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Fremont Cottonwood
Fremont Cottonwood at Zion Lodge, Zion National Park.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Populus
Section: Aegiros
Species: P. fremontii
Binomial name
Populus fremontii
S. Watson

The Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a cottonwood poplar native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico.[1]

Description

It is a large tree growing from 12–35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 m diameter. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. Inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. The leaves are cordate (heart-shaped) with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides. [2]

Uses

Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. Its principal uses today are for erosion control, wildlife food and shelter, and shade for livestock and recreation facilities. It is also grown for ornamental plantings and windbreaks.

Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. The twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials, and Cahuilla tribes used the wood for tools. Fremont cottonwoods were used by the Pueblo tribes for drums and were the preferred wood species for Quechan cremations.[3]

References

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales
Familia: Salicaceae
Genus: Populus
Species: Populus fremontii

Name

Populus fremontii S.Watson

References

  • Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Boston, MA 10:350. 1875
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 404966

Vernacular name

Türkçe: Fremont kavağı

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