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The Port of Philadelphia, within the municipal boundaries of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is located near the navigable end of the Delaware River, 94 miles south of New York City and 134 miles north of Washington, D.C. Port facilities are serviced by three class-one railroads: CP Rail, CSX, and Norfolk Southern and provide service to major eastern Canadian points as well as midwestern, southern and southeastern U.S. destinations. Terminal facilities are located in close proximity to I-95 and I-76, and over 400 local trucking companies operate in the region, with a combined total of over 20,000 trucks.

Contents

Terminals

The port consists of a series of marine terminals, each with specialized capabilities. The 112 acre Packard Marine Terminal handles containers, steel products, frozen meat, fruit, heavy lift projects, and paper. The 116 acre Tioga Marine Terminal is home to Philadelphia’s Chilean fruit business and can also containers, breakbulk cargo, and steel. Pier 84 is a dedicated cocoa products facility. Five piers, including piers 38, 40, 78, and 80 comprise the port's forest products center, handling newsprint, wood pulp, lumber, coated paper, and other forest products.

Shipping

It handles a large amount of containerized traffic, ranking in 2007 as the 23rd busiest U.S. port by container volume, following Gulfport, Mississippi, the 22nd busiest port.[1] The port in 2007 handled 167,413 Twenty Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs) compared with the busiest U.S. port, the Port of Los Angeles which handled 5,496,716 TEUs, over thirty times more volume, the same year.[2] While not listed in a world ranking of ports by container traffic, based on the volume shipped through Philadelphia, it would rank well below the top 100, as the 100th busiest port, Damietta in Egypt, handled 894,000 TEUs, more than five times the number of TEUs as Philadelphia[3]

In terms of cargo tonnage, the port in 2007 ranked 24th behind Pascagoula, Mississippi under that measure of activity.[4] The port in 2007 handled 35.1 million tons of cargo compared to the busiest U.S. port by tonnage, the port of South Louisiana, which handled 229.0 million tons, over six times the tonnage of Philadelphia, the same year.[5] While not listed in a world ranking of ports by tonnage, based on the tonnage shipped through Philadelphia it would rank as approximately the 120th busiest port in the world.[6]

The port itself claims that it is the #1 perishables port in the United States. The combined ports along the Delaware River, which include Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Wilmington together rank #3 in the U.S. for steel imports, and are among the nation’s key entry points for forest products and cocoa. [7]

The Philadelphia Regional Port Authority, the operator of the port, and local unions have claimed that dredging the port an additional five feet would increase traffic to the port. Opponents of the dredging have claimed that the dredged material would contain extremely hazardous materials and would yield little incremental shipping traffic, while requiring the spending of millions of dollars in public funds.

Cruise Ships

The port is currently served by two cruise lines: Royal Caribbean International and Norwegian Cruise Line, although both lines have more frequent sailings out of the port of Baltimore, which is closer to the outlet for the Atlantic Ocean, and enables ships to reach international waters (and therefore open their casinos) more quickly than when sailing from Philadelphia.

The fact that Pennsylvania is defined as not having a seacoast under United States Department of Commerce concepts could be considered to make Philadelphia one of the largest fresh water ports in the world, although the Delaware River is tidal as far as Trenton.

See also

References

External links

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