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Archaeological Areas of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Torre Annunziata*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

A quiet street in Pompeii
State Party  Italy
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv, v
Reference 829
Region** Europe and North America
Coordinates 40°45′04″N 14°29′13″E / 40.751°N 14.487°E / 40.751; 14.487Coordinates: 40°45′04″N 14°29′13″E / 40.751°N 14.487°E / 40.751; 14.487
Inscription history
Inscription 1997  (21st Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
.Pompeii is a ruined and partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompeii.^ The ruins of Pompeii are situated at coordinates , near the modern suburban town of Pompei.

^ Pompeii was located in western Italy in Campania, near the Bay of Naples.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii is a ruined and partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania , in the territory of the comune of Pompei .

Along with Herculaneum, its sister city, Pompeii was destroyed and completely buried during a long catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days in 79 AD.
.The volcano collapsed higher roof-lines and buried Pompeii under 20 m (66 ft) of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1,600 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1592. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire.^ The ruins are extensive providing a detailed view of life nearly 2000 years ago.
  • POMPEII TOURS, POMPEII TOUR, TOUR OF POMPEI, HERCULANEUM TOURS, VESUVIUS TOUR, NAPLES TOURS, AMALFI COAST TOURS 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.limoservicesrome.com [Source type: General]

^ Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire .

^ The volcano collapsed higher roof-lines and buried Pompeii under 60 feet of ash and pumice , and it was lost for nearly 1,700 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1748.

Today, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with 2,571,725 visitors in 2007.[1]

Contents

History

Early history

.The archaeological digs at the site extend to the street level of the 79 AD volcanic event; deeper digs in older parts of Pompeii and core samples of nearby drillings have exposed layers of jumbled sediment that suggest that the city had suffered from the volcano and other seismic events before then.^ The archaeological digs at the site extend to the street level of the 79 AD volcanic event; deeper digs in older parts of Pompeii and core samples of nearby drillings have exposed layers of jumbled sediment that suggest that the city had suffered from the volcano and other seismic events before then.

^ Harris sets "Pompeii" in the days leading up to and including the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79 when the Roman town of Pompeii and several other nearby villages were destroyed by ash, pumice and, finally, a cloud of poisonous gases.

^ The other two layers are separated from the other layers by well-developed soil layers or Roman pavement and were laid in the 4th century BC and 2nd century BC. It is theorized that the layers of jumbled sediment were created by large landslides , perhaps triggered by extended rainfall.Senatore, et al.

.Three sheets of sediment have been found on top of the lava that lies below the city and, mixed in with the sediment, archaeologists have found bits of animal bone, pottery shards and plants.^ When archaeologists began the large-scale uncovering of the city a century ago, they found that there were cavities in the rock, left over from the victims.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even at Pompeii itself, on the west side of the city, where the ground slopes somewhat steeply towards the sea, houses are found which consisted of three storeys or more.

.Using carbon dating, the oldest layer has been dated to the 8th-6th centuries BC, about the time that the city was founded.^ Century BC, dating from the Samnite period.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 6th Century BC, the Greeks settled in Pompeii, using it as an outpost.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Using carbon dating , the oldest layer has been dated to the 8th-6th centuries BC, about the time that the city was founded.

.The other two layers are separated from the other layers by well-developed soil layers or Roman pavement and were laid in the 4th century BC and 2nd century BC. It is theorized that the layers of jumbled sediment were created by large landslides, perhaps triggered by extended rainfall.^ The other two layers are separated from the other layers by well-developed soil layers or Roman pavement and were laid in the 4th century BC and 2nd century BC. It is theorized that the layers of jumbled sediment were created by large landslides , perhaps triggered by extended rainfall.Senatore, et al.

^ In the 4th century BC it was fortified.

^ After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy.

[2]
.The town was founded around the 7th-6th century BC by the Osci or Oscans, a people of central Italy, on what was an important crossroad between Cumae, Nola and Stabiae.^ Pompeii was founded around the 7th to 6th century BC by the Oscans or Osci of central Italy, on an important crossroad between Cumae, Nola, and Stabiae.
  • Toilets of the World — Toilets of Roman Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.cromwell-intl.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The town was founded around the 7th-6th century BC by the Osci or Oscans, a people of central Italy, on what was an important crossroad between Cumae , Nola and Stabiae .

^ The town became an important passage for goods that arrived by sea and had to be sent toward Rome or Southern Italy along the nearby Appian Way .

.It had already been used as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors.^ It had already been used as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors.

^ Pompeii was where the Sarno River met the sea and it had a long ancient popularity as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to Strabo, Pompeii was also captured by the Etruscans, and in fact recent excavations have shown the presence of Etruscan inscriptions and a 6th century BC necropolis.^ In the 6th Century BC, the Greeks settled in Pompeii, using it as an outpost.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Strabo , Pompeii was also captured by the Etruscans , and in fact recent excavations have shown the presence of Etruscan inscriptions and a 6th century BC necropolis .

^ After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy.

Pompeii was captured for the first time by the Greek colony of Cumae, allied with Syracuse, between 525 and 474 BC.
.In the 5th century BC, the Samnites conquered it (and all the other towns of Campania); the new rulers imposed their architecture and enlarged the town.^ In the 5th century BC, the Samnites conquered it (and all the other towns of Campania ); the new rulers imposed their architecture and enlarged the town.

^ Century BC, dating from the Samnite period.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy.

.After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy.^ After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy.

^ In the 4th century BC it was fortified.

^ Century BC, dating from the Samnite period.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 4th century BC it was fortified.^ In the 4th century BC it was fortified.

^ After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy.

^ The earliest houses date from the first Samnite period (4th–3rd century bc ).
  • Pompeii (ancient city, Italy) :: Description of the remains -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pompeii remained faithful to Rome during the Second Punic War.^ Pompeii remained faithful to Rome during the Second Punic War .

^ Pompeii is first mentioned in history in 310 bc , when, during the Second Samnite War , a Roman fleet landed at the Sarnus port of Pompeii and from there made an unsuccessful attack on the neighbouring city of Nuceria .
  • Pompeii (ancient city, Italy) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy.

.Pompeii took part in the war that the towns of Campania initiated against Rome, but in 89 BC it was besieged by Sulla.^ Pompeii joined the Italians in their revolt against Rome in this war and was besieged by the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla in 89 bc .
  • Pompeii (ancient city, Italy) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii took part in the war that the towns of Campania initiated against Rome, but in 89 BC it was besieged by Sulla .
  • Pompeii - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, Pompeii, along with the rest of Italy south of the Po River , received Roman citizenship; however, as a punishment for Pompeii’s part in the war, a colony of Roman veterans was established there under Publius Sulla, the nephew of the Roman general.
  • Pompeii (ancient city, Italy) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the troops of the Social League, headed by Lucius Cluentius, helped in resisting the Romans, in 80 BC Pompeii was forced to surrender after the conquest of Nola, culminating in many of Sulla's veterans being given land and property, while many of those who went against Rome were ousted from their homes.^ Although the troops of the Social League , headed by Lucius Cluentius , helped in resisting the Romans, in 80 BC Pompeii was forced to surrender after the conquest of Nola, culminating in many of Sulla's veterans being given land and property, while many of those who went against Rome were ousted from their homes.

^ Pompeii joined the Italians in their revolt against Rome in this war and was besieged by the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla in 89 bc .
  • Pompeii (ancient city, Italy) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii was founded around the 7th to 6th century BC by the Oscans or Osci of central Italy, on an important crossroad between Cumae, Nola, and Stabiae.
  • Toilets of the World — Toilets of Roman Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.cromwell-intl.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It became a Roman colony with the name of Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum.^ It became a Roman colony with the name of Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum .

^ As further punishment for Pompeii, Rome became much more involved in Pompeiian affairs and, ten years later, renamed the city Pompeii Colonia Cornelia Venena Pompeianorum, in honor of the Romans that helped win the war ( Roman Involvement in Pompeii ).
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The inhabitants were admitted to the Roman franchise , but a military colony was settled in their territory in 80 B.C. by Sulla ( Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum ), and the whole population was rapidly Romanized.

.The town became an important passage for goods that arrived by sea and had to be sent toward Rome or Southern Italy along the nearby Appian Way.^ The town became an important passage for goods that arrived by sea and had to be sent toward Rome or Southern Italy along the nearby Appian Way .

^ II. The Social War In March 90 BC, the Samnite towns of Italy came together and rebelled against Rome.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The town was founded around the 7th-6th century BC by the Osci or Oscans, a people of central Italy, on what was an important crossroad between Cumae , Nola and Stabiae .

.Agriculture, oil and wine production were also important.^ Agriculture , oil and wine production were also important.

.It was fed with water by a spur from Aqua Augusta (Naples) built circa 20 BC by Agrippa, the main line supplying several other large towns, and finally the naval base at Misenum.^ It was fed with water by a spur from Aqua Augusta (Naples) built circa 20 BC by Agrippa , the main line supplying several other large towns, and finally the naval base at Misenum .

^ Harris sets "Pompeii" in the days leading up to and including the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79 when the Roman town of Pompeii and several other nearby villages were destroyed by ash, pumice and, finally, a cloud of poisonous gases.

^ When the water stops running, its his job to fix the main line and avert the spread of thirst and panic.

.The castellum in Pompeii is well preserved, and includes many interesting details of the distribution network and its controls.^ The castellum in Pompeii is well preserved, and includes many interesting details of the distribution network and its controls.

^ The objects buried beneath Pompeii were remarkably well-preserved for almost two thousand years.

^ The forum , the baths, many houses, and some out-of-town villas like the Villa of the Mysteries remain surprisingly well preserved.

1st century

.
A Map of Pompeii, featuring the main roads, the Cardo Maximus is in Red and the Decumanus Maximus' are in green and dark blue.
^ On the road near Pompeii, "the sky was dark and whirling with tiny projectiles and in an instant the day passed from afternoon sun to twilight."

^ From left to right: red, yellow, no color, blue, pink, green .
  • Alabama Smith in Escape from Pompeii Walkthrough Guide, Review, Discussion, Hints and Tips at Jay is Games 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC jayisgames.com [Source type: General]

The south west corner features the main forum and is the oldest part of the town.
The main Forum in Pompeii
Affresco Villa Pompei- by Angelo Piccolella
The Forum with Vesuvius in the distance
A married couple, probably the lawyer Terentius Neo and his wife. Portrait on the wall of a Pompeii house.
Amphitheatre
.The excavated town offers a snapshot of Roman life in the 1st century, frozen at the moment it was buried on 24 August 79. The forum, the baths, many houses, and some out-of-town villas like the Villa of the Mysteries remain surprisingly well preserved.^ The excavated town offers a snapshot of Roman life in the 1st century, frozen at the moment it was buried on 24 August 79.

^ The forum , the baths, many houses, and some out-of-town villas like the Villa of the Mysteries remain surprisingly well preserved.

^ On 24 August 79 AD, Mt Vesuvius erupted, burying the wealthy Roman city of Pompeii under tonnes of volcanic ash.
  • A Day in Pompeii | WellingtonNZ.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.wellingtonnz.com [Source type: General]

.Pompeii was a lively place, and evidence abounds of literally the smallest details of everyday life.^ Evidence of Pompeii’s class system abounds.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Pompeii was a lively place, and evidence abounds of literally the smallest details of everyday life.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their great popularity in Pompeii likely contributed to making them an everyday life in the City of Rome and wherever Romans built their network of far-flung cities over the great empire.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, on the floor of one of the houses (Sirico's), a famous inscription Salve, lucru (Welcome, money), perhaps humorously intended, shows us a trading company owned by two partners, Sirico and Nummianus (but this could be a nickname, since nummus means coin, money).^ Coins and jewelry lay on the floor of the house.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ B.C. Museo Nazionale, Naples One of the most famous pictures from the ancient world, probably a copy of a late classical painting, this mosaic of Alexander conquering Darius was laid into the floor of an open exedra between two peristyles in the House of the Faun.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the fanciest houses in town was owned by a man named Aulus Umbricius Scaurus.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

In other houses, details abound concerning professions and categories, such as for the "laundry" workers (Fullones). .Wine jars have been found bearing what is apparently the world's earliest known marketing pun, Vesuvinum (combining Vesuvius and the Latin for wine, vinum).^ Wine jars have been found bearing what is apparently the world's earliest known marketing pun, Vesuvinum (combining Vesuvius and the Latin for wine, vinum).

