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Main  · Jazz genres Main article: Jazz  · Categories: Jazz albums  · Jazz compositions  · Jazz ensembles  · Jazz festivals  · Jazz genres  · Jazz musicians  · Jazz standards  · WikiProject: Jazz


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Welcome to Wikipedia's portal for jazz music.

The first music called jazz originated with southern blacks, however the accepted cultural birth place of this style of music is New Orleans, Louisiana, United States around the start of the 20th century. Jazz uses blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation, and blends African American musical styles with Western music technique and theory. Jazz musician and teacher Bill Evans, described jazz as more than just a musical genre but a process of making music whereby, "one minutes music is made in one minute's time". This is a key difference to composed music where there is less spontaneous creation of music and only limited space for the artist's own interpretation. (more)

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The saxophone (also referred to simply as sax) is a conical-bored transposing musical instrument considered a member of the woodwind family. Saxophones are usually made of brass and are played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet. The saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax in 1841. He wanted to create an instrument that would both be the loudest of the woodwinds and the most versatile of the brass, and would fill the then vacant middle ground between the two sections. He patented the sax in 1846 in two groups of seven instruments each. Each series consisted of instruments of various sizes in alternating transposition. The series pitched in B and E, designed for military bands, has proved extremely popular and most saxophones encountered today are from this series. A few saxophones remain from the less popular orchestral series pitched in C and F.

While proving very popular in its intended niche of military band music, the saxophone is most commonly associated with popular music, big band music, blues, early rock and roll, ska and particularly jazz. There is also a substantial repertoire of concert music in the classical idiom for the members of the saxophone family. Saxophone players are called saxophonists. (more)

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Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an innovative cornet and trumpet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence on jazz, shifting the music's focus from collective improvisation to solo performers. With his distinctive gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer, demonstrating great dexterity as an improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song for expressive purposes. He was also greatly skilled at scat singing, or wordless vocalizing.

Renowned for his charismatic stage presence and deep, instantly recognizable voice almost as much as for his trumpet-playing, Armstrong's influence extended well beyond jazz, and by the end of his career in the '60s, he was widely regarded as a profound influence on popular music in general: critic Steve Leggett describes Armstrong as "perhaps the most important American musician of the 20th century." Flea once proclaimed that "Louis Armstrong was probably the greatest musician that ever note implies that if he wanted to he could play ten billion notes, but just one simple note is a beautiful thing." (more)

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Jazz is an American musical genre largely originated by African Americans but the style was rapidly and enthusiastically taken up by musicians all over the world, including Australia. Jazz and jazz-influenced syncopated dance music was being performed in Australia within a year of the emergence of jazz as a definable musical genre in the United States.

Until the 1950s the primary form of accompaniment at Australian public dances was jazz-based dance music, modelled on the leading white British and American jazz bands, and this style enjoyed wide popularity.

It was not until after World War II that Australian jazz scene began to diversify as local musicians were finally able to get access to recordings by leading African-American jazz musicians like Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk, and bebop, cool jazz and free jazz exerting a strong influence on Australian musicians in the late 1950s and beyond. (more)


See also

Featured Articles

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Jazz Featured articles: Frank Zappa

Jazz articles Good articles: Buster Smith · Coltrane for Lovers · Jazz drumming · Kind of Blue · "My Kind of Town" · Nina Simone · Saxophone · Shelley Manne · To the Stars · Tone cluster · Voodoo (D'Angelo album) · Winter in America

Jazz articles B-Class articles: 'Round About Midnight · 1958 Miles · Bebop · Billie Holiday · Bitches Brew · "Candyman" (Christina Aguilera song) · Charles Mingus · Charlie Parker · Chick Corea · Count Basie · Dinah Washington · Dizzy Gillespie · Duke Ellington · Ella Fitzgerald · Eric Dolphy · Etta James · Gerry Mulligan · Herbie Hancock · J. J. Johnson · Jazz · Jelly Roll Morton · John Coltrane · Kenny G · Lester Young · Louis Armstrong · Louis Jordan · Louis Prima · Miles Davis · "Ogunde" (song) · Porgy and Bess (Miles Davis album) · Quincy Jones · Ray Charles · "Rivers of My Fathers" · Roy Ayers · Sarah Vaughan · Sonny Rollins · Sun Ra · Teo Macero · Thelonious Monk · Wayne Shorter · Wynton Marsalis

Did you know...

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  • "Jazz is not a 'form' but a collection of tags and tricks."
    • Ernest Newman. The Sunday Times, "The World of Music", 4 September 1927.
  • "What makes the performance is the dialogue created between you and everybody around you spontaneously. And you have to interact with everybody up there, interacting and reacting, throwing out ideas. Jazz is a purely democratic music. It's collective creativity where somebody introduces something and we all get a chance to say something about it. It always amazes me, the whole of it is just a great spirit. It grabs you to the point where it never lets you go until the very last breath."
  • "When they study our civilization two thousand years from now, there will only be three things that Americans will be known for: the Constitution, baseball and jazz music. They're the three most beautiful things Americans have ever created."


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Please help this portal by adding information here!!

The Jazz WikiProject

  • The Jazz WikiProject is a project that helps to assemble writers and editors interested in Jazz related articles.
  • The aim of this project is to standardize and improve articles related to Jazz, as well as to create missing articles.
  • To become a member of this WikiProject (anyone may join), simply click here - and add {{user|username}}.

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Jazz genres

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Articles needing expansion or improvement

Requested articles

  • Please see Wikipedia:Requested articles/music/Jazz
  • See also User:Mel Etitis's Jazz-L 100 project
  • A lot of Carla Bley#Albums articles are missing.
  • An Experiment in Modern Music: Paul Whiteman at Aeolian Hall (I'm unsure about the request; does this refer to a recording? Is a recording extant? Otherwise this is probably covered by Rhapsody in Blue and/or Aeolian Hall (New York). -- Gyrofrog (talk) 16:53, 7 December 2009 (UTC))

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