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Popotan
The three main sisters in Popotan, Ai, Mai and Mii as well as Unagi in her ferret form. A CERO 18 warning label and the logo appear at the bottom.
Front cover of the DVD-ROM version of Popotan.
ぽぽたん
Genre Comedy, Drama, Fantasy
Game
Developer JP Petit Ferret
Genre Eroge, Visual Novel
Rating CERO: 18+
Platform Microsoft Windows
Released December 13, 2002 (limited ed.)
August 1, 2003 (Popotan Po! DVD-ROM)
Game
Oshiete! Popotan
Developer JP Success
Publisher JP WellMADE
Genre Eroge, Visual Novel
Rating CERO: 18+
Platform PlayStation 2
Released March 11, 2004
Game
Popotan Fan Disuku: Ishho ni A SO BO
Developer JP Petit Ferret
Genre Eroge, Visual novel
Rating CERO: 18+
Platform Microsoft Windows
Released July 7, 2003
TV anime
Director Shinichiro Kimura
Studio Shaft
Licensor Canada United States Geneon, Sentai Filmworks
Network TBS's satellite station BS-i
Original run July 17, 2003October 2, 2003
Episodes 12 (List of episodes)
Novel
Author Sassami Yachiruda
Publisher Softgarage
Original run June 20, 2002August 22, 2002
Volumes 2
Manga
Author Yūjiro Izumi
Publisher Kodansha
Demographic Seinen
Magazine Magazine Z
Original run December 12, 2003August 23, 2004
Volumes 2
Audio drama
Station Osaka Radio, TBS Radio
Original run April 2003December 2003
Anime and Manga Portal

Popotan (ぽぽたん ?) is a Japanese adult visual novel developed by Petit Ferret with character designs by Akio Watanabe under the alias Poyoyon♡Rock. It was originally released as a PC game for CD-ROM on December 13, 2002 and subsequently re-released on DVD-ROM and for the PlayStation 2 with the latter removing some of the adult content. A fan disc for Popotan by Petit Ferret was also released shortly before the DVD-ROM re-release.

The gameplay in Popotan follows a semi-predetermined plot; major events are the same, however, as the game progresses the storylines eventually diverges quite dramatically. The game focuses mostly on the three sisters and it is necessary to finish at least one of their scenarios before the player can pursue the other girls. Beyond that, the main goal is to make available sexual scenes and images that the player can view or replay at any time depicting the protagonist having sexual intercourse with one of the girls.

Popotan has made the transition into other media as well. A novel series based on the visual novel titled Popotan~ Himitsu no Jumon~ Kōhen by Sassami Yachiruda was published by Softgarage; the novels were released in two volumes on June 20 and August 22, 2002. On December 12, 2003 and August 23. 2008 Magazine Z published a two-part Popotan manga series by Yūjiro Izumi whose story would revolve around the three sisters.[1][2][3] The manga was released in two volumes on December 12, 2003[4] and August 23, 2004.[5] There was also a twelve episode anime directed by Shinichiro Kimura that originally aired on Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS) from July 17 through October 2, 2003. The anime was licensed in North America by Geneon USA until Geneon folded in 2008. The license was later picked up and released by Sentai Filmworks. A radio drama Poporaji was also produced between April and December 2003 and broadcast over Osaka Radio's and TBS Radio's networks and later put on CD. Several art and reference books were released by the franchise as well as other less notable media.

The title, Popotan, is meant to reflect the prominence of dandelions, spelled tanpopo (たんぽぽ ?) in Japanese,[n 1] in the game; "Popotan" is a nonsensical word and is like literally saying "liondandy".[6][7][8] It also uses the flipped "-tan" to call the dandelions by name.