.Graffiti carved on the walls shows us real street Latin (Vulgar Latin, a different dialect from the literary or classical Latin).^ Vanity Fair gives us a quick look at Wall Street 2's cast .
  • Polanski leaves Pompeii - JoBlo.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.joblo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 89 BC, after the final occupation of the city by Roman General Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Pompeii was finally annexed to the Roman Republic.^ In 89 BC, after the final occupation of the city by Roman General Lucius Cornelius Sulla , Pompeii was finally annexed to the Roman Republic .

^ Although the troops of the Social League , headed by Lucius Cluentius , helped in resisting the Romans, in 80 BC Pompeii was forced to surrender after the conquest of Nola, culminating in many of Sulla's veterans being given land and property, while many of those who went against Rome were ousted from their homes.

^ In 1971, the rock band Pink Floyd recorded the live concert film Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii , performing six songs in the ancient Roman amphitheatre in the city.

.During this period, Pompeii underwent a vast process of infrastructural development, most of which was built during the Augustan period.^ SIGN A CONTRACT - Professional Wedding Professionals in Pompeii, Michigan, will offer their customers a written contract that guarantees you everything that they promise to you during the sales process.
  • Pompeii, Michigan - Weddings Pompeii, Michigan 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.wedprosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Development of Pompeii’s public landscape in the Roman period R. Ling .
  • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

.Worth noting are an amphitheatre, a palaestra with a central natatorium or swimming pool, and an aqueduct that provided water for more than 25 street fountains, at least four public baths, and a large number of private houses (domus) and businesses.^ To this belong a number of private houses (e.g.

^ There was a central swimming pool, a gymnasium, and at least 4 public baths.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of particular note for the ancient seaside trading community dominated by the Greeks for many centuries was the water system with a central natatorium or swimming pool, and an aqueduct that provided water for more than 25 street fountains, at least four public baths, and a large number of private houses (domus) and businesses.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The amphitheatre has been cited by modern scholars as a model of sophisticated design particularly in the area of crowd control.^ The amphitheatre has been cited by modern scholars as a model of sophisticated design particularly in the area of crowd control.

[3] .The aqueduct branched out through three main pipes from the Castellum Aquae, where the waters were collected before being distributed to the city; although it did much more than distribute the waters, it did so with the prerequisite that in the case of extreme drought, the water supply would first fail to reach the public baths (the least vital service), then private houses and businesses, and when there would be no water flow at all, the system would then at last fail to supply the public fountains (the most vital service) in the streets of Pompeii.^ Worth noting are an amphitheatre , a palaestra with a central natatorium or swimming pool, and an aqueduct that provided water for more than 25 street fountains, at least four public baths, and a large number of private houses ( domus ) and businesses.

^ Among the more important public buildings of Pompeii were the public baths ( thermae).

^ Crowd Control in Ancient Pompeii The aqueduct branched out through three main pipes from the Castellum Aquae , where the waters were collected before being distributed to the city; although it did much more than distribute the waters, it did so with the prerequisite that in the case of extreme drought , the water supply would first fail to reach the public baths (the least vital service), then private houses and businesses, and when there would be no water flow at all, the system would then at last fail to supply the public fountains (the most vital service) in the streets of Pompeii.

.The pools in Pompeii were used mostly for decoration.^ The pools in Pompeii were used mostly for decoration.

^ GARDEN NYMPHAEUM House of Lorelus Tiburinus Pompeii After 62 A great outdoor nymphaeum with water channels, pools, fountains, overhanging vines, and decorative murals.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The large number of well-preserved frescoes throw a great light on everyday life and have been a major advance in art history of the ancient world, with the innovation of the Pompeian Styles (First/Second/Third Style).^ The large number of well-preserved frescoes throw a great light on everyday life and have been a major advance in art history of the ancient world, with the innovation of the Pompeian Styles (First/Second /Third Style).
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their great popularity in Pompeii likely contributed to making them an everyday life in the City of Rome and wherever Romans built their network of far-flung cities over the great empire.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Smithsonian.com expands on Smithsonian magazine's in-depth coverage of history, science, nature, the arts, travel, world culture and technology.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

Some aspects of the culture were distinctly erotic, including phallic worship. .A large collection of erotic votive objects and frescoes were found at Pompeii.^ The resort city of Pompeii has yielded an amazingly large collection of erotic votive objects and frescoes.
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^ Erotic art in Pompeii and Herculaneum The Suburban Baths Explicit sex scenes (such as group sex and oral sex) are depicted in these paintings that can not be easily found in collections of erotic Roman art.
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.Many were removed and kept until recently in a secret collection at the University of Naples.^ Many were removed and kept until recently in a secret collection at the University of Naples.

^ Many were removed and kept until their 21st century unveiling at the Naples Archeological Museum.
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^ The Farnese Collection donated to the Naples Archeological Museum by former ruler Charles of Bourbon contains many wonderful sculptures and gems found at the Baths of Caracalla .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the time of the eruption, the town could have had some 20,000 inhabitants, and was located in an area in which Romans had their holiday villas.^ After seeing what still remains of the town, I was able to clearly picture the streets and the stores and the homes of the Roman inhabitants having walked around this same town myself.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ Attilius does repair Augusta, though not in time to allow the condemned 20,000 a last visit to the baths before they meet their death.

^ So the gladiators' situation was not necessarily the worst that could happen to an inhabitant of the Roman Empire.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

Prof. William Abbott explains, "At the time of the eruption, Pompeii had reached its high point in society as many Romans frequently visited Pompeii on vacations." .It is the only ancient town of which the whole topographic structure is known precisely as it was, with no later modifications or additions.^ It is the only ancient town of which the whole topographic structure is known precisely as it was, with no later modifications or additions.

^ This medieval town is surrounded by ancient walls and its known for the shell-shaped Piazza del Campo, the town square, famous for hosting the Palio horse race.
  • Tour of Italy: Milan Rome 10 Days trip, see Venice, Rome, Florence 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.italy-travel.net [Source type: General]

.It was not distributed on a regular plan as we are used to seeing in Roman towns, due to the difficult terrain.^ It was not distributed on a regular plan as we are used to seeing in Roman towns, due to the difficult terrain.

^ After seeing what still remains of the town, I was able to clearly picture the streets and the stores and the homes of the Roman inhabitants having walked around this same town myself.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ The general plan of the town is very regular, the streets being generally straight, and crossing one another at right angles or nearly so.

.But its streets are straight and laid out in a grid, in the purest Roman tradition; they are laid with polygonal stones, and have houses and shops on both sides of the street.^ But its streets are straight and laid out in a grid, in the purest Roman tradition; they are laid with polygonal stones, and have houses and shops on both sides of the street.

^ Shops surround the house with separate entrances to the surrounding streets.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It followed its decumanus and its cardo, centered on the forum.
.Besides the forum, many other services were found: the Macellum (great food market), the Pistrinum (mill), the Thermopolium (sort of bar that served cold and hot beverages), and cauponae (small restaurants).^ Besides the forum, many other services were found: the Macellum (great food market), the Pistrinum (mill), the Thermopolium (sort of bar that served cold and hot beverages), and cauponae (small restaurants).

^ More likely, considering the 18 other skeletons found in the same small room, she was simply seeking refuge from the deadly ash.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Besides the temples which surrounded the forum, the remains of five others have been discovered, three of which are situated in the immediate neighbourhood of the theatres.

.An amphitheatre and two theatres have been found, along with a palaestra or gymnasium.^ An amphitheatre and two theatres have been found, along with a palaestra or gymnasium .

A hotel (of 1,000 square metres) was found a short distance from the town; it is now nicknamed the "Grand Hotel Murecine".
.In 2002 another important discovery at the mouth of the Sarno River revealed that the port also was populated and that people lived in palafittes, within a system of channels that suggested a likeness to Venice to some scientists.^ At the mouth of the Sarno River it was revealed that the port also was populated and that people lived in palafittes , within a system of channels that suggested a likeness to Venice Pompeian Styles .
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^ In 2002 another important discovery at the mouth of the Sarno River revealed that the port also was populated and that people lived in palafittes , within a system of channels that suggested a likeness to Venice to some scientists.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pompeii - Archiplanet 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.greatbuildings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii was where the Sarno River met the sea and it had a long ancient popularity as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These studies are just beginning to produce results.^ These studies are just beginning to produce results.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

AD 62-79

.The inhabitants of Pompeii, as those of the area today, had long been used to minor quaking (indeed, the writer Pliny the Younger wrote that earth tremors "were not particularly alarming because they are frequent in Campania"), but on 5 February 62,[4] there was a severe temblor which did considerable damage around the bay and particularly to Pompeii.^ The inhabitants of Pompeii, as those of the area today, had long been used to minor quaking (indeed, the writer Pliny the Younger wrote that earth tremors "were not particularly alarming because they are frequent in Campania"), but on 5 February 62, http://www.iath.virginia.edu/struct/pompeii/patterns/sec-02.html there was a severe temblor which did considerable damage around the bay and particularly to Pompeii.

^ This technique is still in use today, with a clear resin now used instead of plaster because it is more durable, and does not destroy the bones, allowing further analysis.

^ Chlorine or enzymes were unknown, so they had to turn to ammonia (also used today).
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

The earthquake, which took place on the afternoon of February 5, is believed to have registered over 7.5 on the Richter scale. .On that day in Pompeii there were to be two sacrifices, as it was the anniversary of Augustus being named "Father of the Nation" and also a feast day to honour the guardian spirits of the city.^ Pompeii [or Pompei ] along with Herculaneum (its sister city), was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August 79 AD. [1] .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After lunch, you will take a two-hour walking tour of the ancient city of Pompeii with a local guide.
  • Naples and Pompeii Day Trip from Rome, Rome Day Trips | Viator.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.viator.com [Source type: General]

^ There is a graffito in a house in the city that addresses Augustus (the imperial title) and refers, opaquely, to his divine feet bringing him to holy Venus and to there being thousands and thousands of pounds of gold.

Chaos followed the earthquake. Fires, caused by oil lamps that had fallen during the quake, added to the panic. .Nearby cities of Herculaneum and Nuceria were also affected.^ The nearby smaller City of Herculaneum was covered by a pyroclastic surge (instead of the ash and lapilli that covered Pompeii).
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Temples, houses, bridges, and roads were destroyed. .It is believed that almost all buildings in the city of Pompeii were affected.^ But some authors believe all was not peace and harmony in Pompeii, either.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The forum at Pompeii was, as at Rome itself and in all other Italian cities, the focus and centre of all the life and movement of the city.

^ But in a resort and manufacturing town like Pompeii, the legal profession would not have had as an all-pervading presence as in the Capitol City.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

In the days after the earthquake, anarchy ruled the city, where theft and starvation plagued the survivors. .In the time between 62 and the eruption in 79, some rebuilding was done, but some of the damage had still not been repaired at the time of the eruption.^ The building was badly damaged in 62 and was still not rebuilt in 79.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CUBICULUM 38 Villa Oplontis Pompeii 62-79 A beautifully painted ceiling typical of early Imperial times.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The forum was again in the process of rebuilding after the earthquake of 62 AD. It was buried under the eruption of Vesuvius seen in the distance in 79.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .It is unknown how many people left the city after the earthquake, but a considerable number did indeed leave the devastation behind and move to other cities within the Roman Empire.^ Their great popularity in Pompeii likely contributed to making them an everyday life in the City of Rome and wherever Romans built their network of far-flung cities over the great empire.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "To think", sighed the young man as he gazed fixedly at the object in the museum cabinet, "that the form of a breast has survived the centuries when so many lost empires have left not a trace."

