From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poodle hybrid describes a cross between a purebred poodle and a dog of another purebred dog breed. They
may be described as a crossbred, mixed breed dog or designer dog. In biological terms, poodle
hybrids are an intraspecies hybrid, rather than a hybrid between
two different species, since all dog breeds belong to the species
Canis lupus familiaris.
While some of the crosses may be accidental, crosses (such as cockapoos) are intentional
and done by design. Hypoallergenic qualities of the poodle are
one reason for crosses. Another reason is to create a dog with
greater genetic variety, and although this is not a guarantee of
better health, the scientific studies that have been done in this
area have shown that crossbreds are both healthier and live longer
than purebred dogs.
Many terms for puppies of specific crosses with poodles have
been invented, combining syllables or sounds from each breed name
to create a portmanteau word. Usually the first
syllable of poo-dle is appended to the breed name of the second
breed in the cross. Other names are created by adding the sound
"oodle" (from poodle) to the other breed name. Many crosses can be
described by more than one portmanteau word; since they are not
breeds, any portmanteau word the owner or breeder wishes may be
used. Some of the portmanteau word names that describe poodle
crosses have moved into popular usage; the words Labradoodle (poodle-Labrador retriever cross) and cockapoo (poodle-cocker spaniel cross, also called
spoodle) are now listed in the Oxford English
A list of portmanteau names for poodle hybrids can be found at
dog hybrids#Poodle hybrids.
Though a hybrid (poodle crossed with another breed) may have a
portmanteau name, they cannot be registered
as such with many of the major kennel clubs, even if both parents
are registered purebreds. However, some major kennel clubs do
accept registration of crossbred puppies for performance events
such as agility and obedience. There are also several hybrid
specific registries that register hybrid / designer cross puppies.
These registries offer hybrid dogs the same registration benefits
that purebred dogs enjoy such as certified registration and
recording of the hybrids known pedigree information.
B.N. Bonnett, A. Egenvall, P. Olson, . Hedhammar, Mortality in
Swedish dogs: rates and causes of death in various breeds, The
Veterinary Record, 12/7/1997, S. 40 - 44) "Mongrels were
consistently in the low risk category" (S. 41)
P.D. McGreevy & W.F. Nicholas, Some Practical Solutions to
Welfare Problems in Pedigree Dog Breeding, Animal Welfare, 1999,
Vol 8, 329-331 "Hybrids have a far lower chance of exhibiting the
disorders that are common with the parental breeds. Their genetic
health will be substantially higher." (P338)
A. Egenvall, B.N. Bonnett, P. Olson, . Hedhammar,Gender, age, breed
and distribution of morbidity and mortality in insured dogs in
Sweden during 1995 and 1996, The Veterinary Record, 29/4/2000, p.
519-57 "Mongrel dogs are less prone to many diseases then the
average purebred dog." (S. 524)
R. Beythien, Tierarten- und Hunderassenverteilung,
Erkrankungshufigkeit und prophylaktische Manahmen bei den hufigsten
Hunderassen am Beispiel einer Tierarztpraxis in Bielefeld in den
Jahren 1983-1985 und 1990-1992, 1998, Diss., Tierrztl. Hochschule
Hannover "Mongrels require less veterinary treatment"
A. R. Michell, Longevity of British breeds of dog and its
relationship with sex, size, cardiovascular variables and disease,
Vet. Rec., 27 Nov. 1999, S. 625-629 "There was a significant
correlation between body weight and longevity. Crossbreeds lived
longer than average but several pure breeds lived longer than cross
breeds, notably Jack Russell, miniature poodles and whippets" (S.
627 - thus only small and toy breeds, as to be expected)
G.J. Patronek, D.J. Walters, L.T. Glickman, Comparative Longevity
of Pet Dogs and Humans: Implications for Gerontology Research, J.
Geront., BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 1997, Vol 52A,No.3, B171-B178 "The
median age at death was 8.5 years for all mixed breed dogs and 6.7
years for all pure breed dogs. For each weight group, the age at
death of pure breed dogs was significantly less than for mixed
breed dogs." (p. B173)
H.F. Proschofsky et al, Mortality of purebred and mixed breed dogs
in Denmark, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2003, 58, 53-74 "Higher
average longevity of mixed breed dogs (grouped together). Age at
death mixed breeds (Q1 Q2 Q3 mixed breeds 8,11,13, purebreds 6, 10,