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Bavaria

Coat of arms of Bavaria.svg
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg

Bavaria (German: About this sound Freistaat Bayern ; IPA: [fraɪ.ʃtaːt ˈbaɪ.ɐn]), with an area of 70,548 square kilometres (27,200 sq mi) and almost 12.5 million inhabitants, is located in the southeast of Germany and is the largest federal state (Bundesland) of Germany by area. Its capital is Munich in Upper Bavaria.

Bavaria shares international borders with Austria and the Czech Republic as well as with Switzerland (across Lake Constance). Neighbouring states within Germany are Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Thuringia and Saxony. Two major rivers flow through the state, the Danube (Donau) and the Main, and the upper Rhine forms part of the southwest border of the state. The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria, and within the range is the highest peak in Germany, the Zugspitze.

The major cities in Bavaria are Munich (München), Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Augsburg, Würzburg, Regensburg, Ingolstadt, Fürth and Erlangen.

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Munich skyline

Munich (German: München, German pronunciation: [ˈmʏnçən] About this sound listen ; Austro-Bavarian: Minga is the capital city of Bavaria, Germany. Munich is located on the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps. Munich is the third largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg. There are approximately 1.35 million inhabitants within Munich.

The city's motto is "München mag Dich" ("Munich Loves You" in the English version), before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" (world city with heart). Its native name, München, is derived from the Old German word for Mönche, which means "Monks" in English. This is the reason for the monk on the city's coat of arms. Black and gold - the colours of the Holy Roman Empire - have been the city's official colours since the time of Ludwig the Bavarian.

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Selected biography

Richard Strauss

Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras, particularly of operas, Lieder and tone poems. Strauss was also a prominent conductor.

Strauss was born on 11 June 1864, in Munich, the son of Franz Strauss, who was the principal horn player at the Court Opera in Munich. He received a thorough, but conservative, musical education from his father in his youth, writing his first music at the age of six. He continued to write music almost until his death.

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In the news

Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg

Quotes

  • Home is not where you live, but where they understand you.

Christian Morgenstern (poet)

  • So certainly, if we can tell evil stories to make people sick, we can also tell good myths that make them well.

Rainer Werner Fassbinder (film director)

  • Hopefully it won't be that bad than it is already.

Karl Valentin

Selected picture

Dirndl
Credit: Florian Schott

A dirndl is a type of traditional dress worn in Bavaria and Austria, based on the historical costume of Alpine peasants. Dresses that are loosely based on the dirndl are known as Landhausmode.

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Did you know?

Coat of arms of Bavaria.svg
  • ...that there is a Bavarian citizenship (as opposed to a German citizenship)? Actually, the Bavarian constitution (Bavaria has a separate constitution that exists alongside the German constitution) explicitly provides for it in articles 6 and 7. Specifically, you become a Bavarian citizen by birth, by marriage or by being naturalized.
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Categories

Topics

Cities of Bavaria: MunichNurembergAugsburgWürzburgRegensburgIngolstadtFürthErlangenBayreuthBambergAschaffenburg

Regions of Bavaria: Lower BavariaLower FranconiaUpper FranconiaMiddle FranconiaUpper PalatinateSwabiaUpper Bavaria

Politics of Bavaria: List of Premiers of BavariaBavaria state election, 2008Landtag of Bavaria

Economy of Bavaria: BMWSiemensAudiAllianzAdidasMAN

History of Bavaria: List of Premiers of BavariaAgilolfingsKingdom of BavariaWittelsbachBavarian Soviet Republic

Symbols: Coat of arms of BavariaFlag of BavariaBayernhymneBavaria statueCoat of arms of MunichMünchner Kindl

Original Languages: Austro-Bavarian (boarisch)SwabianLow AlemannicEast Franconian

Culture: Paganism in the Eastern AlpsLederhosenDirndlMaibaumOktoberfestHofbräuhaus am PlatzlAcademy of Fine Arts MunichDer Blaue ReiterBavarian National MuseumPinakothek der ModerneNeue PinakothekAlte Pinakothek

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Wikipedia in Bavarian languages

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