The Full Wiki

Pope Innocent VI: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Innocent VI
Innozenz VI.gif
Papacy began December 18, 1352
Papacy ended September 12, 1362
Predecessor Clement VI
Successor Urban V
Personal details
Birth name Étienne Aubert
Born 1282 or 1295
Beyssac, France
Died September 12, 1362
Avignon, France
Other Popes named Innocent
Papal styles of
Pope Innocent VI

C o a Innocenzo VI.svg

Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style None

Pope Innocent VI (1282 or 1295 – September 12, 1362), born Étienne Aubert, his father was Adhemar Aubert (1260-?) seigneur de Montel-De-Gelas in Limousin provence. Her niece was Catherine Aubert, Dame de Boutheon, also the wife of Randon II baron de Joyeuse, she is La Fayette ancestor's. The king Charles V ennobled the family Aubert in 1338 and the queen Jeanne de Naples, Countess of Provence, gives many lands to Pierre Aubert in 1364 (Guy Aubert grandson's).Pope at Avignon from 1352 to 1362, the successor of Pope Clement VI (1342–52), was a native of the hamlet of Les Monts, diocese of Limoges (today part of the commune of Beyssac, département of Corrèze), and, after having taught civil law at Toulouse, became successively bishop of Noyon and bishop of Clermont.

In 1342, he was raised to the position of cardinal. On the death of Clement VI, after the cardinals had each bound themselves to a particular line of policy should he be elected, Aubert was chosen (December 18, 1352), taking the name of Innocent VI; one of the first acts of his pontificate was to declare the pact to have been illegal and null.

His subsequent policy compares favourably with that of the other Avignon Popes. He introduced many needed reforms in the administration of church affairs, and by his legate, Cardinal Albornoz, who was accompanied by Rienzi, he sought to restore order in Rome, where, in 1355, Charles IV (1346–78) was with his permission crowned, after previously having come under an oath that he would quit the city on the day of the ceremony.

It was largely through the exertions of Innocent VI that the Treaty of Brétigny (1360) between France and England was brought about. During his pontificate, John V Palaeologus (1341–47, 1354–76, 1379–90, 1390–91) offered to submit the Greek church to the Roman See on condition of assistance being rendered against John VI Cantacuzenus (1347–54). The resources at the disposal of the Pope, however, were all required for exigencies nearer home, and the offer was declined.

He survived the black death by sitting in between two fires on his own so his air was not impure.

Most of the wealth accumulated by John XXII and Benedict XII had been lost during the extravagant pontificate of Clement VI. Innocent VI economised by cutting the chapel staff or the "capellani capelle" from twelve to eight. Works of art were sold rather than commissioned. His pontificate was dominated by the war in Italy and by Avignon's recovery from the plague, both of which made draining demands on his treasury. By 1357, he was complaining of poverty.

Innocent VI was a liberal patron of letters, and, if the extreme severity of his measures against the Fraticelli are ignored, he retains a high reputation for justice and mercy. He died on September 12, 1362, and his successor was Pope Urban V (1362–70). Today his tomb can be found in the Carthusian monastery of Villeneuve-les-Avignon. The current name of the familly Aubert is Aubert de saint germain d'apchon (the familly have the titles of comte de saint germain and baron d'Apchon)

References

  • Modified text from the 9th edition (1879) of an unnamed encyclopedia
  • Tomasello, Music and ritual at Papal Avignon 1309-1403. http://www.newgaso.fr/result_famille_alpha.php3?lettre=A ( coat of arms familly Aubert de Bulbon d'Apchon )
  • geneanet. Dictionnaire de la noblesse de France by François Alexandre de La Chesnaye Desbois (1863). Bulletin de la societe' nivernaise des sciences ,lettres et arts (1870) 312p *Louis XI (king of France)-1905 ;Lettre de Louis XI ,roi de France: 1481-1482. 1905 -page 15 (Googles Livres) *Louis XI (king of France),Josepf Frederic ,Louis Vaesen,Etienne Charavay,Bernard Edouard de Mandrot-1905.(Googles Livres) *Societe' d'etudes de la province de Cambrai,Lille-1907 *Innocent VI :le reformateur ,deuxieme pape Limousin (1352-1362) Antoine Pellisier -(1961)-218 pages
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bertrand du Pouget
Cardinal-bishop of Ostia
1353-1361
Succeeded by
Pierre Bertrand de Colombier
Preceded by
Clement VI
Pope
1352–62
Succeeded by
Urban V
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message