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Map-Latin America.png

Latin America was a name coined by "Emperor of Mexico" Maximilian I in an effort to gain legitimacy, since his patron, Napoleon III, spoke French, a Latinate tongue like Spanish and Portuguese. Maximilian didn't last, but the coinage of "Latin America" is one of the most successful of all time. Latin America is traditionally defined as the regions of America where Spanish, the language of Spain, and Portuguese, the language of Portugal, were spoken -- in other words, every part of the Western hemisphere that was not Anglo America. (English is a Germanic language.) Therefore, virtually all of the Western Hemisphere except the United States, Canada, and the non-Hispanophone countries of the Caribbean have tended to come under the heading of Latin America. Other areas where languages derived from Latin, such as Papiamento and Kreyol, predominate are sometimes included and sometimes excluded from Latin America, depending on the speaker.

See also Latino, Hispanic, Ibero-America

Countries of Latin America

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Hurricane Dennis on July 9, 2005 at 2315 UTC

The President of Venezuela (Spanish: Presidente de Venezuela) is the English political nomenclature that designates both the head of state and head of government of Venezuela. The current presidential term is for six years with one possibility of immediate reelection, and with the constitutionally guaranteed recourse of holding a popular recall referendum anytime within the last three years of a presidential term.

The designation "President" encompasses only those persons who were sworn into office as President of Venezuela following Venezuela's declaration of independence from Spanish colonial rule, which took effect on July 5, 1811. Due to the profound turmoil of the South American Wars of Independence and the reign of the republic of Gran Colombia over what is now Venezuela, this designation also effectively excludes heads of state or government in Gran Colombia; thus Simón Bolívar is not considered the first president of Venezuela. The list overall only focuses on heads of state governing Venezuela after Venezuela's separation and declaration of independence from Gran Colombia (in early 1830). The list includes interim caretaker as well as regular serving presidents, and democratically-installed presidents as well as those installed by other means (e.g.; Marcos Pérez Jiménez, Pedro Carmona Estanga).

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Photo credit: Brad Mering

Nevado Alpamayo is one of the most conspicuous peaks in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range (which is made up of about 50 peaks), part of the Peruvian Andes. It has two sharp summits, North and South, separated by a narrow corniced ridge.

In 1966, the Alpamayo mountain was declared "the most beautiful mountain in the world" by UNESCO.

Its name comes from Quechua (Allpa = earth Mayu = river: muddy river).

Quote of the Day

Somos una nación moderna y próspera, sin envidiar lo que nos rodea.

We are a modern and prosperous nation, without envy towards that which surrounds us.

Francisco Solano López


Main Category:

Detailed information about the Latin America can be found under these sub-categories:

Languages of Latin America

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Here are some things you can do:


  • Latin America countries
    • Argentina
    • Brazil
    • Chile
    • Colombia
      • Colombian Departments
    • Cuba
    • Ecuador
    • Dominican Republic
    • Mexico
    • Peru
    • Puerto Rico
    • Uruguay
    • Venezuela
  • Central America
  • Mesoamerica
  • South America


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