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Pomona College
Pomona College Mark
Motto Our contribution to Christian civilization.
Established October 14, 1887
Type Private
Endowment US$1.33 billion[1]
President Dr. David W. Oxtoby
Faculty 196
Undergraduates 1548
Postgraduates 0
Location Claremont, California, USA
Campus Suburban, 140 acres (0.65 km²)
Nickname Sagehens
Mascot Cecil Sagehen [2]
Website www.pomona.edu
Pomona College banner.png

Pomona College is a private residential liberal arts college located in Claremont, California. It has ranked in the top ten of liberal arts colleges nationally according to the U.S. News and World Report rankings since their inception, and is currently ranked 6th.[2] Founded in 1887 in Pomona, California, by a group of Congregationalists, the college moved to Claremont in 1889 to the site of a donated hotel, retaining its name. The school enrolls 1,548 students.[3]

The founding member of the Claremont Colleges, Pomona is a non-sectarian, coeducational school. Its founders strove to create "a college of the New England type;". In order to reach this goal, the board of trustees included graduates of Williams, Dartmouth, Colby and Yale.[4] Beginning in 1925, the Claremont Colleges, which have grown to include five total undergraduate and two graduate institutions, have provided Pomona's student body with the resources of a larger university while preserving the closeness of a small college.

Contents

History

President Theodore Roosevelt addresses a large crowd outside of Pearsons Hall on the campus of Pomona College in Claremont.

Pomona College was established as a coeducational institution on October 14, 1887. The group wanted to create a college in the same mold as small New England institutions. The College was originally formed in Pomona; classes first began in a rented house on September 12, 1888. The next year, the school was moved to Claremont, at the site of an unfinished hotel. The project had been deferred following the suicide of Gwendolyn Rose, who died in the basement during construction. This building would eventually become Sumner Hall, current location of the Admissions and the Office of Campus Life. The name – Pomona College – remained after the relocation. The College’s first graduating class consisted of ten members in 1894.[5]

Its founders’ values led to the College’s belief in educational equity, and in 1904 graduated Winston Dickson, one of the first African-American students in history to attend Harvard Law School. Like other Congregationalist-founded colleges such as Harvard, Dartmouth, Middlebury and Bowdoin, Pomona was given its own governing board, ensuring its independence.[5] The board of trustees was originally composed of graduates of Williams, Dartmouth, Colby and Yale, among others, to help create "a college of the New England type."[4]

In the early 1920s, the College’s growth led its president, James A. Blaisdell, to call for “a group of institutions divided into small colleges—somewhat of an Oxford type—around a library and other utilities which they would use in common.” This would allow Pomona to retain its small, liberal arts-focused teaching while gaining the resources of a larger university, shared among other similar small colleges. On October 14, 1925, Pomona College’s 38th anniversary, the Claremont Colleges were incorporated.[6] By 1997, the consortium reached its present membership of 5 undergraduate and 2 graduate institutions.

Pomona's strength has been its quality of education and preparation for graduate and professional schools as well as postgraduate fellowships. In 2007, 24 members of the Class of 2007 were awarded Fulbright Scholarships along with four other alumni,[7] thus making Pomona tied with Brown University for third in the nation and first among liberal arts colleges.[8] Pomona was also named as one of the New Ivies by Newsweek magazine.[9]

Campus

Pomona’s campus is located in Claremont, California, covering an area of 140 acres. It includes 59 buildings, including 12 residence halls.[10] The campus in Claremont originally began with the donation of an incomplete hotel—what would become Sumner Hall. It quickly expanded from 7 buildings in 1909—the time James Blaisdell took over as President.[11] He had the foresight to purchase the empty land around the College while it was still available, securing the College’s future and allowing for expansion for years to come.

Currently, First Street borders the campus on the south, Mills and Amherst Avenues to the east, Eighth Street on the north, and Harvard Avenue on the west. Claremont Graduate University, Scripps College and Claremont McKenna College are adjacent to Pomona’s north, from west to east respectively. Pomona is divided into North Campus and South Campus, casually divided by Sixth Street, with a few exceptions. Many of the earlier buildings were constructed in the Spanish Renaissance Revival and Mission Styles, usually only one or two stories in height. Bridges Hall of Music, designed by Pasadena architect Myron Hunt, is an example of these styles combined.[12] Later buildings have taken inspiration from these styles, with usually three or fewer stories and stucco walls.

