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London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, and the most populous city in the European Union.

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London is one of the world's major business, political and cultural centres. It is a leader in international finance, politics, communications, entertainment, fashion and the arts and has considerable influence worldwide. It is widely regarded as one of the world's major global cities, and has been an important settlement for nearly 2000 years.

London has an estimated population of 7.6 million (as of 2005) and a metropolitan area population of between 14 and 16 million. London has an extremely cosmopolitan population, drawing from a diverse range of peoples, cultures and religions, speaking over 300 different languages. Residents of London are referred to as Londoners.

The city is an international transport hub and a major tourist destination, counting iconic landmarks such as the Houses of Parliament, Tower Bridge and Buckingham Palace amongst its many attractions, along with famous institutions such as the British Museum and the National Gallery.

London has three main central business districts: the City of London, the West End in Westminster and Canary Wharf in Docklands. The City of London is the largest financial and business district in Europe.

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The Brown Dog affair was a political controversy about vivisection that raged in Edwardian England from 1903 until 1910. It involved the infiltration of University of London medical lectures by Swedish women activists, pitched battles between medical students and the police, police protection for the statue of a dog, a libel trial at the Royal Courts of Justice, and the establishment of a Royal Commission to investigate the use of animals in experiments. The affair became a cause célèbre that reportedly divided the country.

The controversy was triggered by allegations that, in February 1903, William Bayliss of the Department of Physiology at University College London had performed illegal dissection before an audience of medical students on a brown terrier dog—adequately anaesthetized, according to Bayliss and his team, conscious and struggling, according to the Swedish activists. The procedure was condemned as cruel and unlawful by the National Anti-Vivisection Society. Bayliss, whose research on dogs led to the discovery of hormones, was outraged by the assault on his reputation. He sued for libel and won.

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The front of Chiswick House at its present elevation

Chiswick House is a is a neo-Palladian, neoclassical villa in Burlington Lane, Chiswick, in the London Borough of Hounslow. It was inherited by Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington (1694-1753) and used as a summer retreat to get away from London. The architecture is an aatempt to create a Roman villa situated in Roman gardens. There have been many interepretations as to the purpose of the house. For example it has been suggested it was a Masonic temple or lodge. Another suggestion was as a Royal Palace awaiting the return of the exiled Stuart Monarchy. The gardens are filled with buildings of many architectural designs of many peiods such as Greek, Egyptian, Roman etc.

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Wikiproject London wishes all our readers a happy and successful New Year.

It was a September evening, and not yet seven o'clock, but the day had been a dreary one, and a dense drizzly fog lay low upon the great city. Mud-colored clouds drooped sadly over the muddy streets. Down the Strand the lamps were but misty splotches of diffused light which threw a feeble circular glimmer upon the slimy pavement. The yellow glare from the shop-windows streamed out into the steamy, vaporous air, and threw a murky, shifting radiance across the crowded thoroughfare. There was, to my mind, something eerie and ghost-like in the endless procession of faces which flitted across these narrow bars of light,--sad faces and glad, haggard and merry. Like all human kind, they flitted from the gloom into the light, and so back into the gloom once more.
Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), in The Sign of the Four, (London: 1890).


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Tracey Emin RA (born 3 July 1963, in Croydon) is a British artist born to a Turkish Cypriot father and British mother, one of the group known as Britartists or YBAs (Young British Artists).

In 1997, her work Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995, a tent appliquéd with names, was shown at Charles Saatchi's Sensation exhibition. In 1999, she was a Turner Prize nominee and exhibited My Bed — an installation, consisting of her own unmade dirty bed with used condoms and blood-stained underwear. There has been an ongoing dispute with former boyfriend, artist Billy Childish, particularly over the Stuckism movement, founded in 1999 and named after an insult by her.

In March 2007, Emin was chosen to join the Royal Academy of Arts in London as a Royal Academician. She represented Britain at the 2007 Venice Biennale. Her first major retrospective 20 Years was held in Edinburgh 2008, and tours Europe until 2009. Emin's art takes many different forms of expression including needlework and sculpture, drawing, video and installation, photography and painting.

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London has one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the Tube, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

The majority of transport services in the capital are provided by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Mayor of London. The Oyster card is accepted as payment across most TfL-controlled transport modes. In the past ten years TfL has invested heavily in walking and cycling to promote more sustainable travel choices in London, including a Velib-style bike hire scheme which will open in Summer 2010.

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London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations. London has two international train stations, at St. Pancras railway station and Stratford International, which connect London to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service. London also has six international airports.

In addition to public transport, London is the start point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

Wikipedia featured content on London

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Featured articles including Albert Bridge · Arsenal F.C. and History of Arsenal F.C. (1886–1966) · Baden-Powell House · Battersea Bridge · Buckingham Palace · Chelsea Bridge · Chelsea F.C. · East End of London · Gilwell Park · Great Fire of London · Her Majesty's Theatre · London congestion charge · Restoration spectacular · William Shakespeare · Jack Sheppard · Theatre Royal, Drury Lane · Vauxhall Bridge · Jonathan Wild

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Featured lists including London Marathon winners · London Underground stations · Tallest buildings

See also Good articles including: A1 road · Arsenal Stadium · Battersea Power Station · British Airways ·Charlton Athletic F.C. · Chiswick Bridge · Hammerton's Ferry · London · London bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics · London Paddington station · National Gallery · National Police Memorial · Old St Paul's Cathedral · Senate House · Serpentine · Smithfield · University College, London · Vauxhall Gardens

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