Contents

Gameplay

Most of Popotan's gameplay requires little interaction from the player since a majority of the time is spent reading the text that appears on the game's screen, which represents either dialogue between the various characters or the inner thoughts of the protagonist. After progressing through the text, the players will either come to a "decision point" where they must choose from multiple options or the text will end and the player must either move to a new location[9] or, in the DVD-ROM and PS2 versions, continue on to the next event through a shortcut option.[10][11][12 ] The time between these points varies. Gameplay pauses at these points and, depending on which choice the player makes, the plot will progress and may branch off in a specific direction,[12 ][13] though pursuing anyone beyond the three sisters requires at least one of the latter's scenarios to have been successfully completed. After completing Ai's scenario the player unlocks a new scenario with Unagi.[9][10][11] The PS2 port added new events and scenes based on the DVD version,[11][12 ][14 ][15] although some of the content that was removed. While text is on the screen the player has the option to save the game, however, when there is none the player is unable to save on the PC versions of the game.[9][10] With the PS2 port, this limitation was removed.[11][14 ]

A screenshot inside Chris's Japanese bedroom. Ai's and Mii's images are separate avatar images overlaying the background. A transparent textbox at the bottom displays text over all of them.
The game uses character position and size to show the characters' relative relation to the protagonist. Ai (left) is closer while Mii (right) is off to the side of the room further away.

At certain points along Mii's scenario a special music mini-game will commence. The goal of the mini-game is to max out "Magical Girl Mii"'s magical power meter by hitting balls at the right moment.[12 ][16] Success or failure in the mini-game has an immediate affect upon the scene.[12 ] After successfully completing Mii's scenario, an omake option will become available on the main menu. This allows the player to play the mini-game based upon various music tracks from the game.[9][10][11]

Popotan uses over one-thousand two-dimensional computer graphics for backgrounds, events and character poses to engage the player. While only the mouths and eyes are animated, the number of poses is quite large and most minor characters were given the similar treatment as major characters,[9][10][11] though with fewer major poses to cut costs.[17] In addition, the game regularly and actively uses a character placement on screen to display relative position of the characters in relation to the protagonist, including moving them enlarging or shrinking the images to show distance being closer or further away respectively.[9][10][11]

Plot

Setting and themes

Popotan takes place sometime in the distant future,though the exact time and location is unclear because enough time has passed to transform the area. A giant dandelion structure which acts as a spire pierced the city atop a hill some time ago destroying much of city, though it has recovered by time the game starts. The main location of the game is a European-styled mansion which is seen as completely out-of-place in the city.[18] While it is the central storyline location, much of the daytime is spent outside the mansion wandering around town attempting to meet characters to trigger event sequences.[9][10][11]

As indicated by the title, flowers, specifically dandelions, as well as vegetation in general, is a major theme in the game. Various sculptures and buildings were drawn with a flower motif in mind. Every outdoor and some indoor scenes have vegetation of some type in it. In addition, those that do not have any vegetation have something representing it in them.[9][10][11]

Characters

The player assumes the role of Chris, the protagonist of Popotan. He is a high school dropout who decided not to get a job because he's turned his back on society.[18] He did this because he said he saw the direction it was heading and didn't like it. Because of this, he has been wandering for some time on the streets now making a living, what little he can, by playing the guitar. He generally does not feel up to it without an audience and because he is a drifter, this makes performing hard.[19] As the game starts, he is wandering around and happens upon a mansion where he meets three sisters and their maid.[18] Ai is the eldest of the three sisters. She has the ability to speak to plants. Mai is the middle sister. She acts very tomboyish and does not really like Chris staying with them at first, especially because of his demeanor. Mii is the youngest and by far the most energetic. She often cosplays as "Magical Girl Mii" and attempts to help people.[20 ] Mea, their maid, comes off as emotionless at first, but as the game progresses she is shown to have more depth than expected. Chris decides to stay with them[13] because they have cheap rent and he has very little money, though he quickly learns if he is to stay he'll have to change his ways.[9][10][11][18]

Story

Popotan's story involves Chris's change in lifestyle. In some scenarios, the mysteries surrounding the large hill with the spire-like object are also explored. Chris is a slacker from out of town who roams around the town doing just enough to get by. The story opens sometime in the future with Chris near a food stand by a shrine entrance without money and desperate enough to consider stealing food just to survive. After this fails he wanders around town looking for someplace to work in order to feed himself and provide shelter. He finds a local convenience store where he gets directions which eventually lead him to the girls. He then continues to wander around town as he has no place else to go and hardly any money. When he arrives, he invites himself into the mansion and runs into the three sisters and their lifelike android maid. Chris decides to stay after finding out that the place was nice, the rent was cheap and he'd be staying under the same roof with four pretty girls as the only guy; upon learning his intentions about finding a place to stay, the girls agree to let him stay.