Bridges Auditorium across Marston Quad

South Campus consists of mostly first-year and sophomore housing and academic buildings for the social sciences and humanities. Among the notable dormitories are Harwood Court, originally a women’s dorm constructed in 1921, and Oldenborg Center, a foreign language housing option for sophomores that includes a foreign language dining hall.[13][14] Also of note is Sumner Hall, Pomona’s first building, Bridges Auditorium (“Big Bridges”) —used for concerts and speakers with a capacity of 2,500[15]—Bridges Hall of Music (“Little Bridges”), a concert hall built in 1915 with seating for 600[12], and Carnegie Building, which houses the Politics and Economics departments. It was originally built in 1929 as a library for the College. Marston Quadrangle is located between Carnegie Building and Bridges Auditorium, one of two quadrangles on campus. The Pomona College Organic Farm is hidden behind The Wash on the southeastern corner of campus.

North Campus is also a mix of residential and academic buildings. Most of the academic buildings house science departments. Among the notable buildings are the Richard C. Seaver Biology Building (“Seaver West”), built with environmentally friendly features, completed in 2005[16], and the Lincoln and Edmunds buildings, both completed in 2007.

The Lincoln and Edmunds buildings were the first buildings in Claremont to garner a gold certification award from the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Program[17][18]. The two new academic buildings also house the first publicly accessible Skyspace art installation by renowned artist and alumnus James Turrell '65[19][20].

North Campus dormitories house mostly juniors and seniors. Of interest is Smiley Hall, the oldest dorm West of the Mississippi, constructed in 1908.[21] While it is south of Sixth Street, it is still considered a North Campus dorm. Frary Dining Hall, one of two dining halls on campus, is the location of the murals “Prometheus” by José Clemente Orozco, his first work in the US, and “Genesis” by Rico Lebrun.

Also located along the south side of Sixth Street are buildings central to the campus. Smith Campus Center is home to many student services, including a mailroom, The Coop student store and two restaurants;[10] Alexander Hall houses administrative offices. Athletic facilities are located to the south of Sixth Street and to the east of Smiley Hall. The Rains Center is the main athletic facility with a fitness center, gym and locker rooms. Adjacent to Rains Center is Merritt Football Field, Alumni Baseball Field and Haldeman Pool. Other Pomona facilities of note include the student group and lounge in Walker Hall known as the Women's Union, the Sontag Greek Theatre—an outdoor amphitheater, as well as The Farm, an experiment in sustainable farming and the Seaver Theatre Complex, built in 1990 with a 335-seat auditorium, 100-seat experimental theater and several other studios and rehearsal spaces.

San Gabriel Mountains from South Campus

The campus lies less than five miles (8 km) south of the San Gabriel Mountains, on top of the alluvial fans that have come from nearby San Antonio Canyon. The campus is relatively flat, with a slight uphill grade from south to north, because of this. Mount San Antonio (also known as Mount Baldy) is 14 miles (22 km) north of the College and is visible from the campus. The Mount Baldy Ski Lifts is a popular spot for students to ski in the winter because of its convenient location. On clear days, the Chino Hills are visible to the south and San Bernardino Mountains to the east.

Academics

The Claremont Colleges

Pomona is a member of the Claremont Colleges, and most social activities revolve around the five colleges, or "5-Cs." Pomona College, Claremont McKenna College, Scripps College, Pitzer College and Harvey Mudd College share dining halls, libraries, and other facilities throughout the contiguous campuses. All five colleges, along with Claremont Graduate University and the Keck Institute, are part of the Claremont University Consortium.

Any student attending Pomona can enroll in up to half of his or her classes at the other four colleges and can major at any of the other four schools so long as the requested major is not offered at Pomona. This policy is similar across the Claremont Colleges; it is meant to give students the resources of a larger university while maintaining the positive qualities of a small liberal-arts college.

Over the years, a rivalry has formed between the opposing sports teams: Pomona-Pitzer (P-P) and Claremont-Mudd-Scripps (CMS). In reality, these teams consist mostly of students enrolled at either Pomona or Claremont McKenna, respectively, which has intensified the rivalry between these particular neighbors.