^ Some people moved only a short distant to the neighboring towns, and others pulled up stakes and headed to other parts of Italy.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

.Those willing to rebuild and take their chances in their beloved city moved back and began the long process of reviving the city.^ A long street, it began at the forum and stretched to the Porta Sarno at the edge of the city.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When we look at our wedding album the pictures still take us back to those...
  • Pompeii, Michigan - Weddings Pompeii, Michigan 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.wedprosearch.com [Source type: General]

.An important field of current research concerns structures that were being restored at the time of the eruption (presumably damaged during the earthquake of 62).^ The forum was again in the process of rebuilding after the earthquake of 62 AD. It was buried under the eruption of Vesuvius seen in the distance in 79.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How are researchers able to distinguish between houses collapsed by the AD 62 earthquake and those destroyed by the eruption?
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ The visit culminates in a ceremony in the temple of Venus (then in ruins after the earthquake), during which the emperor makes a lavish gift of gold towards the restoration.

.Some of the older, damaged, paintings could have been covered with newer ones, and modern instruments are being used to catch a glimpse of the long hidden frescoes.^ The adventure begins in the university library with one seemingly not-so-simple goal in mind: find a long-lost hidden room.
  • Alabama Smith in Escape from Pompeii Walkthrough Guide, Review, Discussion, Hints and Tips at Jay is Games 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC jayisgames.com [Source type: General]

^ But there was one major advantage of being an elected official: you couldn't be prosecuted for anything, at least as long as you continued in office.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Others believe the explicit paintings were meant to entertain, and theorize that they could even have been used to label lockers underneath them.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The probable reason why these structures were still being repaired around seventeen years after the earthquake was the increasing frequency of smaller quakes that led up to the eruption.^ Has anyone postulated that some of the "victims" of the eruption could have been casualties of the earlier earthquake, still buried in collapsed structures?
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Even after seventeen years, large parts of the city were still unrepaired.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A major earthquake 17 years earlier had destroyed large swaths of the city; much of it was still being rebuilt.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

Vesuvius eruption

.
A depiction of the eruption which buried Pompeii (from BBC's Pompeii: The Last Day).
^ The last days of Pompeii happen to be unusually accessible to us.

^ Pompeii - The last day (great trailer) .
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Last Days of Pompeii".

The depiction of the Temple of Jupiter and the Temple of Apollo are nonetheless inaccurate as these temples had been destroyed 17 years earlier.
.By the 1st century, Pompeii was one of a number of towns located around the base of Mount Vesuvius.^ It's amazing how much sheer power was released in from Mount Vesuvius in that one eruption!
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ The action switches to Pompeii (as it must), where the beautiful daughter, the bad neighbor and Mount Vesuvius are assembled.

^ So the book takes place over the 2 days prior to Pompeii being UTTERLY DESTROYED by Mount Vesuvius, plus the 2 days that the eruption lasts.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

The area had a substantial population which grew prosperous from the region's renowned agricultural fertility. .Many of Pompeii's neighboring communities, most famously Herculaneum, also suffered damage or destruction during the 79 eruption.^ Pompeii [or Pompei ] along with Herculaneum (its sister city), was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August 79 AD. [1] .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As everyone knows, it was destroyed on August 24, 79 AD during what was the first recorded eruption of Mt.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Pompeii" is a thriller set during the two days before and day of the volcanic eruption that buried the book's eponymous city.

By coincidence it was the day after Vulcanalia, the festival of the Roman god of fire.[6][7][8][9][10][11]
.
Pompeii and other cities affected by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
^ Wikipedia - Pompeii Wikipedia - Mount Vesuvius Pompeii - the dying city .
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Harris sets "Pompeii" in the days leading up to and including the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79 when the Roman town of Pompeii and several other nearby villages were destroyed by ash, pumice and, finally, a cloud of poisonous gases.

^ A severe earthquake destroyed much of the city in 63 AD, and the eruption of Vesuvius sixteen years later only served to exacerbate what was already a desperate situation.

The black cloud represents the general distribution of ash and cinder. Modern coast lines are shown.
.The people and buildings of Pompeii were covered in up to twelve different layers of soil.^ If in St. Pierre there had been a second ash fall they would have been covered up and eventually would have formed the molds like at Pompeii.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At Pompeii the baths are so well preserved as to show at a glance the purpose of all the different parts - while they are among the most richly decorated of all the buildings in the city.

^ The parts of the buildings that had not been covered by the ash fall were flattened and the people (whether they were alive or not) were covered as the stood, lay, or ran.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

.Pliny the Younger provides a first-hand account of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius from his position across the Bay of Naples at Misenum, in a version which was written 25 years after the event.^ The younger Pliny witnessed the surge’s arrival from across the bay.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ The Roman civil servant and author, Pliny the Younger, was a teenager who lived across the bay at Misenum when it all happened, and in later years he wrote an account of it to his friend, the Roman historian Tacitus.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's amazing how much sheer power was released in from Mount Vesuvius in that one eruption!
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

The experience must have been etched on his memory given the trauma of the occasion, and the loss of his uncle, Pliny the Elder, with whom he had a close relationship. His uncle lost his life while attempting to rescue stranded victims. As Admiral of the fleet, he had ordered the ships of the Imperial Navy stationed at Misenum to cross the bay to assist evacuation attempts. Volcanologists have recognised the importance of Pliny the Younger's account of the eruption by calling similar events "Plinian".
.The eruption was documented by contemporary historians and is generally accepted as having started on 24 August 79, relying on one version of the text of Pliny's letter.^ For Pliny's letters on the AD 79 eruption, see above, p.9.
  • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Pompeii [or Pompei ] along with Herculaneum (its sister city), was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August 79 AD. [1] .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From these letters it is almost certain that the eruption started on August 24, but a few scholars have suspected a corrupt manuscript reading and suggested that November is a more plausible date.

.However the archeological excavations of Pompeii suggest that the city was buried about two months later;[12] this is supported by another version of the letter[13] which gives the date of the eruption as November 23.[14] People buried in the ash appear to be wearing warmer clothing than the light summer clothes that would be expected in August.^ Pompeii was buried in rock and ash about 9 ft deep .
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recent discoveries in the Buried City of Pompeii.
  • Architecture and Archeology in Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.philographikon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii [or Pompei ] along with Herculaneum (its sister city), was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August 79 AD. [1] .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The fresh fruit and vegetables in the shops are typical of October, and conversely the summer fruit that would have been typical of August was already being sold in dried, or conserved form. Wine fermenting jars had been sealed over, and this would have happened around the end of October. The coins found in the purse of a woman buried in the ash include a commemorative coin that should have been minted at the end of September. So far there is no definitive theory as to why there should be such an apparent discrepancy.[15]

Rediscovery

"Garden of the Fugitives". Plaster casts of victims still in situ; many casts are in the Archaeological Museum of Naples.
.After thick layers of ash covered the two towns, they were abandoned and eventually their names and locations were forgotten.^ If in St. Pierre there had been a second ash fall they would have been covered up and eventually would have formed the molds like at Pompeii.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The parts of the buildings that had not been covered by the ash fall were flattened and the people (whether they were alive or not) were covered as the stood, lay, or ran.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cargo to and from Rome went through Ostia which was eventually abandoned leaving buildings standing to be slowly covered by natural processes.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first time any part of them was unearthed was in 1599, when the digging of an underground channel to divert the river Sarno ran into ancient walls covered with paintings and inscriptions.^ A privately funded excavation has recently revealed a covered heated swimming pool, whose erotic wall-paintings have been deemed by the Vatican to be unsuitable for children.

^ PAINTED WALL PANEL House of the Samnite Herculaneum 2nd century B.C. Typical of the first style is the wall panel painted in different colors to look like different kinds of marble.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The BBC documentary Pompeii: The last day is very much part of this tradition; a predictable combination of ancient history lesson, time travel and snuff movie.

The architect Domenico Fontana was called in and he unearthed a few more frescoes but then covered them over again, and nothing more came of the discovery. .A wall inscription had mentioned a decurio Pompeii ("the town councillor of Pompeii") but the vital fact that this indicated the name of an ancient Roman city hitherto unknown was missed.^ Pompeii: A Novel" , by Robert Harris, blends scientific fact, documents from ancient Roman times, and fiction, to create a gripping historical novel about the end of Pompeii.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hellish demise of this vibrant Roman city is detailed in a new exhibition, “Pompeii: Stories from an Eruption,” at Chicago’s Field Museum through March 26.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ The combination of Ealing Studios and a film set Roman city near Hammamet in Tunisia has produced a plausible enough version of ancient Pompeii.

[16] .Fontana's act of covering over the paintings has been seen both as censorship - in view of the frequent sexual content of such paintings - and as a broad-minded act of preservation for later times as he would have known that paintings of the hedonistic kind which was later found in some Pompeian villas were not considered in good taste in the fiercely moralistic and classicist climate of the counter-reformation.^ This is seen especially in the case of the street from the Porta Ercolanese to the forum and the Strada Stabiana (or Cardo), both of which were among the most frequented thoroughfares.

^ It cannot be an accident that the alphabet of these inscriptions belongs distinctly to Sullan or pre-Sullan times, while no such officer as a quaestor appears in any later documents (e.g.

^ CUBICULUM 38 Villa Oplontis Pompeii 62-79 A beautifully painted ceiling typical of early Imperial times.
  • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]
.Herculaneum was properly rediscovered in 1738 by workmen digging for the foundations of a summer palace for the King of Naples, Charles of Bourbon.^ The Farnese Collection donated to the Naples Archeological Museum by former ruler Charles of Bourbon contains many wonderful sculptures and gems found at the Baths of Caracalla .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But it was the 1748 rediscovery of Pompeii itself that had the King (or whatever) of Naples sending his workmen to dig the goodies out with a vengence.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Augustus had married the Austrian Maria Josepha in 1719; the fourth of their fifteen children was Maria Amalia Christina, who married the Bourbon King Charles VII (see below) in 1738 (she was 14).
  • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

.Pompeii was rediscovered as the result of intentional excavations in 1748 by the Spanish military engineer Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre.^ Pompeii was rediscovered in 1748 by a Spanish military engineer Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocque_Joaquín_de_Alcubierre (in German); http://goya.unizar.es/infogoya/Aragon/Alcubierre.html (in Spanish).
  • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

[18] .These towns have since been excavated to reveal many intact buildings and wall paintings.^ The archaeological excavations have revealed a number of buildings, of Sannitic type, as well as various sculptural and pictorial works referable to the same period.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.III of Spain">Charles of Bourbon took great interest in the findings even after becoming king of Spain because the display of antiquities reinforced the political and cultural power of Naples.^ The Farnese Collection donated to the Naples Archeological Museum by former ruler Charles of Bourbon contains many wonderful sculptures and gems found at the Baths of Caracalla .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A third generation descendant of a slave could even become a senator, and it wasn't unusual for a slave's children to acquire riches and power.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]
.Karl Weber directed the first real excavations;[20] he was followed in 1764 by military engineer Franscisco la Vega.^ The la Vega brothers: Note this book: M. Pagano, I diari di scavo di Pompeii, Ercolano, e Stabiae di Francesco e Pietro la Vega (1764-1810) , Rome, 1997.
  • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

.Franscisco la Vega was succeeded by his brother, Pietro, in 1804.[21] During the French occupation Pietro worked with Christophe Saliceti.^ The la Vega brothers: Note this book: M. Pagano, I diari di scavo di Pompeii, Ercolano, e Stabiae di Francesco e Pietro la Vega (1764-1810) , Rome, 1997.
  • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

[22]
Cast of a dog that archaeologists believe was chained outside the House of Vesonius Primus, a Pompeiian fuller
.Giuseppe Fiorelli took charge of the excavations in 1860. During early excavations of the site, occasional voids in the ash layer had been found that contained human remains.^ An oven in an excavated bakery was found to contain 81 carbonized loaves of bread.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1863, an ingenious Italian archaeologist named Giuseppe Fiorelli noticed four cavities in the hardened layer of once-powdery ash that covered Pompeii to a depth of ten feet.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Giuseppe Fiorelli, who was in charge of the Pompeii excavations from 1863 to 1875, first invented the method and Amedeo Mauiri (of whom most later archeologists seem to have mixed feelings about) developed the procedure further.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was Fiorelli who realized these were spaces left by the decomposed bodies and so devised the technique of injecting plaster into them to perfectly recreate the forms of Vesuvius's victims.^ He injected plaster into them to exactly recreate the victims at the time they were buried .
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What Pompeii has to offer is corpses: more than a thousand of them - skeletons or, even better, the famous casts which (thanks to an ingenious technique of injecting plaster into the cavities left in the solid volcanic debris) can capture the bodily shape, the clothes, even the facial expressions of the long-decomposed victims of the eruption.