However, the following day he learns he will not be able to continue his slacker lifestyle if he wants to remain and is forced to take a part time job. The owner of the market who gave him directions agrees to hire him. As the story progresses, Chris opens up as he interacts with the girls and other people he meets, including a new classmate, Konami and in some scenarios a mysterious girl, Shizuku. The story revolves around his change in attitude - he begins to care about people.

Development

The scenario development for Popotan was done by Seki Hayabusa and Iwashinichi Shimizu. Character design for the series was headed by Akio Watanabe under the alias Poyoyon Rock.[21][22] Music in the Popotan series was arranged by two composers, Higuchi Hideki and Kajihara Masahiro with theme songs sung by Under17.[16][22] During the PS2 port, Aiko Watanabe was made the project supervisor.[23] From May 2002 through June 2002 Petit Ferret requested applications for seiyū for Popotan. The initial requests were for the three sisters in the game.[24][25][26] Later, on June 30, 2002, Petite Ferret held open auditions for other roles.[26]

The PS2 port, Oshiete! Popotan (おしえて!ぽぽたん ?) produced and distributed by WellMADE is based on the PC DVD-ROM version, Popotan Po! (ぽぽたん Po! ?). The port corrected some issues with movement and added some new scenes,[14 ] although others were removed.[11]

Release information

On November 25, 2002 Petite Ferret released a trial version of Popotan for download.[3][16] The following month on December 13, 2002 Popotan was released for the PC on one CD-ROM.[27] Less than a year later on August 1, 2003 it was re-released for DVD-ROM with added enhancements under the title Popotan Po!.[19] Although Petite Ferret had news of other titles, this was their last title released by them.[3][28] The following year WellMADE released a PS2 port of the game, Oshiete! Popotan, on March 11, 2004.[29] The port lacked some of the more explicit sex scenes, but still contained enough to warrant a CERO 18 rating. Additional graphics and better gameplay were added to compensate for the removal of some of the content, especially those dealing with Mii.[13][30] Petite Ferret also released a fan disc for the game on July 11, 2003, shortly before the DVD-ROM release titled Popotan Fan Disc together with A・SO・BO (ぽぽたんファンディスク いっしょにA・SO・BO Popotan Fan Disuku Issho ni A・SO・BO ?).

The initial release of the CD-ROM version of Popotan had several critical errors including the inability to get certain girls when following their path correctly and contained severe memory-related problems as well. These issues were quickly resolved with a hotfix on January 10, 2003.[31 ] Future versions of the game were released without such problems.

The initial release of Popotan Fan Disc together with A・SO・BO[32] also had some issues. Although not as critical as those their parent product contained, they were nonetheless serious. Petit Ferret addressed these issues in two separate patches. The first patch adds missing voice data from the original CD that was intended for the game. The company offered to exchange existing CDs if a customer wanted to send their product in or they could download the necessary files from the website. On July 7, 2003 the company released a final patch for the game which includes grammatical corrections, difficulty fixes and overall stability enhancements. The second patch did not contain the fixes from the first.[33 ]

To increase pre-order sales, the initial CD-ROM release of Popotan launched with a special maxi single CD of the theme songs sung by Under17.[34] The PS2 port of Popotan was also initially released with a bonus themed calling card,[30] reversible poster and music a CD to help entice early sales.[15][23][35]

