriages. It refers to any form of marriage, where there is more than one spouse.[1]

The form where one man has sexual relations with many women is called polygyny, the form where there are many men for one woman is called polyandry. There is also a concept called group marriage, which is a combination of ployandry and polygyny. In group marriage, all the (adult) members of the group are responsible for all the children.

Historically, all forms have occurred. Polygyny is the most common though.

References

  1. Polygamy at socialsciencedictionary.org



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 20, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Polygamy, which are similar to those in the above article.








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