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Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a country in the Caucasus region. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (an exclave of Azerbaijan) borders Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey to the northwest. Azerbaijan is a secular state, and has been a member of the Council of Europe since 2001. The Azerbaijani people (or simply Azeris) are the majority population, most of whom are at least nominally adherents of Islam.

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Mugham Festival 2008.jpg

The Azerbaijanis (IPA: [æzəbaɪˈdʒɑːnɪ]; in Azerbaijani: Azərbaycanlılar) are an ethnic group mainly found in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijanis, commonly referred to as Azeris, live in a wider area from the Caucasus to the Iranian plateau. The Azeris are typically at least nominally Muslim and have a mixed cultural heritage of Turkic, Iranian, and Caucasian elements. Despite living on both sides of an international border, the Azeris form a single group. However, northerners and southerners differ due to nearly two centuries of separate social evolution in Russian/Soviet-influenced Azerbaijan and Iranian Azarbaijan.

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The Oil Rocks, a full town on the Caspian Sea was created in 1947 and was the pearl of Soviet and Azeri ambition in the 1950s.

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Mugham trio.jpg

Mugam (Azerbaijani: Muğam) is one of the many folk musical compositions from Azerbaijan, contrast with Tasnif, Ashugs.

It is a highly complex form of art music with specific systems and concepts of musical expression that demand of its performers a very high standard of professionalism. The town of Shusha being particularly renowned for this art.

Mugham was included in the Voyager Golden Record of the two Voyager spacecraft launched in 1977 which was intended for any intelligent extraterrestrial life form, or far future humans, that may find it to portray the diversity of life and culture on the Earth. It was performed in Balaban with the length of 2:30.

In 2003, UNESCO recognized mugam as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Azerbaijan also has a great tradition of composers and musicians of western classical music. Fikret Amirov (1922-1984) was the first Azeri composer of classical music to write mughams for symphony orchestras. Such works are obviously very different from traditional mugham formations but in fact incorporate many mugham idioms. On the level of musicians, there remains a strict separation between classical and "traditional" music in terms of training. Even if the musicians are educated at the same conservatorium they stick to one camp.

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Hajibaba Bagirov, Isa bey Hajinskiy, Vagif Mustafayev, Gasim bey Hajibababeyov, Mirza Topchubashov, Eldar Guliyev, Valeh Barshadly, Meshadi Mirza Gafar, M.S. Gulubekov, Ekmouladdin Nakhchivani, Hindushah ibn Nakhchivani, Ehsan Khan Nakhchivanski, Ismayil Khan Nakhchivanski, Jafargulu Khan Nakhchivanski, Kelbali Khan Nakhchivanski, Jamshid Khan Nakhchivanski, Abdurrahman an-Nashavi, more...

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  • Established: 5 July 2006
  • Creator: Grandmaster
  • Maintainers: Grandmaster & Neftchi

Azerbaijan news

  • June 26, 2009: Azerbaijani Armed Forces mark its 91 years. The first military unit – the special corpse was established by the decision of the government of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic on June 26, 1918. After the occupation of Azerbaijan by the Bolshevik Russia in April 1920 and fall of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the National Army was abolished by the Bolshevik government. 15 of 21 army generals were shot dead by Bolsheviks. 71 years later, when Azerbaijan restored its independence, the Defense Ministry was established on September 5, 1991. (APA)
  • April 22, 2009: Commemorative event of Azerbaijani Turks killed by Armenian Dashnak committees in Igdir in 1915-1918 has been held today in Alican village of Igdir, 1km far from Turkey-Armenia border. Head of Society for Struggle against Groundless Armenian Genocide Claims, Goksel Gurbey made a keynote speech at the event. He said that Armenians committed genocide in various regions of Anatolia in 1915-1918. “One of the places, where they committed slaughters more, is Igdir. 16 mass burial sites were found here. Mass burial sites in Oba, Hagmehmet, Gedikli and Tashburun were opened, genocide was proved,” he said. (APA)
  • April 22, 2009: Caspian littoral states - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Russia - have drawn closer to reaching agreement on a document defining the legal status of the basin, a Russian official has said following another round of talks on the issue that has long remained unresolved. (AzerNEWS)

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Mikayil Mushfig (Azerbaijani: Mikayıl Müşfiq); 1908 – 1939) was an Azerbaijani poet of the 1930s. He was known for his resistance against the Soviet Union. During the Stalinist purges in the USSR, Mikayil Mushfig was arrested and executed by the Soviet authorities at the age of 30.