In December 2003 and March 2004 WellMADE released two mini-games based around the character Unagi free to the public in a series titled Unagi Fuku Warai (うなぎ福笑い ?).[36][37]

Related media

Related games

Popotan had one fan disc released based on it, Popotan Fan Disc together with A・SO・BO. The fan disc includes several mini-games based around the characters, including the main game's "Magical Girl Mii" mini-game featuring all of the characters as well as themed computer wallpaper and desktop accessories. Some of the items require unlocking in order to access. In addition new storyline content and routes based around Mii and Nono were added in the fan disc. The fan disc also included a separate music CD containing background music from the original game.[38]

In the spinoff series by WellMADE, Unagi Fuku Warai, Unagi is the heroine. The games were designed to be humorous and fun.[36][37] The second one allows Unagi to transform into her humanoid form after a certain point in the game.[37]

Anime

Popotan: Complete Collection DVD box cover.

The anime series was produced by Shaft, directed and storyboarded by Shinichiro Kimura, written by Jukki Hanada and featuring character designs by Haruka Sakurai based on Akio Watanabe's original concept with Rondo Mizukami oversee the animation.[39][40] From July 17, 2003 through October 3, 2003 the twelve episodes of the Popotan anime were aired on TBS's satellite station BS-i and was made available at the same time on Bandai Channel.[41][42][43] The opening theme song in the anime is done by Under17 in the same style they used for the game, while Funta did the ending theme song.

On June 27, 2003, a teaser DVD with character designs by Haruka Sakurai was released. The DVD, The Secret of the 3 Sisters (ぽぽたん 送開始記念版 うガマンできない、3姉妹のひ・み・つ Popotan Hōsō Kaishi Kinen ban Mou Gaman Deki Nai, 3 Shimai no Hi・Mi・Tsu ?) contains video interviews with the anime's seiyū, a CD containing music to the radio drama's,[44] Poporaji (ぽぽらじ ?), theme "Poporaji no Uta" (ぽぽらじの歌 ?),[43] metallic paint illustrations and a plushie of Unagi.[43] The anime was released on Japanese DVD by Bandai Visual in six discs of two episodes each. The set was released in staggered fashion between September 26, 2003 and February 25, 2004.[45][46] Each disc also came with a promotional figurine of one of the girls.[47][48][49][50][51][52] At the same time, Bandai released DVDs without the figurines at a lower cost.[45][46][53][54] Geneon USA licensed the DVDs for North American release. Between December 7, 2004[6][55] and April 26, 2005,[56] three DVDs were produced, each containing four episodes.[40][57][58] A final box set was released on August 14, 2007,[59][60] shortly before Geneon USA's demise.[61] On July 28, 2009 Sentai Filmworks had announced that it has licensed the anime for distribution later that same year;[62] on October 27, Section23 Films re-released the complete series on a 2-disc set.[63][64]

The series is very episodic with each episode in the series, especially the first four, focusing on one of the four main characters of the anime.[7][59][65] This allows them to show better how each of them deals with making friends and then leaving them abruptly. While the theme of focusing on an individual character remains throughout the whole series, a twist is added in that since they move forward in time, they meet up with the same people, only older, or their children and the complications that brings due to not aging.[7]

Popotan has been hard to classify as it defies any real genre or sub-genre with numerous exceptions to it. Although the anime has an overall comedic tone, the amount varies depending upon whom the episode centers around. It is an enigma as to what audience the anime was intended for as there is periodic nudity in many episodes,[7][65] though no sexually explicit scenes occur on camera.[59] In addition, the characters are very light-hearted wanting to help those they meet.[65] Geneon placed an age rating on the series of 16+ and when it was re-released by Section23 Films, it was given a TV MA rating.[63][66]

During the release of the Volume 3 of the Japanese DVD release a misprint on the DVD's jacket occurred, numbering the episodes incorrectly. Bandai Visual offered free exchanges of the jackets to those who wanted them.[67]

