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The Puerto Rico Portal

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The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic in the northeastern Caribbean. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles, includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands and keys, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques and Culebra, as well as unpopulated Mona island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola.

The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.

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The history of Puerto Rico began with the settlement of the archipielago of Puerto Rico by the Ortoiroid culture, sometime between 3000–2000 BC. Other tribes, such as the Igneri and Arawak Indians, populated the island between 120 and 1000 AD. At the time of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World, the dominant indigenous culture was that of the Taínos. The Taíno culture died out during the latter half of the 16th century because of exploitation, war and diseases brought by the Spanish.

Located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico was the key to the Spanish Empire since the early years of the exploration, conquest and colonization of the New World. The smallest of the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico was a major military post during many wars between Spain and other European powers for control of the region during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The island was a stepping-stone in the passage from Europe to Cuba, Mexico, Central America, and the northern territories of South America. Throughout most of the 19th century and until the conclusion of the Spanish-American War, Puerto Rico and Cuba were the last two Spanish colonies in the New World and served as the final outposts in Spanish strategies to regain control of the American continents. (more...)

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Totem de San Juan 2007.JPG
Photo credit: Carlo Giovannetti (Thief12)

Old San Juan is characterized by a mixture of Spanish architecture, cobblestone streets and open public plazas. Most buildings and plazas are maintained to preserve their history, with some, such as the Quinto Centenario Plaza being modernized with recent architecture and works of art.

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Did you know...

  • ...That the zip code 00601 is the lowest assigned to any geographic place in the United States or its territories and belongs to Adjuntas, Puerto Rico?
  • ...that Jesus T. Piñero was not the first native Puerto Rican governor of Puerto Rico? That honor belongs to Juan Ponce de Leon II who in 1597 became the first native Puerto Rican to assume, temporarily, the governorship of Puerto Rico.
  • ...that world renowned religious minister and member of the Honorary Committee of The Presidential Prayer Team, Rev. Nicky Cruz was once the leader of a notorious New York City street gang called The Mau Maus?

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Dr. Ramon Betances.jpg
Ramón Emeterio Betances (April 8, 1827September 16, 1898), was a Puerto Rican nationalist, and the primary instigator of the Grito de Lares revolution. As such, he is considered to be the father of the Puerto Rican independence movement commonly referred to "El Padre de la Patria" (Father of the Puerto Rican Nation). He was the most renowned medical doctor and surgeon of his time in Puerto Rico, and one of its first social hygienists. He was also a diplomat, public health administrator, poet and novelist. A firm believer in Freemasonry, his political and social activism was deeply influenced by the group's philosophical beliefs. (more...)

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¿Que derrota? ¿Que derrota? ¿Derrota de qué? ¿Una pérdida electoral?

What defeat? What defeat? Defeat of what? An electoral loss?

Carlos Romero Barceló, fifth elected Governor of Puerto Rico, interview on the eve of his electoral defeat to Rafael Hernández Colón on November 6, 1984.


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WikiProject Puerto Rico

Parent Projects: Sister Projects:
    Caribbean Cuba • Dominican Republic
    Latin America Mexico • Mesoamerica
    United States U.S. states
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Puerto Rico-related topics

All Puerto Rico-related topics
History Pre-recorded | Black history | Military history | African immigration | Chinese immigration | Corsican immigration | French immigration | German immigration | Irish immigration | Grito de Lares | Foraker Act | Jones-Shafroth Act | Migration to Hawaii | Migration to New York
Politics Constitution | The Commonwealth | Governor | Resident Commissioner | Legislative Branch (Senate - House of Representatives) | Supreme Court | Political parties | Military | Independence movement
Geography Municipalities | Islands | Mona Island | Dry Forests | El Yunque National Forest | Rivers | Puerto Rico Trench
Economy Companies | Operation Bootstrap | Tourism | Puerto Rican peso (1895-1898) | United States dollar (1898-present)
Society Puerto Rican people | Puerto Ricans in the United States | Demographics | Education | Holidays | Religion
Culture Art | Buildings and Structures | Casals Festival | Cinema | Cuisine | Literature | Music | Pop Culture | Sports
Ecology Fauna of Puerto Rico | Herpeto fauna | Endemic fauna | Endemic flora | Puerto Rican birds | Vieques birds | Puerto Rican Amazon | Golden coquí | Monito Gecko | Puerto Rican Crested Anole | Mona Ground Iguana | Elfin-woods Warbler | Puerto Rican trees
Other Flag | Transportation | Rail transport | Slangs | Communications | List of Puerto Ricans | List of Puerto Rican fraternities and sororities | Scouting in Puerto Rico| Piragua

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