From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Port of Manila is the largest seaport in
the Philippines, and
is the premier international shipping
gateway to the country. It is located in the vicinity of Manila Bay.
Cranes tower over many informal settlers at the Manila North
As of 2007, the Port Area geographical district of Manila had a
population of 48,684.
The district has 5 barangays (649-653), but the vast majority
of the population resides in barangay 649.
Roxas Bridge (formerly Del Pan Bridge)
The Port of Manila is also known as Manila International Cargo
Terminal and is operated by International
Container Terminal Services Inc. It is one of Asia's major
seaports and one of the Philippines's most active ports.
In a 2005 study, the Port of Manila was listed as the world's
31st most active container port, moving 2,665 twenty-foot equivalent
units (TEU) worth of containers that year.
The bay entrance is 19 kilometres (12 mi) wide and
expands to a width of 48 kilometres (30 mi). Mariveles,
in the province of Bataan, is
an anchorage just inside the northern entrance, and Sangley Point is the former location of Cavite Naval Base.
On either side of the bay are volcanic peaks topped with tropical foliage.
40 kilometres (25 mi) to the north is the Bataan
Peninsula and to the south is the province of Cavite.
The port's main areas are known as Manila North (seaport code
MNN), Manila South (MNS) and Manila (MNL).
The skyline of Manila as seen from the top of a ship docked at the
Manila North Harbor.
The Port of Manila and the area dates back to Spanish and
pre-Spanish rule of the Philippine Islands. It is recorded that
Manila and the Philippines had trade relations with most
neighboring countries at least as far back as the 9th to 12th
centuries. Major trading partners included China and Japan, with ties to India through the areas that are now Malaysia and Indonesia. 
The Spanish-controlled Port of Manila handled trade primarily with
China and other East Asian countries, with Mexico, with Arab
countries, and directly with Spain from the 16th to mid-19th
century CE when the port was opened to all trade ships.
The port was also the staging point for the Manila galleons, a state-monopoly shipping
line running to Acapulco
and back, which operated virtually continuously from the 16th to
the early 19th century CE.
Manila Bay was the setting for the Battle of Manila Bay in
1898 between United States and Spanish forces, and the siege of Corregidor Island by
invading Japanese forces in 1942.