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The Bible is what the Jewish and Christian holy book is called. The term carries various meanings, depending on the religious context in which it is used. For Jews, the term "Bible" refers to the Tanakh (Heb., תָּנָ״ךְ), an acronym formed from the Hebrew names of the three divisions of the Jewish Scriptures: Law (Torah), Prophets (Nevi'im), and Writings (Ketuvim). To Christians, the term incorporates both the Tanakh, or "Old Testament," and the New Testament. Some Christians (among them, the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches) accept the writings of the Apocrypha (also known as the Deuterocanonicals) as part of their sacred literature.

Opinions vary as to the historical truth contained within the pages of the Bible. Conservative Christians tend to view the Bible as it is described by Paul in 2 Timothy 3:16, namely that "all Scripture is given by God's inspiration" (Gr., θεόπνευστος, literally "God-breathed"). Thus, in their evaluation, the original text of the Bible was literally given by the inspiration of God. Although they do not accept Paul's writing, Orthodox Jews assent to the view that the Tanakh (especially the Torah) was given by God's inspiration. Among religious liberals, this is subject to criticism. While most liberal theologians view the Bible as a book of inspired history, others view it as a record from ancient history that reflects the specific perspectives of those who recorded a religious story. The continuum of beliefs regarding the Bible's texts covers the entire range of human experience, from full faith and trust to disbelief and criticism.

The text has been translated into more than 2,100 languages, and with more than five billion copies sold since 1815, it is the best-selling book of all-time.

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A biblical manuscript is any handwritten copy of a portion of the text of the Bible. The word Bible comes from the Greek biblion (book); manuscript comes from Latin manu (hand) and scriptum (written). Biblical manuscripts vary in size from tiny scrolls containing individual verses of the Jewish scriptures (see Tefillin) to huge polyglot codices (multi-lingual books) containing both the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) and the New Testament, as well as extracanonical works. The study of biblical manuscripts is important because handwritten copies of books can contain errors. The science of textual criticism attempts to reconstruct the original text of books, especially those published prior to the invention of the printing press. (more...)

Did you know...

...that the Northern Kingdom of Israel is sometimes referred to as Ephraim, which was the dominant tribe.

...that the number of gold talents that King Solomon collected in a single year was 666. 1 Kings 10:14, 2 Chronicles 9:13

...that the word Christian only appears three times in the Bible (NASB)

...that Methuselah died in the year of the Flood. Genesis 5

...that Ezekiel saw a creature like a wheel and full of eyes. Ezekiel 1

...that there were seven, not two, of every ritually clean animal, in Noah's ark. Genesis 7:2

...that the word hilasterion, which is translated as mercy seat in Hebrews (9:11-12), is also used to describe Jesus. Romans 3:25


Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. John 3:3

For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost. Luke 19:10

"Whosoever would not seek the LORD God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman."--2 Chronicles 15:13

"…thou shalt teach them (God’s words) diligently unto thy children…" — Deuteronomy 6:7

"Seek ye out of the book of the LORD, and read…" — Isaiah 34:16

"How is it that you say, We are wise and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, the lying pen of the scribes has made it false." Jeremiah 8:8

"Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me." — John 5:39

"But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men." Matthew 15:9

"For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope." — Romans 15:4

"Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth." 2 Timothy 2:15

"Even so, faith on its own without works is dead." - Epistle of James 2:17

"Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand." — Revelations 1:3

And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. Matthew 28:18-20

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Job tells his friends that they are not being helpful, and that their words are of no comfort to him. He wishes that he had someone to plead with God for him.

People: Job - God

Related Articles: Divine retribution - Sackcloth - Prayer

English Text: American Standard - Douay-Rheims - Free - King James - Jewish Publication Society - Tyndale - World English - Wycliffe

Bible lists


BibleArtExegesisStudiesBooksChaptersCriticismFilmsManuscriptsNew TestamentOld TestamentPeoplePhrasesPlacesScholarsSocietiesVersesVersions and Translations • Tanakh stubs

Bible topics


  • WikiProject Bible
  • WikiProject Biblical Criticism
  • WikiProject Christianity

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