Admissions

In 2007, 16.3% of applicants were admitted to Pomona, the lowest acceptance rate in the college's history.[22][23] The Class of 2011 has median scores of 750 on the SAT critical reading section (IQR of 700-770), 750 on the math section (IQR of 700-770) and 740 on the writing section (IQR of 690-760). The median composite SAT was 2240. The average ACT score is 32. Eighty seven percent of this incoming class (of those from schools that officially rank students) graduated in the top decile of their high school classes, with 15% being valedictorians.[3]

The body of about 1,550 undergraduate students hails from 47 U.S. states, the District of Columbia and 26 foreign countries. It is composed of 7% African American students, 16% Asian American, 11% Latino American and 1% Native American, according to a self-identification survey.[10]

Pomona has both need-blind admissions and need-based financial aid policies. In the 2006-2007 academic year, 53% of students received a financial aid package. The average award in 2005-2006 was about $29,700; $24,700 of scholarship and $5,000 of work study and loans. As of December 13, 2007, the College announced it will be among the first colleges nationwide to eliminate loans in favor of grants in financial aid packages.[24] The total cost of tuition, room and board and other fees will be about $43,155 in the 2006-2007 school year.[10] The College’s endowment stands at $1,762,680,000 for the 2006-2007 academic year[3]; it was ranked 39th in American institutions in 2005.[25] Its endowment per student in the 2007 fiscal year was $1,138,888, ranked 6th in U.S. institutions and first among liberal arts colleges.[26]

Student life

Campus organizations

Pomona College in winter

There are several newspapers operated at the Claremont Colleges, including The Collage and The Student Life, which is the oldest college newspaper in Southern California.[citation needed] Other campus publications include political magazines The Undecided, the Claremont Port Side, the Claremont Independent, and the Claremont Progressive; and the literary magazine, Passwords.

The Claremont Colleges Queer Resource Center is a student center addressing the needs and concerns of LGBT students at all five colleges.

The major resource center and student group at Pomona College addressing gender issues is the Women's Union [27].

The campus also has an active environmental group, the Pomona Campus Climate Challenge group, that is focused on tackling climate change and creating a culture of sustainability on campus[28].

Pomona has a long tradition of student-run a cappella singing groups, among them the Claremont Shades, Men's Blue and White, and Midnight Echo.

There are 3 remaining local fraternities (originally there were 7), and no officially recognized national fraternities or sororities. Two of the three fraternities are for male Pomona students only - Kappa Delta ('KD') and Sigma Tau ('Sig Tau') - membership in the third - Nu Alpa Phi ('Nappy') - is open to students of any gender.

The Pomona Student Union (PSU) facilitates the discussion of political and social issues on campus. The PSU is a non-partisan, student-run organization that invites prominent speakers from across the political spectrum to talk and debate. The PSU aims to raise the level of honest and open dialogue on campus. The PSU was founded on the belief that one cannot possess a firm belief in anything unless it is challenged. To this end, the PSU seeks to foster an environment in which students are exposed to a multiplicity of perspectives. Notable speakers the PSU has brought in include Jon Meacham, Mari Matsuda, Sam Harris, Nadine Strossen, and Michael Isikoff.

Residential life

Pomona is a residential campus, and students must apply to live off campus. Virtually all students live on campus for all four years in one of Pomona's 12 residence halls.

South Campus All first-year students live on South Campus. As a result, the four dormitories that line Bonita Avenue are referred to as Freshman Row.

  • Mudd-Blaisdell is Pomona's largest residence hall. It is home to 280 students living in doubles and singles. It is the only air-conditioned dormitory that houses first years.
  • Harwood Court houses 170 students. It was built in 1921, is the oldest dorm on South Campus, and the second-oldest West of the Mississippi (after Smiley).
  • Wig Hall was built in the 1960s and houses 113 students, primarily first-years, mostly in doubles.
  • Lyon Court is the only nearly all-freshman dormitory. It houses 78 students, mostly in doubles.
  • Oldenborg Center is home to 140 students, mostly sophomores. Oldenborg residents live in language or special interest halls, and are expected to participate in the Center's extracurricular activities, which include foreign language film series, speakers, and other activities. Oldenborg also contains a foreign language dining hall, which serves lunch Monday through Friday. The Center is air-conditioned.
  • The Cottages are three small, separate housing units on the corner of College and Bonita across the street from Wig. The Cottages house roughly 12 students and are a sub-free housing option.

North Campus Most residents of North Campus are juniors and seniors.