Mikayil started his professional career as a school teacher. While being involved in teaching he started writing poems. His first poem Bir Gün ("The Day") was published in the Ganj fahla newspaper in Baku in 1926. At about this time, he adopted the pen name Mushfig (Arabic for "tender-hearted"). Along with Samad Vurgun and Rasul Rza, Mikayil Mushfig became one of the founders of new Azerbaijani Soviet poetic style in 1930s. He translated a number of poems from Russian as well.

In his poetry, Mushfig glorified the work of industrial workers and peasants and lauded the construction of industrial enterprises in Baku and other cities. According to Mushfig's wife, Dilbar Akhundzadeh, Mikayil welcomed the transition from the Arabic script to the Roman script that took place in Azerbaijan in 1927.

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Azerbaijan lists

Azerbaijan-related topics

History History of Azerbaijan, History of Baku, History of Nagorno-Karabakh, Shirvanshah, Caucasian Albania, Artsakh, Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Soviet Socialist Republic, Black January, Mihranids, Arsacid Dynasty of Caucasian Albania, Shirvan, Arran,Nizami, Khaqani
Politics Foreign relations of Azerbaijan, Politics of Azerbaijan, OSCE Minsk Group
Geography Geography of Azerbaijan, Caspian Sea, Kura, Araks, Baku, Ganja, Nakhichevan, Nagorno-Karabakh, Shirvan, Khinalyg, Shusha, Lankaran, Nature of Azerbaijan, State Reserves of Azerbaijan, National Parks of Azerbaijan, State Game Reserves of Azerbaijan, Orography of Azerbaijan, Climate of Azerbaijan, Flora of Azerbaijan, Fauna of Azerbaijan, Karabakh, Caspian Sea and Azerbaijan, Rivers and lakes in Azerbaijan, Ecological Issues in Azerbaijan
Economy Economy of Azerbaijan, Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline, Azerbaijani manat, State Oil Company of Azerbaijan
Culture Culture of Azerbaijan, Architecture of Azerbaijan, Cinema of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani cuisine, Azerbaijani dances, Azerbaijani literature, Music of Azerbaijan, Religion in Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani rug, Karabakh carpet, Meykhana, Ashik, Mugham, Karabakh
Education Azerbaijan State Oil Academy, Azerbaijan Technical University, Azerbaijan State Economic University, Azerbaijan University of Languages, Baku State University, Baku Slavic University, Khazar University, Western University, Azerbaijan Medical University
Azerbaijani people Nesîmî, Fuzûlî, Khatā'ī, Heydar Aliyev, Ilham Aliyev, Abulfaz Elchibey, Fikret Amirov, Rustam Ibragimbekov, Kerim Kerimov, Tahir Salahov, Muslim Magomayev, Chingiz Abdullayev, Alexander Kazembek, Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Samedbey Mehmandarov, Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Ibrahim bek Aslanbekov, Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev, Farman Salmanov, Vagit Alekperov, Lotfi Asker Zadeh, Rashid Behbudov, Azi Aslanov, Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Gara Garayev, Vagif Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza Mustafa Zadeh, Umm-El-Banine Assadoulaeff, Teimour Radjabov
Sights Fire Temple of Baku, Momine Khatun Mausoleum, Nezami Mausoleum, Palace of the Shirvanshahs, Pir Huseyn Khanqah
Sport Azerbaijan Premier League, Sport in Azerbaijan, Rashad Sadygov
Transport Baku Metro, Heydar Aliyev International Airport
See also: Alphabetical List of Azerbaijan-related topics

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