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Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial
IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)
Location Concord, California, U.S.
Nearest city Oakland, California
Coordinates 38°3′27″N 122°1′47″W / 38.0575°N 122.02972°W / 38.0575; -122.02972Coordinates: 38°3′27″N 122°1′47″W / 38.0575°N 122.02972°W / 38.0575; -122.02972
Established October 28, 1992
Governing body U.S. Navy & National Park Service

The Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial is a memorial recognizing the critical role played by Port Chicago during World War II, in serving as the main facility for the Pacific Theater of Operations. The memorial is located at the Concord Naval Weapons Station near Concord, California, in the United States.

Damage at Port Chicago

In 1994 the memorial was dedicated to the lives lost in the Port Chicago disaster that occurred at the naval magazine, which resulted in the largest domestic loss of life during World War II. The disaster occurred on July 17, 1944, when 320 sailors and civilians were instantly killed when the ships they were loading with ammunition and bombs exploded. The majority of the deaths were African American sailors working for the segregated military. The explosion and its aftermath led to the largest Naval mutiny trial and was one of the catalysts for the United States Navy to desegregate following the war.

Contents

History

The national memorial, administered by the National Park Service, was authorized by Public Law 102-562 on October 28, 1992. The memorial was dedicated in 1994 and is located on the grounds of the Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO), formerly the Tidal Area of the Concord Naval Weapons Station. The memorial is only open to the public through reserved guided tours.

On October 28, 2009, the Memorial became an official unit of the National Park System.

Future plans

The Port Chicago Committee is working toward expanding the current memorial to encompass 250 acres (1.0 km2) of the former Port Chicago waterfront. The memorial site could include some of the railroad revetments and old boxcars from the 1940s period, as well as the existing memorial chapel, with stained-glass windows depicting the World War II operations.[citation needed]

Other Navy memorials

See also

Port Chicago memorial

References

External links

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