  • Smiley Hall is Pomona's oldest residence hall. It was built in 1908 and houses 60 students, all in singles. Currently, the first two floors of Smiley are home to Unity Dorm, while the third is regular housing.
  • Walker Hall houses 112 students in singles and two-room doubles. First-year transfer students live in Walker.
  • Clark I contains two five-person suites, as well as two-room doubles. 116 students live in Clark I.
  • Clark V has space for 95 students in singles and two-room doubles.
  • Norton-Clark III is home to 120 students in singles and one- and two-room doubles.
  • Lawry Court consists of three towers, each of which has three floors. Each floor contains eight single rooms around a common room and bathroom. 71 students live in Lawry Court (the first floor of the B tower has an electrical room).

Sustainability

Pomona's Board of Trustees adopted the College's first Environmental Policy in 2002.[29] The school subsequently hired its first Sustainability Coordinator in 2008 and its Sustainability Integration Office was created in 2009.[30] The College buys local and organic food for its dining halls, has undertaken a variety of outreach initiatives; requires that all new construction meet LEED Silver standards; offsets a percentage of its emissions with Renewable Energy Credits; and is committed to reducing water consumption, especially in landscaping.[31] The College was awarded a "B" for its sustainability initiatives by the Sustainable Endowments Institute in the College Sustainability Report Card 2009.[32]

Unique traditions

47

The number "47" has held mystical importance for Pomona students for forty-eight years[33]. Two different stories about its roots exist. Campus lore suggested that in 1964, Pomona math professor Donald Bentley produced a convincing mathematical proof that 47 was equal to all other integers, and that other faculty members and senior students could not disprove his equation at first sight. (By the 1970s oral history had grown this tale into a 1950s McCarthy-era exercise by an unnamed professor, and that it was a symbolic attack on the "big lie" political style of the Red-hunters of the era.) Another version — later verified by Bentley — holds that two Pomona students on a summer grant project in 1964 hypothesized that 47 occurred far more often in nature than random number distribution would explain. Pomona College is also located off exit 47 on Interstate 10.

This tradition is endorsed by the college, as seen in Pomona College's official website's explanation of the "mystique of 47" [33].

Ski-Beach Day

Uniquely situated in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains, Pomona College takes advantage of its location to host an annual "Ski-Beach Day" each spring. While the origin of this tradition is unclear, professors and various campus staff have noted that it has been around for at least twenty years. Some hypothesize that the day is a salute to other liberal arts colleges, as most of them are on the relatively frigid East Coast or in the Midwest.

Students board a bus in the morning and are driven to a local ski resort where they ski or snowboard in the morning. After lunch, they are bussed down to an Orange County or Los Angeles County beach for the rest of the day[34].

'Mufti'

Rooted somewhere in the mists of the 1940s, originally the outgrowth of an unhappy group of women students protesting on-campus policies, Mufti is a secret society of punsters-as-social-commentators. Periodically their 3.5"x8.5" sheets of paper are glued to walls all over campus, with double-entendre comments on local goings-on: when beloved century-old Holmes Hall was dynamited to make way for a new building in 1987, the tiny signs all over campus announced "BLAST OF A CENTURY LEAVES THOUSANDS HOLMESLESS."

Athletics

The school's athletic program participates, in conjunction with Pitzer College (another consortium member), in the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference and the NCAA's Division III. Once known as the Sagecocks, the school's sports teams are now called the Sagehens. On October 6, 1923, Pomona College and USC played in the inaugural game at the Los Angeles Coliseum, with the Trojans prevailing 23-7.

Fight Song

When Cecil Sagehen Chirps
Words by then student, now professor Graydon Beeks '69 and Brian Holmes '68
Music by Brian Holmes '68

"When Cecil Sagehen chirps, we're gonna fracture the foes of Pomona's might!
When Cecil Sagehen chirps, we're gonna wail on their bods for the Blue and White!
Our foes are filled with dread, whenever Cecil Sagehen flies over head!
We're gonna C, we're gonna H, we're gonna I-R-P, When Cecil chirps his way to victory! Chirp!"

"'Push On, Pomona'"

Words and Music by Terry Koenig '13

"Push on, Pomona, to a victory, cheer Pomona's men,
Push on, Pomona, to a victory, for we've got the stuff to win and win again!
Just watch them smash, and crash, their way through ev'ry line,
Show the old Pomona fight!
For all we have to do is stand behind the White and Blue
And we're-------All Right!"