Setting and plot

The anime, which is an adaptation of the visual novel,[6][8][59] takes place in an alternate reality to the game on which it is based. While the main female characters and their relations remain generally the same, the storyline is completely unrelated the game.[44] The storyline is set from the perspective of the three sisters and their maid rather than the male protagonist, Chris. Although the anime focuses on the main characters, it uses all the major female characters and many of the minor characters in supporting or cameo roles.[9][10][11][68][69][70]

The story centers around the three sisters as they travel through time in a mansion running a Christmas shop, searching for "popotan" which resembles a dandelion, interacting with others and trying to leave things better than when they came in their quest to find the reasons for their journey.[71] Although the story follows these three sisters, the anime alludes to the fact that others, including one of the antagonists, Keith, have attempted to make similar journeys in the past.[70][72][73] This, however, is the only glimpse into the past and relations with the characters is never revealed leaving mysteries as to how and why Shizaku, Keith and Mea are associated. As the sisters travel through time, meet and leave friends they make, they are eventually meet and are given a decision by Shizaku to determine whether they will stay in the era they like most or continue on their journey together; they eventually choose the latter. The story ends with a continuation of them traveling in the mansion leaving unanswered questions as to their final destination, if any, and why they were chosen.[74 ]

Their bodies are connected to the mansion where they live, which is also the vehicle that allows them to travel through time.[75] When they are outside the mansion, their bodies cease to age, to the point where even their hair stops growing. When they travel through time in their mansion, they jump five years into the future, and with one exception, never ends up in the same place. The one exception is when the party is split, and Mai and Mea are left behind.[8][76 ][77][78]

Music

The visual novel has two main songs sung by Under17—the opening theme Popotan and ending theme Answer (こたえ Kotae ?). The anime has two main theme songs; the opening theme which starts in episode two titled Popotan Hatake de Tsukamaete (ぽぽたん畑でつかまえて ?) by Under17 and the closing theme S–U–K–I by Funta. In the visual novel, the heroines all have their own themes, with Mii having an additional one with for her "Magical Girl Mii" cosplay titled Mii-tan no Mahou de Pon!! (みいタンの魔法でポン!! ?)[16] also sung by Under17.[9][10][11] Under17 would later add the all their theme songs to various editions of the Best of soundtracks along with Popotan Kiss from the radio drama.[79][80][81] All of them, except for Magical Girl Mii's theme song, were played during their world tours.[82]

The moe theme songs by Under17[83] were released and distributed as a bonus to customers who pre-ordered the game. On the same day as the visual novel was released, Petite Ferret released a special maxi single containing the vocal theme songs. This maxi single also is the only release, outside the game, to contain their instrumental counterparts.[34] The following year a third Popotan image album based on the visual novel was released as a pre-order item with the PS2 port.[15]

Two full length albums and one extended play (EP) based on the anime were later released in late 2003. The EP, titled Popotan e.p. (ぽぽたん e.p. ?), was released featuring full versions of opening and ending themes to the anime as well as Gem Stone—an image song collaboration between Under17 and Funta released on August 6, 2003.[84] The first album, It’s A PoPoTime!, contains original character songs by the seiyū was released November 6, 2003.[85] The second album, the anime's original soundtrack by Osamu Tezuka, Popo Music was released shortly thereafter on the 27th.[86]

Radio

The Poporaji song on the anime's broadcast premier DVD, The Secret of the 3 Sisters,[43][44] was later used in a radio drama, Poporaji, broadcast in two separate installments. The first ran from April to September 2003 and the second ran from October to December 2003 by Osaka Broadcasting Corporation with TBS Radio doing a rebroadcast later during the week. On January 22, 2004 it was announced that Poporaji would be replayed on BEAT NetRadio on Bandai Visual's website[87] and compiled into two CDs, Poporaji Popoi CD (ぽぽらじっぽいCD ?) and Poporaji Popoi CD2.[88][89] The show focused on the three sisters and Mea with their respective seiyū playing their roles.