^ And when you see the actual place where these people lived and died (not to mention the casts of the victims), it really does leave an indelible impression.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.What resulted were highly accurate and eerie forms of the doomed Pompeiani who failed to escape, in their last moment of life, with the expression of terror often quite clearly visible ([1],[23][24] ).^ It's often said that Roman slavery wasn't quite as bad as later forms (such as you find in ante-bellum America), and in some ways that's true.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You get a glimpse into that person's life, something about the kind of person he was, and what was probably going through his mind in those last moments.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This follows the fortunes of a Roman slave from the province of Moesia (on the Danube) who escapes from a life of hell in the quarries by becoming a gladiator.

This technique is still in use today, with a clear resin now used instead of plaster because it is more durable, and does not destroy the bones, allowing further analysis.
.Some have theorized that Fontana found some of the famous erotic frescoes and, due to the strict modesty prevalent during his time, reburied them in an attempt at archaeological censorship.^ This eminence is itself due to an outflow of lava from that mountain, during some previous eruption in prehistoric times, for we know from Strabo that Vesuvius had been quiescent ever since the first records of the Greek settlements in this part of Italy.

^ At that time the ruins seemed to be in pretty good shape, and much of the site was open although there were some areas closed off due to excavations and preservation of the mosaics and frescoes.
  • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

^ You can't tell if the deterioration of some of the frescoes and buildings is from 2000 years of time passing, or tourists who can't resist touching the stuff.
  • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

.This view is bolstered by reports of later excavators who felt that sites they were working on had already been visited and reburied.^ This sounds like the same place they found the records of Lucius Jucundus, but because the government wanted to put in a freeway they had to rebury the site.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Probably an unfortunate title as this is in the same league as the book by Salvatore Nappo and the author is an bonafide archeologist who at the time of writing worked at the Pompeii excavations.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

Even many recovered household items had a sexual theme. .The ubiquity of such imagery and items indicates that the sexual mores of the ancient Roman culture of the time were much more liberal than most present-day cultures, although much of what might seem to us to be erotic imagery (eg.^ It also covers the (to us) more unpleasant aspects like how infanticide was legal and commonly practiced throughout the Roman era.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Tip" is probably an understatement since it would probably be several times more than a small business took in a year.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The BBC documentary Pompeii: The last day is very much part of this tradition; a predictable combination of ancient history lesson, time travel and snuff movie.

over-sized phalluses) was in fact fertility-imagery. This clash of cultures led to an unknown number of discoveries being hidden away again. .A wall fresco which depicted Priapus, the ancient god of sex and fertility, with his extremely enlarged penis, was covered with plaster, even the older reproduction below was locked away "out of prudishness" and only opened on request and only rediscovered in 1998 due to rainfall.^ Found on a wall in the same house, a large, loosely painted fresco depicts the wine god Bacchus festooned in grapes before what some scholars have identified as an innocent-looking Mount Vesuvius, its steep slopes covered with vineyards.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Even today, the current Pope tells all who will listen that having sex only for procreation and without protection is necessary to avoid the damnation of hell.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Augustus made an example of his daughter Julia 's unwillingness to only have sex with the older political spouses he had her marry by exiling her.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25]
.In 1819, when King Francis I of Naples visited the Pompeii exhibition at the National Museum with his wife and daughter, he was so embarrassed by the erotic artwork that he decided to have it locked away in a secret cabinet, accessible only to "people of mature age and respected morals". Re-opened, closed, re-opened again and then closed again for nearly 100 years, it was briefly made accessible again at the end of the 1960s (the time of the sexual revolution) and was finally re-opened for viewing in 2000. Minors are still only allowed entry to the once secret cabinet in the presence of a guardian or with written permission.^ Visited Pompeii at the end of May, 2008.
  • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

^ Pompeii: A Novel" , by Robert Harris, blends scientific fact, documents from ancient Roman times, and fiction, to create a gripping historical novel about the end of Pompeii.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hellish demise of this vibrant Roman city is detailed in a new exhibition, “Pompeii: Stories from an Eruption,” at Chicago’s Field Museum through March 26.
  • Resurrecting Pompeii | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

[26]
.Evidently due to its immorality, prior to or shortly after the destruction of Pompeii, one graffitist had scribbled "Sodom and Gomorrah" onto a wall near the cities central crossroads.^ The combination of Ealing Studios and a film set Roman city near Hammamet in Tunisia has produced a plausible enough version of ancient Pompeii.

^ The walls of Pompeii are filled with the scribblings of the townspeople, and there was nothing illegal about it.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the city center, upper stories were built onto some of Pompeii's elegant houses.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] Many Christians have since invoked the destruction of Pompeii in warning of divine judgment against rampant immorality.[28][29][30]
.A large number of artifacts from Pompeii are preserved in the Naples National Archaeological Museum.^ The only regret was not staying in Naples to see the museum that houses most of the artifacts from Pompeii.
  • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

^ "Eros in Pompeii: The Secret Rooms of the National Museum of Naples", Michael Grant and Antonia Mulas (William G. Morrow Company, 1975).
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

Geography

Pompeii, with Vesuvius towering above
.The ruins of Pompeii are situated at coordinates 40°45′00″N 14°29′10″E / 40.75°N 14.48611°E / 40.75; 14.48611, near the modern suburban town of Pompei.^ Pompeii in ancient times was a prosperous seaport town situated close to the seashore, from which it is now nearly 2 m.

^ POMPEII, 1 an ancient town of Campania, Italy , situated near the river Sarnus, nearly 2 M. from the shore of the Bay of Naples , almost at the foot of Mt Vesuvius .

.It stands on a spur formed by a lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarno River (known in ancient times as the Sarnus).^ At the mouth of the Sarno River it was revealed that the port also was populated and that people lived in palafittes , within a system of channels that suggested a likeness to Venice Pompeian Styles .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii was where the Sarno River met the sea and it had a long ancient popularity as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ POMPEII, 1 an ancient town of Campania, Italy , situated near the river Sarnus, nearly 2 M. from the shore of the Bay of Naples , almost at the foot of Mt Vesuvius .

Today it is some distance inland, but in ancient times it would have been nearer to the coast. .Pompeii is about 8 km (5 miles) away from Mount Vesuvius.^ The action switches to Pompeii (as it must), where the beautiful daughter, the bad neighbor and Mount Vesuvius are assembled.

Tourism

The Circumvesuviana stop at Pompeii.
.Pompeii has been a popular tourist destination for 250 years; it was on the Grand Tour.^ We toured Pompeii as part of a complete tour of Italy last year.
  • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

^ Pompeii, with approximately 2.5 million visitors a year, is the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii will tour in the new year, including several dates with Moving Mountains.Jan 4 - Local 506...
  • Pompeii - Profile - AbsolutePunk.net 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.absolutepunk.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2008, it was attracting almost 2.6 million visitors per year, making it one of the most popular tourist sites in Italy.^ Pompeii, with approximately 2.5 million visitors a year, is the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii has been beaten up by 200 years of tourists...Italy needs to do a better job of preserving.
  • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

^ Far more than in most ancient sites, one is irresistibly led to imagining the lives of these people.

[31] .It is part of a larger Vesuvius National Park and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997. To combat problems associated with tourism, the governing body for Pompeii, the Soprintendenza Archaeological di Pompei have begun issuing new tickets that allow for tourists to also visit cities such as Herculaneum and Stabiae as well as the Villa Poppaea, to encourage visitors to see these sites and reduce pressure on Pompeii.^ Pompeii is used as a focus for many major debates in classical history and archaeology, such as whether or not cities were planned and how the ancient economy worked.
  • pompeii - Lulu.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ Paestum, Naples, Pompeii (including museum exhibits), Herculaneum, Vesuvius, Sicily Many of the early views are hard to grade and have the strange white spotting that seems to pervade early Italian views and those of photographers such as Braun and Tairrez.

^ Pompeii [or Pompei ] along with Herculaneum (its sister city), was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August 79 AD. [1] .
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A paved street
Pompeii is also a driving force behind the economy of the nearby town of Pompei. Many residents are employed in the tourism and hospitality business, serving as taxi or bus drivers, waiters or hotel operators. The ruins can be easily reached on foot from the Circumvesuviana train stop called Pompei Scavi, directly at the ancient site. There are also car parks nearby.
.Excavations in the site have generally ceased due to the moratorium imposed by the superintendent of the site, Professor Pietro Giovanni Guzzo.^ An orientation to the cities and countryside Pietro Giovanni Guzzo .
  • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

.Additionally, the site is generally less accessible to tourists, with less than a third of all buildings open in the 1960s being available for public viewing today.^ They had been previously opened to public viewing for a brief period during the 1960s.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless, the sections of the ancient city open to the public are extensive, and tourists can spend many days exploring the whole site.^ "Daily Life in Ancient Rome: The People and the City at the Height of the Empire,", Jerome Carcopino (Yale University Press, many editions).
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

In popular culture

Pompeii has been in pop culture significantly since rediscovery. .Book I of the Cambridge Latin Course teaches Latin while telling the story of a Pompeii resident, Lucius Caecilius Iucundus, from the reign of Nero to that of Vespasian.^ This book tells the story of the last days of Pompeii (as did another book entitled appropriately enough "The Last Days of Pompeii" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton).
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ And of course I had to look up Pompeii on the Internet and my big History Chronicle Book.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ This mixing was probably even greater in Pompeii where a number of the richest and most prominent citizens - and not only Lucius Caecilius Jucundus - were only one generation removed from slavery.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

.The book ends when Mount Vesuvius erupts, where Caecilius and his household are killed.^ So the book takes place over the 2 days prior to Pompeii being UTTERLY DESTROYED by Mount Vesuvius, plus the 2 days that the eruption lasts.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ Very interesting information about that amazing ...more As I've always had an interest in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius and the resulting destruction of Pompeii, this book really hit the spot.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ Jul 07, 2009 Suze rated it: As I've always had an interest in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius and the resulting destruction of Pompeii, this book really hit the spot.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

.The books have a cult following and students have been known to go to Pompeii just to track down Caecilius's house.^ Plenty of book resources listed plus some inscriptions that show how women of Pompeii did not just stay at home and take care of the kids.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pompeii just got left to ...more I really liked the begining of this book and read half of it in one day hiding just below my desk at school.
  • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the most prominent was Lucius Caecilius Jucundus who lived in a house known as (what else?
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

[32] It was the setting for the British comedy television series Up Pompeii! and the movie of the series. Pompeii also featured in the second episode of the fourth season of revived BBC drama series Doctor Who, named "The Fires of Pompeii". [33]
.In 1971, the rock band Pink Floyd recorded the live concert film Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii, performing six songs in the ancient Roman amphitheatre in the city.^ The band is only one of many in Austin, obviously, because indie rock bands are as frequent as traffic lights in this city of weird.
  • Pompeii - Profile - AbsolutePunk.net 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.absolutepunk.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii: A Novel" , by Robert Harris, blends scientific fact, documents from ancient Roman times, and fiction, to create a gripping historical novel about the end of Pompeii.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their great popularity in Pompeii likely contributed to making them an everyday life in the City of Rome and wherever Romans built their network of far-flung cities over the great empire.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The audience consisted only of the film's production crew.
.The song "Cities In Dust" by Siouxsie and the Banshees is a reference to the destruction of Pompeii.^ But the Roman's themselves saw the destruction of Pompeii and the neighboring cities - quite correctly - as one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the world.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bulwer Lyttons novel, The Last Days of Pompeii, put an edifying Victorian slant on the destruction of the city, and artists were not slow to follow.