Push On, Pomona was replaced by When Cecil Sagehen Chirps as the School fight song in the early 1970s.

Labor Conflicts

On Monday, March 1st, 2010, Pomona's dining service workers publicly announced their intention to attempt to form an independent labor union. That morning at 10:00am, over 40 workers and 150 students marched from Pomona's two dining halls into President David Oxtoby's office and handed him petitions[3] one at a time. The petitions called for a "Fair Process," asking the College to remain neutral during the unionization process and to acknowledge the results of a card check. As of March 8th, 90% of dining hall staff and 40% of Pomona students had signed the petition [4]. This action was reported in the Independent Media Center [5] and the Huffington Post [6].

On Wednesday, March 3rd, President David W. Oxtoby responded to the petitions, suggesting that the College would only support an NLRB-regulated secret ballot [7].

On Saturday, March 6th, following President Oxtoby's statement, workers and students rallied outside of Bridges Auditorium, marching over to Smith Campus Center in the midst of trustee meetings. Several workers spoke about specific grievances, followed by Pomona students, Pitzer Professor Jose Calderon, and Anthony Chavez, the grandson of Cesar Chavez [8].

Some notable petition signers:

The School Alma Mater

"Hail, Pomona, Hail"

"Hail, Pomona, Hail,
We thy sons and daughters sing
Praises to thy name,
Praises of thy fame,
'Til the Heavens above shall ring
To the name of Pomona
Alma Mater, Hail to thee
To the spirit true of the White and Blue
All Hail, Pomona, Hail!"

The Alma Mater recently attracted some controversy when it was discovered that the song was originally written to be sung as the ensemble finale to a student-produced blackface minstrel show performed on campus in 1909 or 1910.[35] Due to this controversy, the Alma Mater was not sung during the 2008 commencement ceremony to give the college time to consider the song's future at Pomona. On December 15, 2008 the college announced a decision to retain the song as the Alma Mater, but 'for the present' not to sing the song at either commencement or convocation.

Notable alumni

Caroline Potter

Famous dropouts

  • John Cage
  • David Ossman of the Firesign Theatre
  • Twyla Tharp
  • Marianne Williamson, author and spiritual teacher
  • Frank Zappa, then a resident near Pomona College in San Bernadino County, would occasionally bring samples of his scores to Prof. Karl Kohn. This was not part of a normal undergraduate program, nor was it some form of school-sanctioned visiting student arrangement, but simply informal private lessons. By 1970, Pomona publications referred to Zappa having studied there, and Kohn's name appears on the cover of Freak Out! (1966) under the heading "These People Have Contributed Materially In Many Ways To Make Our Music What It Is. Please Do Not Hold It Against Them". Zappa contributed to the renovation of Pomona's Bridges Hall of Music, and one of the seats in the hall bears a plaque with his name.[citation needed]
  • Anthony Zerbe

Filming location

Over the years, many films and television shows have been shot in and around Pomona College, including:

Star Trek connection

Pomona College also has many connections to the Star Trek universe. In addition to the incorporation of the college's mystical number 47 [9], a writer for the series who attended Pomona College (Joe Menosky) may have used the Oldenborg Center as inspiration for The Borg, a drone-like race of assimilated half-machine creatures [10]. The foreign language dormitory was popularly referred to as "the Borg" long before Star Trek: The Next Generation, and for many years the students who chose to live there had the reputation of never leaving the building except to attend classes (the air-conditioned building has its own dining hall, theatre, library, and computer rooms). Even the cube-shaped spacecraft of the television series is reminiscent of the design of the dorm (which from the air resembles the letter E). Menosky has neither confirmed nor denied the well-reported account.