Novel

Two novels titled Popotan~ Himitsu no Jumon~ Kōhen (ぽぽたん ~ひみつのじゅもん~ 後編 ?) written by Sasami Uachiruda and illustrated by SPIRITE were published by Softgarage on June 20 and August 22, 2002. These novels follow the general plotline of the entire story, meeting with all the notable characters and combined the overall storylines of each of them.[90][91]

Art and Reference Books

Two Popotan reference books were released. Popotan Visual Fan Book (ぽぽたん ビジュアルファンブック Popotan - Bijuarufanbukku ?) published by Petit Ferret and SoftBank Publishing and distributed by Raspberry Books[92][93] and Popotan - Official Anthology Manga Book (ぽぽたんオフィシャルビジュアルコミックアンソロジー Popotan - Ofisharubijuarukomikkuansorojii ?)by Air Publications.[94] In addition to the artwork, the Popotan Visual Fan Book contains an additional side-story and is printed in western format.[93][n 2] is In addition an art book for the series was released titled Popotan - Kadokawa Game Collection (ぽぽたん ろっくちゃんのひみつの絵本 Popotan Ro Kkuchin no Himitsuno Ehon ?).[95] Popotan illustrations also appear in Akio Watanabe - Art Works (ART WORKS (アートワークス) Art Works (Aato Waakusu) ?)[96] A fan book by ムービック (Muubiki ?) for the television series was released March 5, 2003 titled Popotan - Exciting ROM Book (ぽぽたん どきどきROMぶっく Popotan Dokidoki ROM Bukku ?) containing a Microsoft Windows CD-ROM with additional content.'[97]

Legacy

An animated image of Mai and Mii doing a simple dance. They hold their hands on the sides of their heads flapping them while shaking their hips sideways.
This dancing scene from the opening of the visual novel is one of the most widely recognized images of Popotan.

The visual novel helped both the Popotan franchise and the group Caramell attain a cult following when the dance from the game's opening performed by Mai and Mii,[98] set to Caramell's Caramelldansen became an Internet phenomena.[99] The dance is performed by individuals, especially in Japan,[100 ] anime conventions,[101 ] advertising, video games[102] and other unrelated anime.[103] The popularity of Popotan in Japan helped bring the seiyū Momoi Haruko and her band, Under17, to prominence.[104]

Reception and sales

Visual novel

All of the Popotan visual novels released by Petit Ferret sold initially quite well. According to a national rating of bishōjo games by PCNews, an online Japanese news site, the initial CD-ROM release of Popotan was ninth approximately one-and-a-half months after its release[105 ] and stayed on the charts half-a-month longer at twenty-first.[106 ] It reappeared briefly six months after the initial release at a ranking of forty-sixth[107 ] shortly before the fan disc was released. The DVD-ROM re-release was listed as twenty-fourth in overall sales one month after its release.[108 ] When the fan disc was released, it was listed as the eleventh among the most sold bishōjo game's within one month after its release.[109 ] The PS2 port, Oshiete! Popotan, received an aggregate score rating of 5.5 / 10 when it was released.[110]

Anime

When the first English DVD was released in the US, Popotan got mixed reviews. Anime Jump gave it 1 and a 1/2 stars after stating that beyond the pretty pictures, "it is created specifically to sell DVDs, tiny figurines, and other merchandise to introverted adult men."[111] DVDtalk gave it a final rating of "recommended" with the only real criticism being the DVD's extras. The reviewer remarked that the first disc "[...]was full of surprises for even a jaded old reviewer like myself."[65]

The second disc received mixed reviews by Anime News Network. In both cases, they were put off by certain characters and the level of nudity, but did note the series does have a complex plotline,[78] especially for an anime based on a video game.[8]

Although the series has negative criticism, particularly from those who only reviewed the first DVD, those who have reviewed the series as a whole have taken a much more favorable stance,[111] with Allmovie going so far as to give it 4/5 stars[71] and DVDtalk giving "recommended" to the first two discs and the series as a whole.[59][65][112]