Issues of conservation

Fencing in the temple of Venus prevents vandalism of the site, as well as theft.
.The objects buried beneath Pompeii were remarkably well-preserved for almost two thousand years.^ Because of the speed and thoroughness with which the city was buried, objects remained remarkably well-preserved for all these centuries.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The buried town lay quietly beneath layer upon layer of ash and dirt, until its accidental discovery in 1748 -- 1,669 years after its demise .
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's got some well-preserved ruins from the same time too, and not as many people know it as Pompeii.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The lack of air and moisture allowed for the objects to remain underground with little to no deterioration, which meant that, once excavated, the site had a wealth of sources and evidence for analysis, giving remarkable detail into the lives of the Pompeiians.^ Little air and little moisture meant little deterioration.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pompeii was a lively place, and evidence abounds of literally the smallest details of everyday life.
  • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of the speed and thoroughness with which the city was buried, objects remained remarkably well-preserved for all these centuries.
  • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unfortunately, once exposed, Pompeii has been subject to both natural and man-made forces which have rapidly increased their rate of deterioration.^ Pompeii features a self-made tycoon called Ampliatus, who feeds a slave to man-eating eels just for kicks.

Weathering, erosion, light exposure, water damage, poor methods of excavation and reconstruction, introduced plants and animals, tourism, vandalism and theft have all damaged the site in some way. Two-thirds of the city has been excavated, but the remnants of the city are rapidly deteriorating. The concern for conservation has continually troubled archaeologists. Today, funding is mostly directed into conservation of the site; however, due to the expanse of Pompeii and the scale of the problems, this is inadequate in halting the slow decay of the materials. .An estimated US$335 million is needed for all necessary work on Pompeii.^ In Pompeii, as in all ancient societies, slavery was considered absolutely necessary.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Dossier Musei 2008 - Touring Club Italiano
  2. ^ Senatore, et al., 2004
  3. ^ Crowd Control in Ancient Pompeii
  4. ^ "Patterns of Reconstruction at Pompeii". Iath.virginia.edu. http://www.iath.virginia.edu/struct/pompeii/patterns/sec-02.html. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  5. ^ "Page-3 | Visiting Pompeii | World Features". Archaeology.co.uk. http://www.archaeology.co.uk/cwa/issues/cwa4/pompeii/eruption.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  6. ^ Area Vesuvio (in Italian) Retrieved on 18 August 2007
  7. ^ Account of 1785 eruption by Hester Thrale
  8. ^ Stromboli Online - Vesuvius & Campi Flegrei
  9. ^ Visiting Pompeii Retrieved on 18 August 2007
  10. ^ Wall painting of Vesuvius found in Pompeii
  11. ^ "The Destruction of Pompeii, 79 AD". Eyewitness to History. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/pompeii.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  12. ^ Gabi Laske. "The A.D. 79 Eruption at Mt. Vesuvius". Lecture notes for UCSD-ERTH15: "Natural Disasters". http://quakeinfo.ucsd.edu/~gabi/erth15/lecture08/pliny.html. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  13. ^ Stefani, Grete, "La vera data dell'eruzione", Archeo, October 2006, pp. 10-14.)
  14. ^ Grant, Michael, Cities of Vesuvius, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1976, p.223(footnote no.6 to ch.2)
  15. ^ La vera data dell'eruzione, by Grete Stefani Archeo, October 2006. no.260, p. 10–14 - resumé at http://www.capitoloprimo.it/archivio/2007_2008/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=572 (in Italian)
  16. ^ Grant, Michael, Cities of Vesuvius, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1976, p.215
  17. ^ (Ozgenel 2008, p. 13)
  18. ^ Ozgenel, Lalo, A Tale of Two Cities: In Search of Ancient Pompeii and Herculaneum, METU JFA 2008/1 (25:1), p1-25
  19. ^ (Ozgenel 2008, p. 19)
  20. ^ Parslow, Christopher Charles (1995) Rediscovering antiquity: Karl Weber and the excavation of Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Stabiae Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, ISBN 0-521-47150-8
  21. ^ *Pagano, Mario (1997) I Diari di Scavo di Pompeii, Ercolano e Stabiae di Francesco e Pietro la Vega (1764-1810) "L'Erma" di Bretschneidein, Rome, ISBN 88-7062-967-8 (in Italian)
  22. ^ POMPEIA d'Ernest Breton (3eme éd. 1870) "Introduction - La résurrection de la ville" in French
  23. ^ "Orto dei Fuggiaschi (2)". Marketplace.it. http://www.marketplace.it/pompeiruins/orto2.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  24. ^ "Orto dei Fuggiaschi (3)". Marketplace.it. http://www.marketplace.it/pompeiruins/orto3.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  25. ^ As reported by the Evangelist pressedienst press agency in March, 1998.
  26. ^ Karl Schefold (2003), Die Dichtung als Führerin zur Klassischen Kunst. Erinnerungen eines Archäologen (Lebenserinnerungen Band 58), edd. M. Rohde-Liegle et al., Hamburg. p. 134 ISBN 3-8300-1017-6.
  27. ^ Alex Butterworth and Ray Laurence, Pompeii, p. 284
  28. ^ John William Fletcher, The whole works of ... John Fletcher, p. 328
  29. ^ Alexander John Scott, Discourses, p. 41
  30. ^ C. H. SpurgeonVoices From Pompeii
  31. ^ Nadeau, Barbie Selling Pompeii, Newsweek, April 14, 2008
  32. ^ Classics at RGSW
  33. ^ BBC - Doctor Who - News - Rome Sweet Rome

References

.
  • Beard, Mary, 2008, Pompeii: The Life of a Roman Town, Profile Books, ISBN 978-1861975966
  • Zarmati, Louise (2005).^ The picture of life as it was lived in a Roman town, not one of the very first importance but an interesting place, is vivid and convincing.

    ^ From then Pompeii was a city with Roman language, customs, architecture, political and administrative life.
    • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ When the city of Pompeii came to light again, it provided unprecedented views of life in Roman times.
    • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Heinemann ancient and medieval history: Pompeii and Herculaneum.^ The BBC documentary Pompeii: The last day is very much part of this tradition; a predictable combination of ancient history lesson, time travel and snuff movie.

    ^ A website for two television specials, "The Riddle of Pompeii" and "The Hidden Scrolls of Herculaneum" is at http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/P/pompeii/ with information on the Vesuvian eruptions.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    Heinemann. ISBN 1-74081-195-X. .http://www.hi.com.au/bookstore/bmoredetail.asp?idval=1220/3978/25002. 
  • Butterworth, Alex and Ray Laurence.^ The terminology of socius ; see the entry for socii : http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-dgra/1057.html .
    • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The Boston Museum of Fine Arts collection can be searched for such terms as 'Pompeii' and 'Boscoreale': http://www.mfa.org/collections/search_art.asp .
    • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ See also the palace at Caserta: http://www.culturacampania.rai.it/site/en-GB/Cultural_Heritage/Museums/Scheda/caserta_reggia.html?link=percorsi .
    • World Of Pompeii - Marginalia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Academic]

    Pompeii: The Living City. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-312-35585-2
  • Ellis, Steven J.R., 'The distribution of bars at Pompeii: archaeological, spatial and viewshed analyses' in: Journal of Roman Archaeology 17, 2004, 371-384.
  • Senatore, M.R., J.-D. Stanley, and T.S. Pescatore. .2004. Avalanche-associated mass flows damaged Pompeii several times before the Vesuvius catastrophic eruption in the 79 C.E. Geological Society of America meeting. Nov.^ Pompeii [or Pompei ] along with Herculaneum (its sister city), was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August 79 AD. [1] .
    • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Although the town is much closer to Vesuvius than Pompeii the ash fall was not as heavy and so more people may have tried to ride the eruption out.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Attilius does repair Augusta, though not in time to allow the condemned 20,000 a last visit to the baths before they meet their death.

    7-10. Denver. .Abstract.
  • Maiuri, Amedeo, Pompeii, pp, 78-85, in Scientific American, Special Issue: Ancient Cities, c.^ "Last Moments of the Pompeiians", Amedeo Maiuri, National Geographic Magazine, November 1961, pp.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Pompeii", Amedeo Maiuri, Instituto di Geografico de Agostini, Novara (1951).
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Pompeii: A Guide to the Ancient City", Salvatore Nappo, Barnes and Noble (1998).
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    1994.
  • Cioni, R.; Gurioli, L.; Lanza, R.; Zanella, E. (2004). "Temperatures of the A.D. 79 pyroclastic density current deposits (Vesuvius, Italy)". Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 109: B02207. doi:10.1029/2002JB002251. 
  • Hodge, A.T. (2001). .Roman Aqueducts & Water Supply, 2nd ed.^ Originally, Pompeii received its water supply from the River Sarno and from wells, but an aqueduct was built when the needs of the city increased.
    • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The city and many of its buildings had running water brought by a Roman aqueduct .
    • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The actual water would be supplied from the aqueduct constructed in the time of Augustus found in the city.
    • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    London: Duckworth.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Pompeii is in Campania.
A typical street in Pompeii
A typical street in Pompeii

Understand

Where is Pompeii? .Pompeii is in the Italian region of Campania, near Naples.^ Pompeii is in the South of Italy, near Naples.
  • Pompeii & Amalfi, Italy ~ Travel Tips & Photos 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC bigtravelweb.com [Source type: News]

^ Pompeii is a ruined Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the commune of Pompeii.
  • WikiAnswers - Where is Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ It is now partially ruined and is located near the Italian region of Campania near Naples.
  • Pompeii Street View 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.makli.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pompeii is close to the Bay of Naples.^ Pompeii, about 20 miles south of Naples, is on a fertile plain, with the Bay of Naples to the west, and the Appenine mountains on the east.
  • ItalianVisits.com - Welcome to Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.italianvisits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We went to the Naples Archaeological Museum in Naples first on our own which has a model of Pompeii along with artifacts that we enjoyed seeing up close.
  • Pompeii | Life Lists | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ It is true that Pompeii, an ancient Roman port city on the Bay of Naples, will take the traveler southward and possibly into a less predictable, more chaotic travel experience.
  • Art Holiday to Pompeii | Art Vacation to Pompeii, Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.italyartvacation.com [Source type: News]

.Other places in the area to visit are Capri and Sorrento.^ POMPEI-SORRENTO-CAPRI TOUR This tour gives the chance to visit Pompeii and also to go to Capri “the blue Island”, leave from the small port of Sorrento, by hydrofoil.
  • Shore excursion Pompeii | excursions naples 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.limoservicenaples.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hotel, moreover, easily joins Campania’s principal places of artistic and cultural interest like Sorrento, Positano, Amalfi, Naples, Capri and Herculaneum.
  • Hotel Pompeii map and directions - Hotel Maiuri 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.hotelmaiuri.it [Source type: General]

^ Around 4pm I left Pompeii in order to try and complete the day dash around ruins with a visit to the other major archological site in the area, Herculaneum .

