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Port Fairy
Victoria
Moyne River, Port Fairy, looking S from W bank, 30.11.2009.jpg
Moyne River, Port Fairy
Port Fairy is located in Victoria
Port Fairy
Population: 2,523 [1]
Established: 1843
Postcode: 3284
Coordinates: 38°22′S 142°14′E / 38.367°S 142.233°E / -38.367; 142.233Coordinates: 38°22′S 142°14′E / 38.367°S 142.233°E / -38.367; 142.233
Elevation: 6 m (20 ft)
Location:
LGA: Shire of Moyne
State District: South-West Coast
Federal Division: Wannon
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
18.6 °C
65 °F
9.5 °C
49 °F
770.1 mm
30.3 in

Port Fairy is a coastal town in western Victoria, Australia. It lies on the Princes Highway in the Shire of Moyne, 28 kilometres (17 mi) west of Warrnambool and 290 km west of Melbourne, at the point where the Moyne River enters the Southern Ocean.

Contents

History

The Stag Inn, currently the Seacombe House hotel, was built in 1847 by Captain John Sanders. The external appearance is little changed from the time of its opening[2]

The Knarn Kolak Aboriginal people have long inhabited the area.

In the early 19th century whalers and seal hunters used the coast in this region.

By 1835 a whaling station had been establishedstore was opened in 1839. In 1843, James Atkinson, a Sydney solicitor, purchased land in the town. He drained the swamps, subdivided and leased the land, and built a harbour on the Moyne River. He renamed the town 'Belfast' after his hometown in Northern Ireland. The Post Office opened on July 1, 1843 [3] as "Port Fairy" but was renamed "Belfast" on January 1, 1854 before reverting to the original name July 20, 1887.

Agriculture developed in the region, and Belfast became an important transport hub. By 1857 the town had a population of 2,190. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Belfast was one of Australia's largest ports, catering to the whaling industry. In 1887 the town went back to the original name Port Fairy, as a result of an Act of Parliament.

A railway was extended to the town in 1890, but closed in 1977.[4] It is being converted into the Port Fairy to Warrnambool Rail Trail.

The town

The main shopping precinct

At the 2001 census, Port Fairy had a population of 2,523.[1] Its primary industries are tourism and fishing, and it is the home port for one of Victoria's largest fishing fleets. A small pharmaceutical factory owned by GlaxoSmithKline is located on the outskirts of the town. Port Fairy contains 50 buildings protected by the National Trust of Australia. Griffiths Island nearby holds a breeding colony of the Short-tailed Shearwater or Australian Muttonbird.

The Port Fairy Folk Festival is held in March each year.

Port Fairy also has a highly rated golf course ,the Port Fairy Golf Club on Woodbine Road.[5]

The town has an Australian Rules football team playing in the Hampden Football League.[6]

See also

The harbour on the Moyne River

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Port Fairy (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2001 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2001&areacode=UCL242600&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2007-08-06.  
  2. ^ "A rollicking good tale". Seacombe House website. http://www.seacombehouse.com.au/content/view/40/106/. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, https://www.premierpostal.com/cgi-bin/wsProd.sh/Viewpocd.w?, retrieved 2008-04-11  
  4. ^ Sid Brown (March 1990). "Tracks Across the State". Newsrail (Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)): pages 71–76.  
  5. ^ Golf Select, Port Fairy, http://www.golfselect.com.au/armchair/courseView.aspx?course_id=309, retrieved 2009-05-11  
  6. ^ Full Point Footy, Port Fairy, http://www.fullpointsfooty.net/Port_Fairy.htm, retrieved 2008-07-25  

External links

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