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Death

Death is the termination of the biological functions that define a living organism. It refers both to a particular event and to the condition that results thereby. The true nature of the latter has, for millennia, been a central concern of the world's religious traditions and of philosophical enquiry. Belief in some kind of afterlife or rebirth is a central aspect of many religious traditions. Within the scientific community, many suppose death to terminate mind or consciousness. The effect of physical death on any possible mind or soul remains for many an open question. Cognitive science has yet to explain fully the origin and nature of consciousness; any view about the existence or non-existence of consciousness after death remains speculative.

Humans and the vast majority of other animals die in due course from senescence. Remarkable exceptions include the hydra, and the jellyfish turritopsis nutricula, which is thought to possess in effect biological immortality.

Intervening phenomena which commonly bring about death earlier include malnutrition, disease, or accidents resulting in terminal physical injury. Predation is a cause of death for many species. Intentional human activity causing death includes suicide, homicide, and war. Roughly 150,000 people die each day across the globe. Death in the natural world can also occur as an indirect result of human activity: an increasing cause of species depletion in recent times has been destruction of ecosystems as a consequence of the widening spread of industrial technology.

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Selected article

The Etruscan "Sarcophagus of the Spouses", at the National Etruscan Museum in Italy
Funerary art is any work of art forming or placed in a repository for the remains of the dead. Tomb is a general term for the repository, while grave goods are objects—other than the primary human remains—which have been placed inside.[1] Such objects may include the personal possessions of the deceased, or objects specially created for the burial, or miniature versions of things needed in an afterlife. Our knowledge of several cultures is drawn largely from these sources.

Funerary art can serve many cultural functions, although generally they are an aesthetic attempt to capture or express the beliefs or emotions about the afterlife. It can play a role in burial rites, serve as an article for use by the dead in the afterlife, and celebrate the life and accomplishments of the dead, as part of practices of ancestor veneration. Funerary art can also function as a reminder of the mortality of humankind, as an expression of cultural values and roles, and help to propitiate the spirits of the dead, preventing their unwelcome intrusion into the affairs of the living. Many cultures have psychopomp figures, such as the Greek Hermes and Etruscan Charun, who help to conduct the spirit of the dead into the afterlife.

Selected picture

Pride
Credit: Source:http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~aeimhof/seelefr.htm; Uploaded by commons:User:Matanya

Pride of the spirit is one of the five temptations of the dying man, according to Ars moriendi. Here, Demons tempt the dying man with crowns (a medieval allegory to earthly pride) under the disapproving gaze of Mary, Christ and God. Woodblock seven (4a) of eleven, Netherlands, circa 1460.

Categories

Death anniversaries

Obituaries

Disasters and accidents

Did you know...

Quote

"God's finger touched him, and he slept."

Major topics

Death project

WikiProject
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  • The Death WikiProject is a collaboration that helps to assemble writers and editors interested in Death.
  • The aim of this project is to standardize and improve articles related to Death, and to create any missing articles.
  • To become a member of this WikiProject (anyone may join), simply click here - and add {{user|username}}.
Featured article FA  A-Class article A  Good article GA  B-Class article B  C-Class article C  Start-Class article Start  Stub-Class article Stub  Featured list FL  List-Class article List  Category page Category  Disambiguation page Disambig  Portal.svg Portal  Project page Project  Template page Template  Non-article page NA  Unrated ???  Total
8 0 13 106 122 595 661 4 354 3,831 1 8 14 7 2 44 5,770
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Death on  Wikinews  Death on  Wikiquote  Death on  Wikibooks  Death on  Wikisource  Death on  Wiktionary  Death on  Wikiversity  Death on Wikimedia Commons
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