.Romans took control of Pompeii around 200 BC. On August 24, 79 AD, the volcano Vesuvius erupted, buried the nearby town Pompeii in ash and soot, killing 20000 people, and preserving the city in its state from that fateful day.^ Pompeii Story : Has a brief description of what occurred on the day the volcano erupted.
  • http://www.travelinsurancereview.net/Travel-Facts/destruction-of-pompeii.html 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.travelinsurancereview.net [Source type: News]

^ Vesuvius in 79 AD.  Mt.
  • Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.emsei.psu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, the Romans took control.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pompeii is an excavation site and outdoor museum of the ancient Roman settlement.^ Also included is interesting (and sometimes creepy) information about what archaelogical excavations have uncovered - ancient graffiti and the impressions left by lava covered Romans.
  • Learning Through History News Archives - Destruction of Pompeii Mini Unit Study 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.learningthroughhistory.com [Source type: General]

^ We will then continue towards Pompeii where, after a short visit in a coral and cameo factory and lunch in a restaurant, we will visit the excavations of this world-famous Roman town, destroyed by the eruption of the Mt.
  • Naples Pompeii tour, vacation travel package to Pompeii Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.italy-travel.net [Source type: General]

^ In addition to the archaeological sites of Pompeii and Ercolano, don't miss to visit the Museum of Archaeology of the City of Naples, where most of the finds of Pompeii and Ercolano are exhibited.
  • Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.cosmopolis.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This site is considered to be one of the few sites where an ancient city has been preserved in detail - everything from jars and tables to paintings and people were frozen in time, yielding an unprecedented opportunity to see how the people lived two thousand years ago.^ Because people can see the well-preserved ruins of ancient buildings.
  • www.mrnussbaum.com - Mt. Vesuvius Reading Comprehension 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.mrnussbaum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And it was even more popular two thousand years ago.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two thousand people died.
  • Chapter 1 Activities 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.mce.k12tn.net [Source type: General]

Entrance
Entrance
Going into the Ruins
.
Going into the Ruins
  • By train On the Circumvesuviana Napoli-Sorrento line it takes 30 to 40 minutes to get to Pompeii from either Naples or Sorrento.^ From the station took the Circumvesuviana train that heads to Pompeii and Sorrento.

    ^ The easiest way to reach Pompeii is by taking train from Naples.
    • Pompeii italy tours, Pompeii city, Vesuvius national park italy, Pompeii culture 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.journeyidea.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Several important clues were left behind.  These clues give us a little glimpse into the past.  These clues are the silver lining that can be seen when you visit the ruins at Pompeii.
    • Tour of Pompeii, the Forgotten City - Images of Italy (Pictures and History) 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.touritaly.org [Source type: General]

    .Click on the station where you want to get the train in this timetable [1].^ Click here if you want to promote or list an event at Pompeii Bar Perrinton .
    • Pompeii Bar Bar in Perrinton, MI - Clubplanet.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.clubplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If you want to go directly to a specific page, click on the Table of Contents link, then click on the specific page you want.
    • Brick Oven Plans | Build an Italian Brick Oven 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.fornobravo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We left our suitcases at the train station, then decided we didn’t want to carry our backpacks, so we left those at the excavation site.
    • Pompeii « θ theta – the nerd's angle 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC ebroder.net [Source type: General]

    .It should cost €1,80 to €3,20. Get off at "Pompei Scavi". At the station, you can check your bags for €1,50, pick up by 7:00 in summer, 6:00 October to February, or instead, check it for free at the ruins (pick up by 7:20).^ SUGGESTED TOUR From the Pompei Scavi-Villa dei Misteri station of the Circumvesuviana Railway it is only a short stroll to the main entrance of the excavations at Porta Marina.

    ^ (If you plan to stay at Villa Laura, note that it is much closer to the National Italian railroad station in the contemporary city of Pompei than to the Circumvesuviana station at the Pompeii Scavi excavation entrance.
    • Travel Tips for Pompeii and other Roman Excavations in Italy. 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rebecca-east.com [Source type: General]

    ^ And if you visit the ruins, be sure to bring your sunscreen and wear a decent pair of walking shoes ; hiking boots wouldn't be out of the question.

    .The entrance to Pompeii is about 50m away from the station.^ There's an entrance about 50 yards from the railway station at Villa Misteri.By Bus At the railway station in Pompeii, bus connections take you to the entrance to the excavations.
    • Pompeii Excursions Archaeological Areas of Herculaneum and Pompeii Excursions 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.hotelondaverde.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Pompeii is about 5 miles away from Mount Vesuvius .

    ^ It takes about 30 minutes and the entrance is just in front on the station.
    • Excursion Pompeii - Turistic guide - Hotel a Sorrento - Sorrentoonline.net - guida turistica di Sorrento - costiera sorrentina 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.sorrentoonline.net [Source type: News]

    .Farther down the street is a Tourist Information office.^ The TI (farther down the street) is not a necessary stop for your visit.
    • Rick Steves' Europe: Pompeii: A Guided Walk 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.ricksteves.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Italian Tourist Information Offices .
    • Pompeii Travel Guides � Virtual Tour of Via dell' Abbondanza - Tourist Information � 360TravelGuide 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.360travelguide.com [Source type: General]

    .Note that if you get off at "Pompei Sanctuario," instead of "Pompei Scavi," the walk through town is not very far.^ (If you plan to stay at Villa Laura, note that it is much closer to the National Italian railroad station in the contemporary city of Pompei than to the Circumvesuviana station at the Pompeii Scavi excavation entrance.
    • Travel Tips for Pompeii and other Roman Excavations in Italy. 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rebecca-east.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Walking through the streets, you can find evidence of the people who lived there everywhere.
    • Pompeii travel guide 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.world66.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Drive around the town to the Villa Gregoriana and drop off, with instructions to walk to the Villa D'Este.
    • Anne's Place |Tours and Trips 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.byanne.com [Source type: General]

    you get pretty tired but its worth it.
  • By bus SITA runs buses from Naples. .The cost is the same as the train.
  • By Cruise If you are taking a cruise, you can set up an excursion to explore the.^ With fascinating historical sites such as these to explore, you will have many opportunities to take enchanting pictures of famous structures.
    • Tours of the Amalfi Coast : Naples Shore Excursions : Tours in Italy : Pompeii Tour : Italian Tours : European Tours : Benvenuto Limos 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC taxibenvenuto.com [Source type: General]

    ^ There were artifacts locked up behind a fence and you could take pictures but, they were stacked on shelves.
    • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Then a minibus will take you up the Capri hillside to the villa of Anacapri, the village which offers an amazing panoramic view of Capri, the bay, Naples, Mt.
    • POMPEII TOURS, POMPEII TOUR, TOUR OF POMPEI, HERCULANEUM TOURS, VESUVIUS TOUR, NAPLES TOURS, AMALFI COAST TOURS 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.limoservicesrome.com [Source type: General]

    A bus is how you will get to the ruins. .The cruise will set up the tickets and tour for you.^ Like “Krakatoa” (see my other Earth Goes Boom comments), you wade through pages of set up waiting for the big event.
    • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It is therefore with great pleasure that I take up, or rather take upon myself the task you have set me.
    • Pliny Letters 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC faculty.cua.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And you're setting yourself up as someone in position to criticize?
    • Review: 'Pompeii & the Roman Villa' at LACMA | Culture Monster | Los Angeles Times 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC latimesblogs.latimes.com [Source type: General]

    .From the cruise boat a water shuttle ( Hydro Foil) can take you around the Bay of Naples to the other sites like Capri, Sorrento and Pompeii during your stops at Naples, Italy.^ Pompeii was located in western Italy in Campania, near the Bay of Naples.
    • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Photographers traveled to Pompeii and other sites around the Bay of Naples soon after the introduction of the medium in 1839.
    • National Gallery of Art - Pompeii and the Roman Villa: Art and Culture around the Bay of Naples 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.nga.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I am taking a European cruise in November and Naples is a stop.
    • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

    .This water shuttle will take to you to the bus to the ruins.^ There's an entrance about 50 yards from the railway station at Villa Misteri.By Bus At the railway station in Pompeii, bus connections take you to the entrance to the excavations.
    • Pompeii Excursions Archaeological Areas of Herculaneum and Pompeii Excursions 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.hotelondaverde.com [Source type: General]

    ^ On the second day, take the ferry to Capri, where you visit the famous "Blue Grotto" water cave.
    • POMPEII TOURS, POMPEII TOUR, TOUR OF POMPEI, HERCULANEUM TOURS, VESUVIUS TOUR, NAPLES TOURS, AMALFI COAST TOURS 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.limoservicesrome.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A boat with skipper only for You will take You in the nicest creeks for a swim in the crystal waters of the island.
    • Pompeii tour guide - Capri tour guides - Amalfi Coast tour guides 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.pompeii.org.uk [Source type: General]

    .There are many breathe taking sites to see.
  • Tickets are €11 per adult (no reductions, unless you are under 26 AND an EU citizen [proof of citizenship required, such as valid passport/driving license]).^ No-one else will take you.
    • Pompeii F.C. - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC mirror.uncyc.org [Source type: General]
    • Pompeii F.C. - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Many people begged for the help of the gods, but even more imagined that there were no gods left and that the last eternal night had fallen on the world."
    • Pompeii - tips by travel authority Howard Hillman 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.hillmanwonders.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Besides elegant villas belonging to the richer citizens, there were blocks of more modest housing, as well as many shops, restaurants, hotel and public buildings.
    • Pompeii Excursions Archaeological Areas of Herculaneum and Pompeii Excursions 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.hotelondaverde.com [Source type: General]

    €20 five sight pass .(including Pompeii and Herculaneum available, valid for 3 days).^ A day trip to Pompeii, and Vesuvius ( or Herculaneum) .
    • Anne's Place |Tours and Trips 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.byanne.com [Source type: General]

    ^ PM on December 4, 2009 Ah, back in the day, I was on archaeological teams working at Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae .
    • Streets of Pompeii | MetaFilter 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The destruction of such cities as Pompeii and Herculaneum would be complete resulting in as many as 3,000 to 5,000 lost lives (including looters who returned to early).
    • Vesuvius and the Destruction of Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.unrv.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Site can be free or 50% off with Campaina ArteCard, for more info go to [2].^ Visit our site for more info and performer submissions.
    • Pompeii & The Ashes on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It gives him the glamorous aura of tragedy, while freeing him to cop off with a still younger and more beautiful girl and still retain his unimpeachable morals.

    .Site is open daily 8:30-7:30, November to March 8:30-5:00. Telephone: 081-857-5347. Ticket office stops selling tickets 90 minutes before closing
  • For transport tickets read about the unified public transport ticket Campania Unico
  • This is a walking site only.^ Daily April–Oct 8:30–19:30, Nov–March 8:30–17:00 (last entry 90 min before closing).
    • Rick Steves' Europe: Pompeii: A Guided Walk 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.ricksteves.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Return shuttle service from Rome to Pompeii Transportation by air-conditioned coach or mini bus for small groups English speaking hostess on board the shuttle Pompeii books on board for you to read and learn about the sites Exclusions: .
    • The Savvy Traveler | Rome to Pompeii Shuttle Bus & Independent Day Trip 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.partner.viator.com [Source type: General]

    ^ No representation is made about texts which are linked off-site, although in most cases these are also public domain.
    • Ancient History Sourcebook: Inscriptions From Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Note that the old roman stone roads can be quite exhausting to walk, especially in the heat of summer with loads of fellow tourists about.^ Despite popular opinion, your typical Roman did NOT walk around in these heavy, clumsy, and quite impractical woolly burdens.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Walking on the uneven stone streets can take a bit of effort, especially if you try to walk it, as I did, in sneakers.

