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Population without double counting is an English translation of the phrase Population sans doubles comptes.

In France, for the purposes of the census, the INSEE has defined several population indicators that allow people who live in more than one place to be counted in each place, to study and keep count of population movement. So each commune in France does not only have one figure for the population, but several; for example students may be counted both where they study and where they live when not actively studying. A parallel may be drawn to English laws that allow students to register and vote in local elections in more than one place.


Statistical view

The figures given by INSEE for a particular commune are :

  • The population municipale - a count of the people that live in a house, flat etc in the commune;
  • The population comptée à part - those living in a ‘collective’ style (prisoners, soldiers, hospital patients, nuns, monks etc…) ;
  • The population totale - the sum of the two above;
  • The doubles comptes - a sub-division of population comptée à part, including those who have a second residence in another commune and are already counted in that ‘’’population municipale’’;
  • The population sans doubles comptes is the ‘’’population totale’’ reduced by the doubles comptes[1]

The population sans doubles comptes is therefore always no smaller than the population municipale and no larger than the population totale.

To evaluate the population properly, one should use the 'population sans doubles comptes'.

Since 1999, places with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants have had a census every five years, with one-fifth of the places each year being subject to census.

Since 2004, places with 10,000 inhabitants or more have an annual census of a sample 8% of the population. This is carried out in January and February. A census collector leaves a questionnaire and collects it at a later date. Since this time, population municipale and population sans doubles comptes have had the same meaning.

Legal aspects

Census results are official by law.

The population totale is used when applying rules and regulations to budget and finance, in particular in section R2151-2 of the Code of Territorial Collectives[1] But the population municipale determines the size of a council and the scrutiny of municipal elections, R2151-3[1].

Notes and references

External links


Simple English

Population sans doubles comptes is a phrase in French that means Population without double counting in English.

In France, because of the census, the INSEE has allowed people who live in one place and study in a different place to be counted twice, so as to show how the population moves. Because of this, each commune in France has more than just one number of how many people live in it, but many. For example, students may be counted where they study and where they live but do not study (they place they were born in). It is just like allowing students in the United States to vote in the town election of the place they are studying in and the town election where they were born.

Types of population counts

Population municipale 
people that live in that place
Population comptée à part 
people are there for a while, but not forever (soldiers, prisoners)
Population totale 
population municipale +population comptée à part
Doubles comptes 
part of Population comptée à part. people that are there wokring or studying (students,soldiers) and are counted in another town's Population municipale
Population sans doubles comptes 
The population totale of a town minus the doubles comptes of the town[1]

Notes and references

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