Port authority: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In Canada and the United States a port authority (less commonly a port district) is a governmental or quasi-governmental public authority for a special-purpose district usually formed by a legislative body (or bodies) to create and support economic development within that area.

Port authorities are usually governed by boards or commissions, which are commonly appointed by governmental chief executives, often from different jurisdictions.[1] For example, in Canada the federal Minister of Transport selects one board member, the local chief executive one, and the rest of the board are at the recommendation of port users to the federal Minister. In Canada all port authorities have a federal or Crown charter called Letters Patent.

Most port authorities are financially self-supporting. In addition to owning land, setting fees, and sometimes levying taxes, port districts can also operate shipping terminals, airports, railroads, and irrigation facilities.

In Mexico the federal government created sixteen port administrations in 1994-1995 called Administración Portuaria Integral (API) in Spanish, as result of the Ley de Puertos of 1993. These are organized as variable capital corporations (Sociedad Anónima de Capital Variable or S.A. de C.V.), with the intent of creating more private investment in a state owned sector.

Numerous Caribbean nations also have port authorities, including those of Aruba, British Virgin Islands, Bahamas, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Vincent and the Grenadines.[2]

Central and South America also have port agencies such as autoridad and consorcio (authority and consortium).

Contents

Port Authorities and Districts

The distinction between inland and being marine is occasionally open to discussion. No distinction is made here between river and Great Lakes ports.

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Canada

Port Authorities

With date of Letters Patent.

Atlantic

  • Belledune, 29 March 2000
  • Halifax, 1 March 1999
  • Saint John, NB, 1 May 1999
  • Sept-Îles, 1 May 1999
  • St. John's, NL, 1 May 1999

Great Lakes

Pacific

  • Fraser River[1], 1 May 1999
  • Nanaimo, 1 July 1999
  • North Fraser, 1 July 1999
  • Port Alberni, 1 July 1999
  • Prince Rupert, 1 May 1999
  • Vancouver, 1 March 1999

St. Lawrence Seaway

Other agencies

United States

Charter date in parenthesis.

Atlantic

  • Bridgeport Port Authority, CT (1992)
  • Canaveral Port Authority, FL (1939)
  • Chesapeake Port Authority, MD and VA (1987)
  • Dade County Seaport Department, Miami, FL (1960)
  • Delaware River Port Authority, NJ and PA (1951)
  • Diamond State Port Corporation/Port of Wilmington, DE (1994)
  • Eastport Port Authority, ME (1977)
  • Port Everglades, FL (1927)
  • Georgia Ports Authority (1945)
  • Jacksonville Port Authority (1963)
  • Port of Miami
  • Maine Port Authority
  • Maryland Port Administration (1971)
  • Massachusetts Port Authority (1956)
  • New Hampshire State Port Authority (1957)
  • Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (1921)
  • North Carolina State Ports Authority (1945)
  • Port of Palm Beach District (1915)
  • Philadelphia Regional Port Authority, PA (1989)
  • Port of Ponce, PR (1911)
  • Puerto Rico Ports Authority (1942)
  • South Carolina State Ports Authority (1942)
  • South Jersey Port Corporation, NJ (1968)
  • Virgin Islands Port Authority, VI (1969)
  • Virginia Port Authority, VA (1970)
  • Westover Metropolitan Development Corporation (1974)

Gulf of Mexico

Inland / Great Lakes

  • Albany Port District Commission (1925)
  • Port Authority of Allegheny County, PA (1956)
  • Greater Baton Rouge Port Commission, LA (1952)
  • Brown County Board of Harbor Commissioners, Green Bay, WI (1965)
  • Detroit/Wayne County Port Authority (1981)
  • Duluth Seaway Port Authority, MN (1929)
  • Erie-Western Pennsylvania Port Authority (1962)
  • Illinois International Port District, Chicago (1955)
  • Indiana Port Commission (1961)
  • Port of Kalama, WA (1921)
  • Port of Longview, WA (1922)
  • Lorain Port Authority, OH (1964)
  • Port of Milwaukee
  • Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, Buffalo (1967)
  • Orange County Navigation Port District, TX (1953)
  • Ogdensburg Bridge and Port Authority, NY
  • Port of Oswego Authority (1955)
  • City of Richmond Port Commission, VA (1982)
  • Port of Sacramento, CA (1947)
  • Port of Stockton (1932)
  • Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority (1955)
  • Waukegan Port District (1955)

Pacific

Mexico

Listed from northwest to southeast. API is Administración Portuaria Integral.

Pacific

  • API de Ensenada [7]
  • API de Guaymas [8]
  • API de Topolobampo [9]
  • API de Mazatlán [10]
  • API de Puerto Vallarta [11]
  • API de Manzanillo [12]
  • API de Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacan [13]
  • API de Salina Cruz [14]
  • API de Puerto Madero (Puerto Chiapas) [15]

Gulf of Mexico

  • API de Altamira [16]
  • API de Tampico [17]
  • API de Túxpan [18]
  • API de Veracruz [19]
  • API de Coatzacoalcos [20]
  • API de Campeche [21]
  • API de Dos Bocas [22]
  • API de Progreso [23]
  • API de Quintana Roo [24]

Caribbean

Central America

  • Autoridad Marítima de Panamá [25]
  • Comisión Portuaria Nacional, Guatemala [26]
  • Dirección General de Puertos Empresa Nacional Portuaria, Honduras [27]
  • JAPDEVA - Atlantic Port Authority, Costa Rica [28]

Middle East

Asia Pacific

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom operators of ports and harbours become de facto Port Authorities under several pieces of legislation. Examples include the:-

References

See also

External links


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