    ^ Along the roads can also still be seen the runnels and ruts made over the centuries by Roman cart and chariot wheels slowly wearing down the stone.
    • Pompeii Travel Information - Hotel accommodation convenient to Pompeii, Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.allworld-vacation.com [Source type: General]

    Everyone will be walking on cobblestones and uneven ground. The temperature is between 70 and 80’s in the summer. .Make sure to take plenty of water and watch your step as the old roads have grooves in them where the carts ran.^ The aediles, however, don't seem too helpful since they have plenty of water and it's the holiday to make sacrifices to the god Vulcan.
    • Book Review - Pompeii by Robert Harris 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.reviewsofbooks.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Article on Las Vegas Casinos My best advice is to step outside your comfort zone and make an effort to talk to EVERYONE on tour.
    • Pompeii Italy — Contiki Tours 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC ph.contiki.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I had been calling and calling your office to make sure they had arrived, and they hadnt yet.
    • FLOWERS Pompeii | Flower Delivery Pompeii MI | FTD Flower Shop Order Flowers Online for Pompeii MI, Michigan | Florist Shop | FLORISTS 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.wesleyberryflowers.com [Source type: General]

    It is advisable to wear good footwear, sunscreen and hats. .There is a lot to look at and it will probably take all day to see everything, so plan a day trip.^ Pack your bags for a long trip and bring lots of film for your camera so you can take lots of pictures to help you remember this amazing town.

    ^ "It's my first trip to Europe and I want to see all of this stuff," said Steve Rich of North Carolina, traveling with his wife and two children.
    • Taking the kids: Pompeii perspectives - CNN.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you do plan to go to Pompeii I suggest watching the movie "Pompeii: The Last Day" before and after your trip.
    • Pompeii | Life Lists | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    Bring a camera to get great pictures of the city.
Someone who did not escape the eruption
Someone who did not escape the eruption
Storage of Artifacts
Storage of Artifacts
Another victim of the eruption
Another victim of the eruption
Forum
Forum
Cateyes
Cateyes
Oven
Oven
Bar
Bar
Street
Street
.Pompeii is a great place to go, rich in historical value.^ Someone who was surprised Pompeii is a great place to go, rich in historical value.
  • Discover the Pompeii: Photos and Info on Google Maps, never book a flight or hotel anymore! 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC wiki.worldflicks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For this reason few objects of great value have been discovered at Pompeii.

^ Style That Counts: Herculaneum catered to the richest of the rich and the most powerful, a resort even more expensive than the goings-on in Pompeii.
  • The History of Plumbing in Pompeii and Herculaneum 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.plumbingworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The History of Plumbing in Pompeii and Herculaneum 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.plumbingsupply.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • House of the Vettii Rich merchants home
  • House of the Faun Another large house
  • Forum The Public marketplace
  • Theater Theater built in the hollow of a hill for acoustics, seated 5,000
  • Via dei Sepolcri Long street with worn ruts from carts
  • Lupanar An ancient brothel with pornographic frescoes
  • The Temple of Vaspain An altar at the center
  • The Basilica The most important building and served as the court house
  • StorageArtifacts like pots and people who did not escape the eruption
Take notice when walking around
.
  • Ground You will see in the ground there are small tiles called cateyes.^ But there's still plenty to see, even if you have to sometimes squint to make out the details.
    • Pompeii today: Site of volcanic devastation reveals history at every turn 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.post-gazette.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I plan to go back there next year if I can, because like Linda wrote, there’s no way you can see it all even in 3-4 trips!

    ^ You could see the atrium and the remains of an impluvium (life people, correct me if that’s not the hole in the ground), and there were also lots of mosaics in the floor.
    • Pompeii « θ theta – the nerd's angle 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC ebroder.net [Source type: General]

    .The moon’s light or candle light reflects off these tiles and gave light, so people could see where they were walking at night.
  • Bars and Bakeries You will walk past where their bars and bakeries once existed.^ They could see nothing.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sadly, these days the water runs through the system for a couple of hours only for the visitors who come to see the ruins by night.
    • Pompeii Travel Information - Hotel accommodation convenient to Pompeii, Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.allworld-vacation.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "They walked for a day and a night without rest into the hot summer breeze, keeping Vesuvius downwind.
    • The Dogs of Pompeii: Tour the Bay of Naples 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.dogsofpompeii.com [Source type: General]

    The bars had counters with three to four holes in them. .They have water or other beverages available in the holes.^ Others still more courageous plunged into the icy water of the frigidarium, and came out of it, they said, stronger and more supple in their limbs.
    • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The bakeries’ ovens look similar to the old brick stone oven.
  • Street There are tracks for the carriages in the street for a smoother ride.^ 'The old wheel tracks, Street of Fortune'.

    ^ A bakery oven contained loaves of bread nearly 2000 years old!
    • mount vesuvius 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.cotf.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Take a look at our Brick Oven Photograph site for inspiration, and to see more photographs of Pompeii Ovens -- both in process and complete.
    • Brick Oven Plans | Build an Italian Brick Oven 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.fornobravo.com [Source type: General]

    .There are also stone blocks in the street for pedestrians to step onto to cross the street.^ The stepping stones are for pedestrians in bad weather.
    • Bible History Links - Images & Art : Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.bible-history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Every now and again there are pedestrian crossings made of stepping stones at the same level as the pavements so as to save people from getting their feet wet in the rains.
    • Pompeii Travel Information - Hotel accommodation convenient to Pompeii, Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.allworld-vacation.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Stepping stones at the street corners allowed pedestrians to step over the water without getting their clothes dirty.
    • Virtual Theater District (VRML) 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC artscool.cfa.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The sidewalks are higher than the modern sidewalk because the streets had water and waste flowing through them.^ Flowing through lead pipes from a central water tower (called the Castellum Aquae), the water delivery system was ingegnious for its day.
    • Pompeii and Herculaneum 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.romanhomes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Though there was an elaborate drainage system in many parts of Pompeii, it did not extend to this older section of town and waste water ran down the streets.
    • Virtual Theater District (VRML) 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC artscool.cfa.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Because of its fertile ground, Pompeii's crop yield was six times higher than the average yield of the rest of the Italian peninsula ( Pompeii ).
    • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The stone blocks in the street were also as high as the sidewalk, so people did not walk in the waste and water.^ Stepping stones at the street corners allowed pedestrians to step over the water without getting their clothes dirty.
    • Virtual Theater District (VRML) 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC artscool.cfa.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The cart ruts in the stone streets also had water in them and puddles could be seen in some parts of the road.
    • Pompeii Travel Information - Hotel accommodation convenient to Pompeii, Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.allworld-vacation.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The big stones in the centre of the streets were placed there to allow people to cross the streets on stepping-stones, so that they would not soil their feet in the muck.
    • Pompeii Hotel del Corso - Hotel in Sorrento Italy Albergo a Sorrento (Napoli) 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.hoteldelcorso.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Pompeii - Sorrento Italy Guide, Info, Hotels , apartments, bed and breakfast in Sorrento 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.visitsorrento.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The stone blocks were also used for what we now call speed bumps. .When the carriages were going through the city, they were going fast.^ The straightforward narrative opens with the city's destruction by the eruption of Vesuvius and then fast forwards to its discovery by archaeologists and the painstaking reconstruction they have made of the lives of its inhabitants.

    ^ The city's inhabitants, unaware that they live in the shadow of a volcano, go about their daily business.
    • Boom and bust - TvRadio - www.smh.com.au 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smh.com.au [Source type: General]

    .To avoid people from getting splashed by the water and waste they had stone blocks in the street.^ Every now and again there are pedestrian crossings made of stepping stones at the same level as the pavements so as to save people from getting their feet wet in the rains.
    • Pompeii Travel Information - Hotel accommodation convenient to Pompeii, Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.allworld-vacation.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Stepping stones at the street corners allowed pedestrians to step over the water without getting their clothes dirty.
    • Virtual Theater District (VRML) 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC artscool.cfa.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The carts that we had ordered brought were moving in opposite directions, though the ground was perfectly flat, and they wouldn't stay in place even with their wheels blocked by stones.
    • Pliny Letters 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC faculty.cua.edu [Source type: Original source]

    This would make the driver slow down when they were speeding, so they could get through the blocks.
Outside of the city walls:
.
  • Villa dei Misteri (Villa of the Mysteries) A house with curious frescoes, perhaps of women being initiated into the Cult of Dionysus.^ Villa dei Misteri .
    • Pompeii :: Perillo Tours - Since 1945 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.perillotours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Some say the images depict initiation scenes of the cult of Dionysus; others believe they show a young woman undergoing the rites of marriage.
    • Pompeii :: Perillo Tours - Since 1945 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.perillotours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Get off at the Pompei Scavi, Villa dei Misteri stop.
    • Rick Steves' Europe: Pompeii: A Guided Walk 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.ricksteves.com [Source type: General]

    .Contains one of the finest fresco cycles in Italy, as well as humorous ancient graffiti.
  • Cameo Factory Here is a cameo factory-where you can buy handcraft jewelry and souvenirs
  • Visit also the National Museum in Naples where most of the best preserved mosaics and found items from Pompeii are kept.
  • Visit also the sister site Herculaneum, which is only one Circumvesuviana stop apart and suffered a similar fate to Pompeii.^ Many works of art and other items from Pompeii are now found in the National Archaeological Museum in Naples .
    • Pompeii Tour of Scenic & Historic Sights by World Class Travel & Tours 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goworldclass.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Pompeii an ancient city in western Italy, south-east of Naples.
    • Pompeii Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I did not get to visit that site while I was in Italy.
    • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Though it is a smaller site it was covered by a pyroclastic surge (instead of the ash and lapilli that covered Pompeii).^ The nearby smaller City of Herculaneum was covered by a pyroclastic surge (instead of the ash and lapilli that covered Pompeii).
    • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He described an enormous eruption column, with a pyroclastic flow or cloud of superheated gas, ash, and rock, rushing down the flanks of Vesuvius and covering the surrounding area.
    • Toilets of the World — Toilets of Roman Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.cromwell-intl.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It was not lava that destroyed the city, showers of hot, wet ashes and cinders rained down on Pompeii and as these dried, they covered and sealed most of the city.
    • Pompeii - Sorrento Italy Guide, Info, Hotels , apartments, bed and breakfast in Sorrento 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.visitsorrento.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This allowed some second storeys to survive.
  • Have a look at random villas, as sometimes even small side rooms have amazing frescoes (wall paintings).
  • Don't miss the "Garden of the Fugitives" at the south-east side where plaster casts of several victims (sadly, including children) are on display where they originally fell The plants in this garden have been reconstructed to match ancient growth, based on the study of plaster casts of plant roots.
  • Walk outside the City Gates to the Villa of the Mysteries, one of the greatest houses to come down to us from the ancient world.^ Plaster casts of victims of the eruption.
    • Pompeii - on Opentopia, a free Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC encycl.opentopia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Pompeii an ancient city in western Italy, south-east of Naples.
    • Pompeii Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Among the most moving sights is the Garden of the Fugitives, which displays plaster casts of some of the victims in their final moments of life.
    • Pompeii | Life Lists | Smithsonian Magazine 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    .Even on a very hot day, it is worth the walk.
  • Ask one of the Archaeologists working on one of the many sites "Hasn't it all been dug?"^ Archaeologists have extricated many objects from the ash -- jewelry, bakery ovens, even paintings.
    • Taking the kids: Pompeii perspectives - CNN.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Nevertheless, the sections of the ancient city open to the public are extensive, and tourists can spend many days exploring the whole site.

