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Not to be confused with Port Elizabeth, New Jersey
The port facility is shown highlighted, with the conventional route of ships entering via the Narrows and the Kill Van Kull between Bayonne, New Jersey and Staten Island.
Container port facilities at Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal, seen from Bayonne, New Jersey. The remnants of earlier pier facilities in Bayonne are visible in the foreground.
Part of the A.P. Moller Container terminal at Port Elizabeth.

Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal is the name for the port facility in Newark Bay that serves as the principal container ship facility for goods entering and leaving the metropolitan region of New York City and the northeastern quadrant of North America. It consists of two components – Port Newark and the Elizabeth Marine Terminal (sometimes called "Port Elizabeth") – which exist side-by-side and are run conjointly by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. The facility is located within the boundaries of the two cities of Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, just east of the New Jersey Turnpike and Newark Liberty International Airport.

Contents

Volumes

The Port is the fifteenth busiest in the world today, but was number one as recently as 1985.[1] Amongst the records it retains is being the port with the largest volume of imports from Germany of all US ports, with over 2.6 million tonnes in 2006, over 20% of the total volume of imports from Germany.[2]

Since 1998 the Port has seen a 65 percent increase in traffic volume. In 2003 the Port moved over $100 billion in goods. Plans are underway for billions of dollars of improvements - larger cranes, bigger railyard facilities, deeper channels, and expanded wharves. New longshoremen are being hired as well.

History

Planned and built during the 1950s by the Port Authority, it is the largest container port in the eastern United States and the third largest in the country. Container goods typically arrive on container ships through the Narrows and the Kill Van Kull before entering Newark Bay, a shallow body of water which is dredged to accommodate the larger ships (some ships enter Newark Bay via the Arthur Kill). The port facility consists of two main dredged slips and multiple loading cranes. Metal containers are stacked in large arrays visible from the New Jersey Turnpike before being loaded onto rail cars and trucks. The building of the port facility antiquated most of the waterfront port facilities in New York Harbor, leading to a steep decline in such areas as Manhattan, Hoboken, and Brooklyn. The automated nature of the facility requires far fewer workers and does not require the opening of containers before onward shipping.

Today, the major Port operators at Port Newark-Elizabeth include Maher terminals, APM terminal (A. P. Moller-Maersk), and PNCT (Port Newark Container terminal).

Other significant seaport terminals under the auspices of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey include: Global Marine Terminal in Jersey City, NJ; NYCT (New York Container Terminal) in Staten Island, NY; and Red Hook Container Terminal at the Brooklyn Marine Terminal in Brooklyn, NY.

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Coordinates: 40°40′54″N 74°09′02″W / 40.68155°N 74.1505°W / 40.68155; -74.1505

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