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Polygonatum
Polygonatum multiflorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Ruscaceae
Genus: Polygonatum
Mill.
Species

See text

Polygonatum (pronounced /ˌpɒlɨˈɡɒnətəm/;[1] King Solomon's-seal, Solomon's Seal) is a genus of about 50 species of flowering plants within the family Ruscaceae, formerly classified in the lily family Liliaceae.

Some species of this genus have medicinal properties, and some (in particular P. sibiricum) are used as a tisane in Korea, which is called dungulle.

Some Polygonatum shoots are edible, cooked like asparagus, as are the roots - after appropriate treatment [2] - being a good source of starch [3].

Contents

Selected species

  • P. biflorum - Smooth (or Great) Solomon's-seal
  • P. cirrhifolium
  • P. cobrense - McKittrick's (or Southwest) Solomon's-seal
  • P. commutatum - Solomon's seal
  • P. cyrtonema
  • P. falcatum
  • P. hirsutum - Hairy Solomon's-seal
  • P. humile - Dwarf Solomon's-seal
  • P. inflatum
  • P. involucratum
  • P. kingianum
  • P. lasianthum
  • P. latifolium - Broadleaf Solomon's-seal
  • P. macropodium - Big Footed Solomon's-seal
  • P. maximowiczii
  • P. multiflorum - (Common) Solomon's-seal
  • P. odoratum - Scented (or Angular) Solomon's-seal
  • P. orientale - Oriental Solomon's-seal
  • P. pubescens - Downy Solomon's-seal
  • P. sibiricum
  • P. stenanthum
  • P. verticillatum - Whorled Solomon's-seal
  • P. × hybridum - Garden Solomon's-seal

Medicinal uses

"Solomon's Seal" , especially the root, is traditionally used in a range of afflictions from menopause to broken bones. As a topical application, the root are said to expedite the healing of cuts and bruises, skin irritations and inflammations, and as a face wash is good for acne, blemishes and all kinds of imperfections of the skin. When consumed as a tea, it is said to alleviate a range of symptoms associated with menopause, indigestion, diabetes, broken bones, insomnia, kidney pains, and even infertility.

Its use to fight diabetes was first observed in 1930 by Langecker. After experiments, he concluded that it was effective in fighting nutritional hyperglycemia, though not that caused by adrenaline release, probably due to its content in glucokinin.[4]

References

  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  2. ^ Altnature.com article on Solomon's Seal description and uses
  3. ^ Polygonatum odoratum in ibiblio.org
  4. ^ Source:Quer, Pío Font "Plantas Medicinales - El Dioscórides renovado". 1961/2005 Barcelona: Ediciones Península

5. Definitive medicinal, historical and cultivating information: http://www.solomonsseal.net

See also

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Translingual

Proper noun

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Polygonatum

  1. a taxonomic genus, within family Ruscaceae - many herbaceous perennials including Solomon's seal
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See also

  • See Wikispecies for species

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Ruscaceae
Tribus: Polygonatae
Genus: Polygonatum
Species: P. biflorum - P. cirrhifolium - P. cyrtonema - P. falcatum - P. hybridum - P. inflatum - P. involucratum - P. kingianum - P. lasianthum - P. macropodium - P. multiflorum - P. odoratum - P. orientale - P. sibiricum - P. verticillatum

Name

Polygonatum Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4. 1754.

Type species: Polygonatum officinale All. (Convallaria polygonatum L.)

Synonyms

  • Axillaria Raf., Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 1: 266. 1818.
  • Campydorum Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 64. 1866.
  • Codomale Raf., Autik. Bot.: 67. 1840.
  • Evallaria Neck., Elem. Bot. 3: 189. 1790), opus utique oppr.
  • Periballanthus Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 524. 1878.
  • Salomonia Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 20. 1759. (nom. rej.).
  • Sigillum Montandon in F.Friche-Joset, Syn. Fl. Jura, ed. 2: 310. 1868.
  • Siphyalis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 17. 1838.
  • Troxilanthes Raf., Autik. Bot.: 67. 1840.

References

  • Govaerts, R. (2006). World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens. Kew, 2009 Mar 4 [1].

Vernacular names

English: Solomon's Seal
Français: Sceau de Salomon
Magyar: Salamonpecsét
Nederlands: Salomonszegel
Русский: Купена, Соломонова печать
Svenska: Ramssläktet
Türkçe: Mührüsüleyman

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