    ^ "They walked for a day and a night without rest into the hot summer breeze, keeping Vesuvius downwind.
    • The Dogs of Pompeii: Tour the Bay of Naples 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.dogsofpompeii.com [Source type: General]

    (there is still 1/3 of the site unexcavated... and there is always more under the floor!)
  • .
  • A decent map of the site, or you will get lost in the small roads and need to walk back and forth which is quite exhausting.^ And if you visit the ruins, be sure to bring your sunscreen and wear a decent pair of walking shoes ; hiking boots wouldn't be out of the question.

    ^ I did a little homework in advance to decide what I most wanted to see, and was content, well served and well guided by the information that is available on the site - a map and small booklet.
    • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

    ^ To make your entries realistic , you will want to refer back to research sites.

    .Free maps and info booklets are given away at the entrance (in several different languages).^ Audioguides are available from a kiosk near the ticket booth at the Porta Marina entrance (€6.50, €10 /2 people, ID required), but they offer basically the same info as your free booklet.
    • Rick Steves' Europe: Pompeii: A Guided Walk 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.ricksteves.com [Source type: General]

    .Visitors need to request them from the Info booth beside the ticket windows.
  • Interesting plastic "past & present" books sold for €12 by vendors.^ Its helpful text and plastic overlays allow you to recreate the ruins — with the "present" actually being 1964 (€12 in bookstores; if you buy from a street vendor, pay no more than that if you buy from a street vendor).
    • Rick Steves' Europe: Pompeii: A Guided Walk 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.ricksteves.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The bookshop sells the small Pompeii and Herculaneum Past and Present book.
    • Rick Steves' Europe: Pompeii: A Guided Walk 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.ricksteves.com [Source type: General]

    .Deal with them for an even better price
  • Audioguides are available for €6,50, €10 for two, ID required
  • Tour guides cluster near the entrance for hire
  • Buy a tour guide book for €5, so you can read more about the interesting city history, building and artifacts.^ Great information about the city and its history.
    • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Guide Lecturer’s Choice: (if you only want to read one or two books) .
    • Andante Travels: the experts in Archaeological Travel | Pompeii, Herculaneum & Classical Campania 2010 | Andante Travels 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.barebonestours.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ If you choose not to use a tour at least purchase a guide book.
    • Pompeii: Beware of bad tour guides, and don't hurt the ruins - This Just In - Budget Travel 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC current.newsweek.com [Source type: General]

    .There is so much to learn from the Romans and to see how they lived.
  • On the way from the station to the official entrance loads of shops try to sell stuff for very expensive prices but the food is not outstanding.^ How did they live?

    ^ Although life in Pompeii was very different two thousand years ago, we can still find similarities in how people live their lives today.

    ^ Excavation has stopped to preserve what remains and many of the buildings that were open earlier in the 20th Century and before are now closed, but there is still much to see.
    • Pompeii, Naples, Italy | World Reviewer 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.worldreviewer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Drinks, especially the freshly pressed orange and lemon juices, however, are fantastic especially in the heat, though slightly pricey (€ 3.00 for a glass)
  • You can get a very good panino from some of the stands.^ Definitely recommended if you're in the mood for some good historical fiction.
    • Pompeii (Paperback) by Robert Harris - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Anyway, I just want to say that this is a very good essay or passage!How old are you and how did you come up with this information?
    • Pompeii, Italy - The Lost City 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The one at the end near the Porta Marina has fantastic ones.
  • There is a restaurant in the museum area.^ Liquid plaster was poured into some of these molds by the excavators, and the forms of the bodies have thereby been preserved; some of these figures are exhibited in the museum erected at Pompeii near the Porta Marina, one of the eight gates of the city.

    ^ At one end of the field was a roofed area and the “white” bodies of the Pompeians laid out in a line under that roof.

    ^ If you wish there is a famous Italian restaurant near the excavation site where we can stop for lunch.
    • POMPEII TOURS, POMPEII TOUR, TOUR OF POMPEI, HERCULANEUM TOURS, VESUVIUS TOUR, NAPLES TOURS, AMALFI COAST TOURS 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.limoservicesrome.com [Source type: General]

    Not surprisingly, this is rather expensive and not very good. .Nonetheless, it is an OK place to take a break and recuperate, particularly with its air conditioning (note that as of May 2009 that food can not be purchased within the site).
  • Home of the Napoli Pizza!^ Encyclopedia.com home page About us Help Site feedback Privacy policy Terms and conditions The Encyclopedia.com advertising network includes: .
    • Pompeii Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He'd bargain and haggle for a good price and then take his purchase home.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A web log of photographs I have taken on my travels to historical sites, national parks, historical homes, museums, gardens, theme parks, and just beautiful places.
    • Incredible Journeys Photo Log: Pompeii: Victims of an Eruption 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC uoregon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Eat pizza in Naples which is known to be the best pizza made
  • Remember to bring enough water to drink as it gets quite hot in the dusty streets.^ Stepping stones at the street corners allowed pedestrians to step over the water without getting their clothes dirty.
    • Virtual Theater District (VRML) 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC artscool.cfa.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It provides water not only for drinking purposes of the general population, but also to feed the many baths of the elite whose villas dot the Bay of Naples coastline.

    ^ (Remember Pompeii's best art is in the Naples Archaeological Museum.

    .There are water taps and some of them work so remember to keep your empty bottles for refilling.
  • Lemon and Orange granita bought from outside the site are a tasty way to cool down.
  • Hotel Maiuri [3] In an enviable position, a few minutes walk from the Pompeii excavations and the center of town, Hotel Maiuri is one of the most accommodating 4 star hotels of Pompeii.^ Pompeii was also a resort town and center of commerce.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are many streets to walk in Pompeii.
    • Pompeii Tour of Scenic & Historic Sights by World Class Travel & Tours 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.goworldclass.com [Source type: News]

    ^ So some of the places he excavated are the ones that have deteriorated the most.
    • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Hotel maiuri offers to its guests free parking a short walk from the excavations of Pompeii.
  • B&B La Corte [4] This aristocratic b&b is in the heart of the historical little town of Sant'Antimo, 10 km.^ In fact, it is hotel´s parking lot, free of charge for the guests.
    • Palma Hotel Reviews and Photos, Pompeii, Italy - TripAdvisor 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.tripadvisor.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ AM on December 4, 2009 When I lived and excavated in Pompeii on '04, I created my own "Street view" of my walk to and from the dig site everyday.
    • Streets of Pompeii | MetaFilter 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hotel Forum, Pompeii The Hotel Forum is an elegant 4 star hotel strategically located in the historical centre of Pompei, between the entrance to the excavations, which can be easily reached on foot, and the Basilica.
    • Pompeii Travel Information - Hotel accommodation convenient to Pompeii, Italy 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.allworld-vacation.com [Source type: General]

    from .Naples(Napoli), 15 km.from Caserta and 20 km from Pompei and Herculaneum with the motorway.^ The nearby beach in the province of Salerno is long (15 km) Paestum is accessible from Naples by train.
    • Pompeii: Baths, Sex & Mystery 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Published in Le Antichità di Ercolano", Naples, 1760, a fabulous work depicting the excavations of Herculaneum and Pompei.
    • Architecture and Archeology in Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.philographikon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ POMPEII TOURS, POMPEII TOUR, TOUR OF POMPEI, HERCULANEUM TOURS, VESUVIUS TOUR, NAPLES TOURS, AMALFI COAST TOURS .
    • POMPEII TOURS, POMPEII TOUR, TOUR OF POMPEI, HERCULANEUM TOURS, VESUVIUS TOUR, NAPLES TOURS, AMALFI COAST TOURS 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.limoservicesrome.com [Source type: General]

    .It was built in the 1600's, it's grouped around a large courtyard paved in stones from Vesuvius.^ This villa, built around a central peristyle court and surrounded by terraces, is much like other large villas of Pompeii.

    .In the middle, a magnificent palm.
  • Go by train to Naples
  • Visit the neighboring site of Herculaneum
  • Head over to the underwater Archaeological Park of Baiae
  • Go to the Amalfi Coast
  • Take a boat from Naples or Sorrento to the island of Capri
  • Buses leave for Mt.^ Apartments for rent in Sorrento Apartments for rent on the Amalfi Coast .
    • Tour to Pompeii, Capri, Amalfi Coast, Naples, Herculaneum Mount Vesuvius Pompeii Italy tours 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.sorrento-italy.net [Source type: General]

    ^ ICARUS TOUR -Capri and the Bay of Naples - PLATINUM TOURS (Salerno) An exclusive helicopter tour will reach some of the most fascinating places of the Bay of Neaples: Sorrento, the Amalfi Coast and the archaeological area of Pompeii.
    • Pompeii tour guide - Capri tour guides - Amalfi Coast tour guides 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.pompeii.org.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ The Amalfi Coast visit is unavailable through group tours.
    • POMPEII TOURS, POMPEII TOUR, TOUR OF POMPEI, HERCULANEUM TOURS, VESUVIUS TOUR, NAPLES TOURS, AMALFI COAST TOURS 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.limoservicesrome.com [Source type: General]

    Vesuvius from the site (8/day, every half hour 9:30-10:30 and every hour starting at 11:25, takes 1 hour
  • Take a bus back to the water shuttle that takes you have to the dock where you cruise ship is waiting

Stay safe

.Keep in mind that Mt Vesuvius is an active volcano and can erupt at any time.^ Vesuvius in 79 AD is so well known and why it was this particular volcano that gave birth to the science of volcanology and helped advance the study of archaelogy, since it was the study of Mt.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the volcano erupted, smoke, mud, flames, and burning stones came from out of Mt.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vesuvius had erupted in 62 AD, the volcano's 17 years of dormancy had led the Pompeiians to believe it was no longer active.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Pompeii 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scientists have devised a system to detect impending eruptions, though, so feel free to browse Pompeii's ruins without fear of falling ash and lapilli (pumice)!^ Harris sets "Pompeii" in the days leading up to and including the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79 when the Roman town of Pompeii and several other nearby villages were destroyed by ash, pumice and, finally, a cloud of poisonous gases.

^ The Italian city was sealed like a time capsule when the eruption of mighty Mount Vesuvius buried it under ash and volcanic pumice in A.D. 79.

^ Ashes were already falling, hotter and thicker, followed by bits of pumice and blackened stones.
  • Andante Travels: the experts in Archaeological Travel | Pompeii, Herculaneum & Classical Campania 2010 | Andante Travels 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.barebonestours.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Though it's more likely that you should be trying to protect yourself from pickpockets, the site attracts a huge array of international visitors every day, and this money attracts some thieves, so keep your valuables protected, particularly around Naples and the train stations as you normally would when travelling.^ Try it, you might like it.
  • Review: 'Pompeii & the Roman Villa' at LACMA | Culture Monster | Los Angeles Times 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC latimesblogs.latimes.com [Source type: General]

^ You will represent your station in life.

^ Music features legendary and emerging artists in every genre: classic rock to classical,indie to international, soundtracks to spiritual, jazz to country and many more.
  • Pompeii mp3s, Pompeii music downloads, Pompeii songs from eMusic.com 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.emusic.com [Source type: General]

This article is an outline and needs more content. .It has a template, but there is not enough information present.^ Lucius was real, though, and there's enough information on Pompeii so the book has merit.
  • Pompeii - A Most Merry and Illustrated History 15 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.coopertoons.com [Source type: Original source]

Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Proper noun

Singular
Pompeii
Plural
-
Pompeii
  1. A ruined Roman town in Italy, destroyed by Vesuvius (a volcano) in 79AD

Derived terms


Simple English

Pompeii was a Roman city. In 79 AD, a volcano called Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed the city and its people.[1]

References

  1. Gay, Peter; Time-Life Books (1966). "A Vogue For Sentimentality". Age of Enlightenment. Time. pp. 97. 


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Pompeii, which are similar to those in the above article.








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