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Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.

Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.

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The Battle of Tippecanoe
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought on November 7, 1811, between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and forces of Tecumseh's growing American Indian confederation led by his brother, Tenskwatawa. In response to rising tensions with the tribes and threats of war, an American force of militia and regulars set out to launch a preemptive strike on the headquarters of the confederacy. The battle took place outside Prophetstown, at the confluence of the Tippecanoe and Wabash Rivers.

Although the Americans were victorious both tactically (as they held their ground and Prophetstown was destroyed the next morning) and strategically (Tecumseh's confederacy never recovered), the win was costly as the tribes attacked with fewer men and sustained fewer casualties. The battle was the culmination of rising tensions in a period sometimes called Tecumseh's War, which continued until his death in 1813. The battle was an important political and symbolic victory for the American forces and a devastating blow to the confederacy which never regained the strength it had before the defeat. Public opinion in the United States blamed the uprising on British interference and Tippecanoe was one of the catalysts that resulted in the War of 1812 only six months later.

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Jug Rock
Credit: KeithTyler
Jug Rock is a natural geological formation located outside of Shoals, Indiana.

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Indiana Historical Society


Selected biography

Ryan White at a fundraiser in 1989
Ryan Wayne White (December 6, 1971April 8, 1990) was a young man from Kokomo, Indiana who became a national poster child for HIV/AIDS, after being expelled from school because of his infection. A hemophiliac, he became infected with HIV from a tainted blood treatment and, when diagnosed in 1984, was given six months to live. Though doctors said he posed no risk to other students, AIDS was poorly understood at the time and when White tried to return to school, many parents and teachers in Kokomo rallied against him. A lengthy legal battle with the school system ensued, and media coverage of the struggle made White into a national celebrity and spokesman for AIDS research and public education. He appeared frequently in the media with celebrities such as singer Elton John, pop star Michael Jackson and talk show host Phil Donahue. Surprising his doctors, White lived five years longer than predicted and died shortly before completing high school in April 1990.

Spotlight city

Fort Wayne, Indiana courthouse
Fort Wayne is a city in northeastern Indiana, United States and the county seat of Allen County. As of July 1, 2008, the city had an estimated population of 251,247, making it the 71st largest city in the United States. In 2006, the combined population of the Fort Wayne Metropolitan Statistical Area was 570,779, making it the third largest metropolitan area in Indiana. Fort Wayne's economy has been primarily based on insurance, manufacturing, and healthcare. The metro area is also a contributor to the nation's agricultural sector. Fort Wayne has received recognition by the National Civic League with the All-America City Award in 1982-1983 and 1998. United States Army general and American Revolutionary War statesman General "Mad" Anthony Wayne is the namesake of Fort Wayne. The United States Army built this last in a series of forts near the community of Kekionga, the largest of all Miami villages, which is located where the St. Joseph River and St. Marys River join to form the Maumee River.

State facts

The State of Indiana
Flag of Indiana State seal of Indiana
Flag of Indiana Seal
Nickname(s): The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official language(s) English
Capital Indianapolis
Largest city Indianapolis
Largest metro area Indianapolis-Carmel MSA
Area  Ranked 38th in the US
 - Total 36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 - Width 140 miles (225 km)
 - Length 270 miles (435 km)
 - % water 1.5
 - Latitude 37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 - Longitude 84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
Population  Ranked 15th in the US
 - Total 6,080,485
 - Density 169.5/sq mi  (65.46/km2)
Ranked 16th in the US
 - Highest point Hoosier Hill[1]
1,257 ft  (383 m)
 - Mean 689 ft  (210 m)
 - Lowest point Ohio River[1]
320 ft  (98 m)
Admission to Union  December 11, 1816 (19th)
Governor Mitch Daniels (R) (2004)
Lieutenant Governor Becky Skillman (R) (2005)
U.S. Senators Richard Lugar (R)
Evan Bayh (D)
U.S. House delegation List
Time zones  
 - 80 counties Eastern UTC-5/-4
 - 12 counties in
Evansville and
Gary Metro Areas
Central: UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations IN US-IN



  • US-related WikiProjects
    • Indiana
      • Indiana State Roads
      • Indianapolis

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Political cartoon representing President Harrison's administration and Congress playing football.
What can I do when both parties insist on kicking?


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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86



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