Majors

A sign on Walker Wall welcomes one to Pomona College

Humanities and Fine Arts

Natural Sciences

Social Sciences

Interdisciplinary Programs

Notes

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2009. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2009 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2008 to FY 2009" (PDF). 2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2009_NCSE_Public_Tables_Endowment_Market_Values.pdf. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  2. ^ http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/liberal-arts-rankings/index.html#
  3. ^ a b c "Pomona College Profile 2006-1007" (PDF). Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/ADWR/Admissions/Forms/2010fullprofile.pdf. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  4. ^ a b Rudolph, Frederick (1962). The American College & University: A History. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 0820312843. 
  5. ^ a b "History of Pomona College". Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/welcome/aboutpomona/history.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  6. ^ "History of the Claremont Colleges". Claremont University Consortium. http://www.cuc.claremont.edu/aboutcuc/history.asp. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  7. ^ Pomona College : News@Pomona
  8. ^ New Fulbright Grant Brings Scientists to U.S. - Chronicle.com
  9. ^ America's 25 New Elite 'Ivies' | Newsweek Best High Schools | Newsweek.com
  10. ^ a b c d "Pomona Profile 2007". Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/Welcome/AboutPomona/FactsAndFigures.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  11. ^ Anderson, Seth (2007-12-14). "James Blaisdell and the Claremont Colleges". Claremont Graduate University. http://claremontconversation.org/tcourse/tndy4010/page/James+Blaisdell-The+Visionary. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  12. ^ a b Peterson, William (2002). "CB Fisk #117 Pomona College, Claremont, CA". C.B. Fisk, Inc.. http://www.cbfisk.com/fisk_files/organs/op117_01.html. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  13. ^ "Residence Halls -- South Campus". Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/adwr/campuslife/residentiallife/southcampus.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  14. ^ "Oldenborg Center - Information". Pomona College. http://www.oldenborg.pomona.edu/information.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-13. 
  15. ^ "About Bridges Auditorium". Claremont University Consortium. http://www.cuc.claremont.edu/bridges/background/index.html. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  16. ^ "Richard C. Seaver Biology Building". Pomona College Biology Department. http://biology.pomona.edu/facilities/seaverbiology.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  17. ^ "Winning Gold". Pomona College Magazine. http://www.pomona.edu/Magazine/PCMwin08/DEtomorrow2.shtml. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  18. ^ "Lincoln Edmunds Receives Gold". The Student Life. http://www.tsl.pomona.edu/index.php?page=news&article=2941&issue=108. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  19. ^ "Night Rite". Pomona College Magazine. http://www.pomona.edu/Magazine/PCMwin08/FSnightrite.shtml. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  20. ^ "Dedication Held For Turrell Skyspace Exhibition". The Student Life. http://www.tsl.pomona.edu/index.php?article=2669. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  21. ^ "Residence Halls -- North Campus". Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/adwr/campuslife/residentiallife/northcampus.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  22. ^ Kaya, Travis (2007-04-06). "Once Again, a Record Breaking Class Admitted to Pomona". The Student Life. http://tsl.pomona.edu/index.php?article=2412. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  23. ^ "CMC Class of 2011 Profile". Claremont McKenna College. http://www.claremontmckenna.edu/admission/fr-class-profile.asp. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  24. ^ Pomona College : News@Pomona
  25. ^ "2005 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). http://www.nacubo.org/documents/about/FY05NESInstitutionsbyTotalAssets.pdf. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  26. ^ "Largest Endowments per Student, 2005" (fee required). The Chronicle of Higher Education. http://chronicle.com/weekly/almanac/2006/nation/0103301.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  27. ^ http://womensunion.pomona.edu
  28. ^ http://ccc.aspc.pomona.edu
  29. ^ "History of Sustainability at Pomona College". Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/sustainability/about/history.shtml. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  30. ^ "Sustainability Integration Office". Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/sustainability/about/office.shtml. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  31. ^ "Current Sustainability Efforts". Pomona College. http://www.pomona.edu/sustainability/media/currentefforts.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  32. ^ http://www.greenreportcard.org/report-card-2009/schools/pomona-college
  33. ^ a b http://www.pomona.edu/Welcome/Trek/47trek.shtml
  34. ^ http://www.pomona.edu/Pomoniana/skibeachday.shtml
  35. ^ [1], accessed 2008-04-01
  36. ^ "Ellen M. Bard (Republican)". Official Pennsylvania House of Representatives Profile. Pennsylvania House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2004-02-04. http://web.archive.org/web/20040204182035/www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/home/member_information/house_bio.cfm?districtnumber=153. 
  37. ^ Gittings, John (1 April 2004). "Chen Han-seng: Chinese social scientist who witnessed a century of change". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2004/apr/01/guardianobituaries.obituaries. Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  38. ^ http://www2.binghamton.edu/features/faculty/sharp.html

External links

Coordinates: 34°05′53″N 117°42′50″W / 34.098°N 117.714°W / 34.098; -117.714








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