The level of nudity and its relation to the storyline has been widely contested. According to Anime Nation, the Popotan anime is ruined by its explicit nudity, despite having character depth and a complex storyline.[113] Anime News Network and Mania have contended it is excessive,[7][78] with one reviewer Anime News Network going so far as to liken it to "kiddy porn".[8] DVDtalk has mixed reviews on it with one claiming the scenes were out-of-place[59] while another stated the nudity was fine and appropriate.[65][112] Both of the latter agree though that the amount was minor.[59][65][112]

The character designs by Akio Watanabe and animation in general have been praised even by those who otherwise criticize the series.[111] Osamu Tezuka (手塚理 Tezuka Osamu ?) is also well praised for his minimalist approach to the score.[8][n 3] The voice acting work by Geneon has been particularly praised. Rob Beckwell, Popotan's English voice director, is given credit for this with Mii being the only main protagonist criticized with Mea's voice acting being particularly praised.[8]

Popotan has been notorious for English reviewers to easily categorize.[8] Several reviewers have praised this inability to easily classify the anime into a specific genre or category of anime.[6][59][65][112]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In the Japanese language, nouns do not have a separate form in the plural.
  2. ^ The book is printed to be read from left to right. Traditional Japanese writing is written from right to left.
  3. ^ Osamu Tezuka is a composer of anime music and should not to be confused with Osamu Tezuka, one of the founding Japanese animators.

References

  1. ^ "ぽぽたん 1 (マガジンZコミックス) (コミック) [Poporan 1 (Magazine Z Comics) (Comics)]" (in Japanese). Amazon. http://www.amazon.co.jp/dp/4063491544/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1255286830&sr=8-1. Retrieved 2009-10-11.  
  2. ^ "ぽぽたん 2 (マガジンZコミックス) (コミック) [Poporan 2 (Magazine Z Comics) (Comics)]" (in Japanese). Amazon. http://www.amazon.co.jp/dp/4063491781/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1255286830&sr=8-2. Retrieved 2009-10-11.  
  3. ^ a b c "ぷちフェレット Official Hompage [Petit Ferret's Offical Homepage]" (in Japanese). Petite Ferret. Archived from the original on 2005-11-25. http://web.archive.org/web/20051125064456/http://www.petitferret.co.jp/docs/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  4. ^ "ぽぽたん(1) [Popotan (1)]" (in Japanese). Kodansha. http://shop.kodansha.jp/bc2_bc/search_view.jsp?b=3491544. Retrieved 2009-06-10.  
  5. ^ "ぽぽたん(2) [Popotan (2)]" (in Japanese). Kodansha. http://shop.kodansha.jp/bc2_bc/search_view.jsp?b=3491781. Retrieved 2009-06-10.  
  6. ^ a b c d Beveridge, Chris (2004-11-16). "Popotan Vol. #1 (of 3)". Mania: Beyond Entertainment. http://www.mania.com/popotan-vol-1_article_76424.html. Retrieved 2008-09-12.  
  7. ^ a b c d e Thomas, Mark (2007-08-14). "Popotan Complete Collection (of 1)". Mania: Beyond Entertainment. http://www.mania.com/popotan-complete-collection_article_79241.html. Retrieved 2008-09-12.  
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Santos, Carlo (2005-04-27). "Popotan - DVD 2: Engima". Review. Anime News Network. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/review/popotan/dvd-2. Retrieved 2009-03-20.  
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (Japanese) Petit Ferret. ぽぽたん. PC, (v2.0). (in Japanese). (2002-12-13)
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (Japanese) Petit Ferret. ぽぽたん Po!. PC, (vDVD-ROM). (in Japanese). (2003-08-01)
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m (Japanese) Petit Ferret. おしえて!ぽぽたん. (WellMADE). PS2. (in Japanese). (2004-03-11)
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  13. ^ a b c "Oshiete! Popotan". Filefactory Games. http://www.gwn.com/games/gameinfo.php/id/38376/platform/playstation2/title/Oshiete_Popotan.html. Retrieved 2008-11-02.  
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