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For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Ecuador topics.

The Ecuador Portal

Flag of Ecuador

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: Ecuador or República del Ecuador, IPA [re'puβlika ðel ekwa'ðoɾ]) is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands (Archipiélago de Colón) in the Pacific, about 965 kilometers (600 miles) west of the mainland. Named after the Spanish word for equator, Ecuador straddles the equator and has an area of 256,370 square kilometers (98,985 mi²). Its capital city is Quito.

Selected article: Ecuador's History

General Sucre.

The History of Ecuador: Numerous indigenous cultures thrived in Ecuador for thousands of years..Ancient Valdivian artifacts from as early as 3500 B.C...A large number of stone objects were found which were undoubtedly implements...Age of objectsThat the principal part of these objects and implements in stone are of considerable or of great age is apparent from the fact that they are scarcely mentioned at the time...The Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro set out on his third expedition during the final months of 1531, the expedition would end in the defeat of the Inca Empire and the Spanish colonization and conquest of Ecuador...The struggle for independence in the Audiencia de Quito was part of a movement throughout Spanish America led by the criollos. A group of Quito's leading citizens followed suit, this early revolt against colonial rule (one of the first in Spanish America) The criollos' resentment of the privileges enjoyed by the peninsulares was the fuel of revolution against colonial rule. The spark was Napoleon's invasion of Spain, after which he deposed King Ferdinand VII and, in July 1808, placed his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne...The second chapter in Ecuador's struggle for emancipation from Spanish colonial rule began in Guayaquil, where independence was proclaimed in October 1820 by a local patriotic junta under the leadership of the poet José Joaquín de Olmedo. By this time, the forces of independence had grown continental in scope and were organized into two principal armies, one under the Venezuelan Simón Bolívar Palacios in the north and the other under the Argentine José de San Martín in the south. Unlike the hapless Quito junta, the Guayaquil patriots were able to appeal to foreign allies, Argentina and Venezuela, each of whom soon responded by sending sizable contingents to Ecuador. Antonio José de Sucre, the brilliant young lieutenant of Bolívar who arrived in Guayaquil in May 1821, was to become the key figure in the ensuing military struggle against the royalist forces.

Continue reading Ecuador...

Selected picture: Loja Gates

Ecuador Loja-Puerta de entrada a la ciudad.gif
Loja's city Gates, figures of colonial remnants.

Loja's is the oldest city in Ecuador, with its original protective gates still present. Many earthquakes have destroyed city remains of colonial rule in Ecuador, however Loja is an exception with many remnants.

Selected biography: Eugenio Espejo

Julio Jaramillo (1956)

Francisco Javier Eugenio de Santa Cruz y Espejo (born Luis Chuzhig)[a] (Royal Audience of Quito, 1747-1795) was a medical pioneer, writer and lawyer of mestizo origin in colonial Ecuador. Although he was a notable scientist and writer, he stands out as a polemicist who inspired the separatist movement in Quito. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in colonial Ecuador. He was Quito's first journalist and hygienist

Espejo was noted in his time for being a satirist. His satirical works, inspired by the philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment, were critical of the lack of education of the Royal Audience of Quito, the way economy was being handled in the Audience, the corruption of its authorities, and aspects of its culture in general.

Ecuador news

Did you know...

  • ...that Ecuador's biodiversity is amongst the highest in the world. For instance more than 16,000 species of plants, including 4,000 species of orchids.
  • ...Ecuador was the first nation in Latin America to rise against Spanish colonial rule, beginning in Quito,and led to the city receiving the nickname Luz de América (Light of America).
  • ...that the fastest-growing cities, receiving the least media attention, Esmeraldas, Manta, Salinas, and Machala all being port cities have doubled their growth, and have the most stable economies in the country, leaving Nueva Loja, the only inland city to have equalled that growth.
  • ...that Quito (the capital of Ecuador) has the highest cable car in the world.
  • ...that Quito (the capital of Ecuador) has the most extensive colonial district of Latin America.
  • ...that Guayaquil (Ecuador's largest city) has the most modern airport of the Latin American region... (see municipalidad de guayaquil in red)
  • ...that Panama hats are not actually made in Panama but in Ecuador.
  • ...that Guayaquil (Ecuador's largest city) became the first intelligent city in incorporating a global free internet access at the hot spots of the city.
  • ...that it is the only place in the world where you can actually visualize that you are standing on the northern hemisphere as well as on the southern hemisphere.


Related portals

Ecuador topics

History Timeline | Rumiñahui | War of Independence | Antonio José de Sucre | History of the Ecuadorian-Peruvian territorial dispute
Geography Cities | Islands | Mountains | Regions | Protected areas | Rivers
Government Constitution | Provinces | Foreign relations | Military | Law | Law enforcement | Courts | Electoral system
Politics Political parties | Elections
Economy Agriculture | Companies | Communications | Transport | Reserve Bank of Ecuador | Stock Exchange
Culture Art | Cinema | Cuisine | Education | Indigenous Ecuadorians | Literature | Music | Public holidays | Media | Sport
Other List of Ecuadorians

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